Publications by authors named "Jasmin Baier"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Influence of Riboflavin Targeting on Tumor Accumulation and Internalization of Peptostar Based Drug Delivery Systems.

Bioconjug Chem 2020 12 25;31(12):2691-2696. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging, University Hospital Aachen, Forckenbeckstrasse 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Riboflavin carrier protein (RCP) and riboflavin transporters (RFVTs) have been reported to be highly overexpressed in various cancer cells. Hence, targeting RCP and RFVTs using riboflavin may enhance tumor accumulation and internalization of drug delivery systems. To test this hypothesis, butyl-based 3-arm peptostar polymers were synthesized consisting of a lysine core (10 units per arm) and a sarcosine shell (100 units per arm). The end groups of the arms and the core were successfully modified with riboflavin and the Cy5.5 fluorescent dye, respectively. While in phosphate buffered saline the functionalized peptostars showed a bimodal behavior and formed supramolecular structures over time, they were stable in the serum maintaining their hydrodynamic diameter of 12 nm. Moreover, the polymers were biocompatible and the uptake of riboflavin targeted peptostars in A431 and PC3 cells was higher than in nontargeted controls and could be blocked competitively. In vivo, the polymers showed a moderate passive tumor accumulation, which was not significantly different between targeted and nontargeted peptostars. Nonetheless, at the histological level, internalization into tumor cells was strongly enhanced for the riboflavin-targeted peptostars. Based on these results, we conclude that passive accumulation is dominating the accumulation of peptostars, while tumor cell internalization is strongly promoted by riboflavin targeting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.0c00593DOI Listing
December 2020

Molecular Ultrasound Imaging.

Recent Results Cancer Res 2020 ;216:509-531

Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging Organization University Clinics, RWTH Aachen University, Forckenbeckstrasse 55, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging is a valuable tool for preclinical and clinical diagnostics. The most frequently used ultrasound contrast agents are microbubbles. Besides them, novel nano-sized materials are under investigation, which are briefly discussed in this chapter. For molecular CEUS, the ultrasound contrast agents are modified to actively target disease-associated molecular markers with a site-specific ligand. The most common markers for tumor imaging are related to neoangiogenesis, like the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) and αβ integrin. In this chapter, applications of molecular ultrasound to longitudinally monitor receptor expression during tumor growth, to detect neovascularization, and to evaluate therapy responses are described. Furthermore, we report on first clinical trials of molecular CEUS with VEGFR2-targeted phospholipid microbubbles showing promising results regarding patient safety and its ability to detect tumors of prostate, breast, and ovary. The chapter closes with an outlook on ultrasound theranostics, where (targeted) ultrasound contrast agents are used to increase the permeability of tumor tissues and to support drug delivery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42618-7_15DOI Listing
September 2020

A century later: Adaptive plasticity and rapid evolution contribute to geographic variation in invasive mosquitofish.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jul 18;726:137908. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Aquatic Ecotoxicology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address:

One century after their introduction to Europe, eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) represent a natural experiment to determine the relative contributions of adaptive plasticity and rapid evolutionary change in creating large-scale geographic variation in phenotypes. We evaluated the population-genetic structure and invasion history based on allele length polymorphisms of 15 nuclear microsatellites, which we quantified for N = 660 individuals from 23 populations sampled in 2013 across the invasive range of G. holbrooki in Europe. We analysed body-shape and life-history variation in N = 1331 individuals from 36 populations, sampled in 2013 and 2017, and tested heritability of phenotypic differences in a subset of four populations using a common-garden experiment. The genetic structure of wild-caught individuals suggested a single introduction for all European mosquitofish, which were genetically impoverished compared to their native counterparts. We found some convergent patterns of phenotypic divergence across native and invasive climatic gradients (e.g., increased body size in colder/more northern populations); however, several phenotypic responses were not consistent between sampling years, pointing towards plastic phenotypes. Our analysis of common-garden reared individuals uncovered moderate heritability estimates only for two measures of male body size (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC = 0.628 and 0.556) and offspring fat content (ICC = 0.734), while suggesting high levels of plasticity in most other phenotypic traits (ICC ≤ 0.407). Our results highlight the importance of phenotypic plasticity in invasive species during range expansions and demonstrate that strong selective pressures-in this case towards increased body size in colder environments-simultaneously promote rapid evolutionary divergence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137908DOI Listing
July 2020

Influence of MRI Examinations on Animal Welfare and Study Results.

