Publications by authors named "Jian-Zhi Liu"

10 Publications

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Multifunctional Quaternary Phosphorus/Bromoargentate Hybrids: The Achievement of Greenish Blue Luminescence, Repeatable Photocurrent Responses and Durable Antimicrobial Activities with Enhanced Water Stability.

Int J Nanomedicine 2020 19;15:6225-6237. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Fujian Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Fujian Biological Materials Engineering and Technology Center of Stomatology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350004, People's Republic of China.

Background: The realization of multifunction in one bulk material is fascinating for developing a new generation of devices. Quaternary phosphorus salts were seldom utilized as templates in haloargentate systems, and the hybridization of alkyl(triphenyl)phosphonium with halometallate will be a good strategy for the development of multifunctional material, especially for biological material.

Methods: Under the template of (triphenyl)phosphonium-based quaternary phosphorus salts with different spacer lengths (n=2, 3, 4), three bromoargentate hybrids were constructed via the solution method, ie, (1,2-DBTPP)(AgBr) (), {(1,3-DBTPP)(AgBr)]∙CHCN∙HO} (), and {[(1,4-DBTPP)(AgBr)](CHCN)∙HO} () (1,2-DBTPP=ethane-1,2-diylbis (triphenyl)phosphonium, 1,3-DBTPP=propane-1,3-diylbis (triphenyl)phosphonium, 1,4-DBTPP=butane-1,4-diylbis (triphenyl)phosphonium)).

Results: The (AgBr) chain in is a new type of 1-D bromoargentate chain constructed from cubane-like AgBr nodes, AgBr tetrahedrons and AgBr triangles. Interestingly, by elongating spacer n from 2 to 4, argentophilicity interactions are weakened, and the hydrogen bonds are strengthened. Consequently, their water stabilities and photocurrents are improved, in which the Ag-4d/Br-4p to π* anti-bonding orbital of the quaternary phosphorus transfer is facilitated. Furthermore, the greenish blue emissions can be detected. Finally, high inhabitation rates against and can be observed in and .

Conclusion: In all experiments, by elongating the spacer lengths of quaternary phosphorus salts, multifunctions were integrated in the quaternary phosphorus/bromoargentate hybrids, including greenish blue luminescence, repeatable photocurrent responses and durable antimicrobial activities with enhanced water stability. This work could provide a theoretical guide for the design of new biologically multifunctional materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S259156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7443404PMC
November 2020

Genetic variation of Echinococcus spp. in yaks and sheep in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China based on mitochondrial DNA.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Dec 27;12(1):608. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology/National Professional Laboratory of Animal Hydatidosis, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province/Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou, 730046, Gansu, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and livestock is caused by Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato). In China where CE is endemic, a number of studies have shown that Echinococcus granulosus (sensu stricto) is majorly responsible for CE. However, E. canadensis (G6) which is the second leading cause of CE is now being detected in most parts of the country. In this study, the species diversity and genetic variation of Echinococcus granulosus (s.l.) in four counties in Tibet Autonomous Region of China were investigated.

Methods: Infection with Echinococcus granulosus (s.s.) in yaks and sheep was identified using NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 and 5 (nad1 and nad5) mitochondrial genes while the genotype G6 of E. canadensis initially diagnosed with NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) was further confirmed by analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome and a phylogenetic network constructed based on the nad2 and nad5 genes.

Results: Out of 85 hydatid cyst samples collected from slaughtered sheep (n = 54) and yaks (n = 31), 83 were identified as E. granulosus (s.s.) G1 (n = 77), G3 (n = 6) and 2 were identified as E. canadensis G6. Analysis of the nad1/nad5 genes revealed 16/17 mutations with 9/14 parsimony informative sites resulting in 15/14 haplotypes, respectively. Haplotype diversity (Hd) and nucleotide diversity (π) of E. granulosus (s.s.) population were 0.650 and 0.00127 for nad1 and 0.782 and 0.00306 for nad5, respectively, with an overall negative Tajima's D and Fu's Fs. A low F indicated no genetic difference between isolates from sheep and yaks.

