Publications by authors named "Jasmin Helan"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Vitamin A Deficiency in Children and Women of Childbearing Age in a Southern Indian Tribal Population: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Indian J Community Med 2019 Apr-Jun;44(2):162-165

Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Night blindness and keratomalacia continue to be a problem among the tribal children and pregnant women residing in Jawadhi hills.

Objectives: The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence and risk factors of Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) among children aged 1-8 years and women of reproductive age in a southern Indian tribal population.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among children aged 1-8 years and women aged 15-45 years residing in Jawadhi hills. Participants were randomly selected by cluster sampling. Their sociodemographic characteristics and frequency of consumption of Vitamin A rich food were collected through a structured questionnaire. Anthropometric measures and serum retinol levels, using high-performance liquid chromatography, were estimated for all participants.

Results: A total of 166 children and 211 women participated in this study. The prevalence of VAD among the children (1-8 years) was 10.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.5%-14.9%) and among women of the reproductive age group was 3.8% (95% CI: 1.2%-6.4%). Dietary intake was not associated with serum retinol levels. Low educational status of the head of the household (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 8.9) and pregnancy (aOR = 11.6) was significantly associated with an increased risk of VAD among children and women, respectively.

Conclusions: The prevalence of VAD among children is a moderate public health problem. Strategies must focus on pregnant women and children from families with more than four children.
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July 2019

Trends of HIV prevalence in rural South India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):669-672

Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: India, with its large number of migrant workers, had a large number of people affected by HIV. This included antenatal women who are a vulnerable population. The Government of India along with nongovernmental organizations worked on a large number of programs to screen and decrease mother-to-child transmission. This in turn has brought down the prevalence of HIV.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective analysis of data from the block being provided with healthcare was carried out over a period of 14 years from January 2002 to December 2016.

Results: The observed HIV prevalence was 5.9 per 1000 in 2002 and showed a declining trend to 1.2 per 1000 in 2016.

Conclusion: Consistent work at health education and preventive methods has helped bring down the prevalence of HIV over the years.
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February 2019

Maternal and fetal outcome in pre-eclampsia in a secondary care hospital in South India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2015 Apr-Jun;4(2):257-60

Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are one of the common causes for perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Pre-eclampsia is a condition which typically occurs after 20 weeks of gestation and has high blood pressure as the main contributing factor. The aim was to study the effects of pre-eclampsia on the mother and the fetus in rural South Indian population.

Materials And Methods: This was a descriptive study conducted in a secondary level hospital in rural South India. A total of 1900 antenatal women were screened for pre-eclampsia during the period August 2010 to July 2011 to study the effects on the mother and fetus.

Results: Of the 1900 women screened 93 were detected with pre-eclampsia in the study. Among these, 46.23% were primigravida, 30.1% belonged to socio-economic class 4 and 48.8% were among those with BMI 26-30. The incidence of severe pre-eclampsia was higher in the unregistered women. The most common maternal complication was antepartum hemorrhage (13.9%) and the most common neonatal complication was prematurity (23.65%).

Conclusions: Treating anemia and improving socioeconomic status will improve maternal and neonatal outcome in pre-eclampsia. Antenatal care and educating women on significance of symptoms will markedly improve perinatal morbidity and mortality. Prematurity, growth restriction and low birth weight are neonatal complications to be anticipated and dealt with when the mother has pre-eclampsia. A good neonatal intensive care unit will help improve neonatal outcomes.
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May 2015