Publications by authors named "Jang-Whan Bae"

100 Publications

Comparison of in-hospital outcomes of patients with vs. without ischaemic cardiomyopathy undergoing veno-arterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, 282 Munhwa-ro, Jung-gu, Daejeon, 35015, Republic of Korea.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate differences in baseline and treatment characteristics, and in-hospital mortality according to the aetiologies of cardiogenic shock in patients undergoing veno-arterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO).

Methods And Results: The RESCUE registry is a multicentre, observational cohort that includes 1247 patients with cardiogenic shock from 12 centres. A total of 496 patients requiring VA-ECMO were finally selected, and the study population was stratified by cardiogenic shock aetiology [ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM, n = 342) and non-ICM (NICM, n = 154)]. The primary outcome of interest was in-hospital mortality. Sensitivity analyses including propensity-score matching adjustments were performed. Mean age of the entire population was 61.8 ± 14.2, and 30.8% were women. There were significant differences in baseline characteristics; notable differences included the older age of patients with ICM (65.1 ± 13.7 vs. 58.2 ± 13.8, P < 0.001), preponderance of males [258 (75.4%) vs. 85 (55.2%), P < 0.001], and higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus [140 (40.9%) vs. 39 (25.3%), P = 0.001] compared with patients in the NICM aetiology group. Patients with ischaemic cardiogenic shock were more likely to have longer shock duration before VA-ECMO implantation (518.7 ± 941.4 min vs. 292.4 ± 707.8 min, P = 0.003) and were less likely to undergo distal limb perfusion than those with NICM [108 (31.6%) vs. 79 (51.3%), P < 0.001]. In-hospital mortality in the overall cohort was 52.2%; patients with ICM had a higher unadjusted risk of in-hospital mortality [203 (59.4%) vs. 56 (36.4%); unadjusted hazard ratio, 2.295; 95% confidence interval, 1.698-3.100; P < 0.001]. There were no significant differences in the primary outcome between the two aetiologies following propensity-score matching multiple adjustments (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.265; 95% confidence interval, 0.840-1.906; P = 0.260).

Conclusions: Results of the current study indicated among patients with cardiogenic shock undergoing VA-ECMO, ischaemic aetiology does not seem to impact in-hospital mortality. These findings underline that early initiation and appropriate treatment strategies of VA-ECMO for patients with ICM shock are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.13481DOI Listing
June 2021

Machine learning enhances the performance of short and long-term mortality prediction model in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 18;11(1):12886. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Prevention and Management, School of Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Inha University, 27 Inhang-Ro, Jung-Gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Machine learning (ML) has been suggested to improve the performance of prediction models. Nevertheless, research on predicting the risk in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been limited and showed inconsistency in the performance of ML models versus traditional models (TMs). This study developed ML-based models (logistic regression with regularization, random forest, support vector machine, and extreme gradient boosting) and compared their performance in predicting the short- and long-term mortality of patients with AMI with those of TMs with comparable predictors. The endpoints were the in-hospital mortality of 14,183 participants and the three- and 12-month mortality in patients who survived at discharge. The performance of the ML models in predicting the mortality of patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was comparable to the TMs. In contrast, the areas under the curves (AUC) of the ML models for non-STEMI (NSTEMI) in predicting the in-hospital, 3-month, and 12-month mortality were 0.889, 0.849, and 0.860, respectively, which were superior to the TMs, which had corresponding AUCs of 0.873, 0.795, and 0.808. Overall, the performance of the predictive model could be improved, particularly for long-term mortality in NSTEMI, from the ML algorithm rather than using more clinical predictors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92362-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8213755PMC
June 2021

Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Cardiogenic Shock: Results From the RESCUE Registry.

Circ Heart Fail 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e008141. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center (J.H.Y., K.H.C., T.K.P., J.M.L., Y.B.S., J.-Y.H., S.-H.C., H.-C.G.), Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: In the current era of mechanical circulatory support, limited data are available on prognosis of cardiogenic shock (CS) caused by various diseases. We investigated the characteristics and predictors of in-hospital mortality in Korean patients with CS.

Methods: The RESCUE study (Retrospective and Prospective Observational Study to Investigate Clinical Outcomes and Efficacy of Left Ventricular Assist Device for Korean Patients With CS) is a multicenter, retrospective, and prospective registry of patients that presented with CS. Between January 2014 and December 2018, 1247 patients with CS were enrolled from 12 major centers in Korea. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.

Results: In-hospital mortality rate was 33.6%. The main causes of shock were ischemic heart disease (80.7%), dilated cardiomyopathy (6.1%), myocarditis (3.2%), and nonischemic ventricular arrhythmia (2.5%). Vasopressors were used in 1081 patients (86.7%). The most frequently used vasopressor was dopamine (63.4%) followed by norepinephrine (57.3%). An intraaortic balloon pump was used in 314 patients (25.2%) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenator in 496 patients (39.8%). In multivariable analysis, age ≥70years (odds ratio [OR], 2.73 [95% CI, 1.89-3.94], <0.001), body mass index <25 kg/m (OR, 1.52 [95% CI, 1.08-2.16], =0.017), cardiac arrest at presentation (OR, 2.16 [95% CI, 1.44-3.23], <0.001), vasoactive-inotrope score >80 (OR, 3.55 [95% CI, 2.54-4.95], <0.001), requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (OR, 4.14 [95% CI, 2.88-5.95], <0.001), mechanical ventilator (OR, 3.17 [95% CI, 2.16-4.63], <0.001), intraaortic balloon pump (OR, 1.55 [95% CI, 1.07-2.24], =0.020), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (OR, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.25-2.76], =0.002) were independent predictors for in-hospital mortality.

