Publications by authors named "Jamie Huston"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparative outcomes of transthoracic versus transhiatal esophagectomy.

Surgery 2021 07 22;170(1):263-270. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Sarasota Memorial Institute for Cancer Care, Florida State University College of Medicine, Sarasota, FL. Electronic address:

Background: Surgical resection has become a mainstay of therapy for locally advanced esophageal cancer and can increase survival significantly. With the advancement of minimally invasive surgery, there is still debate on the best approach for esophagectomy. We report a modern analysis of outcomes with transthoracic versus transhiatal esophagectomy.

Methods: A prospectively managed esophagectomy database was queried for patients undergoing transthoracic or transhiatal esophagectomy between 1996 and 2016. Continuous variables were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis or the analysis of variance tests as appropriate. Pearson χ test was used to compare categorical variables. All statistical tests were 2-sided and an α (type I) error < .05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 846 patients underwent esophagectomy with a median age of 66 (28-86) years. There was no difference in estimated blood loss for transthoracic and transhiatal, but mean operating room times were longer for transthoracic versus transhiatal (P < .001), and the number of retrieved lymph nodes was higher for transthoracic versus transhiatal (P < .002). Postoperative complications occurred in 207 (29%) transthoracic patients vs 59 (44.7%) transhiatal patients, (P < .001). The most common complications in transthoracic versus transhiatal techniques, respectively, were anastomotic leaks: 4.3% vs 9.8%; (P = .01), anastomotic stricture 7% vs 26.5%; (P < .001), and pneumonia 12.6% vs 22.7%; (P < .002). Median survival significantly improved in patients undergoing transthoracic (62 months) vs transhiatal (39 months) P = .03.

Conclusion: We found that a transthoracic approach was associated with lower pneumonias, anastomotic leaks, wound infections, and strictures, with an improvement in nodal harvest. Survival was also significantly improved in patients who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2021.02.036DOI Listing
July 2021

Multi-agent neoadjuvant chemotherapy improves response and survival in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2020 Oct;11(5):1078-1089

Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Background: We sought to examine the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT), single agent (SA) or multi-agent (MA) chemotherapy, and chemoradiation (NCRT) on response and survival in pancreatic cancer.

Methods: Utilizing the National Cancer Database, we identified patients who underwent resection of the pancreatic head for adenocarcinoma [2006-2013]. Overall survival (OS) analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable cox proportional hazard models (MVA) and propensity score matching (PSM) were developed to identify predictors of survival. For upfront surgery (UFS), OS was limited to receipt of adjuvant treatment.

Results: We identified 26,563 patients who underwent pancreatic head resection: UFS =23,877, NCRT =1,482, and NCT =1,204. MA-NCT was utilized in 77% and after PSM, 52%. There was improved R0 resections and 30-day mortality associated with neoadjuvant therapy compared to UFS. Overall response rate to neoadjuvant therapy was 24%. The highest response rate seen with MA-NCRT. Response rates for SA-NCT, MA-NCT, SA-NCRT, and MA-NCRT were 11.5%, 18.1%, 27.5%, and 33.1% (P=0.01). However, OS was improved with neoadjuvant therapy regardless of response compared to UFS (P=0.03). After PSM, the median OS for UFS, SA-NCT, MA-NCT, SA-NCRT, and MA-NCRT was 21.9, 21.5, 29.8, 25.3, and 25.8 months in all patients (P=0.001). MVA after PSM demonstrated that only MA-NCT was associated with decreased mortality while increasing age, higher Charlson-Deyo index, N1, higher grade, tumor size, and positive margins were associated with higher mortality.

Conclusions: There was improved OS associated with MA-NCT in pancreatic cancer patients compared to UFS with adjuvant therapy. OS was improved regardless of response to therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2019.12.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7657841PMC
October 2020

Neoadjuvant therapy and pancreatic cancer: a national cancer database analysis.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2019 Aug;10(4):663-673

Department of Surgical Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: We sought to examine the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT), single agent or multiagent chemotherapy, and neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCRT) on survival in pancreatic cancer.

Methods: Utilizing the National Cancer Database, we identified patients who underwent pancreatic resection for adenocarcinoma (2006 to 2013). Overall survival (OS) analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable cox proportional hazard models (MVA) and propensity score matching (PSM) were developed to identify predictors of survival. For upfront surgery (UFS), OS was limited to receipt of adjuvant treatment.

