Publications by authors named "Jesus Crespo-Sanjuan"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treatment of Thoracolumbar Type A3 Fractures Using a Percutaneous Intravertebral Expandable Titanium Implant: Long-term Follow-up Results of a Pilot Single Center Study.

Pain Physician 2021 Aug;24(5):E631-E638

Unidad de Columna, Servicio Cirugía Ortopédica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Spain.

Background:   There are controversies about the optimal management of AO subtype A3 burst fractures. The most common surgical treatment consists of posterior fixation with pedicle screw and rod augmentation. Nevertheless, a loss of correction in height restoration and kyphotic reduction has been observed.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess long-term outcomes of a minimally invasive technique using a percutaneous intravertebral expandable titanium implant (PIETI).

Study Design: This prospective, single center, pilot study was carried out on a consecutive case series of 44 patients with acute (< 2 weeks) traumatic thoracolumbar fractures AO type A3. The average follow-up was 5.6 years.

Setting: A single center in Castilla y Leon, SpainMETHODS: Clinical outcomes (pain intensity on visual analog scale [VAS], Oswestry Disability Index [ODI], analgesic consumption) and radiographic outcomes (anterior/mid/posterior vertebral body height, vertebral area, local kyphosis angle, traumatic regional angulation) were analyzed before surgery, at one month after surgery, and at the end of the follow-up period.

Results: At one-month postsurgery, significant improvements in VAS score and ODI score were observed. PIETI achieved significant vertebral body height restoration with median height increases of 2.9 mm/4.3 mm/2.3 mm for anterior/middle/posterior parts, respectively. Significant correction of the local kyphotic angle and improvement of the traumatic regional angulation were accomplished. All these improvements were maintained throughout the follow-up period. The only complication reported was a case of cement leakage.

Limitations: In our opinion, the main limitation of the study is the small number of patients. However, the sample is superior to that shown in other papers.

Conclusions: This study showed that using a PIETI in the treatment of fractures type A3 is a safe and effective method that allows marked clinical improvement, as well as anatomical vertebral body restoration. Unlike with other treatments, results were maintained over time, allowing a better long-term clinical and functional improvement. The rate of cement leakage was lower than other reports.
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August 2021

Requirements for a Stable Long-Term Result in Surgical Reduction of Vertebral Fragility Fractures.

World Neurosurg 2017 Sep 31;105:137-144. Epub 2017 May 31.

Unidad de Columna, Servicio Cirugía Ortopédica, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, Calle Ramón y Cajal, Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are one of the major health problems in the world. Minimally invasive surgical treatment has great advantages compared with conservative treatment in treating these fractures, because it eliminates pain and functional disability. The percutaneous intravertebral expandable titanium device SpineJack (Vexim SA, Balma, France) is beneficial compared with other kyphoplasty devices, showing results that are maintained over time and a reduction in complications. However, controversy exists about the minimum amount of cement that should be used to achieve long-term restoration and which is essential to minimize complications. We reviewed publications studying the maintenance of long-term restoration using this percutaneous expandable titanium device in cadavers. In this study, we show the first long-term work with patients treated with percutaneous expandable titanium device, describing precise indications concerning the minimum amount of cement that should be used.

Methods: Results were evaluated from a clinical study including 178 patient outcomes with long-term follow-up results performed by our team.

Results: The mean total quantity of cement injected was 4.4 mL (25% vertebral body filling). The leakage rate was 12.9%, and all of these occurrences were asymptomatic. The mean follow-up time was 77 months (60-96 months). All clinical scales improved significantly after the procedure. A recollapse of the treated vertebra was observed in 3 cases (1.6%), and the adjacent fracture rate was 2.2%.

Conclusions: From the results of our study and review of the literature, cement equivalent to 25% of the vertebral body filling volume, when combined with the titanium expandable device, seems to be sufficient to prevent recollapse in osteoporotic and type A.3 fractures.
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September 2017

Lower Expression of Genes Involved in Protection against Oxidative Stress in Symptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis.

Ann Vasc Surg 2017 May 29;41:271-278. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Hospital Clinico Universitario de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.

