Publications by authors named "Jaqueline Carvalho Rinaldi"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Chemical profile, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Miconia albicans (Sw.) Triana (Melastomataceae) fruits extract.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 27;273:113979. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Chemistry, State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Miconia albicans (Sw.) Triana has been widely used in Brazilian popular medicine for the treatment of several diseases. Aerial parts are used as an infusion to treat arthrosis and arthritis, to relieve rheumatic and stomach pains, and intestinal disorders due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic anti-nociceptive, digestive and hepatoprotective properties.

Aim Of The Study: This study aimed to characterize the of M. albicans (Sw.) Triana fruits extract (MAFRE) chemical profile and to evaluate its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities, as well as its toxicity.

Materials And Methods: Maceration with methanol as liquid extractor was used to prepare MAFRE. M. albicans (Sw.) Triana fruits chemical composition was characterized by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and GC-FID (fatty acid methyl esters composition from lyophilized fruits). MAFRE antioxidant potential was evaluated in vitro using a combination of assays: Folin-Ciocalteu reducing capacity, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging ability and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). In vitro antiproliferative activity was investigated in four human tumor cell lines (U251, 786-0, HT29 and MDA-MB-231) while the effect on the non-tumor cell viability was assessed in the VERO cell line using the on-step MTT assay. In addition, in vivo anti-inflammatory effect was assessed by Croton oil-induced ear edema in mice followed by myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity evaluation.

Results: Thirty-five compounds were identified by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. Among it flavonoids derived from quercetin (8), myricetin (1), kaempferol (2), terpenoids (6) and other compounds (18). GC-FID analysis identified and quantified nine fatty acids: palmitic, stearic, arachidic, behenic, elaidic, oleic, eicosenoic, and linoleic acids. The most abundant fatty acids were polyunsaturated fatty acids (5.33 ± 0.17 mg g), followed by saturated fatty acids (2.38 ± 0.07 mg g) and monounsaturated fatty acids (1.74 ± 0.09 mg g). The extract revealed high content of phenolic compounds (43.68 ± 0.50 mg GAE/g of extract), potent antioxidant, and ferrous chelating capacities. Morever, it proved to be non-toxic to the VERO cells, not affecting cells viability (95% of viable cells). No antiproliferative effect against human tumor cell lines were found. Furthermore, MAFRE significantly (p<0.05) reduced ear edema (≈35%) and MPO activity (84.5%) having a statistical effect similar to traditional steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Conclusions: Taken together, the results evidenced that M. albicans fruit extract has antioxidant properties, a higher concentration of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, fatty acids, and also topical anti-inflammatory activity with low toxicity of extract on VERO cells. Through the ethnomedicinal study, these findings supporting the popular use of M. albicans, but also highlight that not only aerial parts and leaves deserve attention, but the fruits also have anti-inflammatory proprieties and can be a source of phenolic compounds and other substances with potential health benefices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2021.113979DOI Listing
June 2021

Hyperglycemic condition during puberty increases collagen fibers deposition in the prostatic stroma and reduces MMP-2 activity.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2017 12 6;493(4):1581-1586. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

Department of Morphology, Institute of Biosciences, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Puberty is an important period for the growth and maturation of the male reproductive system, and is also a critical window for endocrine or environmental interference. The physiological levels of circulating insulin and hyperglycemic control are important factors for a normal prostate growth. Hyperglycemia during puberty is reported to retard the growth of the prostate gland, with remarkable effects on the epithelial compartment. Here, we investigated the impact of hyperglycemia along with a simultaneous or late insulin replacement on the ventral prostate growth in rats during puberty, paying special attention to the deposition of collagen fibers and activities of gelatinase, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and -9 (MMP-9). Hyperglycemia was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) administration in 40-day-old male Wistar rats. A subset of hyperglycemic rats underwent an early insulin replacement (three days after the STZ administration), and another subset underwent a late insulin replacement (twenty days after the STZ administration). Animals were euthanized at 60 and/or 80 days of age. The ventral prostatic lobe was processed for picrosirius red staining, type I and III collagen immunohistochemistry, and gelatin zymography. Hyperglycemic animals showed an increased area of collagen fibers in the prostate, which was composed both types of collagens. MMP-2 activity was significantly reduced in the hyperglycemic animals, while MMP-9 activity was very low and showed no alteration. The simultaneous and late insulin administration restored collagen content and MMP-2 activity. In conclusion, puberty is a critical window for prostate maturation and type-1 diabetes-induced hyperglycemia affects the ratio of the prostatic parenchymal and stromal growth, leading to fibrotic tissues by also MMP-2 down regulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.10.022DOI Listing
December 2017

Fibrillar collagen genes are not coordinately upregulated with TGF β1 expression in finasteride-treated prostate.

Cell Biol Int 2017 Nov 31;41(11):1214-1222. Epub 2017 May 31.

