Publications by authors named "Ji Yun Jeong"

118 Publications

Genetic Polymorphisms in Activating Transcription Factor 3 Binding Site and the Prognosis of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Oncology 2021 Feb 24:1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) plays a significant role in cancer development and progression. We investigated the association between variants in expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) within ATF3 binding regions and the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgery.

Methods: A total of 772 patients with NSCLC who underwent curative surgery were enrolled. Using a public database (http://galaxyproject.org), we selected 104 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eQTLs in the ATF3 binding regions. The association of those SNPs with disease-free survival (DFS) was evaluated.

Results: Among those SNPs, HAX1 rs11265425T>G was associated with significantly worse DFS (aHR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.00-1.69, p = 0.05), and ME3 rs10400291C>A was associated with significantly better DFS (aHR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.46-0.95, p = 0.03). Regarding HAX1 rs11265425T>G, the significant association remained only in adenocarcinoma, and the association was significant only in squamous cell carcinoma regarding ME3 rs10400291C>A. ChIP-qPCR assays showed that the two variants reside in active enhancers where H3K27Ac and ATF3 binding occurs. Promoter assays showed that rs11265425 G allele had significantly higher HAX1 promoter activity than T allele. HAX1 RNA expression was significantly higher in tumor than in normal lung, and higher in rs11265425 TG+GG genotypes than in TT genotype. Conversely, ME3 expression was significantly lower in tumor than in normal lung, and higher in rs10400291 AA genotype than in CC+CA genotypes.

Conclusions: In conclusion, this study shows that the functional polymorphisms in ATF3 binding sites, HAX1 rs11265425T>G and ME3 rs10400291C>A are associated with the clinical outcomes of patients in surgically resected NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000514131DOI Listing
February 2021

Prognostic significance of genetic variants in GLUT1 in stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated with radiotherapy.

Thorac Cancer 2021 03 31;12(6):874-879. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

Background: To examine the impact of polymorphisms of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) gene on the prognosis of patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received radiotherapy.

Methods: Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs4658C>G, rs1385129G>A, rs3820589A>T, rs3806401A>C and rs3806400C>T) in GLUT1 gene were evaluated in 90 patients with pathologically confirmed stage III NSCLC. A total of 21 patients were treated with radiotherapy alone, 25 with sequential chemoradiotherapy, and 44 with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The association of the genetic variations of five SNPs with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed.

Results: Two SNPs (rs1385129 and rs3806401) were significant risk factors for OS. Three SNPs (rs1385129, rs3820589 and rs3806401) were in linkage disequilibrium. In Cox proportional hazard models, GAA haplotype was a good prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.57, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.39-0.81, p = 0.002) and PFS (HR = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.99, p = 0.043), compared to variant haplotypes. The GAA/GAA diplotype was observed in 46.7% of patients; these patients showed significantly better OS (HR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.22-0.65, p < 0.001) and PFS (HR = 0.51, 95% CI: 0.31-0.85, p = 0.009) compared to those with other diplotypes.

Conclusions: These results suggest that polymorphisms of GLUT1 gene could be used as a prognostic marker for patients with stage III NSCLC treated with radiotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13851DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7952810PMC
March 2021

A chimeric porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV)-2 vaccine is safe under international guidelines and effective both in experimental and field conditions.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Mar 23;135:143-152. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Vaccination is currently the most effective strategy to control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). New-generation PRRS vaccines are required to be safe and broadly cross-protective. We have recently created the chimeric PRRS virus K418DM which proved to be a good vaccine candidate under field conditions. In the present study, we designed safety and efficacy tests under experimental and field conditions for further evaluation of K418DM1.1, a plaque-purified K418DM. In the homologous challenge study, K418DM1.1 induced high serum virus neutralization (SVN) antibody titers (i.e., 4.2 log ± 1.7) at 21 days post-challenge (dpc) and provided protection as demonstrated by the significantly lower levels of viremia at 3 and 7 dpc and significantly lower microscopic lung lesion scores compared to the unvaccinated group. K418DM1.1 was also protective in the heterologous challenge study, with vaccinated pigs showing significantly lower levels of viremia at 14 dpc compared to the unvaccinated pigs. A field study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of K418DM1.1 against heterologous exposure and vaccinated pigs presented significantly lower viremia than unvaccinated pigs. According to the safety test for the examination of virulence reversion, no infectivity was observed in tissue homogenate filtrate both in the vaccinated and comingled groups. Thus, the risk of virulence, as well as transmission, appeared negligible. These overall results indicate that K418DM1.1 is a good vaccine candidate based on its safety and protective efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2021.01.012DOI Listing
March 2021

Clinical implication of minimal presence of solid or micropapillary subtype in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma.

Thorac Cancer 2021 01 24;12(2):235-244. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Background: We investigated the clinical features and surgical outcomes of lung adenocarcinoma with minimal solid or micropapillary (S/MP) components, with a focus on stage IA.

Methods: We enrolled 506 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent curative resection in this study. Clinical features and surgical outcomes were compared between the groups with and without the S/MP subtype (S/MP+ and S/MP-, respectively), and between the group with an S/MP proportion of ≤5% (S/MP5) and the S/MP-.

