Publications by authors named "Jan Henrik Beckmann"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mucinous Cystic Neoplasm of Pancreas in a Pregnant Woman Presenting with Severe Anemia and Gastric Bleeding: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 6;9(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Campus Kiel, University Medical Center UKSH, Arnold-Heller-Straße 3, Haus C, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Mucinous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are uncommon and especially their occurrence during pregnancy is an extremely rare event which necessitates an individualized and interdisciplinary management. A 33-year old woman was referred to our department during her third trimester of pregnancy (34th week of gestation) with severe anemia and tarry stools. Based on gastroscopic findings, our interdisciplinary team suspected a gastrointestinal stromal tumor and therefore indicated a prompt delivery via cesarean section completed with an oncological resection of the neoplasm. Histological examination subsequently showed a mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas with no evidence of malignancy. To review the prevalence of mucinous cystic neoplasms and to discuss diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy. Moreover, we critically value the indication of preterm delivery and the oncological procedure in the perspective of outcome for mother and infant. A bleeding gastrointestinal tumor during pregnancy represents a life-threatening risk for mother and infant and requires an immediate interdisciplinary treatment. The urgency and radicality of the therapy should be adapted according to individual findings. As our patient's tumor was suspected of having a malignant progression, an extensive surgical intervention was necessary.
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May 2021

Usability of Indocyanine Green in Robot-Assisted Hepatic Surgery.

J Clin Med 2021 Jan 25;10(3). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Deptpartment Of General, Abdominal, Thoracic, Transplantation and Pediatric Surgery, Campus Kiel, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Arnold-Heller-Straße 3, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Recent developments in robotic surgery have led to an increasing number of robot-assisted hepatobiliary procedures. However, a limitation of robotic surgery is the missing haptic feedback. The fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG) may help in this context, which accumulates in hepatocellular cancers and around hepatic metastasis. ICG accumulation may be visualized by a near-infrared camera integrated into some robotic systems, helping to perform surgery more accurately. We aimed to test the feasibility of preoperative ICG application and its intraoperative use in patients suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma and metastasis of colorectal cancer, but also of other origins. In a single-arm, single-center feasibility study, we tested preoperative ICG application and its intraoperative use in patients undergoing robot-assisted hepatic resections. Twenty patients were included in the final analysis. ICG staining helped in most cases by detecting a clear lesion or additional metastases or when performing an R0 resection. However, it has limitations if applied too late before surgery and in patients suffering from severe liver cirrhosis. ICG staining may serve as a beneficial intraoperative aid in patients undergoing robot-assisted hepatic surgery. Dose and time of application and standardized fluorescence intensity need to be further determined.
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January 2021

Robotic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Procedure Guide.

JSLS 2020 Oct-Dec;24(4)

University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Department of General, Visceral-, Thoracic-, Transplantation-, and Pediatric Surgery, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Purpose: This is a step-by-step procedural guide to help new and unexperienced surgeons with the implementation of a robotic program for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity.

Methods: Based on our vast robotic experience, we present our standardized technique and also, with a PubMed research, discuss the different surgical aspects.

Results: We present our trainings pathway towards the first robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, a step-by-step procedural guide with helpful hints when it comes to troubleshooting and also discuss some surgical aspects.

Conclusion: The robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is safe and feasible, and might offer some advantages in comparison to the laparoscopic approach.
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April 2021

Treatment with Ceftriaxone in Complicated Diverticulitis Increases the Incidence of Intra-Abdominal Detection.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 Jun 28;22(5):543-550. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

