Publications by authors named "Jane da Silva"

26 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[Update on perioperative hypersensitivity reactions: joint document from the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) and Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) - Part II: etiology and diagnosis].

Rev Bras Anestesiol 2020 Nov-Dec;70(6):642-661. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Hospital Nipo Brasileiro, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

This second joint document, written by experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) concerned with perioperative anaphylaxis, aims to review the pathophysiological reaction mechanisms, triggering agents (in adults and children), and the approach for diagnosis during and after an episode of anaphylaxis. As anaphylaxis assessment is extensive, the identification of medications, antiseptics and other substances used at each setting, the comprehensive data documentation, and the use of standardized nomenclature are key points for obtaining more consistent epidemiological information on perioperative anaphylaxis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjan.2020.08.008DOI Listing
November 2020

Safety and immunogenicity of 17DD attenuated yellow fever vaccine in howler monkeys (Alouatta spp.).

J Med Primatol 2021 02 20;50(1):36-45. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz-Fiocruz, Instituto de Tecnologia em Imunobiológicos/Bio-Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Alouatta spp. are highly susceptible to yellow fever (YF) infection and develop an often fatal disease. The threat posed by an outbreak started in 2016 leads us to investigate vaccination as a potential tool in preventing YF in non-human primates (NHP).

Methods: Susceptible howler monkeys were immunized with three different concentrations of the human Brazilian commercial YF17DD vaccine. Post-vaccination viremia/RNAemia, immunogenicity, and safety were characterized.

Results: The vaccine did not produce YF clinical manifestations in any of the NHPs. After immunization, all animals seroconverted demonstrating the ability of the YF vaccine to induce humoral response in Alouatta species.

Conclusions: The present work has demonstrated the safe and immunogenic profile of the existing YF 17DD vaccine in howler monkeys. This knowledge may support further studies with other susceptible monkey species and provide a possible solution for controlling epizootics and preventing the devastation of endangered species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmp.12501DOI Listing
February 2021

[Update on perioperative hypersensitivity reactions: joint document of the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) and Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) - Part I: post-crisis guidelines and treatment].

Rev Bras Anestesiol 2020 Sep - Oct;70(5):534-548. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Associação Brasileira de Alergia e Imunologia, Brazil; Hospital Nipo Brasileiro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Experts from the Brazilian Association of Allergy and Immunology (ASBAI) and the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA) interested in the issue of perioperative anaphylaxis, and aiming to strengthen the collaboration between the two societies, combined efforts to study the topic and to prepare a joint document to guide specialists in both areas. The purpose of the present series of two articles was to report the most recent evidence based on the collaborative assessment between both societies. This first article will consider the updated definitions, treatment and guidelines after a perioperative crisis. The following article will discuss the major etiologic agents, how to proceed with the investigation, and the appropriate tests.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjan.2020.06.004DOI Listing
September 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

Relevance of the first thousand days of life to the development of wheezing in children aged 6-7 years.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2020 May - Jun;48(3):270-280. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Internal Medicine and Allergy Clinic of Professor Polydoro Ernani de São Thiago University Hospital, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: The first thousand days of life are a critical stage for the development of respiratory and immune systems. Many events in this period may be associated with wheezing in childhood.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between early life determinants and wheezing in children aged 6-7 years.

Materials And Methods: Population-based case-control study using early-life related questions. We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire to assess wheezing symptoms. Multiple logistic regressions were performed according to a hierarchical framework, considering the complex dynamic of wheezing/asthma and potential interaction between different levels of determination.

Results: A total of 820 children were included, from which 162 reported wheezing symptoms (19.7%). Multivariable analysis identified socioeconomic conditions (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.08-4.00), family history of asthma (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.37-3.75), vaginal discharge that required treatment during pregnancy (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.00-2.83), neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (OR 2.00, 95% CI 1.17-3.42), anemia and intestinal parasitosis in the first two years (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.22-4.25; OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.02-2.92, respectively) independently associated to wheezing at 6-7 years. Intended pregnancy was associated with reduced wheezing (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.28-0.77).

