Publications by authors named "Jasen H Gilley"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Successful treatment of a intra-articular infection.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2019 ;8(1):866-868

a Division of Infectious Diseases , Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine , Chicago , IL , USA.

A 78-year-old woman with a long-term ankle spacer with antibacterials developed an intra-articular infection. Treatment with systemic antifungal therapy plus an amphotericin B moulded cement spacer was successful.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2019.1625287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6566482PMC
September 2019

A Cadaveric Study of Cutaneous Vascular Anatomy about the Elbow Using Computed Tomography Angiography.

Clin Anat 2019 May 19;32(4):509-514. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

The posterior approach is a commonly employed exposure of the elbow that provides excellent visualization and efficacy for various orthopedic procedures, including total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and fracture care. The posterior approach to the elbow has been associated with an increased rate of wound complications, including infection, skin necrosis, and wound dehiscence. Despite an association between these complications and decreased elbow perfusion, data regarding the intrinsic anatomic etiology for preferential complications in this area has been scarcely reported in the literature. This study characterizes the subdermal and cutaneous vascular perfusion about the elbow by describing the predominant direction of circulation, subdermal anastomoses, and volume of perfusion through cadaveric modeling using computed tomography angiography (CTA). Fifteen upper extremity cadaver specimens were prepared with injection of radiographic contrast directly into the axillary artery immediately preceding CTA imaging of each specimen. Sectra IDS7 software for Windows was used for analysis of all images to produce superimposed axial and 3-D reconstructions of each CTA series. From these images it was discerned that the predominant direction of flow in the posterior elbow integument is anterior medial to posterior lateral. Both the posterior medial and posterior lateral subdermal vascular networks emanate from proximally derived medial arterial sources with few anastomoses and minimal collateral perfusion from the anterolateral location. Consequently, it is important to preserve medial subdermal vascular structures to prevent ischemic wound complications. This is especially true in previously incised elbow integuments. Clin. Anat. 32:509-514, 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23341DOI Listing
May 2019

High Relative Expression of Pannexin 3 (PANX3) in an Axillary Sweat Gland Carcinoma With Osteosarcomatous Transformation.

Am J Dermatopathol 2016 Nov;38(11):846-851

*Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Departments of †Pathology, ‡Dermatology, and §Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR; ¶Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR; Departments of ‖Orthopedic Surgery and **Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

Primary cutaneous sweat gland carcinomas (SGCs) are rare tumors that commonly involve axillae, have a high local recurrence rate, and rarely show sarcomatoid transformation. A 68-year-old man presented with rapid enlargement of a previously stable, asymptomatic pea-sized nodule in the left axilla. Initial excision (with positive surgical margins) at another institution showed characteristic histologic features of a high-grade osteosarcoma and molecular analysis using a 92-gene real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay confirmed a diagnosis of osteosarcoma with 96% certainty. Notably, the molecular assay demonstrated consistently high relative expression of pannexin 3 (PANX3), a gene involved in normal osteoblast differentiation which, when highly expressed, strongly predicts osteosarcoma per the assay's algorithm. However, on further histologic review, the tumor also contained focal cystic areas, nests, and ducts composed of malignant epithelial cells reminiscent of SGC; these areas directly transitioned into the osteosarcomatous component and were strongly positive for pancytokeratin, CK7, and p63. Within 2 weeks, the lesion recurred and grew rapidly, prompting complete resection, histologic sections of which showed high-grade osteosarcoma without residual epithelial elements. This is the fifth report, to our knowledge, of osteosarcomatous transformation in a SGC, and the only report to date including molecular data. This case demonstrates that osteosarcoma arising from a SGC has a similar molecular profile to de novo primary osteosarcoma of bone. It also emphasizes the importance of histopathologic findings as the established diagnostic gold standard and the need to interpret molecular results within the clinical context.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DAD.0000000000000583DOI Listing
November 2016
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