Background: Oxidative stress is increased in atherosclerosis, manifested both in blood and tissue (atherosclerotic plaque). We aim at describing the expression of a number of genes related to oxidative stress response in carotid atherosclerotic plaques and their relation to symptomatic state.

Methods: We have studied the messenger RNA expression levels for genes related to oxidative stress in a population of 44 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, according to the presence (24 patients) or absence (20 patients) of symptoms. Samples were homogenized, RNA was extracted, and gene expression was measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction arrays.

Results: Data showed a decrease in expression of oxidative stress protective genes in symptomatic patients and increased expression of pro-oxidant genes. Asymptomatic patients maintain higher levels of expression of protective genes in the tissue.

Conclusions: This study establishes a close relationship between symptoms and levels of expression of genes that protect against oxidative stress. We propose the existence of a mechanism that silences these genes, causing a more severe atherosclerotic disease state.
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May 2017

Early detection of high oxidative activity in patients with adenomatous intestinal polyps and colorectal adenocarcinoma: myeloperoxidase and oxidized low-density lipoprotein in serum as new markers of oxidative stress in colorectal cancer.

Lab Med 2015 ;46(2):123-35

Río Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain.

Objectives: To detect whether signs of oxidative stress appear at early stages of colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC), particularly in the polyp stage. We also aimed to evaluate the specific entities myeloperoxidase (MPO) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) as novel markers of oxidation in the plasma of patients with CRC and to study the relationship between oxidative status in plasma and patient survival.

Methods: We assayed serum or plasma specimens from healthy control subjects (n = 14), from patients with intestinal polyps (n = 39), and from patients with CRC (n = 128) to calculate the modified oxidative balance score (MOBS) using several serum markers (β-carotene, lycopene, vitamin A, vitamin E, MPO, and oxLDL). We also assayed the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and obtained lipid profiles. Finally, we studied the survival of patients in relationship to oxidative status (antioxidants and pro-oxidants) and inflammation markers, and added theses data to the lipid profile for each patient.

Results: Oxidative stress levels increased as disease stage advanced. This increase was detected early in the polyp stage, before polyps progressed to cancer, and could be measured by the increase of such new markers as MPO and oxLDL, the decrease in antioxidants, and the MOBS value. Higher levels of oxidation correlated with lower survival.

Conclusion: The oxidation process, which can cause mutations leading to CRC, begins development in the polyp stage. This process may be detected early by monitoring serum markers such as MPO and oxLDL.
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July 2016

Expression and potential role of apolipoprotein D on the death-survival balance of human colorectal cancer cells under oxidative stress conditions.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2013 Jun 8;28(6):751-66. Epub 2013 Jan 8.

Instituto de Biología y Genética Molecular-Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular y Fisiología, Universidad de Valladolid-CSIC, c/ Sanz y Forés 3, 47003, Valladolid, Spain.

Purpose: Inverse correlations of apolipoprotein D (ApoD) expression with tumor growth have been shown, therefore proposing ApoD as a good prognostic marker for diverse cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Besides, ApoD expression is boosted upon oxidative stress (OS) in many pathological situations. This study aims at understanding the role of ApoD in the progression of human CRC.

Methods: Samples of CRC and distant normal tissue (n = 51) were assayed for levels of lipid peroxidation, expression profile of OS-dependent genes, and protein expression. Three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the ApoD gene were analyzed (n = 139), with no significant associations found. Finally, we assayed the effect of ApoD in proliferation and apoptosis in the CRC HT-29 cell line.

Results: In CRC, lipid peroxides increase while ApoD messenger RNA and protein decrease through tumor progression, with a prominent decrease in stage I. In normal mucosa, ApoD protein is present in lamina propia and enteroendocrine cells. In CRC, ApoD expression is heterogeneous, with low expression in stromal cells commonly associated with high expression in the dysplastic epithelium. ApoD promoter is basally methylated in HT-29 cells but retains the ability to respond to OS. Exogenous addition of ApoD to HT-29 cells does not modify proliferation or apoptosis levels in control conditions, but it promotes apoptosis upon paraquat-induced OS.

Conclusion: Our results show ApoD as a gene responding to OS in the tumor microenvironment. Besides using ApoD as marker of initial stages of tumor progression, it can become a therapeutic tool promoting death of proliferating tumor cells suffering OS.
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June 2013