Department of Morphology, Institute of Biosciences-Sao Paulo State University (Unesp), Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in older men. In this regard, recent studies have attempted to define the relationships between prostatic fibrosis, LUTS, and increased expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF β1) in BHP. Therapeutic approaches for BPH such as 5-α-reductase inhibitors and alpha-adrenergic blocking agents increase TGF β1 expression in the prostatic tissue. Here, we investigated the effects of the 5-α-reductase inhibitor-finasteride-on rat ventral prostate tissue, especially with regard to the tissue distribution and gene expression of fibrillar collagens. Adult Wistar rats (n = 15) were treated with finasteride (25 mg/kg/day) by subcutaneous injection for 7 and 30 days. Age-matched, vehicle-treated (n = 15) adult Wistar rats were used as control. Finasteride treatment reduced prostate size and increased the area of types I and III collagen fibers in the prostatic stroma. As expected, TGF β1 mRNA expression was upregulated by finasteride treatment. However, COL1A1 and COL3A1 mRNA expressions decreased after both 7 and 30 days of finasteride treatment, suggesting that finasteride treatment promotes prostate parenchyma and stroma changes, which lead to the observed types I and III collagen remodeling without de novo collagen synthesis. The upregulation of TGF β1 mRNA and protein associated with the 5-α-reductase inhibitor is more closely related to epithelial and stromal cell death pathways than to prostatic fibrosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10787DOI Listing
November 2017

Alterations in prostate morphogenesis in male rat offspring after maternal exposure to Di-n-butyl-phthalate (DBP).

Reprod Toxicol 2017 04 21;69:254-264. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biosciences, Univi Estadual Paulista/UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Prostate morphogenesis is regulated by androgens hormones and modulated by morphogenetic proteins such as Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs). This study aims to investigate the effects on prostate development in male offspring and differentiation after gestational and lactational maternal exposure to Di-n-butyl-phthalate (DBP), an important environmental contamination. Pregnant Wistar rats received 100 or 500mg/kg of DBP (DBP100 and DBP500), by gavage, from gestation day 15 (GD15) until postnatal day 21 (PND21). The pups were euthanized on PND1 and PND21. Anogenital distance and testosterone levels decreased in animals from exposed mothers (DBP100 and 500) on PND1. A three-dimensional reconstruction model of the prostatic urethra showed reduction in the prostatic buds in the DBP500 group. AR expression and α-actin immunoreactivity decreased, and BMP-4 expression was lower on PND1 for DBP500. These results showed that DBP exposure, especially at a higher dose, delayed prostate morphogenesis by reducing the testosterone/AR axis and BMP-4 expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2017.03.010DOI Listing
April 2017

Lobe variation effects of experimental diabetes and insulin replacement on rat prostate.

Microsc Res Tech 2011 Nov 20;74(11):1040-8. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Institute of Biology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

We investigated the impact of diabetes with simultaneous and late insulin replacement on rat prostate growth during puberty, paying special attention to different prostatic lobes. Diabetes was induced by administration of streptozotocin (STZ) in 40-day-old male Wistar rats. A subset of diabetic rats underwent simultaneous insulin replacement (3 days after STZ administration), and another subset underwent a late insulin replacement (20 days after STZ administration). The ventral, dorsolateral, and anterior prostatic lobes were weighed and processed for histological, immunohistochemical, and morphometric analyses. Both diabetic and insulin-treated animals maintained low plasma testosterone (T) concentrations, whereas dihydrotestostenore (DHT) levels were normal. Diabetic animals had a decreased gain in absolute prostatic weight when compared to age-matched controls and insulin replacement animals. However, prostatic lobe weight in the diabetic animals was ∼100% higher, even at the beginning of the experiment. Among the lobes, the anterior lobe showed the highest weight gain in diabetic and insulin replacement conditions. Epithelial cell proliferation in all lobes was significantly reduced in diabetic animals and significantly increased in insulin replacement animals, although apoptosis was unaltered. In conclusion, diabetes diminishes, but does not abolish, prostate growth during puberty. Even late insulin administration reduces the adverse effects of this disease on the prostate. In a scenario with both low insulin and T levels, DHT and other factors may play an important role in pubertal prostate growth. The adverse effects of diabetes on the rat prostate show a variation in lobe response, suggesting that diabetes may affect human prostate zones differently.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jemt.20991DOI Listing
November 2011

Ultrastructure of the interface between periodontal tissues and titanium mini-implants.

Angle Orthod 2010 May;80(3):459-65

University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To describe the ultrastructure of the interface between periodontal tissues and titanium mini-implants in rat mandibles.

Materials And Methods: A titanium mini-implant was placed between the buccal roots of the mandibular first molar of 24 adult rats. After 21, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 days of implantation, the mandibular portion was removed and fixed in cacodylate-buffered 2% glutaraldehyde + 2.5% formaldehyde. The material was decalcified and processed for scanning and transmission electron microscopy.

Results: Ultrastructural analysis revealed a thin cementum-like layer at longer times after implantation at the areas in which the periodontal ligament was in contact with the implant.

Conclusions: The alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament reorganized their constituents around the implant, and a thin cementum-like layer was formed at longer times after implantation at the areas in which the periodontal ligament was in contact with the implant.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2319/032509-177.1DOI Listing
May 2010
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