Publications by authors named "Jean Barnes"

2 Publications

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Long-Term Physical HRQOL Decreases After Single Lung as Compared With Double Lung Transplantation.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 12 16;106(6):1633-1639. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; Transplant Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Background: Single lung transplantation (SLT) and double lung transplantation (DLT) are associated with differences in morbidity and mortality, although the effects of transplant type on patient-reported outcomes are not widely reported and conclusions have differed. Previous studies compared mean health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores but did not evaluate potentially different temporal trajectories in the context of longitudinal follow-up. To address this uncertainty, this study was designed to evaluate longitudinal HRQOL after SLT and DLT with the hypothesis that temporal trajectories differ between SLT and DLT.

Methods: Patients transplanted at a single institution were eligible to be surveyed at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and then annually after transplant using the Short Form 36 Health Survey, with longitudinal physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores as the primary outcomes. Multivariable mixed-effects models were used to evaluate the effects of transplant type and time posttransplant on longitudinal PCS and MCS after adjusting age, diagnosis, rejection, Lung Allocation Score quartile, and intubation duration. Time by transplant type interaction effects were used to test whether the temporal trajectories of HRQOL differ between SLT and DLT recipients. HRQOL scores were referenced to general population norms (range, 40 to 60; mean, 50 ± 10) using accepted standards for a minimally important difference (½ SD, 5 points).

Results: Postoperative surveys (n = 345) were analyzed for 136 patients (52% male, 23% SLT, age 52 ± 13 years, LAS 42 ± 12, follow-up 37 ± 29 months [range, 0.6 to 133]) who underwent lung transplantation between 2005 and 2016. After adjusting for model covariates, overall posttransplant PCS scores have a significant downward trajectory (p = 0.015) whereas MCS scores remain stable (p = 0.593), with both averaging within general population norms. The time by transplant type interaction effect (p = 0.002), however, indicate that posttransplant PCS scores of SLT recipients decline at a rate of 2.4 points per year over the total observation period compared to DLT. At approximately 60 months, the PCS scores of SLT recipients, but not DLT recipients, fall below general population norms.

Conclusions: The trajectory of physical HRQOL in patients receiving SLT declines over time compared with DLT, indicating that, in the longer term, SLT recipients are more likely to have physical HRQOL scores that fall substantively below general population norms. Physical HRQOL after 5 years may be a consideration for lung allocation and patient counseling regarding expectations when recommending SLT or DLT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2018.06.072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240480PMC
December 2018

A survey of anti-fungal management in lung transplantation.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2004 Dec;23(12):1376-81

Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt Transplant Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.

Background: Fungal infections are an important complication of lung transplantation, but no controlled studies of their management have been performed. Knowledge of actual anti-fungal strategies may aid in the design of future prospective studies.

Methods: Thirty-seven of 69 active lung transplant centers, accounting for 66% of all US lung transplantations, responded to our survey. The survey focused on fungal surveillance, pre- and post-transplant prophylaxis, and approach to fungal colonization.

Results: The median number of lung transplantations performed by the centers in 1999 was 14 per year (range, 1-52), and median time that centers were in in operation was 9 years (range, 2-15 years). Seventy percent of centers had a transplant infectious diseases specialist. Pre-transplant fungal surveillance was performed by 81% of centers, with 67% of these surveying all patients and the remainder surveying only sub-sets of patients. Seventy-two percent of all centers started anti-fungal treatment if Aspergillus spp were isolated before transplantation. Itraconazole was the preferred agent (86%). After transplantation, 76% of centers gave anti-fungal prophylaxis, although 24% of these did so only in selected patients. Prophylactic agents in order of preference were inhaled amphotericin B (61%), itraconazole (46%), parenteral amphotericin formulations (25%), and fluconazole (21%); many centers used more than 1 agent. Prophylaxis was initiated within 24 hours by 71% and within 1 week by all centers. Median duration of prophylaxis was 3 months (range, <1 month-lifetime). All 37 centers used anti-fungal therapy if colonization with Aspergillus spp was detected for a median duration of 4.5 months. Itraconazole was the preferred agent. Only 59% of centers treated patients colonized with Candida spp. In a statistical analysis, centers with larger volumes were less likely to treat pre-transplant colonization with Candida spp but more likely to use agents other than itraconazole for post-transplant colonization with Aspergillus spp. Only 14% of centers engaged in any anti-fungal research at the time of the survey.

Conclusions: The majority of surveyed lung transplant programs actively manage fungal infection with prophylaxis or pre-emptive therapy, despite the absence of controlled trials. This survey may provide an impetus and a basis for designing prospective studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healun.2003.09.028DOI Listing
December 2004