Conclusions: The in-hospital mortality of patients with CS remains high despite the high utilization of mechanical circulatory support. Age, low body mass index, cardiac arrest at presentation, amount of vasopressor, and advanced organ failure requiring various support devices were poor prognostic factors for in-hospital mortality. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02985008.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.120.008141DOI Listing
June 2021

A soft voting ensemble classifier for early prediction and diagnosis of occurrences of major adverse cardiovascular events for STEMI and NSTEMI during 2-year follow-up in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0249338. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Computer Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, South Korea.

Objective: Some researchers have studied about early prediction and diagnosis of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), but their accuracies were not high. Therefore, this paper proposes a soft voting ensemble classifier (SVE) using machine learning (ML) algorithms.

Methods: We used the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry dataset and selected 11,189 subjects among 13,104 with the 2-year follow-up. It was subdivided into two groups (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction NSTEMI), and then subdivided into training (70%) and test dataset (30%). Third, we selected the ranges of hyper-parameters to find the best prediction model from random forest (RF), extra tree (ET), gradient boosting machine (GBM), and SVE. We generated each ML-based model with the best hyper-parameters, evaluated by 5-fold stratified cross-validation, and then verified by test dataset. Lastly, we compared the performance in the area under the ROC curve (AUC), accuracy, precision, recall, and F-score.

Results: The accuracies for RF, ET, GBM, and SVE were (88.85%, 88.94%, 87.84%, 90.93%) for complete dataset, (84.81%, 85.00%, 83.70%, 89.07%) STEMI, (88.81%, 88.05%, 91.23%, 91.38%) NSTEMI. The AUC values in RF were (98.96%, 98.15%, 98.81%), ET (99.54%, 99.02%, 99.00%), GBM (98.92%, 99.33%, 99.41%), and SVE (99.61%, 99.49%, 99.42%) for complete dataset, STEMI, and NSTEMI, respectively. Consequently, the accuracy and AUC in SVE outperformed other ML models.

Conclusions: The performance of our SVE was significantly higher than other machine learning models (RF, ET, GBM) and its major prognostic factors were different. This paper will lead to the development of early risk prediction and diagnosis tool of MACE in ACS patients.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0249338PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8195401PMC
June 2021

Does Hospital Volume of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Matter on Mid-Term Mortality?: from the Data of National Health Insurance Service in Korea.

Authors:
Jang Whan Bae

Korean Circ J 2021 Jun;51(6):530-532

Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2021.0122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8176074PMC
June 2021

Clopidogrel Monotherapy in Patients with and without On-Treatment High Platelet Reactivity: a SMART-CHOICE sub-study.

EuroIntervention 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Although P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy has been emerged as a promising alternative for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), there remains concern regarding safety of clopidogrel monotherapy.

Aims: We sought to investigate clinical outcomes of clopidogrel monotherapy in patients with and without on-treatment high platelet reactivity (HPR).

Methods: In the SMART-CHOICE study, 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy was compared with 12-month DAPT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Of these, platelet function test was performed for 833 patients with clopidogrel-based therapy. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) at 12 months.

Results: Overall, 108 (13.0%) patients had HPR on clopidogrel. Patients with HPR had a significantly higher rate of MACCE than patients without HPR (8.7% vs 1.5%, adjusted HR 3.036, 95% CI 1.060-8.693, P=0.038). Treatment effect of clopidogrel monotherapy for the 12-month MACCE was not significantly different compared with DAPT among patients with HPR (8.0% vs. 9.4%, adjusted HR 0.718, 95% CI 0.189-2.737, P=0.628) and without HPR (2.2% vs. 0.9%, adjusted HR 2.587, 95% CI 0.684-9.779, P=0.161; adjusted P for interaction=0.170).

Conclusions: Clopidogrel monotherapy showed treatment effects comparable to DAPT for MACCE in patients with or without HPR. However, HPR was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACCE in clopidogrel-treated patients regardless of maintenance of aspirin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4244/EIJ-D-21-00223DOI Listing
May 2021

P2Y12 Inhibitor Monotherapy Versus Conventional Dual Antiplatelet Therapy or Aspirin Monotherapy in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pooled Analysis of the SMART-DATE and SMART-CHOICE Trials.

Am J Cardiol 2021 07 16;150:47-54. Epub 2021 May 16.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Controversy remains regarding the optimal antiplatelet regimen in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study sought to investigate the efficacy and safety of P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy compared with conventional dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and aspirin monotherapy in patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Data on 4,453 patients were pooled from SMART-DATE and SMART-CHOICE randomized trials. Antiplatelet therapy regimens were categorized as P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy (P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT), conventional DAPT (12-month or longer DAPT), and aspirin monotherapy (aspirin monotherapy after 6-month DAPT). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and stroke). Inverse-probability of treatment-weighted (IPTW) analysis was performed. At 1 year, patients in the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy had a comparable risk of MACCE compared with those in the conventional DAPT (IPTW-adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.655; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.393 to 1.094; p = 0.106), and tended to have a lower risk of MACCE than those in the aspirin monotherapy (IPTW-adjusted HR, 0.606; 95% CI, 0.347 to 1.058; p = 0.078). The adjusted hazard for the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2 to 5 bleeding was significantly lower in P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy than in conventional DAPT (IPTW-adjusted HR, 0.341; 95% CI, 0.190 to 0.614; p < 0.001) and in aspirin monotherapy (IPTW-adjusted HR, 0.359; 95% CI, 0.182 to 0.708; p = 0.003). In conclusion, among patients with ACS undergoing PCI, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT reduced risk of bleeding compared with conventional DAPT and aspirin monotherapy after 6-month DAPT without increasing MACCE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2021.03.053DOI Listing
July 2021

Aspirin versus clopidogrel for chronic maintenance monotherapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (HOST-EXAM): an investigator-initiated, prospective, randomised, open-label, multicentre trial.