Conclusions: Several factors were associated with wheezing in childhood. Considering that intended pregnancy reduced wheezing and other associated exposures are considered modifiable, these findings may guide the planning of strategies to decrease the susceptibility to asthma symptoms in childhood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2019.12.007DOI Listing
December 2020

QUALITY OF LIFE EVALUATION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORSIN ASTHMATIC CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS ATTENDED IN A SPECIALIZED OUTPATIENT CLINIC.

Rev Paul Pediatr 2020 13;38:e2018172. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Objective: To evaluate the quality of life and its association with disease control, severity, allergic comorbidities and adherence to treatment in children and adolescents with asthma.

Methods: A cross-sectional study that included children and adolescents aged seven to 17. The Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) was used to assess their quality of life. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained from the chart and from a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were performed and chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were used to verify the existence of associations between quality of life and disease control, severity, comorbidities and adherence to treatment. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

Results: 101 children/adolescents were evaluated (62.4% boys), with a mean age of 10.1 years. On average, the PAQLQ score was ≤5.9 points, indicating moderate / severe quality of life impairment. Higher levels of control, as well as higher disease severity, were associated with higher quality of life impairment, both in total PAQLQ score and domains (p<0.05). The presence of comorbidities was also associated with higher quality of life impairment (p=0.01), except in the emotional function domain. Adherence to treatment showed no association with quality of life.

Conclusions: Children and adolescents with asthma present impairment in their quality of life, and this is related to poorer control and severity of the disease, as well as to the presence of allergic comorbidities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1984-0462/2020/38/2018172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6958536PMC
November 2020

Suitable reference genes determination for real-time PCR using induced sputum samples.

Eur Respir J 2019 12 4;54(6). Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Dept of Pneumology-Allergology, CHU of Liege, Liege, Belgium.

Induced sputum is a non-invasive method of collecting cells from airways. Gene expression analysis from sputum cells has been used to understand the underlying mechanisms of airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Suitable reference genes for normalisation of target mRNA levels between sputum samples have not been defined so far.The current study assessed the expression stability of nine common reference genes in sputum samples from 14 healthy volunteers, 12 asthmatics and 12 COPD patients.Using three different algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper), we identified HPRT1 and GNB2L1 as the most optimal reference genes to use for normalisation of quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR data from sputum cells. The higher expression stability of HPRT1 and GNB2L1 were confirmed in a validation set of patients including nine healthy controls, five COPD patients and five asthmatic patients. In this group, the RNA extraction and RT-PCR methods differed, which attested that these genes remained the most reliable whatever the method used to extract the RNA, generate complementary DNA or amplify it.Finally, an example of relative quantification of gene expression linked to eosinophils or neutrophils provided more accurate results after normalisation with the reference genes identified as the most stable compared to the least stable and confirmed our findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00644-2018DOI Listing
December 2019

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

Mobile technology offers novel insights into the control and treatment of allergic rhinitis: The MASK study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 07 3;144(1):135-143.e6. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France; University Hospital, Montpellier, France; INSERM U 1168, VIMA: Ageing and chronic diseases Epidemiological and Public Health Approaches, Villejuif, Université Versailles St-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Montigny le Bretonneux, and Euforea, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Mobile health can be used to generate innovative insights into optimizing treatment to improve allergic rhinitis (AR) control.

Objectives: A cross-sectional real-world observational study was undertaken in 22 countries to complement a pilot study and provide novel information on medication use, disease control, and work productivity in the everyday life of patients with AR.

Methods: A mobile phone app (Allergy Diary, which is freely available on Google Play and Apple stores) was used to collect the data of daily visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for (1) overall allergic symptoms; (2) nasal, ocular, and asthma symptoms; (3) work; and (4) medication use by using a treatment scroll list including all allergy medications (prescribed and over-the-counter) customized for 22 countries. The 4 most common intranasal medications containing intranasal corticosteroids and 8 oral H-antihistamines were studied.