Results: The S/MP subtype was present in 247 patients (48.8%); 129 (25.5%) were grouped as the S/MP5 group. The S/MP+ and S/MP5 groups had larger tumors, higher frequency of lymph node metastasis, and more advanced stages of disease than the S/MP- group (P < 0.001, all comparisons). Pleural, lymphatic, and vascular invasions occurred more frequently in the S/MP+ and S/MP5 groups (P < 0.001, all comparisons for S/MP+ vs. S/MP-; P ≤ 0.01, all comparisons for S/MP5 vs. S/MP-). The S/MP+ and S/MP5 groups showed a shorter time to recurrence and cancer-related death than the S/MP- group(P < 0.001, both comparisons). For stage I, the presence or absence of the S/MP subtype defined prognostic subgroups better than the stage IA/IB classification. Notably, in the multivariate analysis, the minimal S/MP component was a significant predictor of recurrence, even in stage IA.

Conclusions: The presence of the minimal S/MP component was a significant predictor of poor prognosis after surgery, even in stage IA patients. Clinical trials to evaluate the advantages of adjuvant chemotherapy for this subset of patients and further investigations to understand underlying biological mechanisms of poor prognosis are needed.

Key Points: Significant findings of the study: We demonstrated that only minimal presence of solid or micropapillary component was profoundly associated with aggressive clinicopathological features and poor prognosis after complete resection even in stage IA lung adenocarcinoma.

What This Study Adds: Our results suggest that minimal presence of these subtypes is a strong prognostic factor which should be taken into account in the risk assessment for adjuvant chemotherapy in lung adenocarcinoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7812076PMC
January 2021

A case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma initially presenting as CLIPPERS: possible role of the Epstein-Barr virus.

Neurol Sci 2021 03 29;42(3):1199-1202. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, 807 Hoguk-ro, Buk-gu, Daegu, 41404, South Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04750-6DOI Listing
March 2021

Promotion of Chondrosarcoma Cell Survival, Migration and Lymphangiogenesis by Periostin.

Anticancer Res 2020 Oct;40(10):5463-5469

Department of Physiology, Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea

Background/aim: Periostin exists as an extracellular matrix protein in several carcinomas and is related to metastasis and poor prognosis. It is mainly secreted from cancer associated fibroblasts, and not from carcinoma cells. As a tumor microenvironment component, periostin usually mediates tumor cell stemness, metastasis, angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. This study aimed to examine the role of periostin in chondrosarcoma.

Materials And Methods: To evaluate the effect of periostin on the proliferation of chondrosarcoma cells, MTT assay was performed on SW1353 cells and periostin knockdown SW1353 cells. Migration activity was examined using Boyden chamber.

Results: Periostin, secreted from chondrosarcoma cells, was found to support proliferation, and maintain stemness and migration of chondrosarcoma cells. Periostin also induced proliferation and migration of lymphatic endothelial cells.

Conclusion: Periostin plays an important role in chondrosarcoma development and disease progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14557DOI Listing
October 2020

Molecular evidence of parvovirus B19 in the cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa tissue from a patient with parvovirus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Sep;99(36):e22079

Departments of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Parvovirus B19 has been linked to polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), but there is some controversy about its pathogenesis regarding whether it is triggered by the immune complex or by the activated immune cells that phagocytose viruses.

Patient Concerns: A 38-year-old woman was admitted with fever and bicytopenia. She also complained of a painful palpable nodule in the left forearm.

Diagnosis: Her bone marrow aspirate revealed erythroblasts in abnormal megaloblastic changes, some of which presented with pseudopods, and parvovirus B19 was positive in a PCR analysis of her blood, which was compatible with parvovirus B19-induced hemophagocytic syndrome. Skin excisional biopsy of the nodule on the left forearm revealed a heavy inflammatory cell infiltrate throughout whole layers of a medium-sized vessel, the characteristic feature of PAN. PCR analysis of the vasculitis tissue showed a positive result for parvovirus B19.

Interventions: Her symptoms spontaneously resolved with supportive care.

Outcomes: She underwent regular follow-up without recurrence of vasculitis-associated symptoms.

Lessons: This case highlights the presence of parvovirus B19 DNA in vasculitis tissues, which can support the role of cellular immune response in the pathogenesis of parvovirus-associated PAN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000022079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7478508PMC
September 2020

TGFBI Expression Predicts the Survival of Patients With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

In Vivo 2020 Sep-Oct;34(5):3005-3012

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea

Background/aim: This study was conducted to investigate transforming growth factor beta-induced protein (TGFBI) expression and analyze the clinical and prognostic significance of TGFBI in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC).

Patients And Methods: We evaluated TGFBI expression by immunohistochemistry in 94 patients with OPSCC. For comprehensive analysis, TGFBI expression was subdivided into tumor cell score (T), stroma score (S), and the sum of two scores (TS) calculated using H-score. Clinicopathological features and survival outcomes were compared between groups of high expression and low expression of TGFBI in each area.