Lancet 2021 Jun 16;397(10293):2487-2496. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology Centre, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Optimal antiplatelet monotherapy during the chronic maintenance period in patients who undergo coronary stenting is unknown. We aimed to compare head to head the efficacy and safety of aspirin and clopidogrel monotherapy in this population.

Methods: We did an investigator-initiated, prospective, randomised, open-label, multicentre trial at 37 study sites in South Korea. We enrolled patients aged at least 20 years who maintained dual antiplatelet therapy without clinical events for 6-18 months after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES). We excluded patients with any ischaemic and major bleeding complications. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive a monotherapy agent of clopidogrel 75 mg once daily or aspirin 100 mg once daily for 24 months. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, readmission due to acute coronary syndrome, and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) bleeding type 3 or greater, in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02044250.

Findings: Between March 26, 2014, and May 29, 2018, we enrolled 5530 patients. 5438 (98·3%) patients were randomly assigned to either the clopidogrel group (2710 [49·8%]) or to the aspirin group (2728 [50·2%]). Ascertainment of the primary endpoint was completed in 5338 (98·2%) patients. During 24-month follow-up, the primary outcome occurred in 152 (5·7%) patients in the clopidogrel group and 207 (7·7%) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio 0·73 [95% CI 0·59-0·90]; p=0·0035).

Interpretation: Clopidogrel monotherapy, compared with aspirin monotherapy during the chronic maintenance period after percutaneous coronary intervention with DES significantly reduced the risk of the composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, readmission due to acute coronary syndrome, and BARC bleeding type 3 or greater. In patients requiring indefinite antiplatelet monotherapy after percutaneous coronary intervention, clopidogrel monotherapy was superior to aspirin monotherapy in preventing future adverse clinical events.

Funding: ChongKunDang, SamJin, HanMi, DaeWoong, and the South Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)01063-1DOI Listing
June 2021

Implementation of National Health Policy for the Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disease in South Korea: Regional-Local Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center and Nationwide Registry.

Korean Circ J 2021 May;51(5):383-398

Department of Internal Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and health care costs in South Korea. The prevalence of preventable and treatable risk factors for CVD such as obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and smoking has continued to increase, despite improvements management of hypertension. Active leadership, participation, and support of professional organizations and medical institutions in national cardiovascular registries and regional treatment network have proven to be effective models to reduce the global burden of CVD in the Europe and North America. Regional treatment network systems for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction have established to coordinate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment centers, non-PCI treatment centers, and emergency centers especially across the Europe. The Act on the Prevention and Management of Cardio-cerebrovascular Disease was enacted in South Korea in 2017 to establish the legal frameworks and a comprehensive plan for the prevention and management CVD and risk factors. To fully achieve the goal of a National Health Plan for Cardiovascular Disease, it is necessary to embark on a nationwide registry project and to promote the regional acute treatment accessibility which can therefore play a key role in achieving the objectives of the 2017 Act. In this regard, the Korean Society of Cardiology advocates a national project for health promotion and cardiovascular prevention to improve cardiovascular outcomes, which includes the expansion and establishment of regional cardio-cerebrovascular centers (CCVCs) and new local CCVCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2021.0001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8112182PMC
May 2021

Korean Multicenter Registry Study of EPIC Stents for the Treatment of Iliac Artery Disease: K-EPIC Registry.

Korean Circ J 2021 May 27;51(5):441-451. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yongin, Korea.

Background And Objectives: The EPIC™ stent is a self-expanding, nitinol stent that has been designed to enhance flexibility and provide expansion within vessels. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of the EPIC™ stent when used to treat iliac artery diseases in a prospective Korean multicenter registry.

Methods: A total of 138 patients with iliac artery diseases who received endovascular treatment with EPIC™ stents at 9 Korean sites were enrolled in a prospective cohort and followed for 1 year. The primary endpoint was the 1-year freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR). The secondary endpoints were 1-year clinical patency and freedom from major adverse events (MAEs).

Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 66.8±8.5 years and most subjects were male (86.2%). The most frequent lesion type was Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus B (43.5%) and the majority (56.5%) of the target lesions were located in the common iliac artery. Procedural success was obtained in 99.3% of patients. The freedom from TLR and the clinical patency at 1-year follow-up were 94.9% and 92.3%, respectively. The 1-year rate of MAEs was 5.1%. Combined coronary artery disease (hazard ratio [HR], 5.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-30.89; p=0.035) and smaller stent diameter (HR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.17-0.88; p=0.023) were identified as independent risk factors of TLR after EPIC™ stent implantation.

Conclusions: The EPIC™ stents demonstrated excellent immediate and 1-year efficacy and safety outcomes in iliac artery lesions in this multicenter, prospective, registry-based study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2020.0420DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8112179PMC
May 2021

P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after coronary stenting according to type of P2Y12 inhibitor.

Heart 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Cardiology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of).

Objective: To compare P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with 12-month DAPT according to the type of P2Y12 inhibitor in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: The Smart Angioplasty Research Team: Comparison Between P2Y12 Antagonist Monotherapy vs Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients Undergoing Implantation of Coronary Drug-Eluting Stents (SMART-CHOICE) randomised trial compared 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy with 12-month DAPT. In this trial, 2993 patients undergoing successful PCI with drug-eluting stent were enrolled in Korea. As a prespecified analysis, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after 3-month DAPT versus 12-month DAPT were compared among patients receiving clopidogrel and those receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitor (ticagrelor or prasugrel), respectively. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke at 12 months after the index procedure.

