Publications by authors named "Jaroslav Kmet"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The impact of different plant extracts on biological parameters of Housefly [ (Diptera: Muscidae)]: Implications for management.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jul 2;28(7):3880-3885. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan.

Housefly is a significant domestic pest, which causes nuisance. The use of insecticides is discouraged to manage housefly; therefore, alternative management strategies are inevitable. The current study investigated the impact of different plant extracts, i.e., (moringa), (garlic) and (black pepper) on biological parameters of house fly. Two different concentrations (i.e., 25 and 50%) of the extracts were blended in larval diet made through mixing of wheat bran, yeast and dried milk powder. The results indicated significant differences for larval duration. Maximum larval duration was recorded for garlic followed by black pepper and moringa, respectively. In case of pupal duration, non-significant differences were observed among plant extracts. Increase rate of oviposition was noticed with moringa at 25% concentration, while decreased oviposition rate was noted for garlic with 50% concentration. Egg hatching percentage remained non-significant for the botanical extracts. The highest survival was observed with moringa, while garlic resulted in the lowest survival. The highest repellency was noticed for garlic followed by black pepper whereas moringa resulted in the lowest repellency after 30, 60 and 90 min. Prolonged developmental time was observed for bot concentrations of garlic, whereas moringa noted the shortest developmental time. Thus moringa was found to be a promoter of housefly development. Minimum adult emergence was found with both concentrations of garlic followed by 50% concentration of black pepper. The 50% concentration of black pepper promoted the population of adult males, while concentrations of moringa and 25% concentration of black pepper encouraged the population of female adults. Study outcomes depicted that tested botanical extracts had significant potential for disturbing biological parameters of The garlic extracts can potentially be used to manage housefly. However, further investigations on the larval and adult mortality are needed.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.03.070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8241889PMC
July 2021

Study on ascending and descending vertical dispersal behavior of third instar larvae of (Fabricius) (Diptera:Calliphoridae): An evidence that blowflies survive burial.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 31;28(6):3176-3182. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

University of Security Management in Košice, Slovakia.

Although the pupation behavior of blowflies has been widely studied, this preliminary study was done on the vertical dispersal behavior (both ascending and descending) and fly emergence rate of third instar larvae of (Fabricius) to evaluate weather immature stages of blowflies survive burial and emerge out as adult. Third instar larvae of were placed at three different depths (5 cm, 25 cm and 45 cm) of soil under laboratory conditions to determine the impact of soil depth on the ascending and descending vertical dispersal behavior and the subsequent emergence of adults. The results of this study, although preliminary, but valuable to the field of forensic entomology because they provide new information about both ascending and descending vertical dispersal behavior of forensically important species of blowfly. In all the cases, maximum number of pupae recovered at the depth of 0 to 5 cm are 35.5 ± 4.5, 34 ± 1, 25 ± 5, when food was located at 5 cm, 25 cm and 45 cm depth respectively. This means that maximum no of larvae reached to the depth of 0 to 5 cm by ascending dispersal irrespective of at which depth they are placed. Paramount pupae were recovered from shallow burial depth of 0-5 cm in ascending dispersal and showed highest eclosion success i.e. 90.1% followed by 25 cm and 45 cm i.e. 71.7% and 55% respectively. While the number of pupae recovered as well as eclosion success was less in descending dispersal with an average of 62.8%, 39.25% and 33.9% at depths of 5, 25 and 45 cm respectively. This manifest if larvae disperse ascendingly, it increases their chance of survival.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.03.062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8175996PMC
June 2021

Physiological responses of Norway spruce (Picea abies) seedlings to drought stress.

Tree Physiol 2010 Feb 28;30(2):205-13. Epub 2009 Dec 28.

Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Stúrova 2, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia.

Four-year-old seedlings of Picea abies [L.] Karst (Norway spruce) were grown in semi-controlled conditions with three watering regimes. The seedlings in the control group (c) were watered to prevent any dehydration effect. The two remaining groups were subjected to mild (ms) and severe water stress (ss), respectively. The following physiological variables were monitored until ss seedlings began to die: leaf water potential (psi(L)), stomatal conductance (g(s)), CO(2) exchange (P(N)), free proline content (Pro), total chlorophyll (a + b) concentration (Chl(t)) and the maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (F(v)/F(m)). The results indicate that not all observed physiological parameters display the same degree of sensitivity to dehydration. After Day 12 of dehydration, psi(L) of ss seedlings was already significantly lower than that of the two other groups. On Day 26, significant differences in psi(L) were recorded among all treatments. Decreasing values of water potential were accompanied by early changes in P(N), g(s) and Pro. A significant decrease in Chl(t) and F(v)/F(m) were only observed during the more advanced stages of dehydration. These results demonstrate that the drought response of P. abies seedlings include a number of parallel physiological and biochemical changes in concert, enhancing the capability of plants to survive and grow during drought periods, but only to a point.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpp116DOI Listing
February 2010
-->