Results: Overall, 12 patients (12.8%) showed high T score, and 41 patients (43.6%) revealed high S score. Although T score showed no significant difference both in overall survival (OS) (p=0.080) and recurrence free survival (RFS) (p=0.272), high S score patients had significantly worse OS (p=0.003) and worse RFS (p=0.043). High TS score also showed significant association with worse OS (p=0.011) and worse RFS (p=0.021). High S score was an independent prognostic factor predicting shorter OS (HR=6.352, 95%CI=1.206-40.050, p=0.029) and RFS (HR=18.843, 95%CI=1.030-344.799, p=0.048) in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: High S score of TGFBI was a significant predictor of poor prognosis in OPSCC. TGFBI could be a useful new predictive and prognostic biomarker in OPSCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/invivo.12132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7652451PMC
June 2020

Genetic Variants in One-Carbon Metabolism Pathway Predict Survival Outcomes of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Oncology 2020 13;98(12):897-904. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: This study was conducted to investigate the association between genetic variants in one-carbon metabolism and survival outcomes of surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: We genotyped 41 potentially functional variants of 19 key genes in the one-carbon metabolism pathway among 750 NSCLC patients who underwent curative surgery. The association between genetic variants and overall survival (OS)/disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed.

Results: Among the 41 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analyzed, 4 SNPs (MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and rs3849794T>C, MTR rs2853523C>A, and MTHFR rs4846049G>T) were significantly associated with survival outcomes. MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and MTR rs2853523C>A were significantly associated with better OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 0.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.54-0.99, p = 0.04) and worse OS (aHR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.13-4.07, p = 0.02), respectively. MTHFD1L rs3849794T>C and MTHFR rs4846049G>T were significantly associated with worse DFS (aHR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.08-1.83, p = 0.01; and aHR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.10-3.53, p = 0.02, respectively). When the patients were divided according to histology, the associations were significant only in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), but not in adenocarcinoma (AC). In SCC, MTHFD1L rs6919680T>G and MTR rs2853523C>A were significantly associated with better OS (aHR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.41-1.00, p = 0.05) and worse OS (aHR = 2.77, 95% CI = 1.11-6.91, p = 0.03), respectively, and MTHFD1L rs3849794T>C and MTHFR rs4846049G>T were significantly associated with worse DFS (aHR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.17-2.56, p = 0.01; and aHR = 2.78, 95% CI = 1.12-6.88, p = 0.03, respectively).

Conclusions: Our results suggest that the genetic variants in the one-carbon metabolism pathway could be used as biomarkers for predicting the clinical outcomes of patients with early-stage NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000509658DOI Listing
December 2020

Expression of key regulatory genes in necroptosis and its effect on the prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer.

J Cancer 2020 11;11(18):5503-5510. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Accumulating evidence suggests that necroptosis, or programmed necrotic cell death, may play a significant role in cancer. We evaluated the expression of key molecules in necroptosis and their association with clinical features and prognosis in NSCLC. A total of 253 NSCLC patients (96 squamous cell carcinoma [SCC] cases and 157 adenocarcinoma [AC] cases) who underwent curative resection were included. Tumor tissues and corresponding normal tissues were investigated for relative mRNA expression levels of , , and . Difference in disease free survival (DFS) was analyzed according to the expression levels of these molecules in tumor tissues. NSCLC tissues had significantly lower expression of , , and than normal tissues ( = 1 x 10, = 8 x 10, and = 4 x 10, respectively). In subgroup analysis, SCCs had significantly lower , , and expression ( = 5 x 10, = 3 x 10, = 1 x 10, respectively), and ACs had significantly lower and expression ( = 0.01 and = 6 x 10, respectively) than normal tissues. Low expression of , , and in tumors was associated with a worse DFS (HR = 1.71, = 0.01; HR = 1.53, = 0.04; and HR = 1.53, = 0.04, respectively) in a multivariate analysis. In SCC, none of the , , and expression was significantly associated with DFS. However, in AC, low expression of , , and was significantly associated with worse DFS (HR = 1.67, = 0.03; HR = 1.70, = 0.03; and HR = 1.81, = 0.02, respectively). Key regulatory genes in necroptosis, , , and , were downregulated in NSCLC, and their lower expression in NSCLC may be used to predict early recurrence after curative resection, especially in AC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.46172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7391199PMC
July 2020

Oncological outcomes of omitting sentinel lymph node biopsy in elderly patients with breast cancer.

Asian J Surg 2020 Nov 26;43(11):1090-1092. Epub 2020 Jul 26.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea; Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, South Korea. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2020.07.009DOI Listing
November 2020

Comprehensive Analysis and Clinical Implication of PD-L1 Expression Considering HPV Status in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jul;40(7):4001-4010

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background/aim: This study was conducted to comprehensively evaluate programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, and analyze the clinical and prognostic implications of PD-L1 expression in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC).

Patients And Methods: We evaluated the expression of PD-L1 using the antibodies SP263 and SP142 in 106 patients with OPSCC, using immunohistochemistry. PD-L1 expression was subdivided into tumor cell score (TC), immune cell score (IC), and combined score (CS). Correlations between each PD-L1 expression and HPV status, clinicopathological features, and survival were analyzed.

Results: The expression levels of PD-L1 SP263 and SP142 were significantly correlated. High PD-L1 SP263 TC and CS and SP142 IC and CS were associated with HPV positivity. PD-L1 expression showed no effect on survival in all patients' group. However, in the subgroup analysis, high TC and CS of both PD-L1 SP263 and SP142 were correlated with shorter time to recurrence in the HPV positive group.

