Publications by authors named "Jiameng Gao"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ultrasound-assisted CF-filled PLGA nanobubbles for enhanced FGF21 delivery and improved prophylactic treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Acta Biomater 2021 Aug 12;130:395-408. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, PR China.; Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Eighth People's Hospital, 8 Caobao Road, Shanghai 200235, PR China. Electronic address:

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a serious cardiac complication of diabetes that currently lacks specific treatment. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) has been proved to have cardioprotective effect in DCM. However, the insufficient cardiac delivery effect of FGF21 limits its application in DCM. Therefore, to improve the therapeutic efficacy of FGF21 in DCM, an effective drug delivery system is urgently required. In this study, perfluoropropane (CF) and polyethylenimine (PEI)-doped poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanobubbles (CPPNBs) were synthesized via double-emulsion evaporation and FGF21 was efficiently absorbed ([email protected]) via the electrostatic incorporation effect. [email protected] could effectively deliver FGF21 to the myocardial tissue through the cavitation effect under low-frequency ultrasound (LFUS). The as-prepared [email protected] could efficiently load FGF21 after doping with the cationic polymer PEI, and displayed uniform dispersion and favorable biosafety. After filling with CF, [email protected] could be used for distribution monitoring through ultrasound imaging. Moreover, [email protected] significantly downregulated the expression of ANP, CTGF, and caspase-3 mRNA via the action of LFUS owing to increased FGF21 release, therefore exhibiting enhanced inhibition of myocardial hypertrophy, apoptosis, and interstitial fibrosis in DCM mice. In conclusion, we established an effective protein delivery nanocarrier for the diagnosis and prophylactic treatment of DCM. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a serious cardiac complication of diabetes that currently lacks effective clinical treatments. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) can protect cardiomyocytes from diabetic damage, but insufficient cardiac drug delivery limits the application of FGF21 in DCM. In this study, perfluoropropane (C3F8) and polyethylenimine (PEI)-doped poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanobubbles loaded with FGF21 ([email protected]) were developed for the prophylactic treatment of DCM. [email protected] could effectively deliver the FGF21 to the myocardial tissue through the cavitation effect of low-frequency ultrasound (LFUS). Our results indicated that [email protected] combined with LFUS could significantly down-regulate the expressions of ANP, CTGF, and caspase-3 mRNA, and as a result, it prevented the myocardial hypertrophy, apoptosis, and interstitial fibrosis of DCM mice. Overall, we established an effective protein delivery nanocarrier for the diagnosis and prophylactic treatment of DCM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2021.06.015DOI Listing
August 2021

Carbon nanocage-based nanozyme as an endogenous HO-activated oxygenerator for real-time bimodal imaging and enhanced phototherapy of esophageal cancer.

Nanoscale 2020 Nov;12(42):21674-21686

Department of Interventional Radiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China.

Intelligent phototherapy by theranostic nanosystems that can be activated by a tumor microenvironment has high sensitivity and specificity. However, hypoxia and low drug accumulation in tumors greatly limit its clinical application. Herein, we have designed a cage-like carbon-manganese nanozyme, which effectively relieves tumor hypoxia and delivers numerous photosensitizers (PSs) to the tumor site, for real-time imaging and enhanced phototherapy of esophageal cancer. Specifically, bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as a template and reducing agent for preparing a BSA-MnO2 nanozyme; then a BSA-MnO2/[email protected] (BMIOC) nanosystem was successfully synthesized by crosslinking BSA-MnO2 on the surface of IR820-loaded carboxylated carbon nanocages (OCNCs). Abundant PSs were successfully delivered to tumor sites via hollow OCNCs, and the final loading rate of IR820 reached 42.8%. The intratumor BMIOC nanosystem can be initiated by a tumor microenvironment to switch on its magnetic resonance (MR) imaging signal, and photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) functions. Notably, the BSA-MnO2 nanozyme, with intrinsic catalase (CAT)-like activity, catalyzed endogenous H2O2 for oxygen generation to overcome tumor hypoxia and enhance PDT, thereby leading to more efficient therapeutic effects in combination with OCNC-elevated PTT. In addition, the H2O2-activated and acid-enhanced properties enable our nanosystem to be specific to tumors, protecting normal tissues from damage. By integrating a high drug loading capacity, a hypoxia regulation function, an enlarged phototherapy effect, and bimodal imaging into a nanozyme-mediated nanoreactor, this work realizes a "one for all" system and represents promising clinical translation for efficient esophageal cancer theranostics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0nr05945eDOI Listing
November 2020
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