Results: Nine thousand one hundred twenty-two users filled in 112,054 days of VASs in 2016 and 2017. Assessment of days was informative. Control of days with rhinitis differed between no (best control), single (good control for intranasal corticosteroid-treated days), or multiple (worst control) treatments. Users with the worst control increased the range of treatments being used. The same trend was found for asthma, eye symptoms, and work productivity. Differences between oral H-antihistamines were found.

Conclusions: This study confirms the usefulness of the Allergy Diary in accessing and assessing behavior in patients with AR. This observational study using a very simple assessment tool (VAS) on a mobile phone had the potential to answer questions previously thought infeasible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.01.053DOI Listing
July 2019

Genetic Variation of Kallikrein-Kinin System and Related Genes in Patients With Hereditary Angioedema.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2019 21;6:28. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Biophysics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by C1-INH deficiency due to mutations in (C1-INH-HAE) in most of the cases, or by specific mutations in factor XII gene, (F12-HAE). Identification of polymorphisms in the genes encoding proteins from key pathways driving HAE can help to understand how genetic diversity contributes to its phenotypic variability. Here, 15 genes related to the Kallikrein-Kinin System (KKS) were analyzed by next generation sequencing in 59 patients with C1-INH-HAE or F12-HAE from Brazil, Denmark and Spain, and 19 healthy relatives in a total of 31 families. We identified 211 variants, from which 23 occurred only in Danish subjects and 79 were found only in Brazilian individuals, resulting in 109/211 variations in common between European and Brazilian population in the HAE families analyzed. and CPM presented a large number of variants in untranslated regions, 46/49 and 19/24, respectively; whereas ( = 26), ( = 26), ( = 24), and ( = 16) genes presented the higher number of variants directly affecting amino acid sequence. Despite the large amount of variants identified, the lack of association between genotype and phenotype indicates that the modulation of HAE symptom requires a more complex regulation, probably involving pathways beyond the KKS, epigenetics and environmental factors. Considering the new HAE types recently described, molecules involved in the regulation of vasculature and in plasminogen activation become promising targets for future genetic studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2019.00028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393376PMC
February 2019

Limited utility of Kinesio Taping® in the physiotherapy treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation.

Physiother Theory Pract 2018 Oct 8;34(10):741-746. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

c University Hospital Professor Polydoro Ernani de São Thiago, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) , Florianópolis , Santa Catarina , Brazil.

Background: Kinesio Taping® has been used as a physiotherapy treatment in musculoskeletal disorders. However, few studies have evaluated its effectiveness in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Objectives: To analyze the effects of Kinesio Taping® associated with conventional physiotherapy, on the maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) of patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbation.

Methods: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. Sixty-two participants who were randomized into two groups: 1) control (medication and standard physiotherapy treatment); and 2) Kinesio Taping® (standard treatment plus application of Kinesio Taping® on the respiratory muscles). The outcomes were assessed 24 hours after the treatment.

Results: After the intervention, the Kinesio Taping® group showed a statistically significant increase in all outcomes assessed. However, when the mean differences between groups were analyzed, there were no statistically significant differences in MIP, MEP, FEV1, and PEF. Differences were found only in SpO2 that was improved in the Kinesio Taping® group.

Conclusions: The application of Kinesio Taping® associated with physiotherapy improved SpO2 of non-hypoxemic patients with COPD exacerbation. Further studies should be conducted to evaluate the method in the long run and in another outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2018.1423658DOI Listing
October 2018

Healing effect of Dillenia indica fruit extracts standardized to betulinic acid on ultraviolet radiation-induced psoriasis-like wounds in rats.

Pharm Biol 2017 Dec;55(1):641-648

d Department of Biochemistry , Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina , Florianópolis , Brazil.

Context: Dillenia indica Linn. (Dilleniaceae) is traditionally used to treat skin inflammation.

Objective: This study evaluated the healing effect of Dillenia indica fruit extracts on induced psoriasis-like wounds in Wistar rats.