Conclusion: High expression of PD-L1 was associated with HPV positivity in OPSCC. In addition, high expression of PD-L1 might suggest a poorer outcome, especially in the HPV positive subgroup. PD-L1 could be a useful predictive and prognostic biomarker in OPSCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14394DOI Listing
July 2020

Polymorphisms in Glycolysis-Related Genes Are Associated with Clinical Outcomes of Paclitaxel-Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Oncology 2020 6;98(7):468-477. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea,

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate whether polymorphisms in glycolysis-related genes are associated with clinical outcomes of patients with advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods: A total of 377 patients with NSCLC were enrolled. Sixty-five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 26 genes involved in the glycolytic pathway were evaluated. The associations of the variants with the chemotherapy response and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.

Results: Among the 65 variants investigated, PFKL rs2073436C>G and GPI rs7248411C>G significantly correlated with clinical outcomes after chemotherapy in multivariate analyses. PFKL rs2073436C>G was significantly associated with both a worse response to chemotherapy (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.45-0.90, p = 0.01) and a worse OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.14-1.61, p = 0.001). GPI rs7248411C>G was significantly associated with both a better chemotherapy response (aOR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.07-2.23, p = 0.02) and a better OS (aHR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.66-0.98, p = 0.03). When stratified by tumor histology, PFKL rs2073436C>G was significantly associated with OS only in squamous cell carcinoma, whereas GPI rs7248411C>G exhibited a significant association with the chemotherapy response and OS only in adenocarcinoma.

Conclusion: This result suggests that the PFKL rs2073436C>G and GPI rs7248411C>G are useful for predicting the clinical outcome of first-line paclitaxel-cisplatin chemotherapy in NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504175DOI Listing
July 2020

Inhibitory effect of Streptococcus salivarius K12 and M18 on halitosis in vitro.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2020 04 23;6(2):207-214. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Herbal Crop Utilization Research Team, Department of Herbal Crop Research, Rural Development Administration (RDA), Chungbuk, Republic of Korea.

Background: The aim of the study was to observe the antimicrobial activity of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticola as well as the effect on reducing volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs).

Materials And Methods: After P. gingivalis and T. denticola were cultured with or without Streptococcus salivarius K12 and M18, VSCs were measured by Oral Chroma. In order to analyze the mechanism for malodor control, the antimicrobial activity of S. salivarius K12 and M18 against P. gingivalis and T. denticola was assessed. SPSS 21.0 was used for data analysis with the Kruskal-Wallis and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests. Mann-Whitney test was applied for post hoc analysis.

Results: P. gingivalis and T. denticola VSC levels were reduced by high concentrations of S. salivarius K12 and M18 during coculture. The concentrations were lower than those of single culture (p < .05). An antimicrobial effect was detected on P. gingivalis, and T. denticola by 50% S. salivarius K12 and M18. The spent culture medium and whole bacteria of S. salivarius K12 and M18 reduced the levels of VSCs below the amount in a single culture of P. gingivalis and T. denticola (p < .05).

Conclusion: S. salivarius K12 and M18 decreased the levels of VSCs originating from P. gingivalis and T. denticola.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cre2.269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7133729PMC
April 2020

Protects PC12 Neuronal Cells from Oxidative Stress Induced by ROS-Mediated Apoptosis.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 6;2020:3945194. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Herbal Crop Research, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Eumsung 27709, Republic of Korea.

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), associated with oxidative stress, are involved in many biological processes such as apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy. Oxidative stress might induce neuronal damage via ROS generation, causing neurodegenerative diseases. (EA) has antioxidant properties and could protect neurons from oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of the aerial parts (EAA) and flowers (EAF) from EA on ROS-mediated apoptosis in pheochromocytoma 12 cells. We quantified 18 types of phenolic compounds using high-performance liquid chromatography. Pretreatment of the cells with EAA and EAF attenuated ROS generation and induced the expression of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase 2, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. In addition, EAF reduced the expression of apoptotic proteins such as Bax/Bcl-xL, caspase-3, and caspase-8 to a greater extent than that with EAA. These results suggested that the protective effect of EAF against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis might be due to the prevention of ROS generation mediated by oxidative enzymes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3945194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6970001PMC
January 2020

Aquaporin 5 expression correlates with tumor multiplicity and vascular invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2019 1;12(2):516-527. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pathology, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine Daegu, Korea.

Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water channel transmembrane proteins that play a key role in transcellular water movement and transport. Recent studies have reported that AQPs are involved in cancer biology and can be a novel biomarker for predicting prognosis. The aim of this study was to identify clinical significance and prognostic impact of AQP5 in surgically resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). We analyzed the association between the expression of AQP5, Ki-67, and E-cadherin. Immunohistochemical stains for AQP5, KI-67, and E-cadherin were performed on 72 surgically resected HCCs. As a result, 46 patients (63.9%) showed AQP5 expression, 46 patients (63.9%) revealed high expression of Ki-67, and E-cadherin loss was identified in 8 patients (11.1%). No significant relationship among the three markers was found (all P > 0.05). AQP5 expression was associated with tumor multiplicity (P = 0.039), microvascular invasion (P = 0.040), and major vessel invasion (P = 0.044). High expression of Ki-67 was related to high serum AFP level (P = 0.006), tumor grade (P = 0.002), and microvascular invasion (P = 0.040). AQP5 expression tended to be associated with worse overall survival (OS) (P = 0.093) in the univariate analysis, but no significance was found in the multivariate survival analysis. High expression of Ki-67 was associated with shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS) in both univariate (P = 0.012) and multivariate analysis (P = 0.020). In conclusion, AQP5 might be a prognostic marker in HCC based on its association with tumor multiplicity, microvascular invasion, and major vessel invasion; and Ki-67 is an independent prognostic factor in HCC.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945080PMC
February 2019

Emphysema is associated with the aggressiveness of COPD-related adenocarcinomas.