Results: We identified 26,563 patients who underwent pancreatic resection: UFS =23,877, NCRT =1,482, and NCT =1,204. Multiagent chemotherapy was utilized in 77% of NCT and 42% of NCRT. There was improved R0 resections associated with neoadjuvant therapy compared to UFS, however, there was no difference between NCT and NCRT. In addition, the was improved R0 with MA-NCT (P<0.001) but not for single agent NCT (P=0.26). After PSM, the median OS for UFS, SA-NCT, MA-NCT, SA-NCRT, and MA-NCRT was 21.9, 21.5, 29.8, 25.3, and 25.8 months in all patients (P=0.001), and 23.6, 23.9, 31.6, 25.9, and 26.6 months in R0 patients (P=0.03), respectively. There was no difference in OS in patients with R1/2 resection. MVA after PSM demonstrated that only MA-NCT was associated with decreased mortality while increasing age, higher Charlson-Deyo index, N1, higher grade, tumor size, and positive margins were associated with higher mortality.

Conclusions: There was improved OS associated with MA-NCT in pancreatic cancer patients compared to UFS with adjuvant therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2019.02.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6657333PMC
August 2019

Comparative Perioperative Outcomes by Esophagectomy Surgical Technique.

J Gastrointest Surg 2020 06 13;24(6):1261-1268. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Radiation Oncology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA.

Introduction: Surgical resection is vital in the curative management of patients with esophageal cancer. However, a myriad of surgical procedures exists based on surgeon preference and training. We report on the perioperative outcomes based on esophagectomy surgical technique.

Methods: A prospectively managed esophagectomy database was queried for patients undergoing esophagectomy from 1996 and 2016. Basic demographics, tumor characteristics, operative details, and post-operative outcomes were recorded and analyzed by comparison of transhiatal vs Ivor-lewis and minimally invasive (MIE) vs open procedures.

Results: We identified 856 patients who underwent esophagectomy. Neoadjuvant therapy was administered in 543 patients (63.4%). There were 504 (58.8%) open esophagectomies and 302 (35.2%) MIE. There were 13 (1.5%) mortalities and this did not differ among techniques (p = 0.6). While there was no difference in overall complications between MIE and open, complications occurred less frequently in patients undergoing RAIL and MIE IVL compared to other techniques (p = 0.003). Pulmonary complications also occurred less frequently in RAIL and MIE IVL (p < 0.001). Anastomotic leaks were less common in patients who underwent IVL compared to trans-hiatal approaches (p = 0.03). MIE patients were more likely to receive neoadjuvant therapy (p = 0.001), have lower blood loss (p < 0.001), have longer operations (p < 0.001), and higher lymph node harvests (p < 0.001) compared to open patients.

Conclusion: Minimally invasive and robotic Ivor Lewis techniques demonstrated substantial benefits in post-operative complications. Oncologic outcomes similarly favor MIE IVL and RAIL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11605-019-04269-yDOI Listing
June 2020

Comparative outcomes of minimally invasive and robotic-assisted esophagectomy.

Surg Endosc 2020 02 10;34(2):814-820. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Florida Hospital Cancer Institute, Orlando, USA.

Objective: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has demonstrated superior outcomes compared to open approaches. The myriad of techniques has precluded the recommendation of a standard approach. The addition of robotics to esophageal resection has potential benefits. We sought to examine the outcomes with MIE to include robotics.

Methods: Utilizing a prospective esophagectomy database, we identified patients who underwent (MIE) Ivor Lewis via thoracoscopic/laparoscopic (TL), transhiatal (TH), or robotic-assisted Ivor Lewis (RAIL). Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and complications were analyzed via ANOVA, χ, and Fisher exact where appropriate.

Results: We identified 302 patients who underwent MIE: TL 95 (31.5%), TH 63 (20.8%), and RAIL 144 (47.7%) with a mean age of 65 ± 9.6. The length of operation was longer in the RAIL: TL (299 ± 87), TH (231 ± 65), RAIL (409 ± 104 min), p < 0.001. However, the EBL was lower in the patients undergoing transthoracic approaches (RAIL + TL): TL (189 ± 188 ml), TH (242 ± 380 ml), RAIL (155 ± 107 ml), p = 0.03. Conversion to open was also lower in these patients: TL 7 (7.4%), TH 8 (12.7%), RAIL 0, p < 0.001. The R0 resection rate and lymph node (LN) harvest also favored the RAIL cohort: TL 86 (93.5%), TH 60 (96.8%), and RAIL 144 (100%), p = 0.01; LN: TL 14 ± 7, TH 9 ± 6, and RAIL 20 ± 9, p < 0.001. The overall morbidity was lower in MIE patients that underwent a transthoracic approach vs. transhiatal: TL 29 (30.5%), TH 39 (61.9%), RAIL 34 (23.6%), p < 0.001.

