Publications by authors named "Jennifer B G Symon"

2 Publications

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Recess is time-in: using peers to improve social skills of children with autism.

J Autism Dev Disord 2008 May;38(5):815-26

Garden Grove Unified School District in Orange County, California State University, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Children with autism face enormous struggles when attempting to interact with their typically developing peers. More children are educated in integrated settings; however, play skills usually need to be explicitly taught, and play environments must be carefully prepared to support effective social interactions. This study incorporated the motivational techniques of Pivotal Response Training through peer-mediated practice to improve social interactions for children with autism during recess activities. A multiple baseline design across subjects was used to assess social skills gains in two elementary school children. The results demonstrated an increase in important social skills, namely social initiations and turn taking, during recess.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0449-2DOI Listing
May 2008

Using time-delay to improve social play skills with peers for children with autism.

J Autism Dev Disord 2008 Feb 2;38(2):312-23. Epub 2007 Jun 2.

California State University, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Interventions that teach social communication and play skills are crucial for the development of children with autism. The time delay procedure is effective in teaching language acquisition, social use of language, discrete behaviors, and chained activities to individuals with autism and developmental delays. In this study, three boys with autism, attending a non-public school, were taught play activities that combined a play sequence with requesting peer assistance, using a graduated time delay procedure. A multiple-baseline across subjects design demonstrated the success of this procedure to teach multiple-step social play sequences. Results indicated an additional gain of an increase in pretend play by one of the participants. Two also demonstrated a generalization of the skills learned through the time delay procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0395-zDOI Listing
February 2008