Conclusion: Pockets of infection with E. canadensis (G6, G7, G8 and G10) have been previously reported in sheep, goats, yaks and/or humans in different parts of China. While the G6 genotype has been previously reported in sheep in the Tibet Autonomous Region, the detection in a yak in the present study represents the first to the best of our knowledge. Therefore, we recommend future surveys and control efforts to comprehensively investigate other potential intermediate hosts for the prevalence and genetic diversity of the E. canadensis group (G6, G7, G8 and G10) across the country and their inclusion into the existing CE control programme.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3857-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6935104PMC
December 2019

Prevalence and genetic characterization of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Giardia duodenalis in Tibetan pigs in Tibet, China.

Infect Genet Evol 2019 11 27;75:104019. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR China; Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for the Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province 225009, PR China. Electronic address:

Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Giardia duodenalis are important opportunistic enteric zoonotic pathogens that cause diarrhoea and intestinal diseases in animals and humans. China is the largest producer of pigs, but whether Tibetan pigs, a unique pig breed in Tibet, are infected with E. bieneusi and G. duodenalis is unknown. Therefore, we conducted a molecular epidemiological survey to determine the prevalence of E. bieneusi and G. duodenalis in Tibetan pigs in Tibet, China, and identified the genotypes of these causative agents. A total of 345 faecal specimens were collected from Tibetan pigs from three Tibet counties (Milin, Cuona and Gongbujiangda), examined by nested PCR and sequenced utilizing genetic markers in the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene for E. bieneusi and G. duodenalis, respectively. Moreover, using multilocus sequence typing, the subtypes of E. bieneusi were identified based on four loci (MS1, MS3, MS4 and MS7). A total of 41 (11.88%) faecal samples from Tibetan pigs were E. bieneusi-positive, and 2 (0.58%) were G. duodenalis-positive. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age was considered a risk factor for Tibetan pig infection of E. bieneusi. Two novel (GB11, GB31) and four known E. bieneusi genotypes (EbpC, EbpD, PigEBITS5 and CHS12) were identified and were all classified as zoonotic group 1 according to the phylogenetic analysis. Two MLGs (MLGI and MLGII) were further identified in the E. bieneusi EbpC genotype by multilocus sequence typing analysis. In addition, two G. duodenalis assemblages (D and E) were found in the present study. To our knowledge, the current study is the first to detect the prevalence and perform genetic characterization of G. duodenalis in Tibetan pigs in Tibet, China. The results could provide essential data for controlling E. bieneusi and G. duodenalis infections in Tibetan pigs that are in contact with other animals and humans, as Tibetan pigs could be a potential source for human infection by these pathogens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2019.104019DOI Listing
November 2019

[Helminth Infections in Goats in Nimu County of Tibet].

Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 2016 Feb;34(1):8-10

Postmortem examinations were made in 99 goats in Nimu County of Tibe, and parasites were collected and identified based on morphology. The collected parasites were categorized, and infection status was analyzed. The helminth infection rate was 100% among the goats, and all showed a pattern of mixed infection. The identified parasites belonged to 21 species, 15 genera, and 9 families. The Trichuris genus(36.4%) was the most prevailing among nematodes in the gastrointestinal tract; Paramphistomum cervi(60.6%) and Paramphistomum gotoi(60.6%) were predominant among trematodes detected; Cysticercus tenuicollis(52.5%) was the predominant cestode detected; and Orientobilharzia turkestanicum was the major parasite detected in the portal vein (69.7%).
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February 2016

Mitochondrial and nuclear ribosomal DNA dataset supports that Paramphistomum leydeni (Trematoda: Digenea) is a distinct rumen fluke species.

Parasit Vectors 2015 Apr 2;8:201. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, 730046, PR China.

Background: Rumen flukes parasitize the rumen and reticulum of ruminants, causing paramphistomiasis. Over the years, there has been considerable debate as to whether Paramphistomum leydeni and Paramphistomum cervi are the same or distant species.

Methods: In the present study, the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of P. leydeni was amplified using PCR-based sequencing and compared with that of P. cervi. The second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of P. leydeni specimens (n = 6) and P. cervi specimens (n = 8) was amplified and then sequenced. Phylogenetic relationship of the concatenated amino acid sequence data for 12 protein-coding genes of the two rumen flukes and selected members of Trematoda was evaluated using Bayesian inference (BI).

