Publications by authors named "Jens Engleson"

3 Publications

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High-dose versus standard-dose twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy for patients with limited stage small-cell lung cancer: an open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 03;22(3):321-331

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Oncology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is standard treatment for limited stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy of 45 Gy in 30 fractions is considered to be the most effective schedule. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high-dose, twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy of 60 Gy in 40 fractions improves survival.

Methods: This open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial was done at 22 public hospitals in Norway, Denmark, and Sweden. Patients aged 18 years and older with treatment-naive confirmed limited stage SCLC, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2, and measurable disease according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 were eligible. All participants received four courses of intravenous cisplatin 75 mg/m or carboplatin (area under the curve 5-6 mg/mL × min, Calvert's formula) on day 1 and intravenous etoposide 100 mg/m on days 1-3 every 3 weeks. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) in permuted blocks (sized between 4 and 10) stratifying for ECOG performance status, disease stage, and presence of pleural effusion to receive thoracic radiotherapy of 45 Gy in 30 fractions or 60 Gy in 40 fractions to the primary lung tumour and PET-CT positive lymph node metastases starting 20-28 days after the first chemotherapy course. Patients in both groups received two fractions per day, ten fractions per week. Responders were offered prophylactic cranial irradiation of 25-30 Gy. The primary endpoint, 2-year overall survival, was assessed after all patients had been followed up for a minimum of 2 years. All randomly assigned patients were included in the efficacy analyses, patients commencing thoracic radiotherapy were included in the safety analyses. Follow-up is ongoing. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02041845.

Findings: Between July 8, 2014, and June 6, 2018, 176 patients were enrolled, 170 of whom were randomly assigned to 60 Gy (n=89) or 45 Gy (n=81). Median follow-up for the primary analysis was 49 months (IQR 38-56). At 2 years, 66 (74·2% [95% CI 63·8-82·9]) patients in the 60 Gy group were alive, compared with 39 (48·1% [36·9-59·5]) patients in the 45 Gy group (odds ratio 3·09 [95% CI 1·62-5·89]; p=0·0005). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were neutropenia (72 [81%] of 89 patients in the 60 Gy group vs 62 [81%] of 77 patients in the 45 Gy group), neutropenic infections (24 [27%] vs 30 [39%]), thrombocytopenia (21 [24%] vs 19 [25%]), anaemia (14 [16%] vs 15 [20%]), and oesophagitis (19 [21%] vs 14 [18%]). There were 55 serious adverse events in 38 patients in the 60 Gy group and 56 serious adverse events in 44 patients in the 45 Gy group. There were three treatment-related deaths in each group (one neutropenic fever, one aortic dissection, and one pneumonitis in the 60 Gy group; one thrombocytic bleeding, one cerebral infarction, and one myocardial infarction in the 45 Gy group).

Interpretation: The higher radiotherapy dose of 60 Gy resulted in a substantial survival improvement compared with 45 Gy, without increased toxicity, suggesting that twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy of 60 Gy is an alternative to existing schedules.

Funding: The Norwegian Cancer Society, The Liaison Committee for Education, Research and Innovation in Central Norway, the Nordic Cancer Union, and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30742-7DOI Listing
March 2021

A Helical tomotherapy as a robust low-dose treatment alternative for total skin irradiation.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2019 May 29;20(5):44-54. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Radiation Physics, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Mycosis fungoides is a disease with manifestation of the skin that has traditionally been treated with electron therapy. In this paper, we present a method of treating the entire skin with megavoltage photons using helical tomotherapy (HT), verified through a phantom study and clinical dosimetric data from our first two treated patients. A whole body phantom was fitted with a wetsuit as bolus, and scanned with computer tomography. We accounted for variations in daily setup using virtual bolus in the treatment plan optimization. Positioning robustness was tested by moving the phantom, and recalculating the dose at different positions. Patient treatments were verified with in vivo film dosimetry and dose reconstruction from daily imaging. Reconstruction of the actual delivered dose to the patients showed similar target dose as the robustness test of the phantom shifted 10 mm in all directions, indicating an appropriate approximation of the anticipated setup variation. In vivo film measurements agreed well with the calculated dose confirming the choice of both virtual and physical bolus parameters. Despite the complexity of the treatment, HT was shown to be a robust and feasible technique for total skin irradiation. We believe that this technique can provide a viable option for Tomotherapy centers without electron beam capability.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12579DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6522990PMC
May 2019

Midline carcinoma with t(15;19) and BRD4-NUT fusion oncogene in a 30-year-old female with response to docetaxel and radiotherapy.

BMC Cancer 2006 Mar 16;6:69. Epub 2006 Mar 16.

Department of Oncology, Lund University Hospital, SE-221 85, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Poorly differentiated midline carcinoma with a translocation between chromosomes 15 and 19, i.e. t(15;19), has been recognized as a distinct clinical entity for over a decade. This tumor affects young individuals, shows a rapidly fatal clinical course despite intensive therapy. The t(15;19) results in the fusion oncogene BRD4-NUT. Information concerning treatment of this rare disorder is scarce.

Case Presentation: A 30-year-old woman was admitted with a rapidly progressing tumor in the mediastinum, cervical lymph nodes, vertebral column and the epidural space. Pathological, cytogenetic, FISH and PCR analysis revealed a glycogenated carcinoma rarely expressing cytokeratins and showing t(15;19) and BRD4-NUT gene rearrangement. The patient was initially treated with a Ewing sarcoma chemotherapy regimen, but had rapid progression after two cycles. She then received docetaxel and radiotherapy, which resulted in almost complete disappearance of the tumor.

Conclusion: Docetaxel may be considered for initial chemotherapy in young patients presenting with a midline carcinoma with bone marrow involvement and cytogenetic and molecular genetic finding of a t(15;19)/BRD4-NUT-rearrangement. We herein describe, in detail, the laboratory methods by which the BRD4-NUT -rearrangement can be detected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-6-69DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1456975PMC
March 2006