Publications by authors named "Jessica S Isaac"

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A Novel, Universally Active C-terminal Protein Degradation Signal Generated by Alternative Splicing.

J Mol Biol 2021 Apr 23;433(8):166890. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Biology, Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt 64287, Germany. Electronic address:

Proteome integrity is crucial for cellular homeostasis and adaptation to stress conditions such as hypoxia. One mechanism for rapid adaptation of the proteome in response to changing environmental signals is alternative splicing. In addition to generating different protein isoforms, alternative splicing is also capable of controlling total protein levels by the regulated synthesis of non-productive mRNA isoforms. The hypoxia-induced isoform E of the tumor suppressor MAX is produced by retention and translation of the last intron. This leads to an alternative C-terminus that harbors a potent C-degron, the isoE degron. Strikingly, the isoE degron represents a universal protein degradation signal that is not only functional in mammalian cells, but also in yeast and even in bacteria. Essential for efficient protein decay is a conserved (F/W)xxW motif. Degradation of isoE tagged proteins is mediated by the proteasome in eukaryotes and Lon protease in bacteria. Thus, the isoE degron is a broadly applicable and highly efficient tool in protein analyses.
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April 2021