Results: Among 2993 patients (mean age 64 years), 58.2% presented with acute coronary syndrome. Clopidogrel was prescribed in 2312 patients (77.2%) and a potent P2Y12 inhibitor in 681 (22.8%). There were no significant differences in the primary endpoint between the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group and the DAPT group among patients receiving clopidogrel (3.0% vs 3.0%; HR: 1.02; 95% CI 0.64 to 1.65; p=0.93) as well as among patients receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitors (2.4% vs 0.7%; HR: 3.37; 95% CI 0.77 to 14.78; p=0.11; interaction p=0.1). Among patients receiving clopidogrel, P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy compared with DAPT showed consistent treatment effects across various subgroups for the primary endpoint. Among patients receiving potent P2Y12 inhibitors, the rate of bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium types 2- 5) was significantly lower in the P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy group than in the DAPT group (1.5% vs 5.0%; HR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.12 to 0.87; p=0.03).

Conclusions: Compared with 12-month DAPT, clopidogrel monotherapy after 3-month DAPT showed comparable cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing PCI.

Trial Registration Number: NCT02079194.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2020-318821DOI Listing
March 2021

Sex-related impact on clinical outcomes of patients treated with drug-eluting stents according to clinical presentation: Patient-level pooled analysis from the GRAND-DES registry.

Cardiol J 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: The contribution of sex and initial clinical presentation to the long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still debated.

Methods: Individual patient data from 5 Korean-multicenter drug-eluting stent (DES) registries (The GRAND-DES) were pooled. A total of 17,286 patients completed 3-year follow-up (5216 women and 12,070 men). The median follow-up duration was 1125 days (interquartile range 1097-1140 days), and the primary endpoint was cardiac death at 3 years.

Results: The clinical indication for PCI was stable angina pectoris (SAP) in 36.8%, unstable angina pectoris (UAP) or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in 47.4%, and STEMI in 15.8%. In all groups, women were older and had a higher proportion of hypertension and diabetes mellitus compared with men. Women presenting with STEMI were older than women with SAP, with the opposite seen in men. There was no sex difference in cardiac death for SAP or UAP/NSTEMI. In STEMI patients, the incidence of cardiac death (7.9% vs. 4.4%, p = 0.001), all-cause mortality (11.1% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.001), and minor bleeding (2.2% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.043) was significantly higher in women. After multivariable adjustment, cardiac death was lower in women for UAP/NSTEMI (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.53-0.89, p = 0.005), while it was similar for STEMI (HR 0.97, 95% CI 0.65-1.44, p = 0.884).

Conclusions: There was no sex difference in cardiac death after PCI with DES for SAP and UAP/NSTEMI patients. In STEMI patients, women had worse outcomes compared with men; however, after the adjustment of confounders, female sex was not an independent predictor of mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2021.0008DOI Listing
February 2021

Differential Prognostic Implications of Vasoactive Inotropic Score for Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock According to Use of Mechanical Circulatory Support.

Crit Care Med 2021 May;49(5):770-780

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To identify whether the prognostic implications of Vasoactive Inotropic Score according to use of mechanical circulatory support differ in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock.

Design: A multicenter retrospective and prospective observational cohort study.

Setting/patient: The REtrospective and prospective observational Study to investigate Clinical oUtcomes and Efficacy registry includes 1,247 patients with cardiogenic shock from 12 centers in Korea. A total of 836 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock were finally selected, and the study population was stratified by quartiles of Vasoactive Inotropic Score (< 10, 10-30, 30-90, and > 90) for the present study.

Interventions: None.

Measurements And Main Results: Primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality and secondary endpoint was follow-up mortality. Among the study population, 326 patients (39.0%) received medical treatment alone, 218 (26.1%) received intra-aortic balloon pump, and 292 (34.9%) received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. In-hospital mortality occurred in 305 patients (36.5%) and was significantly higher in patients with higher Vasoactive Inotropic Score (15.6%, 20.8%, 40.2%, and 67.3%, for < 10, 10-30, 30-90, and > 90; p < 0.001). Vasoactive Inotropic Score showed better ability to predict in-hospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction patients with cardiogenic shock who received medical treatment alone (area under the curve: 0.797; 95% CI, 0.728-0.865) than in those who received intra-aortic balloon pump (area under the curve, 0.704; 95% CI, 0.625-0.783) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (area under the curve, 0.644; 95% CI, 0.580-0.709). The best cutoff value of Vasoactive Inotropic Score for the prediction of in-hospital mortality also differed according to the use of mechanical circulatory support (16.5, 40.1, and 84.0 for medical treatment alone, intra-aortic balloon pump, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, respectively). There was a significant interaction between Vasoactive Inotropic Score as a continuous value and the use of mechanical circulatory support including intra-aortic balloon pump (interaction-p = 0.006) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (interaction-p < 0.001) for all-cause mortality during follow-up.

Conclusions: High Vasoactive Inotropic Score was associated with significantly higher in-hospital and follow-up mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock. The predictive value of Vasoactive Inotropic Score for mortality was significantly higher in acute myocardial infarction patients with cardiogenic shock treated by medical treatment alone than in those treated by mechanical circulatory support such as intra-aortic balloon pump or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000004815DOI Listing
May 2021

Polygenic risk score validation using Korean genomes of 265 early-onset acute myocardial infarction patients and 636 healthy controls.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(2):e0246538. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Personal Genomics Institute, Genome Research Foundation, Ulsan, Republic of Korea.

Background: The polygenic risk score (PRS) developed for coronary artery disease (CAD) is known to be effective for classifying patients with CAD and predicting subsequent events. However, the PRS was developed mainly based on the analysis of Caucasian genomes and has not been validated for East Asians. We aimed to evaluate the PRS in the genomes of Korean early-onset AMI patients (n = 265, age ≤50 years) following PCI and controls (n = 636) to examine whether the PRS improves risk prediction beyond conventional risk factors.

