Publications by authors named "Jan Kirk Carney"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A Peer-Based Strategy to Overcome HPV Vaccination Inequities in Rural Communities: A Physical Distancing-Compliant Approach.

Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr 2021 ;31(1):61-69

KM Consulting, New Jersey, USA.

The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is the world's first proven and effective vaccine to prevent cancers in males and females when administered pre-exposure. Like most of the US, barely half of Vermont teens are up-to-date with the vaccination, with comparable deficits in New Hampshire and Maine. The rates for HPV vaccine initiation and completion are as low as 33% in rural New England. Consequently, there is a compelling responsibility to communicate its importance to unvaccinated teenagers before their risk for infection increases. Messaging in rural areas promoting HPV vaccination is compromised by community-based characteristics that include access to appropriate medical care, poor media coverage, parental and peer influence, and skepticism of science and medicine. Current strategies are predominantly passive access to literature and Internet-based information. Evidence indicates that performance-based messaging can clarify the importance of HPV vaccination to teenagers and their parents in rural areas. Increased HPV vaccination will significantly contribute to the prevention of a broadening spectrum of cancers. Reducing rurality-based inequities is a public health priority. Development of a performance-based peer-communication intervention can capture a window of opportunity to provide increasingly effective and sustained HPV protection. An effective approach can be partnering rural schools and regional health teams with a program that is nimble and scalable to respond to public health policies and practices compliant with COVID-19 pandemic-related modifications on physical distancing and interacting in the foreseeable future.
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March 2021

Relationship of uric acid with progression of kidney disease.

Am J Kidney Dis 2007 Aug;50(2):239-47

Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA.

Background: Uric acid levels are increased in patients with kidney dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that uric acid may be associated with kidney disease progression.

Study Design: Cohort study.

Setting & Participants: 5,808 participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study.

Predictor: Uric acid levels.

Outcomes & Measurements: Kidney disease progression was defined as a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 3 mL/min/1.73 m(2) per year or greater (>or=0.05 mL/s) and as incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). Measures of kidney function were estimated GFR using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation.

Results: Higher quintiles of uric acid levels were associated with greater prevalences of estimated GFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) (<1.00 mL/s) of 7%, 14%, 12%, 25%, and 42% for quintiles 1 (6.90 mg/dL [>410 micromol/L]), respectively. In comparison, there was only a modest, but significant, association between quintiles of uric acid levels and progression of kidney function decrease, with adjusted odds ratios of 1.0, 0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64 to 1.21), 1.23 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.75), 1.47 (95% CI, 1.04 to 2.07), and 1.49 (95% CI, 1.00 to 2.22) for quintiles 1 through 5, respectively. No significant association was found between uric acid level and incident CKD (adjusted odds ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.89 to 1.14).

Limitations: Measurements of albuminuria were not available.

Conclusions: Uric acid levels are associated strongly with prevalent CKD. In comparison, greater uric acid levels had a significant, but much weaker, association with progression of kidney disease.
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August 2007