Publications by authors named "Jia-Jia Qian"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Expression of VEGF-A Signaling Pathway in Cartilage of ACLT-induced Osteoarthritis Mouse Model.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 14;16(1):379. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratory for New Techniques of Restoration & Reconstruction of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament transection surgery (ACLT)-induced OA model was often used to investigate the molecular mechanism of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Researches have shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) played an important role in OA. The present study aimed to investigate the pathological changes after ACLT surgery and reveal the expression characteristics of the VEGF-A/VEGFR2 signaling pathway in this model.

Methods: Moderate KOA model was established by ACLT, and 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after surgery, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Safranin-O(S-O) staining were used to detect the pathological changes in mouse knee cartilage, and the matrix biomarkers A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs 5(ADAMTS5), Collagen II (COL-II) were detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC), CD31 was detected by immunofluorescence (IF) to show the vascular invasion in cartilage, and proteins expression of VEGF-A pathway were detected by Western blot (WB). Meanwhile, the inflammatory biomarkers cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cartilage were detected by WB.

Results: ACLT surgery can lead to degeneration of cartilage in mice, and the characteristics of the lesion were time-dependent. The ADAMTS5-positive cells increased while COL-II decreased in OA cartilage with time, and new blood vessels labeled by CD31 can be seen from 1 week in OA cartilage, and increased in 8 and 12 weeks. The expression of VEGF-A, VEGFR2, COX-2, and iNOS were higher than control groups, which were basically consistent with the degree of osteoarthritis.

Conclusions: The degenerative degree of articular cartilage was time-dependent; angiogenesis and inflammation were important pathological changes of cartilage in KOA. The expression of the VEGF-A/VEGFR2 signaling pathway was basically correlated with the degree of KOA.
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June 2021

Acupuncture for Cancer-Induced Bone Pain in Animal Models: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 30;2020:5606823. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Key Laboratory of Acupuncture and Medicine Research of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China.

Background: Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) is a highly prevalent symptom, which afflicts vast majority of patients who suffer from cancer. The current treatment options failed to achieve satisfactory effect and the side effects were prominent. Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of animal demonstrate the benefit of acupuncture for CIBP. We sought to determine if the pooled data from available RCTs supports the use of acupuncture for CIBP.

Methods: A literature search for randomized controlled trials was conducted in six electronic databases from inception to May 31, 2019. Meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager 5.3 software; the publication bias was assessed by Stata 12.0 software. We used random effects model for pooling data because heterogeneity is absolute among studies to some extent.

Results: Twenty-four trials were included in the review, of which 12 trials provided detailed data for meta-analyses. Preliminary evidence indicates that compared to wait list/sham group, acupuncture was effective on increasing paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and paw withdrawal latency (PWL). Compared to medicine, acupuncture was less effective on PWT, but as effective as medicine on PWL. Acupuncture can reinforce medicine's effect on PWT and PWL. Compared to the control group, acupuncture was superior to increase body weight (BW), decrease spinal cord glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and interleukin-1 (IL-1). Furthermore, some studies showed acupuncture delay or partially reverse morphine tolerance. Three studies found acupuncture has no effect on PWT, but 2 of them found acupuncture could enhance small dose of Celebrex's effect on CIBP.

Conclusions: Acupuncture was superior to wait list/sham acupuncture on increasing PWT and has no less effect on increasing PWL compared to medicine; acupuncture improved the efficacy of drugs, increased the CIBP animals' body weight, and decreased their spinal cord GFAP and IL-1. High-quality studies are necessary to confirm the results.
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July 2020

Preparation and in vitro-in vivo characterization of trans-resveratrol nanosuspensions.

Biomed Mater Eng 2018 ;29(3):333-345

School of Pharmacy, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Anhui Academy of Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230038, P.R. China.

Nanosuspensions technique is an important tool to enhance the saturation solubility and dissolution velocity of poorly soluble drugs. Trans-resveratrol (t-Res) with extensive pharmacological effects was severely restricted by poor solubility and short biological half-life. In this study, anti-solvent precipitation was employed to development trans-resveratrol nanosuspensions (t-Res NS) with PVPK30 as stabilizer. The physicochemical properties, in vitro release and in vivo pharmacokinetics of t-Res NS were investigated. The mean particle size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency and drug loading of t-Res NS prepared by the optimal prescription were 96.9 nm, -20.4mV, 78% and 28.1%, respectively. The morphology of t-Res nanoparticles was spherical indicated by SEM with amorphous phase verified by XRD and DSC. The t-Res NS present a good physical stability as well as enhanced chemical stability. Compared to crude drug, the in vitro dissolution rate of t-Res NS was increased with fitting Higuchi equation (Q=0.3215t1/2+0.0070). The in vivo pharmacokinetic test in rats showed that the AUC0∼t of t-Res NS (559.4 μg/mL·min) was about 3.6-fold higher than that of t-Res solution. Meanwhile, the MRT of t-Res nanosuspensions was longer than that of t-Res solution. These results suggested that NS may be a potentially nanocarrier for clinical delivery of t-Res.
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September 2018