Results: The complete mt genome of P. leydeni was 14,050 bp in size. Significant nucleotide difference between the P. leydeni mt genome and that of P. cervi (14.7%) was observed. For genetic divergence in ITS-2, sequence difference between P. leydeni and P. cervi was 3.1%, while no sequence variation was detected within each of them. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that P. leydeni and P. cervi are closely-related but distinct rumen flukes.

Conclusions: Results of the present study support the proposal that P. leydeni and P. cervi represent two distinct valid species. The mt genome sequences of P. leydeni provide plentiful resources of mitochondrial markers, which can be combined with nuclear markers, for further comparative studies of the biology of P. leydeni and its congeners from China and other countries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0823-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4392617PMC
April 2015

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage after erlotinib combined with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in a patient with esophageal carcinoma.

Int J Clin Exp Med 2014 15;7(11):4492-7. Epub 2014 Nov 15.

Department of GI Oncology, Affiliated Hospital, Academy of Military Medical Science No. 8 Dongda Street, Fengtai District, Beijing 100071, P. R. China.

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening clinical pathologic syndrome caused by a variety of diseases. We report a case of DAH related to combination therapy of chemoradiotherapy and erlotinib. As to know, DAH following chemoradiotherapy was only reported among hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with hematologic malignancies till now. DAH associated with chemoradiotherapy for oesophageal carcinoma has not been reported. This is the first DAH report on erlotinib-combined chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. The authors believe epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib increased the lung injury. Molecular targeted drugs are gradually applied to be combined with chemoradiation, whether this combination will cause the increase of serious adverse reactions need further study. This case can provide certain reference for erlotinib in the treatment. Meanwhile, after long term hormone therapy for DAH, the patient was diagnosed with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. It reminds us to attach importance to the immunosuppressive diseases after long-term hormone treatment.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4276233PMC
December 2014

[Analysis of therapeutic effect and prognosis in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and different K-ras status].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2013 Apr;35(4):273-6

Cancer Center, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Malitary Medical Sciences, Beijing 100071, China.

Objective: To evaluate the correlation of clinical effect and prognosis between patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and different K-ras status.

Methods: The clinical characteristics, chemotherapeutic regimens and survival of 153 mCRC patients with different K-ras status were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: The median overall survival (OS) in patients without K-ras mutation were 31.7 months, significantly longer than 21.3 months in the patients with K-ras mutation (P = 0.037). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and OS in patients who received chemotherapy followed by anti-EGFR antibody treatment were 11.5 and 39.3 months, respectively, significantly longer as compared with the PFS and OS in those received chemotherapy in combination with anti-EGFR antibody concomitantly (5.7, P = 0.02, and 28.7 months, P = 0.034, respectively).

Conclusions: K-ras status is a prognostic biomarker for mCRC patients treated with anti-EGFR antibody. The combination settings of anti-EGFR in combination with chemotherapy may improve survival of mCRC patients with wild-type K-ras status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-3766.2013.04.007DOI Listing
April 2013

[HER-2 expression in advanced gastric cancer and its correlation with clinical features, outcome and prognosis].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2011 Sep;33(9):671-5

Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: To assess the HER-2 status in Chinese advanced gastric cancer patients and explore its correlation with clinical features, treatment response and prognosis.

Methods: A total of 107 patients with advanced gastric cancer treated in our hospital from December 2005 to November 2008 were included in this retrospective analysis. HER-2 status was determined by immunohistochemisty (IHC) and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The correlations of HER-2 status with tumor location, pathology, treatment response and prognosis were analyzed and the efficacy of different chemottherapy regimens was compared.