Materials And Methods: Extracts were standardized to betulinic acid, including an aqueous ethanolic extract (AEE), ethyl acetate extract (EAE) and petroleum ether extract. Effects against lipid peroxidation were assessed in vitro. Wounds were created at rat tails (n = 12). Topical treatments were applied once daily for 7 days (1 mL of AEE or EAE at 5 or 50 mg/mL). Maximal dose was defined by the extract solubility. A 10-fold lower dose was also tested. Positive and negative controls were treated with clobetasol (0.5 mg/mL) or excipient. Half of each group was euthanized for histology. The remaining animals were observed for 20 days for wound measurements.

Results: Yields of AEE and EAE were 4.3 and 0.7%, respectively. Betulinic acid concentrations in AEE and EAE were 4.6 and 107.6 mg/g. Extracts neutralized lipid peroxidation in vitro at 0.02 μg/mL, accelerating healing at 50 mg/mL. Complete healing in mice treated with AEE occurred 16 days after wound induction. This time was 14 and 12 days in mice treated with EAE and clobetasol. Compared to orthokeratosis, parakeratosis was reduced by AEE (25%), EAE (45%) and clobetasol (55%). EAE caused superior protection against biomolecules oxidation of skin compared to AEE.

Discussion And Conclusion: EAE exhibited activity closer to that of clobetasol. Betulinic acid may be an active constituent, which should be assessed in future studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13880209.2016.1266672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6130706PMC
December 2017

Impulse oscillometry in the assessment of asthmatic children and adolescents: from a narrative to a systematic review.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2017 Jun 28;23:61-67. Epub 2016 Sep 28.

University Hospital Professor Polydoro Ernani de São Thiago, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Electronic address:

Diagnosis and management of asthma often relies mostly on symptoms because spirometry is not always reliable in some age groups, such as preschoolers. It is unclear whether impulse oscillometry (IOS) can supplement or replace spirometry. Available reports suggest that IOS has been applied with success in asthmatic children and adolescents to assess exacerbations, level of control, severity and response to treatment in the short and long term. Very few studies using adequate sample sizes and methods have been performed comparing the accuracy of IOS to spirometry for the diagnosis of asthma. Our systematic review found only four studies that met the eligibility criteria. However, no meta-analysis was possible with the available data. Consequently, this review helps to identify research gaps involving IOS, highlighting opportunities for future studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2016.09.002DOI Listing
June 2017

Reduced sputum expression of interferon-stimulated genes in severe COPD.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2016 30;11:1485-94. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) Liege, Groupe Interdisciplinaire de Génoprotéomique Appliquée (GIGA) I University of Liege, Belgium.

Background: Exacerbations of COPD are frequent and commonly triggered by respiratory tract infections. The purpose of our study was to investigate innate immunity in stable COPD patients.

Methods: Induced sputum was collected from 51 stable consecutive COPD patients recruited from the COPD Clinic of CHU Liege and 35 healthy subjects. Expression of interferons beta (IFN-β) and lambda1 (IL-29), IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) MxA, OAS, and viperin were measured in total sputum cells by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The presence of Picornaviruses was assessed by RT-PCR, while potential pathogenic microorganisms (PPM) were identified by sputum bacteriology.

Results: Expression of IL-29 was found in 16 of 51 COPD patients (31%) and in nine of 35 healthy subjects (26%), while IFN-β was detected in six of 51 COPD patients (12%) and in two of 35 healthy subjects (6%). ISGs were easily detectable in both groups. In the whole group of COPD patients, OAS expression was decreased (P<0.05), while that of viperin was increased (P<0.01) compared to healthy subjects. No difference was found with respect to MxA. COPD patients from group D of Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) had reduced expression of all three ISGs (P<0.01 for MxA, P<0.05 for OAS, and P<0.01 for viperin) as compared to those of group B patients. Picornaviruses were detected in eight of 51 (16%) COPD patients vs four of 33 (12%) healthy subjects, while PPM were detected in seven of 39 (18%) COPD patients and associated with raised sputum neutrophil counts. IFN-β expression was raised when either picornavirus or PPM were detected (P=0.06), but no difference was seen regarding IL-29 or ISGs.

Conclusion: ISGs expression was reduced in severe COPD that may favor exacerbation and contribute to disease progress by altering response to infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S105948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4934534PMC
August 2017

MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY DUE TO AIDS: A STUDY OF BURDEN OF DISEASE AT A MUNICIPAL LEVEL.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2015 Sep-Oct;57(5):407-11

Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brasil.