Results: The odds ratio of the PRS was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.69-1.99) for early-onset AMI patients compared with the controls. For the classification of patients, the area under the curve (AUC) for the combined model with the six conventional risk factors (diabetes mellitus, family history of CAD, hypertension, body mass index, hypercholesterolemia, and current smoking) and PRS was 0.92 (95% CI: 0.90-0.94) while that for the six conventional risk factors was 0.91 (95% CI: 0.85-0.93). Although the AUC for PRS alone was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.61-0.69), adding the PRS to the six conventional risk factors significantly improved the accuracy of the prediction model (P = 0.015). Patients with the upper 50% of PRS showed a higher frequency of repeat revascularization (hazard ratio = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.47-3.26) than the others.

Conclusions: The PRS using 265 early-onset AMI genomes showed improvement in the identification of patients in the Korean population and showed potential for genomic screening in early life to complement conventional risk prediction.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0246538PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7861392PMC
February 2021

Safety of 3-Month Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Implantation of Ultrathin Sirolimus-Eluting Stents With Biodegradable Polymer (Orsiro): Results From the SMART-CHOICE Trial.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 01 21;10(1):e018366. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Samsung Medical Center Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine Seoul Korea.

Background This study sought to investigate the safety of 3-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients receiving ultrathin sirolimus-eluting stents with biodegradable polymer (Orsiro). Methods and Results The SMART-CHOICE (Smart Angioplasty Research Team: Comparison Between P2Y12 Antagonist Monotherapy vs Dual Anti- platelet Therapy in Patients Undergoing Implantation of Coronary Drug-Eluting Stents) randomized trial compared 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy with 12-month DAPT in 2993 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The present analysis was a prespecified subgroup analysis for patients receiving Orsiro stents. As a post hoc analysis, comparisons between Orsiro and everolimus-eluting stents were also done among patients receiving 3-month DAPT. Of 972 patients receiving Orsiro stents, 481 patients were randomly assigned to 3-month DAPT and 491 to 12-month DAPT. At 12 months, the target vessel failure, defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization, occurred in 8 patients (1.7%) in the 3-month DAPT group and in 14 patients (2.9%) in the 12-month DAPT group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.58; 95% CI, 0.24-1.39; =0.22). In whole population who were randomly assigned to receive 3-month DAPT (n=1495), there was no significant difference in the target vessel failure between the Orsiro group and the everolimus-eluting stent group (n=1014) (1.7% versus 1.8%; HR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.41-2.22; =0.92). Conclusions In patients receiving Orsiro stents, clinical outcomes at 1 year were similar between the 3-month DAPT followed by P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy and 12-month DAPT strategies. With 3-month DAPT, there was no significant difference in target vessel failure between Orsiro and everolimus-eluting stents. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02079194.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.018366DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7955499PMC
January 2021

Delay or Giving Up of Influenza Vaccination Induced by Unscientific Journalism Makes Influenza Outbreak and Its Subsequent Cardiovascular Death Surges Especially in Elderly.

Authors:
Jang Whan Bae

J Korean Med Sci 2020 Nov 2;35(42):e385. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7606882PMC
November 2020

Effect of Ticagrelor on Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (HEALING-AMI).

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2020 10;13(19):2220-2234

Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel on left ventricular (LV) remodeling after reperfusion of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in humans.

Background: Animal studies have demonstrated that ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel better protects myocardium against reperfusion injury and improves remodeling after myocardial infarction.

Methods: In this investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, assessor-blinded trial performed at 10 centers in Korea, patients were enrolled if they had naive STEMI successfully treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and at least 6-month planned duration of dual-antiplatelet treatment. The coprimary endpoints were LV remodeling index (LVRI) (a relative change of LV end-diastolic volume) measured on 3-dimensional echocardiography and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level at 6 months.

Results: Among initially enrolled patients with STEMI (n = 336), 139 in each group completed the study. LVRI at 6 months was numerically lower with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel (0.6 ± 18.6% vs. 4.5 ± 16.5%; p = 0.095). Ticagrelor significantly reduced the 6-month level of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (173 ± 141 pg/ml vs. 289 ± 585 pg/ml; p = 0.028). These differences were prominent in patients with pre-PCI TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) flow grade 0. By multivariate analysis, ticagrelor versus clopidogrel reduced the risk for positive LV remodeling (LVRI >0%) (odds ratio: 0.56; 95% confidence interval: 0.33 to 0.95; p = 0.030). The LV end-diastolic volume index remained unchanged during ticagrelor treatment (from 54.7 ± 12.2 to 54.2 ± 12.2 ml/m; p = 0.629), but this value increased over time during clopidogrel treatment (from 54.6 ± 11.3 to 56.4 ± 13.9 ml/m; p = 0.056) (difference -2.3 ml/m; 95% confidence interval: -4.8 to 0.2 ml/m; p = 0.073). Ticagrelor reduced LV end-systolic volume index (from 27.0 ± 8.5 to 24.7 ± 8.4 ml/m; p < 0.001), whereas no reduction was seen with clopidogrel (from 26.2 ± 8.9 to 25.6 ± 11.0 ml/m; p = 0.366) (difference -1.8 ml/m; 95% confidence interval: -3.5 to -0.1 ml/m; p = 0.040).