Clin Respir J 2020 Apr 14;14(4):405-412. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea.

Objectives: To compare the differences in radiologic and pathologic features of surgically resected chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related adenocarcinomas according to the presence of emphysema.

Methods: A total of 216 smokers with surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma were included in this retrospective study, and 102 patients were diagnosed with COPD. We classified COPD patients as emphysematous or non-emphysematous group based on the emphysema severity on computed tomography (CT) and evaluated the differences in the CT and pathologic features between the two groups. The relationship between emphysema and disease-free survival was assessed using a Kaplan-Meier curve.

Results: Lung adenocarcinomas in emphysema group presented a more aggressive pathologic grade and higher prevalence of solid lesions (vs subsolid lesions) on CT than those in non-emphysematous group (P = 0.006 and <0.001, respectively). After adjustment for age, sex, smoking pack-years and tumor size, emphysema group had a greater risk for higher histologic grade and higher prevalence of solid lesions than non-emphysema group (odds ratio, 3.445; 95% confidence interval, 1.124-10.564; P = 0.030, odds ratio, 6.192; 95% confidence interval, 1.804-21.254; P = 0.004, respectively). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients with emphysema had significantly impaired disease-free survival compared with those without emphysema (median disease-free survival = 37.0 vs 57.5 months, P = 0.038).

Conclusion: Adenocarcinomas in emphysema-present COPD had more aggressive features of pathology and CT findings, and worse disease-free survival than those without emphysema. These findings might provide an insight into the different pathobiology and prognostic implications of lung adenocarcinomas according to the presence of emphysema in patients with COPD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13146DOI Listing
April 2020

Polymorphism in ASCL1 target gene DDC is associated with clinical outcomes of small cell lung cancer patients.

Thorac Cancer 2020 01 5;11(1):19-28. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Achaete-scute homolog 1 (ASCL1) is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and is essential in the differentiation of neuroendocrine cells and neural tissues. ASCL1 is frequently overexpressed in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of SCLC.

Methods: This study was conducted to identify the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ASCL1 target genes and clinical outcomes of patients with SCLC after chemotherapy. A total of 261 patients diagnosed with SCLC were enrolled in this study. The association between 103 SNPs in 58 ASCL1 target genes and the response to chemotherapy and survival of patients with SCLC were analyzed.

Results: Among the 103 SNPs, 10 SNPs were significantly associated with the response to chemotherapy, and 19 SNPs were associated with OS in multivariate analyses. Among these, Dopa Decarboxylase (DDC) rs12666409A>T was significantly associated with both a worse response to chemotherapy and worse OS (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.18-0.90, P = 0.03; adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.52, 95% CI = 1.10-2.10, P = 0.01, respectively, under a dominant model). In a stage-stratified analysis, the association was significant only in the extensive disease subgroup (aOR = 0.19, 95% CI = 0.06-0.60, P = 0.01; aHR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.16-2.56, P = 0.01, respectively, under a dominant model), but not in the limited disease subgroup.

Conclusion: The results of our study suggest that DDC rs12666409A>T may be useful markers for predicting the clinical outcomes of patients with SCLC undergoing chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6938757PMC
January 2020

p63 and SOX2 Dictate Glucose Reliance and Metabolic Vulnerabilities in Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

Cell Rep 2019 08;28(7):1860-1878.e9

Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a malignancy arising across multiple anatomical sites, is responsible for significant cancer mortality due to insufficient therapeutic options. Here, we identify exceptional glucose reliance among SCCs dictated by hyperactive GLUT1-mediated glucose influx. Mechanistically, squamous lineage transcription factors p63 and SOX2 transactivate the intronic enhancer cluster of SLC2A1. Elevated glucose influx fuels generation of NADPH and GSH, thereby heightening the anti-oxidative capacity in SCC tumors. Systemic glucose restriction by ketogenic diet and inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption with SGLT2 inhibitor precipitate intratumoral oxidative stress and tumor growth inhibition. Furthermore, reduction of blood glucose lowers blood insulin levels, which suppresses PI3K/AKT signaling in SCC cells. Clinically, we demonstrate a robust correlation between blood glucose concentration and worse survival among SCC patients. Collectively, this study identifies the exceptional glucose reliance of SCC and suggests its candidacy as a highly vulnerable cancer type to be targeted by systemic glucose restriction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.07.027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7048935PMC
August 2019

Can emphysema influence size discrepancy between radiologic and pathologic size measurement in subsolid lung adenocarcinomas?

Thorac Cancer 2019 10 12;10(10):1919-1927. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

Background: To investigate the difference in the measured diameter of subsolid lung adenocarcinomas of thin-section computed tomography (TSCT) and pathology according to presence of emphysema.