Introduction: The purpose of measuring the burden of disease involves aggregating morbidity and mortality components into a single indicator, the disability-adjusted life year (DALY), to measure how much and how people live and suffer the impact of a disease.

Objective: To estimate the global burden of disease due to AIDS in a municipality of southern Brazil.

Methods: An ecological study was conducted in 2009 to examine the incidence and AIDS-related deaths among the population residing in the city of Tubarao, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Data from the Mortality Information System in the National Health System was used to calculate the years of life lost (YLL) due to premature mortality. The calculation was based on the difference between a standardized life expectancy and age at death, with a discount rate of 3% per year. Data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases were used to calculate the years lived with disability (YLD). The DALY was estimated by the sum of YLL and YLD. Indicator rates were estimated per 100,000 inhabitants, distributed by age and gender.

Results: A total of 131 records were examined, and a 572.5 DALYs were estimated, which generated a rate of 593.1 DALYs/100,000 inhabitants. The rate among men amounted to 780.7 DALYs/100,000, whereas among women the rate was 417.1 DALYs/100,000. The most affected age groups were 30-44 years for men and 60-69 years for women.

Conclusion: The burden of disease due to AIDS in the city of Tubarao was relatively high when considering the global trend. The mortality component accounted for more than 90% of the burden of disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652015000500006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4660449PMC
April 2016

Indicators of violence and asthma: An ecological study.

Allergol Int 2015 Oct 11;64(4):344-50. Epub 2015 May 11.

Medicine Course, University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL), Palhoça, Brazil; Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, UNISUL, Palhoça, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Global studies on asthma point to socioeconomic status as one of the main variables in terms of prevalence and disease severity in various parts of the world. Social factors related to community violence have been linked to higher incidence of asthma in the current studies. This study investigates the relationship between indicators of both community violence and development and hospital admissions due to asthma.

Methods: This was an analytical ecological study of multiple groups, using public databases with information up until 2006. All Brazilian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants were considered as units of analysis. The main index used as socioeconomic indicator was the FIRJAN Index of Municipal Development (FIMD). The Index of Youth Vulnerability to Violence (IYVV) was used as indicators of community violence. The rate of admissions due to asthma was used as the outcome. Pearson's correlation was used for multivariate analyses. The coefficient of determination (R(2)) was calculated and the simple linear regression model adjusted for significant correlations.

Results: There was an inverse correlation between asthma admissions and FIMD (r = -0.354, p < 0.001), with statistical significance for all dimensions of the index. Admissions due to asthma were associated with the IYVV (r = 0.240, p < 0.001) and its component related to school attendance and employment (r = 0.315, p < 0.001), homicides (r = 0.112, p = 0.034), and poverty (r = 0.303, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: There was a direct correlation between indicators of violence and rates of admission due asthma, and an inverse correlation with indicators of development. These results suggest that social detriment can act as a risk factor for hospital admissions due to asthma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2015.04.003DOI Listing
October 2015

Diagnosis of asthma: the challenge goes on.

J Asthma 2016 24;53(2):113. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

a Postgraduation Program in Health Sciences, University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL) , Palhoça, Santa Catarina , Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02770903.2015.1060610DOI Listing
July 2016

Oral health status and its impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents living with HIV-1.

BMC Res Notes 2014 Jul 28;7:478. Epub 2014 Jul 28.

Graduate Program in Health Sciences, University of Southern Santa Catarina, 88704-900 Tubarão, SC, Brazil.

Background: Oral health problems can generate considerable negative effects on the quality of life of individuals living with HIV. The aim of this study was investigate the oral health status and its impact on the quality of life of 1 to 18 years-old living with HIV-1 under follow-up at referral centers in Southern Brazil.