Conclusions: Ticagrelor was superior to clopidogrel for LV remodeling after reperfusion of STEMI with primary PCI. (High Platelet Inhibition With Ticagrelor to Improve Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients With ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction [HEALING-AMI]; NCT02224534).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2020.08.007DOI Listing
October 2020

Optimal Dose and Type of β-blockers in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Am J Cardiol 2020 12 28;137:12-19. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The clinical benefit of β-blockers in modern reperfusion era is not well determined. We investigated the impact of β-blockers in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention. From the Grand-DES registry, a patient-level pooled registry consisting of 5 Korean multicenter prospective drug-eluting stent registries, a total of 6,690 ACS patients were included. Prescription records of dose and type of β-blockers were investigated trimonthly from discharge. Patients were categorized by the mean value of doses during the follow-up (≥50% [high-dose], ≥25% to <50% [medium-dose], and <25% [low-dose] of the full dose that was used in each randomized clinical trial) and vasodilating property of β-blockers. Three-year cumulative risk of all-cause death, cardiac death, and myocardial infarction were assessed. Patients receiving β-blockers were associated with a lower risk of all-cause and cardiac death compared with those not receiving β-blockers (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.24 to 0.35 for all-cause death; aHR 0.27, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.34 for cardiac death). Medium-dose β-blocker group was associated with a lower risk of cardiac death compared with high- and low-dose β-blocker groups (aHR 0.49, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.96, for high-dose; aHR 0.46, 95% CI 0.29 to 0.74, for low-dose). Patients receiving vasodilating β-blockers were associated with a lower risk of cardiac death compared with those receiving conventional β-blockers (aHR 0.58, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.84). In conclusion, β-blocker therapy was associated with better clinical outcomes in patients with ACS, especially with medium-dose and vasodilating β-blockers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.09.044DOI Listing
December 2020

Prasugrel-based de-escalation of dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome (HOST-REDUCE-POLYTECH-ACS): an open-label, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised trial.

Lancet 2020 10 31;396(10257):1079-1089. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: A potent P2Y12 inhibitor-based dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended for up to 1 year in patients with acute coronary syndrome receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The greatest benefit of the potent agent is during the early phase, whereas the risk of excess bleeding continues in the chronic maintenance phase. Therefore, de-escalation of antiplatelet therapy might achieve an optimal balance between ischaemia and bleeding. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of a prasugrel-based dose de-escalation therapy.

Methods: HOST-REDUCE-POLYTECH-ACS is a randomised, open-label, multicentre, non-inferiority trial done at 35 hospitals in South Korea. We enrolled patients with acute coronary syndrome receiving PCI. Patients meeting the core indication for prasugrel were randomly assigned (1:1) to the de-escalation group or conventional group using a web-based randomisation system. The assessors were masked to the treatment allocation. After 1 month of treatment with 10 mg prasugrel plus 100 mg aspirin daily, the de-escalation group received 5 mg prasugrel, while the conventional group continued to receive 10 mg. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, repeat revascularisation, stroke, and bleeding events of grade 2 or higher according to Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC] criteria) at 1 year. The absolute non-inferiority margin for the primary endpoint was 2·5%. The key secondary endpoints were efficacy outcomes (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and ischaemic stroke) and safety outcomes (bleeding events of BARC grade ≥2). The primary analysis was in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02193971.

Results: From Sept 30, 2014, to Dec 18, 2018, 3429 patients were screened, of whom 1075 patients did not meet the core indication for prasugrel and 16 were excluded due to randomisation error. 2338 patients were randomly assigned to the de-escalation group (n=1170) or the conventional group (n=1168). The primary endpoint occurred in 82 patients (Kaplan-Meier estimate 7·2%) in the de-escalation group and 116 patients (10·1%) in the conventional group (absolute risk difference -2·9%, p<0·0001; hazard ratio 0·70 [95% CI 0·52-0·92], p=0·012). There was no increase in ischaemic risk in the de-escalation group compared with the conventional group (0·76 [0·40-1·45]; p=0·40), and the risk of bleeding events was significantly decreased (0·48 [0·32-0·73]; p=0·0007).

Interpretation: In east Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome patients receiving PCI, a prasugrel-based dose de-escalation strategy from 1 month after PCI reduced the risk of net clinical outcomes up to 1 year, mainly driven by a reduction in bleeding without an increase in ischaemia.

Funding: Daiichi Sankyo, Boston Scientific, Terumo, Biotronik, Qualitech Korea, and Dio.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31791-8DOI Listing
October 2020

Optical Coherent Tomographic (OCT) Finding of Radial Arterial Recanalization.

Korean Circ J 2020 Nov 22;50(11):1045-1047. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Regional Cardiovascular Disease Center, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2020.0110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7596215PMC
November 2020

Assessment of the conventional radial artery with optical coherent tomography after the snuffbox approach.

Cardiol J 2020 Jul 25. Epub 2020 Jul 25.

Division of Cardiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate acute injuries of the radial artery (RA) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients who underwent coronary intervention via the snuffbox approach.

Methods: Forty-six patients, who underwent coronary intervention and assessment of the conventional RA using OCT via the snuffbox approach, were enrolled from two university hospitals between August 2018 and August 2019.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 65.1 years. In this study population, 6-French (Fr) sheaths were used. The mean diameter of the conventional RA was 2.89 ± 0.33 mm, and the mean lumen area of the conventional RA was 6.68 ± 1.56 mm². Acute injuries of the conventional RA, after the snuffbox approach, were observed in 5 (10.9%) patients. Intimal tear was observed in the RA in 1 (2.2%) case. Intraluminal thrombi, without vessel injuries, were detected in the RA in 4 (8.7%) cases. However, medial dissection was not observed in the OCT analysis.

Conclusions: This retrospective OCT-based study showed that the diameter of the conventional RA was 2.89 mm and acute vessel injury of the conventional RA was rare in patients who underwent coronary intervention via the snuffbox approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2020.0097DOI Listing
July 2020

Validation of the diagnostic performance of 'HeartMedi V.1.0', a novel CT-derived fractional flow reserve measurement, for patients with coronary artery disease: a study protocol.

BMJ Open 2020 07 20;10(7):e037780. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, The Republic of Korea.