Complicated diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon typically is treated by resection after initial antibiotic treatment. Third-generation cephalosporins are the drugs of choice but are not effective against enterococci and can induce colonic colonization by within hours. Infections caused by enterococci, especially , are difficult to treat but should be considered in the strategic treatment planning of hospital-acquired peritonitis (e.g., anastomotic leakage), especially in immunocompromised patients. To determine whether the duration of pre-operative ceftriaxone treatment in complicated diverticulitis increases the incidence of intra-abdominal detection, we analyzed all patients operated on for diverticulitis of the sigmoid colon in our department between 2008 and 2016. Analyzing 516 resections performed for complicated diverticulitis, we found that generally was detected intra-abdominally more often in the group that underwent longer pre-operative ceftriaxone treatment (≥ 4 days). During primary resection, was detected in 2.7%, 11.1%, and 37.0% cases in the group undergoing immediate operation, 1-3 days of antibiotic treatment, and ≥4 days of antibiotic treatment, respectively. was detected in 0, 25.0%, and 70.6% of surgical revisions and 28.6%, 14.3%, and 56.0%, respectively, of incisional surgical site infections with identified pathogens. A multivariable analysis discovered anastomotic leakage and antibiotic treatment lasting ≥4 days to be independent risk factors for intra-abdominal isolation of . A ceftriaxone treatment ≥4 days led to a higher incidence of intra-abdominal . Our data further suggested that empiric coverage of in the treatment of hospital-acquired peritonitis could be beneficial after a long duration of ceftriaxone treatment.
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June 2021

Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy: A standardized operative technique in 11 steps.

Int J Med Robot 2021 Feb 16;17(1):1-10. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Department for General, Visceral-, Thoracic-, Transplantation-, and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.

Synopsis: Standardization of robotic oesophagectomy can benefit both patients and surgeons by decreasing complications, shortening the learning curve and improving surgical training.

Background: Thoraco-abdominal oesophagectomy with lymphadenectomy is the cornerstone of curative therapy for oesophageal carcinoma. To reduce post-operative morbidity, minimally invasive technology has become increasingly established. Conventional thoraco-laparoscopic procedures, however, are limited by their technical feasibility. These limitations can be overcome using robot-assisted technology.

Methods: Robotic Ivor-Lewis oesophageal resection has gradually been implemented in our clinic from 2013. We have performed over 250 robot-assisted minimally invasive oesophagectomies and more than 2000 robotic procedures overall. This experience allowed us to establish a standardized operative technique.

Results: We identified 11 operative steps as key elements for oesophageal resection, which should help implementation of this technique and allow surgeons to approach this complex procedure with greater confidence.

Conclusion: Standardization is fundamental to the establishment of a new surgical technique and is a key element in the learning curve of Ivor-Lewis oesophageal resection. Standardization can lead to better reproducibility of results, and thus to improved quality.
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February 2021

Pros and Cons of Robotic Revisional Bariatric Surgery.

Visc Med 2020 Jun 15;36(3):238-245. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of General, Visceral-, Thoracic-, Transplantation-, and Pediatric Surgery, Kurt-Semm Center for Laparoscopic and Robotic Assisted Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

Introduction: Revisional procedures in bariatric surgery are regarded as technically more demanding and riskier than primary interventions. While the use of the surgical robot has not yet proven to be advantageous in primary bariatric interventions, the question remains whether its use is justified for more complex revisional procedures.

Objective: To show that revisional bariatric surgery can be performed safely using the da Vinci® Xi surgical system.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data for revisional bariatric procedures between January 2016 and November 2019.

Results: Of 78 revision operations, four (5.1%) were performed by open surgery, 30 (38.5%) by laparoscopic surgery, and 44 (56.4%) by robotic surgery. A comparative analysis of robotic ( = 41) versus laparoscopic ( = 18) revisional Roux-en-Y gastric bypasses (rRYGB) revealed significant differences favoring the robotic approach for operative time (130.7 vs. 167.6 min), C-reactive protein values at days 1 (27.9 vs. 49.1 mg/L) and 2 (48.2 vs. 83.6 mg/L) after surgery, and length of stay (4.9 vs. 6.2 days). Lower complication rates (Clavien-Dindo II-V) were found after rRRYGB (7.3 vs. 22.2%, not significant).

Conclusions: Revisional bariatric surgery using a robotic system is safe. The operative time performing rRRYGB is significantly shorter than rLRYGB in our experience. Otherwise, results were largely comparable. Due to different indications, different index operations and a wide range of revisional procedures, further studies are necessary to confirm these results.
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June 2020

The Impact of Robotics in Learning Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Retrospective Analysis of 214 Laparoscopic and Robotic Procedures : Robotic Vs. Laparoscopic RYGB.

