Publications by authors named "Jian-Qing Yang"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Risk factors associated with anastomotic leak in patients with Crohn disease undergoing bowel resections].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2013 Apr;16(4):332-5

Department of General Surgery, Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicinal University, Nanning, China.

Objective: To investigate the risk factors and the prevention management of anastomotic leak in patients with Crohn disease undergoing bowel resections.

Methods: Clinical data of 91 patients with Crohn disease undergoing intestinal resection from 1990 to 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the risk factors of anastomotic leak.

Results: A total of 120 intestinal anastomosis were performed in 91 patients, and anastomosis leak occurred in 14 patients (11.7%). Univariate analysis showed that operative timing (emergency or elective surgery), anastomosis type (side-to-side or end to end and end-to-side), operative time (≥3 h or <3 h), methods of anastomosis (handsewn or stapled) were the risk factors for anastomotic leak (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that emergency surgery (OR=3.891, 95%CI:1.332-13.692), end to end and end-to-side anastomosis (OR=3.236, 95%CI:1.165-11.950), handsewn anastomosis (OR=5.715, 95%CI:1.454-17.328) were independent risk factors of anastomotic leak.

Conclusion: Avoiding emergency operation, use of side to side anastomosis, and application of stapling may lower the incidence of postoperative anastomotic leak in patients with Crohn disease undergoing bowel resections.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
April 2013

Reversal of multi-drug resistance by pSUPER-shRNA-mdr1 in vivo and in vitro.

World J Gastroenterol 2009 Jan;15(4):431-40

Department of General Surgery, People's Hospital of Liuzhou, Medical University of Guangxi, Liuzhou 545001, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Aim: To explore the possibility of reversing multi-drug resistance (MDR) to HepG2/mdr1 in vitro and in vivo with RNA interference (RNAi).

Methods: HepG2/mdr1 was obtained by cloning the whole gene mdr1 into HepG2 cells. shRNA targeting sequence was designed to be homologous to the P-gp encoding MDR1 mRNA consensus sequence. pSUPER-shRNA/mdr1 was constructed using the enzyme-digested technique. HepG2/mdr1 cells were transfected with vectors of pSUPER-shRNA/mdr1 to measure their efficacy by real-time PCR for mdr1 mRNA, flow cytometry (FCM) for P-gp expression, and Rhodamine efflux, MTT method for HepG2/mdr1 function, respectively. In vivo, mice tumors were treated by injecting pSUPER-shRNA/mdr1 in situ and into intra-abdominal cavity. Tumors were collected to create cell suspension and cryosections after chemotherapy with adriamycin and mytomycin. The cell suspension was incubated in RPMI-1640 supplemented with G418 to screen stable cells for appreciating the reversal of MDR. Cryosections were treated with immunohistochemistry technique to show the effectiveness of transfection and the expression of P-gp.

Results: pSUPER-shRNA/mdr1 was successfully constructed, which was confirmed by sequencing. The MDR phenotype of HepG2/mdr1 was decreased significantly in vitro transfection. HepG2/mdr1 showing its MDR was reversed notably in P-gp expression (11.0% vs 98.2%, P<0.01). Real-time PCR showed that mRNA/mdr1 was lower in test groups than in control groups (18.73+/-1.33 vs 68.03+/-2.21, P<0.001). Compared with HepG2, the sensitivity of HepG2/mdr1 and HepG2/mdr1-dsRNA cells to ADM was decreased by 1.64 times and 15.6 times, respectively. The accumulation of DNR in positive groups was decreased evidently. In vivo, the p-gp expression in positive groups was significantly lower than that in control groups (65.1% vs 94.1%, P<0.05). The tumor suppressing rate in test groups was 57.8%. After chemotherapy, the growth rate in test groups was lower than that in control groups (700.14+/-35.61 vs 1659.70+/-152.54, P<0.05). Similar results were also observed under fluorescence microscope, and confirmed by Image-Pro Plus 4.5 analysis.

Conclusion: pSUPER-shRNA/mdr1 vector system allows simple, stable and durable nonviral knockdown of P-gp by RNAi in malignant cells and animals to restore their sensitivity to adriamycin.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2653364PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.15.431DOI Listing
January 2009

Interferon-alpha restrains growth and invasive potential of hepatocellular carcinoma induced by hepatitis B virus X protein.

World J Gastroenterol 2008 Sep;14(36):5564-9; discussion 5568

Department of Surgery, The People's Hospital of Liuzhou City, Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Aim: To investigate the effects of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) to restrain the growth and invasive potential of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein.

Methods: The pcDNA3.1-HBx plasmid was transfected into Chang cells by Lipofectamine in vitro, and Chang/HBx was co-cultured with IFN-alpha. Cell survival growth curve and clonogenicity assay were used to test the growth potential of Chang/pcDNA3.1, Chang/HBx and IFN-alpha-Chang/HBx in vitro. Growth assay in nude mice was used to detect the growth potential of Chang/pcDNA3.1, Chang/HBx and IFN-alpha-Chang/HBx in vivo. Wound healing and transwell migration assays were used to detect the invasive ability of Chang/pcDNA3.1, Chang/HBx and IFN-alpha-Chang/HBx.

Results: Compared with CCL13 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1, CCL13 with stable expression of hepatitis B virus X protein showed the characteristics of malignant cells with high capability of growth and invasion by detecting their growth curves, colony forming efficiency, wound healing , transwell migration assays and growth assays in nude mice. Its capability of growth and invasion could be controlled by IFN-alpha.

Conclusion: IFN-alpha can restrain the growth and invasive potential of HCC cells induced by HBx protein, which has provided an experimental basis for IFN-alpha therapy of HCC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2746345PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.14.5564DOI Listing
September 2008

Role of AFP mRNA expression in peripheral blood as a predictor for postsurgical recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

World J Gastroenterol 2005 May;11(17):2656-61

Department of General Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, China.

Aim: To identify the role of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA expression in peripheral blood one week after surgery as a predictor for recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods: Published studies fulfilling the selection criteria were identified by searching several databases online. After a methodology assessment using a quality scale designed by European Lung Cancer Working Party, data in each research were aggregated by means of meta-analysis.

Results: Altogether 368 cases were included in the 9 selected studies, which fulfilled the selection criteria. The quality scores ranged from 35% to 84% with a median score of 55%. The 'design' subscore had the lowest median value (38%). By aggregating the data, a high chi2 value (77.576) was presented. The fail-safe number was 136 and 64 for P = 0.05 and 0.01, respectively.

Conclusion: AFP mRNA expression in peripheral blood 1 wk after surgery correlated with the recurrence of HCC and was a good predictor for tumor recurrence.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4305761PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v11.i17.2656DOI Listing
May 2005

[Role of caspase-8 and caspase-3 in hepatoma cells apoptosis induced by 5-fluorouracil].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2003 May;11(5):314, 317

Department of Surgery, Affiliated Xiangya Hosptial, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2003
-->