Introduction: Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) is widely used for non-invasive coronary artery evaluation, but it is limited in identifying the nature of functional characteristics that cause ischaemia. Recent computational fluid dynamic (CFD) techniques applied to CCTA images permit non-invasive computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR), a measure of lesion-specific ischaemia. However, this technology has limitations, such as long computational time and the need for expensive equipment, which hinder widespread use.

Methods And Analysis: This study is a prospective, multicentre, comparative and confirmatory trial designed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of HeartMedi V.1.0, a novel CT-derived FFR measurement for the detection of haemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses identified by CCTA, based on invasive FFR as a reference standard. The invasive FFR values ≤0.80 will be considered haemodynamically significant. The study will enrol 184 patients who underwent CCTA, invasive coronary angiography and invasive FFR. Computational FFR (c-FFR) will be analysed by CFD techniques using a lumped parameter model based on vessel length method. Blinded core laboratory interpretation will be performed for CCTA, invasive coronary angiography, invasive FFR and c-FFR. The primary objective of the study is to compare the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve between c-FFR and CCTA to non-invasively detect the presence of haemodynamically significant coronary stenosis. The secondary endpoints include diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and correlation of c-FFR with invasive FFR.

Ethics And Dissemination: The study has ethic approval from the ethics committee of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital (E-1709/420-001) and informed consent will be obtained for all enrolled patients. The result will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Trial Registration Number: KCT0002725; Pre-results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037780DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7375628PMC
July 2020

Occupational radiation exposure in femoral artery approach is higher than radial artery approach during coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention.

Sci Rep 2020 04 28;10(1):7104. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University, School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Medical radiation exposure is a significant concern for interventional cardiologists (IC). This study was aimed at estimating the radiation exposure of IC operators and assistants in real clinical practice. The radiation exposure of the operator and assistant was evaluated by conducting two types of procedures via coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on 1090 patients in 11-cardiovascular centers in Korea. Radiation exposure was measured using an electronic personal dosimeter (EPD). EPD were attached at 3 points on each participant: on the apron on the left anterior chest (A1), under the apron on the sternum (A2), and on the thyroid shield (T). Average radiation exposure (ARE) of operators at A1, A2, and T was 19.219 uSv, 4.398 uSv, and 16.949 uSv during CAG and 68.618 uSv, 15.213 uSv, and 51.197 uSv during PCI, respectively. ARE of assistants at A1, A2, and T was 4.941 uSv, 0.860 uSv, and 5.232 uSv during CAG and 20.517 uSv, 4.455 uSv, and 16.109 uSv during PCI, respectively. AED of operator was 3.4 times greater during PCI than during CAG.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62794-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188817PMC
April 2020

Additional postdilatation using noncompliant balloons after everolimus-eluting stent implantation: Results of the PRESS trial.

Clin Cardiol 2020 Jun 16;43(6):606-613. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Cardiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South Korea.

Background: There are limited data on the clinical value of routine postdilatation using noncompliant balloons after contemporary drug-eluting stent implantation.

Hypothesis: Additional postdilatation using noncompliant balloons after everolimus-eluting stent implantation could provide better clinical outcomes.

Methods: We randomly assigned 1774 patients with coronary artery disease to undergo additional high-pressure postdilatation using noncompliant balloons and moderate-pressure dilatation using stent balloons after everolimus-eluting stent implantation. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, and target vessel revascularization (TVR) 2 years after randomization.

Results: The study was discontinued early owing to slow enrollment. In total, 810 patients (406 patients in the high pressure group and 404 in the moderate pressure group) were finally enrolled. At 2 years, the primary endpoint occurred in 3.6% of patients in the high pressure group and in 4.4% of those in the moderate pressure group (P = .537). In addition, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in the occurrence of an individual end point of death (0.8% in the high pressure group vs 1.5% in the moderate group, P = .304), MI (0.2% vs 0.5%, P = .554), stent thrombosis (0% vs 0.2%, P = .316), or TVR (2.8% vs 2.6%, P = .880).

Conclusions: The strategy of routine postdilatation using noncompliant balloons after everolimus-eluting stent implantation did not provide incremental clinical benefits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.23355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298980PMC
June 2020

Feasibility of primary percutaneous coronary intervention via the distal radial approach in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Korean J Intern Med 2021 03 3;36(Suppl 1):S53-S61. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Background/aims: Recently, distal radial approach (DRA), called as snuffbox approach, has gained the interest of interventional cardiologists, but there is a lack of data about the feasibility of DRA as an alternative route for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: A total of 138 patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in whom primary PCI via the DRA was attempted at three hospitals from October 2017 to September 2019 were analyzed.

Results: The success rate of snuffbox puncture in the setting of STEMI was 92.8% (128/138). Successful primary PCI via the DRA was achieved in all 128 patients. The snuffbox puncture time, defined as the time interval from local anesthesia induction to successful sheath cannulation, was 2.7 ± 1.6 minutes, and snuffbox puncture was performed within 5 minutes in 95.3% of patients. Moreover, the percentage of the puncture time in the door-to-balloon time was 3.3%. The left DRA was selected in 103 patients (80.5%), and primary PCI via the DRA was performed using a 6-Fr guiding catheter in 125 patients (97.7%). There was no major bleeding; however, there were four cases (3.1%) of access-site complications, including three cases of local hematoma (≤ 5 cm diameter) and one case of local numbness, which improved 3 months later.

Conclusion: In the setting of STEMI, the DRA could be a feasible alternative access route for primary PCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2019.420DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8009160PMC
March 2021

Lack of prognostic significance for major adverse cardiac events of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Cardiol J 2021 27;28(2):244-254. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Chungbuk Regional Cardiovascular Center, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea, Republic Of.