Invest Radiol 2020 08;55(8):507-514

From the Institute for Experimental Molecular Imaging.

Objectives: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered to be well tolerated by laboratory animals. However, no systematic study has been performed yet, proving this assumption. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of longitudinal native and contrast-enhanced (CE) 1-T and 7-T MRI examinations on mouse welfare as well as 4T1 breast cancers progression and therapy response.

Material And Methods: Forty-seven healthy and 72 breast cancer-bearing mice (4T1) were investigated. One-Tesla (ICON) and 7-T (Biospec) MRI measurements were performed thrice per week under isoflurane anesthesia in healthy BALB/c mice for 4 weeks and 3 times within 2 weeks in tumor-bearing animals. Animal welfare was examined by an observational score sheet, rotarod performance, heart rate measurements, and assessment of fecal corticosterone metabolites. Furthermore, we investigated whether CE-MRI influences the study outcome. Therefore, hemograms and organ weights were obtained, and 4T1 tumor growth, perfusion, immune cell infiltration, as well as response to the multikinase inhibitor regorafenib were investigated. Statistical comparisons between groups were performed using analysis of variance and Tukey or Bonferroni post hoc tests.

Results: Mice showed no alterations in the observational score sheet rating, rotarod performance, heart rate, and fecal corticosterone metabolites (P > 0.05) after repeated MRI at both field strengths. However, spleen weights were reduced in all healthy mouse groups that received isoflurane anesthesia (P < 0.001) including the groups investigated by 1-T and 7-T MRI (P = 0.02). Neither tumor progression nor response to the regorafenib treatment was affected by isoflurane anesthesia or CE-MRI monitoring. Furthermore, immunohistological tumor analysis did not indicate an effect of isoflurane and MRI on macrophage infiltration of tumors, perfusion of tumor vessels, and apoptotic cell rate (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Repeated MRI did not influence the welfare of mice and did not affect tumor growth and therapy response of 4T1 tumors. However, systemic immunological effects of isoflurane anesthesia need to be considered to prevent potential bias.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000669DOI Listing
August 2020

Predation risk and abiotic habitat parameters affect personality traits in extremophile populations of a neotropical fish ().

Ecol Evol 2017 08 18;7(16):6570-6581. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

College of Animal Science and Technology Northwest A&F University Yangling China.

Understanding whether and how ambient ecological conditions affect the distribution of personality types within and among populations lies at the heart of research on animal personality. Several studies have focussed on only one agent of divergent selection (or driver of plastic changes in behavior), considering either predation risk or a single abiotic ecological factor. Here, we investigated how an array of abiotic and biotic environmental factors simultaneously shape population differences in boldness, activity in an open-field test, and sociability/shoaling in the livebearing fish from six ecologically different lagoons in southeastern Brazil. We evaluated the relative contributions of variation in predation risk, water transparency/visibility, salinity (ranging from oligo- to hypersaline), and dissolved oxygen. We also investigated the role played by environmental factors for the emergence, strength, and direction of behavioral correlations. Water transparency explained most of the behavioral variation, whereby fish from lagoons with low water transparency were significantly shyer, less active, and shoaled less than fish living under clear water conditions. When we tested additional wild-caught fish from the same lagoons after acclimating them to homogeneous laboratory conditions, population differences were largely absent, pointing toward behavioral plasticity as a mechanism underlying the observed behavioral differences. Furthermore, we found correlations between personality traits (behavioral syndromes) to vary substantially in strength and direction among populations, with no obvious associations with ecological factors (including predation risk). Altogether, our results suggest that various habitat parameters simultaneously shape the distribution of personality types, with abiotic factors playing a vital (as yet underestimated) role. Furthermore, while predation is often thought to lead to the emergence of behavioral syndromes, our data do not support this assumption.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574810PMC
August 2017
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