Methods: A total of 268 surgically resected pathologic T1 or T2 adenocarcinomas visualized as subsolid nodules (SSNs) on TSCT were analyzed in 252 patients. Two observers measured the greatest diameters of the whole tumor (WTsize) and solid tumor (STsize) on TSCT in lung windows, classified nodules as part-solid or nonsolid, and recorded the presence of regional emphysema. Interobserver variability was determined with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). CT measurements were compared to pathologic size (Psize) and invasive size (PIsize) using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

Results: The interobserver agreement between the diameters measured by the two observers was strong for WTsize (ICC = 0.968 [95% confidence interval, 0.960-0.975]) and STsize (ICC = 0.966 [95% CI, 0.950-0.969]). Radiologic WTsize was significantly greater than Psize (P < 0.001), while STsize was less than PIsize. The WTsize of the emphysema group was better correlated with Psize than WTsize of the normal lung group (P = 0.001), while the STsize of the normal lung group was better correlated with PIsize than STsize of the emphysema group. The concordance rate in T staging between CT and pathologic analysis was better correlated in patients with normal lungs than in those with emphysema (P = 0.023).

Conclusion: STsize on TSCT was underestimated in patients with emphysema, resulting in higher discordance in T staging between TSCT and pathologic analysis for subsolid lung adenocarcinomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.13165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6775004PMC
October 2019

Genetic Variant of Notch Regulator DTX1 Predicts Survival After Lung Cancer Surgery.

Ann Surg Oncol 2019 Oct 16;26(11):3756-3764. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Background: We evaluated the association between genetic variants in the Notch pathway and survival outcomes of patients with surgically resected NSCLC.

Methods: Sixty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Notch pathway genes were evaluated in the discovery study (n = 354) and two sequential validation studies (n = 772 and n = 746, respectively). The association of genotype with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was evaluated.

Results: Of the 64 SNPs analyzed in the discovery study, 9 were significantly associated with OS or DFS. Among them, the association remained significant only for Deltex-1 (DTX1) rs1732786A>G in the first validation study. The second validation study confirmed again the association between DTX1 rs1732786A>G and survival outcomes. In the combined analysis, rs1732786A>G was significantly associated with better OS and DFS (adjusted HR ·aHR· for OS, 0.75; 95% CI 0.64-0.87; P = 0.0002; aHR for DFS, 0.79; 95% CI 0.71-0.89; P = 0.0001). In vitro luciferase assay showed that the rs1732786G allele was associated with higher promoter activity compared to rs1732786A allele. Consistently, relative mRNA expression level of DTX1 showed significant positive correlation with rs1732786 A-to-G change (P = 0.02) in tumor tissues.

Conclusions: These results suggest that DTX1 rs1732786 is a potential prognostic factor that may have clinical utility in the management of early stage NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-019-07614-2DOI Listing
October 2019

Central nervous system vasculitis from Epstein-Barr virus-associated T/natural killer-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in children: A case report.

Brain Dev 2019 Oct 14;41(9):820-825. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Epstein-Barr virus-associated T/natural killer-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (EBV-T/NK-LPD) is a group of rare disorders resulting from EBV-infected T/NK-cells. It manifests as a broad spectrum of clinical symptoms according to immunologic status and viral load of an infected patient. Here, we report a boy who developed central nervous system (CNS) vasculitis and myelopathy as possible neurologic manifestations of EBV-T/NK-LPD.

Case Report: A 16-year-old boy came to our hospital with a necrotic skin lesion on his right shoulder. He suffered from local skin reactions with high fevers after mosquito bites since he was 10 years old. During the evaluation of his skin lesion, he suddenly developed left facial palsy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed acute infarctions of the pons and middle cerebellar peduncle and irregularities of both anterior inferior cerebellar arteries. Serologic testing showed an elevation of total Ig E levels, anti-VCA IgG levels, and anti-EA IgG titers. EBV DNA copy numbers of the whole blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were elevated. Biopsy of the right shoulder skin showed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. According to clinical features and laboratory findings, he was diagnosed with EBV-T/NK-LPD. He was treated with chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation but developed recurrent infarctions during treatment.

Conclusion: This case showed the diagnostic challenge of neurologic manifestations of EBV-T/NK-LPD. EBV-T/NK-LPD-associated CNS vasculitis needs to be considered as a differential diagnosis of CNS vasculitis, when it is accompanied by the typical clinical spectrum of EBV-T/NK-LPD such as severe mosquito bite allergy, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.braindev.2019.05.009DOI Listing
October 2019

Glucose transporter 3 gene variant is associated with survival outcome of patients with non-small cell lung cancer after surgical resection.