Background: Elevation of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) is associated with cardiac fibrosis and hypertrophy. Under investigation herein, was whether sST2 level is associated with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods: In total, this study included 184 patients who underwent successful primary PCI. A subsequent guideline-based medical follow-up was included (61.4 ± 11.8 years old, 85% male, 21% with Killip class ≥ I). sST2 concentration correlations with echocardiographic, angiographic, laboratory parameters, and clinical outcomes in STEMI patients were evaluated.

Results: The median sST2 level was 60.3 ng/mL; 6 (3.2%) deaths occurred within 1 year. The sST2 level correlated with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) changes from baseline to 6 months (r= -0.273; p = 0.006) after adjustment for echocardiographic parameters including wall motions score index (WMSI). Recovery of LVEF at 6 months was highest in the tertile 1 group (Δ6 months - baseline LVEF; tertile 1, p = 0.001; tertile 2, p = 0.319; tertile 3, p = 0.205). The decrease in WMSI at 6 months was greater in the tertiles 1 and 2 groups than in the tertile 3 group (Δ6 months - baseline WMSI; tertile 1, p = 0.001; tertile 2, p = 0.013; tertile 3, p = 0.055). There was no association between sST2 levels and short-term (log rank p = 0.598) and long-term (p = 0.596) MACE.

Conclusions: sST2 concentration have predictive value for LV remodeling on echocardiography in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. However, sST2 concentration was not associated with short-term and long-term MACE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2020.0028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8078943PMC
February 2020

Three-year clinical outcome of biodegradable hybrid polymer Orsiro sirolimus-eluting stent and the durable biocompatible polymer Resolute Integrity zotarolimus-eluting stent: A randomized controlled trial.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 12 20;96(7):1399-1406. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Aims: We compared long-term clinical outcomes between patients treated with Orsiro sirolimus-eluting stent (O-SES) and those treated with durable biocompatible polymer Resolute Integrity zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES).

Methods And Results: The ORIENT trial was a randomized controlled noninferiority trial to compare angiographic outcomes between O-SES and R-ZES. We performed a post hoc analysis of 3-year clinical outcomes and included 372 patients who were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to O-SES (n = 250) and R-ZES (n = 122) groups in a 2:1 ratio. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. At 3 years, target lesion failure occurred in 4.7% and 7.8% of O-SES and R-ZES groups, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.58; 95% confidence intervals, 0.24-1.41; p = .232 by log-rank test). Secondary endpoints including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization showed no significant differences between the groups. Stent thrombosis occurred in two patients in R-ZES group (0.0% vs. 1.6%, p = .040).

Conclusion: This study confirms long-term safety and efficacy of the two stents. We found a trend for lower target lesion failure with O-SES compared to R-ZES, although statistically insignificant.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7754280PMC
December 2020

Effect of Operator Volume on In-Hospital Outcomes Following Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Based on the 2014 Cohort of Korean Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (K-PCI) Registry.

Korean Circ J 2020 Feb 18;50(2):133-144. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Division of Cardiovascular, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Background And Objectives: The relationship between operator volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between operator PCI volume and in-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI.

Methods: Among the total of 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the Korean nationwide, retrospective registry (K-PCI registry), 8,282 patients treated with PCI for STEMI by 373 operators were analyzed. PCI volumes above the 75th percentile (>30 cases/year), between the 75th and 25th percentile (10-30 cases/year), and below the 25th percentile (<10 cases/year) were defined as high, moderate, and low-volume operators, respectively. In-hospital outcomes including mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis, stroke, and urgent repeat PCI were analyzed.

Results: The average number of primary PCI cases performed by 373 operators was 22.2 in a year. In-hospital mortality after PCI for STEMI was 571 cases (6.9%). In-hospital outcomes by operator volume showed no significant differences in the death rate, cardiac death, non-fatal MI, and stent thrombosis. However, the rate of urgent repeat PCI tended to be lower in the high-volume operator (0.6%) than in the moderate-(0.7%)/low-(1.5%) volume operator groups (p=0.095). The adjusted odds ratios for adverse in-hospital outcomes were similar in the 3 groups. Multivariate analysis also showed that operator volume was not a predictor for adverse in-hospital outcomes.

Conclusions: In-hospital outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI were not associated with operator volume in the K-PCI registry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6974659PMC
February 2020

Effect of Pre-Procedural Beta-Blocker on Clinical Outcome after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Int Heart J 2019 Nov 15;60(6):1284-1292. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Konkuk University.

The efficacy of pre-procedural beta-blocker use in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not well established in the current percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. We investigate the effect of pre-procedural beta-blocker use on clinical outcomes in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. Among 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the nationwide, retrospective, multicenter registry (K-PCI registry), 31,040 patients with ACS were selected and analyzed. We classified patients into pre-procedural beta-blocker group (n = 8,678) and pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (n = 22,362) according to the use of beta-blockers at least for two weeks before index PCI. Propensity score-matching analysis was performed and resulted in 7,445 pairs. The primary outcome was in-hospital cardiac death. In propensity score-matched populations, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (1.1% versus 2.0%, unadjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-0.73, P < 0.01). In subgroup analysis, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death, compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (3.1% versus 6.1%, unadjusted OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.34-0.71, P < 0.01) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (1.5% versus 2.9%, unadjusted OR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.33-0.79, P < 0.01). However, in unstable angina subpopulation, the in-hospital cardiac death rate was comparable between both groups. In conclusion, the use of pre-procedural beta-blocker was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital cardiac death in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. This result adds to the body of evidence that use of pre-procedural beta-blocker in patients with ACS might be reasonable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.19-175DOI Listing
November 2019

Percutaneous angioplasty at previous radial puncture site via distal radial access of anatomical snuffbox.

Cardiol J 2019 ;26(5):610-611

Chungbuk Regional Cardiovascular Center, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea, Republic Of.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/CJ.2019.0102DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8084399PMC
July 2020
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