Obes Surg 2020 06;30(6):2403-2410

Department of General, Visceral, Thoracic, Transplantation, and Pediatric Surgery, Kurt-Semm Center for Laparoscopic and Robotic Assisted Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 3, 24105, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is commonly used to manage obesity, performed using laparoscopic or robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery. As the prevalence of robotic bariatric surgery increases, further data is required to justify its use.

Methods: This was a large, retrospective analysis of prospectively recorded data for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedures performed using laparoscopic (LRYGB) or robotic (RRYGB; da Vinci Xi system, Intuitive Surgical Sàrl) surgery between January 2016 and March 2019. The surgical techniques did not differ apart from different trocar placements. Data collected included patient characteristics before and after RYGB, operative outcomes and complications.

Results: In total, 114 RRYGB and 108 LRYGB primary surgeries were performed. There were no significant differences between the groups, apart from a significantly shorter duration of surgery (116.9 vs. 128.9 min, respectively), lower C-reactive protein values at days 1 (31.1 vs. 44.1 mg/l) and 2 (50.3 vs. 77.8 mg/l) after the intervention, and overall complication rate (4.4 vs. 12.0%, Clavien-Dindo classification II-V) with RRYGB compared with LRYGB. There was a lower hemoglobin value in the postoperative course after RRYGB (12.1 vs. 12.6 g/dl, day 2).

Conclusions: In our experience, robotic RYGB has proven to be safe and efficient, with a shorter duration of surgery and lower rate of complications than laparoscopic RYGB. RRYGB is easier to learn and seems safer in less experienced centers. Increasing experience with the robotic system can reduce the duration of surgery over time. Further studies with higher evidence level are necessary to confirm our results.
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June 2020

Use of barbed sutures in robotic bariatric bypass surgery: a single-center case series.

BMC Surg 2019 Jul 23;19(1):97. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of General, Visceral-, Thoracic-, Transplantation-, and Pediatric Surgery, Kurt-Semm Center for Laparoscopic and Robotic Assisted Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold Heller Strasse 3, 24105, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Surgical robots are increasingly being used in bariatric surgery. While several studies describe the safety of using barbed sutures in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, no reports are available for robotic bariatric procedures. The aim of our article is to determine whether barbed sutures can be used safely in robotic Roux-en-Y bypass (RYGB) surgery.

Methods: This was a single-center, single-surgeon case series of RYGB procedures using the da Vinci® Xi Surgical System (Intuitive Surgery, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) in combination with the use of barbed sutures (Stratafix, Ethicon, Johnson & Johnson, Cincinnati, OH, USA).

Results: Fifty robotic proximal and distal RYGB surgeries were performed. A linear stapled, side-to-side gastrojejunostomy was carried out, whereby the enterotomy was completed with a running resorbable unidirectional barbed suture, Stratafix 2-0. In one case after robotic proximal RYGB, revision surgery was required due to omentum necrosis. Another patient was readmitted due to gastrointestinal bleeding from anastomosis. No anastomotic insufficiencies, no stenoses, or higher-grade complications according to Clavien-Dindo 4a-5 were found.

Conclusions: We found that the use of self-fixing barbed sutures in robotic RYGB is safe. The self-fixing suture enables the robotic surgeon to perform a simple continuous suture without the need for recurrent retraction. Although we are the first to report this procedure, we had a low number of cases and no control group; thus, further studies with a higher level of evidence are required.
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July 2019

Robot-assisted cervical esophagectomy (RACE procedure) using a single port combined with a transhiatal approach in a rendezvous technique: a case series.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2019 May 23;404(3):353-358. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department for General, Visceral, Thoracic, Transplantation, and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Difficulties in thoracic access and the risk of pulmonary complications are major problems in esophageal surgery. Transhiatal techniques have been described to avoid the thoracic approach, but their oncological radicality continues to be questioned. A combination of a cervical and transhiatal approach, however, appears promising. We describe the technique of a robot-assisted cervical esophagectomy (RACE procedure), combined with a transhiatal approach in a rendezvous technique.