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving individuals under follow-up (n = 36) was carried out. The individuals living with HIV-1 and their guardians underwent individual interviews using validated questionnaires for assessing oral health-related quality of life according to age group. Clinical oral examinations were performed to establish oral health status, in terms of caries and treatment need, HIV-1-related gingival as well as stomatological changes. Medical records were reviewed searching for clinical history of the infection and the presence of HIV-1-related diseases. Association studies between frequent/very frequent oral health-related impact on quality of life and independent variables were performed using Fisher's exact test.

Results: The prevalence of frequent/very frequent oral health-related impact on quality of life was 69.0%. The prevalence of caries was 75.9%. Gingival changes were present in 20.7% of the individuals. Dental treatment was needed in 72.4% of the patients. HIV-1-related disease was present in 55.2%. The variables significantly associated with the prevalence of frequent/very frequent impact on oral health-related quality of life were dental treatment need (p = 0.037) and being more than 12 years of age (p = 0.041).

Conclusions: Individuals living with HIV-1 with need for dental treatment and those over 12-years of age reported a statistically higher frequency of frequent/very frequent oral health-related impact on quality of life.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-7-478DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4118649PMC
July 2014

Allergic diseases in subjects under 18 years living with HIV.

Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 2014 7;10(1):35. Epub 2014 Jul 7.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, University of Southern Santa Catarina, Avenida José Acácio Moreira, nº 787, Bairro Dehon, Tubarão, Santa Catarina Postal code: 88704-900, Brazil.

Background: In recent decades there has been an increase in the prevalence of allergic disease. Manifestations of these diseases have allegedly been observed in people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), however, few studies have been directed at patients under 18 years old. In this context, the aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of allergic disease in patients under 18 years old, living with HIV, and to investigate the relationship between clinico-immunological characteristics of the HIV infection and atopy.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study involving patients under 18 years of age who were followed up by specialized HIV services in the Southern Region of the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from February to October 2012. Data collection tools included a questionnaire established by the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), socio-demographic data, as well as laboratory test results obtained from the medical records. Blood samples were taken to measure total serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and a Radioallergosorbent Test (RAST) for the main aeroallergens. Analysis was performed using Student's t test, chi-squared, Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney tests, wherever indicated, with p < 0.05 value considered significant.

Results: 29 individuals were evaluated. The prevalence of symptoms of allergic disease was 65.5% (95% CI 56.1-74.8), the most frequent being rhinitis 44.8% (95% CI 35.0-54.5), followed by asthma 37.9% (95% CI 28.3-47.4) and eczema 27.6% (95% CI 18.8-36.3). RAST was positive in 20.7% of the individuals. There was no significant difference in terms of total serum IgE between individuals with and without symptoms of allergic disease. Nevertheless, a high frequency of raised levels of total serum IgE (40.7%) and an association between raised IgE and clinical staging of disease were observed. A further association between CD8+ cell count and prevalence of symptomatic allergic disease (p = 0.014) was observed.

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of reported allergic disease, as well as a high frequency of raised levels of total serum IgE. The association between CD8+ cell count and the prevalence of symptomatic allergic disease corroborates studies that demonstrated the role of such cells in the development of allergic disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1710-1492-10-35DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4105162PMC
July 2014

Burden of AIDS in a Brazilian state.

J Infect Public Health 2014 Jul-Aug;7(4):308-13. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences, UNISUL, Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: To estimate the burden of a disease implies the simultaneous quantification of the impact of early mortality and the health problems that affect the individual's quality of life, and this evaluation can be particularly important in a disease such as AIDS that has become a long-term disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the burden of disease due to AIDS in the Brazilian Southern State of Santa Catarina.

Methods: An ecological designed study was performed using death and AIDS notifications data for 2009. The disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were estimated by the sum of years of life lost (YLL) and the years lived with disability (YLD). The YLL was estimated as the difference between the life expectancy from birth and the age at death with the application of a discount rate of 3% per year. The YLD was estimated as the product of the Burden of Disease Study's weight for AIDS of 0.167 and its average duration of 108 months in Brazil for the incident cases. The YLL, YLD and DALY rates were calculated per 100,000 inhabitants by sex and age groups.