Results: The overall positive rate of HER-2 expression was 14.7% (15/102). The HER-2 status was detected by both methods in 102 patients, and the concordance of the two methods was 66.5%. The tumor site distribution was gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) 28.0%, proximal stomach 19.4%, gastric corpus 16.1%, antrum 26.9% and whole stomach 9.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference of HER-2 status among different tumor sites (P = 0.726), and no significant correlation between HER-2 expression and differentiation (P = 0.110). Among the evaluable 51 patients treated by first-line chemotherapy, the total objective effective rate was 23.5%. The median time-to-progression was 7.47 months, and median overall survival time was 11.07 months. The effective rate was 43.8% in patients who received XP regimen chemotherapy (cisplatin + capecitabine), significantly higher than the 14.3% in patients treated with other regimens (P = 0.033). Their overall survival was 14.17 months and 9.53 months, respectively (P = 0.059). The TTP was 6.63 months in HER-2 positive patients and 7.47 months in HER-2 negative patients, with a non-significant difference (P = 0.510). However, there was a improving tendency in the efficacy and OS, showing a effective rate of 45.5% and 17.5% (P = 0.102) and OS of 14.17 months and 10.63 months, respectively (P = 0.205).

Conclusions: HER-2-positivity rate in Chinese patients with advanced gastric cancer is similar to those reported in the literature. Along with the increasing use of targeted therapy and targeted agents, the efficacy and survival of gastric cancer patients is improving. HER-2-positive patients may benefit from it.
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September 2011

[Evaluation of bevacizumab combined with irinotecan-based regimen as the first-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2010 Oct;32(10):786-90

Department of Digestive Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medicical Sciences, Beijing 100071, China.

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab plus irinotecan-based regimen for the first line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients, and to investigate the correlation between serum tumor markers including CEA and CA19-9 and response as well as prognosis.

Methods: From May 2007 to July 2008, 67 previously untreated mCRC patients received treatment of IFL (n = 25), IFL plus Bevacizumab (n = 20) or FOLFIRI (n = 22). The treatment continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The data were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: All patients were evaluable for response, survival and toxicity analysis. The objective response rate of IFL, IFL plus Bevacizumab or FOLFIRI regimen groups was 16.0% (4/25), 35.0% (7/20) and 18.2% (4/22), respectively (χ(2) = 6.026, P = 0.049). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of IFL plus bevacizumab group was 7.5 months, significantly improved as compared with 3.7 months in the IFL group and 4 months in FOLFIRI group (χ(2) = 11.97, P = 0.003). Of all 67 cases, the one-year survival rate was 47.0%, two-year survival rate was 27.0%, and the median overall survival (OS) was 13.0 months, with no significant difference among the three treatment groups (χ(2) = 3.42, P = 0.18). The serum CEA and CA19-9 levels were decreased after treatment, but with no significant difference among the three groups (P > 0.05). The common toxicity profiles of IFL and FOLFIRI regimens were diarrhea and neutropenia, while the toxicity related to bevacizumab was consistent with that documented in previous literature, such as hypertension, hemorrhage, cardiac toxicity and delayed wound healing.

Conclusion: The addition of bevacizumab to irinotecan-based regimen significantly improves the response rate and PFS in first-line treatment for patients with mCRC and its toxicity is well tolerated.
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October 2010

[Effect of aminoguanidine on hemodynamics and nitrogen monoxide in hemorrhagic shock in rabbit].

Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2008 Mar;20(3):176-9

Institute of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, Hunan, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of aminoguanidine (AG) on hemodynamics and nitric oxide (NO) in hemorrhagic shock in rabbit.

Methods: Shock was produced in twenty rabbits by femoral artery blood letting, and they were randomly divided into two groups with treatment with saline (control group) or AG (each n=10). Pclab system and nitric acid reductase methods were performed to detect hemodynamics parameters and NO levels at preshock, postshock (30 minutes and 150 minutes) and 30 minutes and 180 minutes after resuscitation respectively.

Results: No significant differences were observed in hemodynamics parameters and NO levels between the two groups before resuscitation. Whereas after resuscitation, hemodynamics parameters such as systolic arterial pressure (SAP), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and the max and minimum first derivative of left ventricular pressure (+/-dp/dt max) were all improved greatly in the two groups. AG decreased serum NO level significantly, while saline did not have such effect, suggesting that AG had a longer and more efficient effect against hemorrhagic shock (P<0.05 or P<0.01).

Conclusion: AG can improve hemodynamics parameters and decrease NO level in hemorrhagic shock in rabbit.
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March 2008