Methods: The da Vinci Xi® robotic system was docked in a single port technique via a cervical approach. The upper third of the esophagus and the surrounding lymphatic tissue was dissected thoracically. Subsequently, the system was docked abdominally to allow us to completely dissect the esophagus in the rendezvous procedure.

Results: The patients (n = 4) suffered no trauma or injury to surrounding structures during the procedure, and sensitive structures were preserved. Almost no robot arm collision occurred, and the arms did not contact the patients' head or shoulders. No patient converted to conventional robotic-assisted transthoracic esophagectomy. Complications included anastomotic leakage (n = 1), transient palsy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (n = 1), and pneumonia (n = 1).

Conclusions: The cervical approach to esophagectomy allows comfortable preparation and facilitates transhiatal access, while the rendezvous procedure enables easy identification of the cranial dissection plane. The degrees of freedom of movement of the robotic instruments allow for precise and controlled preparation, and the latest technology minimizes the risk of robot arm collision in single-excision surgery. This combined, robot-assisted approach appears to be a promising procedure for esophagectomy.
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May 2019

Histologic improvement of NAFLD in patients with obesity after bariatric surgery based on standardized NAS (NAFLD activity score).

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2018 Oct 24;14(10):1607-1616. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of General, Visceral, Thoracic, Transplantation and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder in industrialized countries. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is the fastest growing cause for liver failure. Bariatric surgery represents a treatment option for NAFLD with an established effect on liver histology.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery on standardized liver histology using the NAFLD activity score.

Setting: Retrospective comparison of metabolic data before and after bariatric surgery and comparison of sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The study was performed in an academic center, the university hospital Schleswig-Holstein in Kiel, Germany.

Methods: Between 2009 and 2012, bariatric surgery was performed in 257 patients according to the national guidelines, and a liver biopsy was obtained in 150 of these patients during surgery. A follow-up biopsy was available in 53 of these patients at a median of 192 days. Liver histology was analyzed using the NAFLD activity score. In this subgroup of 53 patients an analysis of the metabolic improvement after bariatric surgery and a comparative analysis between the 2 different operative procedures was performed.

Results: The study cohort showed improvement of preoperative pathologic liver histology findings after operative procedures took place. Both surgery methods improved the NAFLD activity score significantly, all improvement -2.0 (confidence interval -2.5 to -1.0; P < .001); Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, improvement -1.0 (confidence interval -2.0 to -.0; P = .038); sleeve gastrectomy, improvement -2.5 (confidence interval -3.5 to -1.5; P < .001). No differences were found with regard to histologic recovery between gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy (P = .22).

Conclusions: Bariatric surgery significantly improves NAFLD.
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October 2018

Robotic-assisted total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer results in a significantly higher quality of TME specimen compared to the laparoscopic approach-report of a single-center experience.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2018 Nov 4;33(11):1575-1581. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral-, Thorax-, Transplantations- und Kinderchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, 24105, Kiel, Germany.

Aim: Robotic surgery allows for a better visualization and more precise dissection especially in the narrow male pelvis and mid and lower third of the rectum. However, superiority to laparoscopic TME has yet to be proven. We therefore analyzed short-term outcomes of laparoscopic and robotic low anterior rectal resection for rectal cancer.

Patients And Methods: From 2011 to 2016, 44 robotic (RTME) and 41 laparoscopic (LTME) low anterior rectal resection with total mesorectal excision were performed at a single institution. Specimen quality was assessed and reported by an independent pathologist following international guidelines.

Results: The groups did not differ significantly regarding gender, age, ASA stage, BMI, and distance of the lower tumor margin from the anal verge. More patients in the RTME group underwent preoperative chemoradiation (43.2 vs. 19.5%, p = 0.019). The quality of the TME specimen was significantly better in the RTME group (complete/nearly complete/incomplete for RTME 97/0/3% and for LTME 78/17/5%, p = 0.03). The conversion rate tended to be lower in the RTME group (7 vs. 17%, p = 0.143). There was no difference in CRM positivity between the groups.

Conclusion: Robotic surgery is safe and can improve the quality of TME for rectal cancer compared to laparoscopy. Any effect on long-term survival remains to be established.
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November 2018