Results: There were 2034 notified cases and 689 deaths due to AIDS reported. There were 15,756.5 YLLs estimated, resulting in 257.5 YLLs/100,000 inhabitants, and 4554.1 YLDs were estimated, resulting in 74.4 YLDs/100,000 inhabitants. The DALY was estimated at 20,310.6, with a rate of 331.9 DALYs/100,000 inhabitants. The highest rates were observed in males in the age groups 30-44 and 45-59 years.

Conclusions: The burden of AIDS was high and was observed mainly in adults, with a predominance in males.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2014.03.003DOI Listing
March 2015

Factors associated with hepatitis C seropositivity in people living with HIV.

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2014 Jan;35(1):53-9

Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil,

Objective: To identify risk factors associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) seropositivity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients.

Methods: A paired case-control study adjusted by age and gender was conducted. It included adults coinfected with HIV and HCV (cases) and HIV mono-infected subjects (controls) using non-probability sampling. Data were collected through interviews and review of medical records. The chi-square test was used for comparing categorical variables and the Student's t-test or Wilcoxon (Mann-Whitney U) test for continuous variables. Confidence intervals (95%) were estimated along with crude and adjusted odds ratios using conditional logistic regression.

Results: A total of 165 patients were surveyed, including 55 cases and 110 controls. The mean age was 43.6 ± 8.4 years, ranging from 19 to 64 years; 70.9% were male. Independent risk factors for HIV/HCV coinfection were education (up to eight years of schooling); age at first intercourse < 15 years; having undergone tattooing; blood transfusion; and use of injecting drugs.

Conclusions: Low level of education, early age at first sexual intercourse, tattooing, blood transfusions, and sharing needles and other drug injection equipment were factors that increased the risk of HIV/HCV coinfection. The results from this research can be compared with similar data from other regions to help direct preventive and educational efforts targeting people living with HIV.
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January 2014

Quality of life of patients with hepatitis C.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2012 Oct;45(5):553-7

Curso de Graduação em Medicina, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC.

Introduction: Self-report on the quality of life (QOL) is increasingly studied in the evaluation of various diseases, especially in chronic ones. However, there are few data in the literature focusing the QOL of patients living with chronic hepatitis C. The objective of this study was to evaluate the QOL in patients with hepatitis C assessed by the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL)-bref scale.

Methods: One hundred and eight hepatitis C patients attending the Outpatient Healthcare Medical Specialties in Tubarão, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, were contacted from May 2010 to February 2011. Patients answered the WHOQOL-bref scale and a questionnaire about their treatment and risk factors to hepatitis C virus (VHC) infection.

Results: Although most of patients with chronic hepatitis C considered their QoL good or very good (58.1%), 47 (44.8%) patients were poorly or very poorly satisfied with their health. About the WHOQOL answers, the environment domain had the highest score (25.15 + 5.77), while the lowest score was the social relationships domain (9.19 + 2.5). There was statistically significant association between household income and quality of life in all domains (p<0.001) and statistically significant association between education and the physical, psychological and social domains of quality of life (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Based on the answers given in WHOQOL-bref, patients with chronic hepatitis C have a generally poor QOL, especially in social relationship domain. Household income and educational level were factors that interfered significantly with patients' QOL assessment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0037-86822012000500003DOI Listing
October 2012

Quality of life of people living with HIV.

AIDS Care 2013 23;25(1):71-6. Epub 2012 May 23.

Department of Medicine, University of Southern Santa Catarina (UNISUL), Palhoça/SC, Brazil.

HIV infection is a global growing pandemic, and it is considered a public health problem. Treatment advances improved survival rates for HIV-infected individuals, although not always with a good quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to assess the QoL of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the city of São José, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was performed involving a convenience sample of 85 individuals. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect sociodemographic information, treatment length and period of infection. The WHOQoL-HIV-Bref instrument was used to assess QoL. The collected data were first described in proportions, means, median and percentiles. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used to test association between the perception of poor QoL taking the first quartile of the distribution of values with gender, age, education level, marital status, period of diagnosis, infection status, self-rated health status and believing to be ill or not. The p values were established at <0.05. The found mean score of WHOQoL-HIV-Bref was 14.1 (SD = 2.9). Lower education level (p=0.011) and believing to be ill (p<0.001) were associated with poor QoL. Also lower education level was associated with poor QoL in the psychological (p=0.020) and environment (p=0.047) domains; being diagnosed with HIV infection within the past five years (p=0.029) was found to be associated with poor QoL in the social relationships domain; and believing to be ill was associated with all domains (physical: p<0.001; psychological: p=0.022; level of independence: p=0.009; social relationships: p=0.009; environment: p=0.005; and spirituality/religion/personal beliefs: p=0.021). It could be concluded that in general, PLHIV have a good QoL. A poor QoL was associated mainly with lower education level and when they believe to be ill.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2012.686594DOI Listing
April 2013