Gene 2019 Jun 4;703:58-64. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; BK21 Plus KNU Biomedical Convergence Program, Department of Biomedical Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Lung Cancer Center, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Cell and Matrix Research Institute, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study was conducted to explore whether polymorphisms of glucose transporter 3 (GLUT3) gene affect the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in GLUT3 were investigated in a total of 782 patients with NSCLC who underwent curative surgery. The association of the SNPs with overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) was analyzed. Among the four SNPs investigated, GLUT3 rs7309332C>T was significantly associated with OS and DFS in multivariate analyses. The SNP was associated with significantly worse OS (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.62, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.04-2.53, P = 0.03, under recessive model), and worse DFS (aHR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.18-2.29, P = 0.003, under recessive model). When stratified by tumor histology, the association between the GLUT3 rs7309332C>T and OS/DFS was not limited to either squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma (AC), although the significant association remained only in AC for OS (P = 0.40 for SCC and P = 0.04 for OS) and only in SCC for DFS (P = 0.03 for SCC and P = 0.08 for OS). When AC patients were stratified according to EGFR mutation status, the SNP was significantly associated with DFS in patients with EGFR mutant tumors (aHR = 2.47, 95% CI = 1.15-5.30, P = 0.02, under recessive model), but not in those with EGFR wild-type tumors. This study suggests that genetic variation in GLUT3 may be useful in predicting survival of patients with early stage NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.04.013DOI Listing
June 2019

Race- and Isolate-specific Molecular Marker Development through Genome-Realignment Enables Detection of Korean Isolates, Causal agents of Clubroot Disease.

Plant Pathol J 2018 Dec 1;34(6):506-513. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Horticulture, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 57922, Korea.

Clubroot is one of the most economically important diseases of the family. Clubroot disease is caused by the obligate parasite , which is difficult to study because it is non-culturable in the laboratory and its races are genetically variable worldwide. In Korea, there are at least five races that belongs to four pathotype groups. A recent study conducted in Korea attempted to develop molecular markers based on ribosomal DNA polymorphism to detect isolates, but none of those markers was either race-specific or pathotype-specific. Our current study aimed to develop race- and isolate-specific markers by exploiting genomic sequence variations. A total of 119 markers were developed based on unique variation exists in genomic sequences of each of the races. Only 12 markers were able to detect strains of each isolate or race. Ycheon14 markers was specific to isolates of race 2, Yeoncheon and Hoengseong. Ycheon9 and Ycheon10 markers were specific to Yeoncheon isolate (race 2, pathotype 3), ZJ1-3, ZJ1-4 and ZJ1-5 markers were specific to Haenam2 (race 4) isolate, ZJ1-35, ZJ1-40, ZJ1-41 and ZJ1-49 markers were specific to Hoengseong isolate and ZJ1-56 and ZJ1-64 markers were specific to Pyeongchang isolate (race 4, pathotype 3). The PCR-based sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers developed in this study are able to detect five Korean isolates of These markers can be utilized in identifying four Korean isolates from different regions. Additional effort is required to develop race- and isolate-specific markers for the remaining Korean isolates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.12.2017.0266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305180PMC
December 2018

TSC2 genetic variant and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer after curative surgery.

Thorac Cancer 2019 02 26;10(2):335-340. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

This study was conducted to investigate the associations between polymorphisms of genes involved in the LKB1 pathway and the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection. Twenty-three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the LKB1 pathway were investigated in 782 patients with NSCLC who underwent curative surgery. The association of SNPs with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed. Among the 23 SNPs investigated, TSC2 rs30259G > A was associated with significantly worse OS and DFS (adjusted hazard ratio for OS 1.88, 95% confidence interval 1.21-2.91, P = 0.005; adjusted hazard ratio for DFS 1.65, 95% confidence interval 1.15-2.38, P = 0.01, under codominant models, respectively). Subgroup analysis showed that SNPs were significantly associated with survival outcomes in squamous cell carcinoma, ever-smokers, and stage I, but not in adenocarcinoma, never-smokers, and stage II-IIIA. The results suggest that TSC2 rs30259G > A may be useful to predict prognosis in patients with NSCLC, especially squamous cell carcinoma, after curative surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1759-7714.12951DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360237PMC
February 2019

An expression quantitative trait locus variant for LKB1 gene predicts the clinical outcomes of chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Cancer Genet 2018 12 16;228-229:73-82. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Cell and Matrix Research Institute, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Lung Cancer Center, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea; BK21 Plus KNU Biomedical Convergence Program, Department of Biomedical Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: We conducted this study to identify regulatory variants in cancer-related pathway genes which can predict clinical outcomes of chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC, using a comprehensive list of regulatory SNPs prioritized by RegulomeDB.

Methods: A total of 509 potentially functional SNPs in cancer-related pathway genes were evaluated. The SNPs were analyzed in a discovery set (n = 198), and an independent validation set (n = 181). The associations of the SNPs with chemotherapy response and overall survival (OS) were analyzed.

Results: In the discovery set, 95 SNPs were significantly associated with clinical outcomes. Among the 95 SNPs, only rs10414193A > G in the intronic region of ARID3A, an eQTL for LKB1, was consistently associated with chemotherapy response and OS in the validation set. In combined analysis, the rs10414193A > G was significantly associated with worse response to chemotherapy (adjusted odds ratio = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.47-0.85, P = 0.002), and with worse OS (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.08-1.45, P = 0.004). Luciferase assay showed a significantly higher LKB1 promoter activity associated with rs10414193G allele compared with rs10414193A allele (P = 0.0009).

Conclusions: Our results suggest that rs10414193A > G may be useful for the prediction of clinical outcomes of chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cancergen.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018

Evaluation and optimization of a conventional SPCE for FMD post-vaccination monitoring.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Nov 28;14(1):371. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Laboratory of Veterinary Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.

