Publications by authors named "Jenna Wasserman"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

HLA Class I Polymorphisms Influencing Both Peptide Binding and KIR Interactions Are Associated with Remission among Children with Atopic Dermatitis: A Longitudinal Study.

J Immunol 2021 05 16;206(9):2038-2044. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA;

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a disease of immune dysregulation and skin barrier dysfunction with a relapsing, remitting course and has been associated with several different genetic risk variants. HLA represent a highly variable set of genes that code for cell surface protein molecules involved in the Ag-specific immune response, including the regulation or functioning of T cells, NK cells, and APCs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations between HLA class I polymorphisms and the progression of AD over time. We evaluated the associations of AD symptoms and HLA class I polymorphisms based on high-resolution two-field typing in a longitudinal cohort of children with AD (up to 10 y of follow-up). Seven hundred and ninety-two children were evaluated every 6 mo, resulting in 12,752 AD evaluations. Using generalized estimating equations and corrected values, B*44:02 was found to be associated with AD remission (1.83 [1.35, 2.47]; = 0.0015). The HLA-B residues at position 116 (d-aspartate) and 80 (T-threonine) were associated with remission (1.42 [1.13, 1.76], = 0.003; corrected = 0.028) and (1.45 [1.17, 1.80], = 0.0008; corrected = 0.0024), respectively. B80T is a killer-cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) site. Our findings reveal that two axes of immune response (T cell and NK cell) may influence disease progression. Identifying binding pocket changes in addition to other factors (e.g., allergens) that increase the risk or severity of AD can improve our understanding of the immunologic mechanisms associated with AD and may lead to personalized therapies for improving patient care.
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May 2021

Genomic characterization of MICA gene using multiple next generation sequencing platforms: A validation study.

HLA 2020 10 21;96(4):430-444. Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

We have developed a protocol regarding the genomic characterization of the MICA gene by next generation sequencing (NGS). The amplicon includes the full length of the gene and is about 13 kb. A total of 156 samples were included in the study. Ninety-seven of these samples were previously characterized at MICA by legacy methods (Sanger or sequence specific oligonucleotide) and were used to evaluate the accuracy, precision, specificity, and sensitivity of the assay. An additional 59 DNA samples of unknown ethnicity volunteers from the United States were only genotyped by NGS. Samples were chosen to contain a diverse set of alleles. Our NGS approach included a first round of sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform and a second round of sequencing on the MinION platform by Oxford Nanopore Technology (ONT), on selected samples for the purpose of either characterizing new alleles or setting phase among multiple polymorphisms to resolve ambiguities or generate complete sequence for alleles that were only partially reported in the IMGT/HLA database. Complete consensus sequences were generated for every allele sequenced with ONT, extending from the 5' untranslated region (UTR) to the 3' UTR of the MICA gene. Thirty-two MICA sequences were submitted to the IMGT/HLA database including either new alleles or filling up the gaps (exonic, intronic and/or UTRs) of already reported alleles. Some of the challenges associated with the characterization of these samples are discussed.
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October 2020

A Phantom Study and a Retrospective Clinical Analysis to Investigate the Impact of a New Image Processing Technology on Radiation Dose and Image Quality during Hepatic Embolization.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2016 Apr;27(4):593-600

Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Main Building, 132 S. 10th St., Suite 1092B, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: To investigate changes in radiation dose and image quality using phantoms and hepatic embolization procedures performed with a new image processing technology (ClarityIQ) for a single-plane flat-detector-based interventional fluoroscopy system.

Materials And Methods: Phantom study was performed using acrylic sheets simulating different patient sizes. Air kerma rates (AKRs) were compared for different fluoroscopy modes and magnification modes without and with ClarityIQ. Repeat hepatic embolization procedures performed on the same lobe of the liver in the same patient by the same interventional radiologist between January 2013 and July 2014 without and with ClarityIQ were evaluated retrospectively. This included treatment of 33 hepatic lobes in 26 patients. Cumulative air kerma (CAK), kerma-area product (KAP), and factors affecting radiation dose were extracted from study metadata and compared. Blinded randomized image quality review was performed on arteriograms using a five-point scale.

Results: The phantom study revealed a significantly lower AKR (P < .005) with ClarityIQ. Repeated-measures analysis revealed a significant effect of ClarityIQ (P ≤ .001) on CAK and KAP, with reductions ranging between 9% and 85% (median, 67%) and between 5% and 89% (median, 75%), respectively, on a case-by-case basis. Mean reductions in CAK and KAP were 279 mGy and 134,030 mGy·cm(2), respectively. Image quality review scores were significantly lower (P ≤ .001) with ClarityIQ, effecting visualization of tumor vasculature and appearance of noise texture.

Conclusions: ClarityIQ resulted in radiation dose reduction in the phantom study and in the hepatic embolization procedures, but with a decrease in subjective perceptions of image quality.
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April 2016