Antibody levels in children after 10 years of vaccination against hepatitis B: a Brazilian community-based study.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2012 Mar-Apr;45(2):260-2

Departamento de Medicina, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC.

Introduction: It is known that the hepatitis B (HB) vaccine is effective, but it is alarming that sudden drops of antibody levels may coincide with the onset of adolescence.

Methods: Antibody levels against HB vaccine surface antigen (anti-HBs) and HB vaccine core antigen (anti-HBc) were measured on the blood samples of children with a mean age of 11.4 years.

Results: About 54.8% had protective levels of anti-HBs. Of those who were anti-HBc-positive (4.4%), an average of 218.4 anti-HBs mIU/mL was found.

Conclusions: Immunological protection was found in the majority of children. However, more studies are needed to elucidate the heritability of nonresponders and establish strategies against such events.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0037-86822012000200024DOI Listing
October 2012

[Latex-induced anaphylactic reaction in a patient undergoing open appendectomy. Case report].

Rev Bras Anestesiol 2011 May-Jun;61(3):360-6

Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina.

Background And Objective: Despite the increase of latex allergy in general population, severe anaphylactic events during some surgical procedures are still rare; however, they are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients affected by this event represent a challenge for anesthesiologists. The objective of this report was to describe a case of severe latex induced anaphylactic reaction and discuss its diagnosis and treatment.

Case Report: This is a 39-year-old Caucasian female patient, with a diagnostic suspicion of appendicitis, who underwent an emergency surgery under spinal anesthesia. Approximately 30 minutes after beginning the surgery, the patient developed an anaphylactic reaction with cardiorespiratory arrest, which was reversed after treatment. Possible causative agents were isolated and, posteriorly, the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit, evolving without sequelae. Latex-specific IgE-RAST (Radioallergosorbent Test) was positive. The patient was referred to an allergist for follow-up.

Conclusions: Anesthesiologists should focus on patient's history, even in urgent procedures, being aware of the limitations arising on these situations. The prognosis of anaphylaxis depends on prompt initiation of adequate treatment; diagnosis is not limited to the event occasion, but to the determination of the causative factor. Creating the means of following-up these patients, similar to other international centers, seems to be the example to be followed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-7094(11)70043-5DOI Listing
November 2011

Acute pancreatitis during interferon-alpha and ribavirin treatment for hepatitis C.

BMJ Case Rep 2009 20;2009. Epub 2009 Mar 20.

UNISUL - Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Medicine, Av Pedra Branca, 25, Cidade Universitária Pedra Branca, Palhoça, 88132-000, Brazil.

A patient treated with interferon-alpha and ribavirin for hepatitis C, who developed acute pancreatitis, is presented here along with a literature review. A 45-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to the intensive care unit because of an acute pancreatitis. According to the adverse drug reaction probability scale, it is probable that pancreatitis was induced by treatment (interferon and ribavirin) for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) commenced 2 months ago. We performed a literature search of all available English-language articles published on MEDLINE between January 1966 and July 2008 using the key terms "acute pancreatitis", "interferon" and "ribavirin"; only four papers were found with a total of 13 reported cases demonstrating acute pancreatitis developed during treatment for CHC. Looking out for the minimal clinical signs and symptoms of acute pancreatitis in patients with CHC using interferon and ribavirin can help to detect this relevant and rare adverse drug reaction early.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr.09.2008.0998DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3029912PMC
November 2011