Background: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) can be controlled by either stamping out or vaccination, a choice which depends on both the economic importance of the livestock sector as well as the disease status. In FMD-free countries with vaccination, such as Korea, vaccination programs should guarantee prevention against transmission of FMD. Monitoring of vaccination programs is also essential for ensuring sufficient coverage that will limit the transmission of FMDV. There are several methods to screen FMD virus (FMDV) structural protein (SP) antibodies including SPCE (Solid-phase competitive ELISA), LPBE (Liquid-phase blocking ELISA), and VNT (Virus neutralization test). Among these, SPCE is widely used for serological monitoring since VNT-the gold standard method-has certain practical limitations, such as high costs in terms of time and labor. However, whether SPCE can ensure the vaccination status of individual animals and whole farms is unclear. In this study, SPCE, LPBE and VNT were compared with respect to correlation with each other and sensitivity at commercial pig farms.

Results: The positive results obtained by PrioCHECK SPCE differed from those obtained by LPBE and VNT. The sensitivity of SPCE relative to those of the other tests was fairly low. The raw data of SPCE were most highly correlated with those of VNT with XJ strain, while their positivity and negativity were most highly correlated with LPBE. The results of ROC analysis proposed new cut-off for PrioCHECK SPCE higher than the previous 50% inhibition.

Conclusions: The high false positive rate of PrioCHECK SPCE suggested that high seropositivity by SPCE may not guarantee a true vaccination coverage. Adjusting the cut-off percentage (%) inhibition value for SPCE is needed to address this problem, and it is highly recommended that routine FMDV serological monitoring programs using PrioCHECK SPCE should be combined with alternative methods such as LPBE or VNT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1686-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260702PMC
November 2018

5-year oncological outcomes of targeted axillary sampling in pT1-2N1 breast cancer.

Asian J Surg 2019 Jun 22;42(6):681-687. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: axillary lymph nodes dissection (ALND) has been a standard treatment in breast cancer with positive sentinel LNs. However, various short- and long-term postoperative morbidities have been reported after conventional ALND. To define the concept of targeted axillary sampling (AS) and to assess its oncological feasibility for breast cancer. We compared the oncological outcomes in the axillary area between conventional ALND and targeted AS with or without radiotherapy.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine female patients with cT1-2N1 breast cancer underwent breast and axillary surgery. We defined the concept of targeted AS in clinical and pathological terms, and the oncological outcomes were compared between ALND and AS, and between AS with and without radiotherapy.

Results: There were no significant differences in oncological outcomes in the axilla between conventional ALND and AS, or between AS with radiotherapy and AS alone.

Conclusions: The 5-year oncological outcomes of targeted AS were not inferior to those of conventional ALND, regardless of whether radiotherapy was added.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asjsur.2018.10.004DOI Listing
June 2019

Fine-needle aspiration cytology versus core-needle biopsy for the diagnosis of extracranial head and neck schwannoma.

Head Neck 2018 12 20;40(12):2695-2700. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: We aimed to investigate the feasibility of diagnosing head and neck schwannomas using core-needle biopsy (CNB), and to compare this technique to fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC).

Methods: We designed a prospective case series in which 52 FNAC and 29 CNB samples from 48 patients with head and neck schwannoma were analyzed. Patient demographics, pathological results, and complications were also evaluated.

Results: Of the 81 total specimens, 24/52 (46.2%) of the FNAC and 0/29 (0.0%) of the CNB samples were unsatisfactory (P < .001). Specific diagnoses of schwannoma, including "suspicious schwannoma" and "consistent with schwannoma," were obtained from 10/52 (19.2%) of the FNAC samples and 28/29 (96.6%) of the CNB samples (P < .001). Major complications such as hematoma or permanent nerve injury did not occur in patients who underwent either method.

Conclusions: CNB can diagnose schwannomas with a higher accuracy than FNAC without increasing the rate of complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25520DOI Listing
December 2018

Ultrasonographic findings of re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns.

Burns Trauma 2018 6;6:21. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

4Department of General Surgery, Bestian Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the difference between ultrasonographic findings of normal skin and those of re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns and to evaluate the relationship between these findings and clinical outcomes.

Methods: This study retrospectively analysed the ultrasound images of re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns and contralateral normal skin from January 2016 to December 2016. A total of 155 lesions from 148 patients were analysed with ultrasound images, and healing time was documented. The scar status of each lesion was evaluated through medical records and photographs. We analysed the difference in ultrasonographic findings between normal skin and re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns and statistically analysed the relationship between healing time, scar status and ultrasonographic findings.

Results: The re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns was significantly thicker than the contralateral normal skin, and the echogenicity was significantly lower. The ultrasound images of the re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns showed the characteristic findings of low-echogenic bands (LEB), and the proportion of LEB thickness is strongly correlated with healing time. In the multivariate analysis of scar status, only the proportion of LEB thickness was statistically significant.

Conclusion: In this study, we found that there were ultrasonographic differences between re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns and normal skin and that an LEB of varying thickness was formed after re-epithelialization. The thickness of the LEB in re-epithelialized skin after partial-thickness burns increased with healing time and was related to scar status.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41038-018-0122-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091158PMC
August 2018