Conclusions: Patients undergoing MIE via thoracoscopic/laparoscopic and robotic transthoracic approaches demonstrated lower EBL, morbidity, and conversion to open compared to the transhiatal approach. Additionally the oncologic outcomes measured by R0 resections and LN harvest also favored the patients who underwent a transthoracic approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06834-7DOI Listing
February 2020

The accuracy of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and platelet to lymphocyte ratio as a marker for gastrointestinal malignancies.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):972-978

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Accurate predictors of locally advanced and recurrence disease in patients with gastrointestinal cancer are currently lacking. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have emerged as possible markers for predicting recurrence in these patients. In this study, we sought to evaluate the utility of NLR and PLR in predicting the presence of regional nodal disease, metastasis and systemic recurrence in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.

Methods: We queried a comprehensive gastrointestinal oncology database to identify patients who had undergone surgery for a GI malignancy. NLR and PLR values were determined via a complete blood count (CBC). In patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy (NT) the NLR and PLR were calculated from CBCs before and after NT and in patients proceeding to surgery within 2 weeks pre-operatively. The associations between NLR and PLR and the clinicopathologic parameters (sex, age, tumor size, differentiation, positive lymph nodes, and metastatic disease) were assessed via χ or Fisher's exact tests where appropriate. All the tests were two-sided, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: We identified 116 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal malignancies. There were 76 (65.5%) males and 40 (34.5%) females with an average age of 69.4±10.7 years. The mean follow up was 14.1±15.5 months. We identified 49 (42.2%) esophageal, 34 (29.3%) pancreatic, 14 (12.1%) colorectal, 13 (11.2%) gastric, and 6 (5.2%) biliary cancers. There were 36 (31.0%) patients with node negative disease, 52 (44.8%) with node positive and 28 (24.2%) with metastatic disease at surgery. Of the metastatic patients 4 (3.4%) were found at staging laparoscopy and 24 (20.6%) were diagnosed pre-operatively. The median NLR for LN- patient's was 1.78 (0.23-8.2) and for LN+ and metastatic patients was 4.69 (2.27-36), P<0.001. The median PLR for LN- patient's was 123.03 (14-257.69) and for LN+ and metastatic patients was 212.42 (105.45-2,185.18), P<0.001. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for a NLR >2.25 was 98.8%, 72.2%, 89%, and 96% respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV for PLR >140 was 95%, 78%, 90%, and 88% respectively. Utilizing both NLR and PLR the sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV was increased.

Conclusions: Elevation of NLR and PLR can be used to help identify patients with advanced disease GI malignancies and recurrences after surgery. Additionally, failure of normalization of NLR and PLR 3-month post-surgical resection may indicate early recurrence or persistent disease. Individually, NLR has a higher sensitivity and negative predictive value while PLR has a higher specificity and positive predictive value for distinguishing metastatic disease and node positivity. The combination of NLR and PLR has the highest accuracy of predicting advanced disease among all gastrointestinal malignancies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.08.05DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219984PMC
October 2018

Outcomes associated with robotic approach to pancreatic resections.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):936-941

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Minimally invasive techniques have improved post-operative outcomes, however, the majority of pancreatic surgery, known for its complexity, is still performed via open approaches. The development of robotics has improved dexterity which may allow for application in more complex surgeries. We queried a prospectively maintained robotic database to identify patients who underwent robotic pancreatic resection by a single surgeon between 2012 and 2016. Patient demographics and operative outcomes were compared using Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal Wallis and Pearson's Chi-square test as appropriate. We identified 119 patients; 65 Whipples [Robotic Whipple (RW)], 43 distal pancreatectomies, 4 total pancreatectomies, 6 pancreatic enucleations, and 1 robotic cyst gastrostomy with a median age of 71 [24-91], median body mass index (BMI) of 27.6 (16.8-40.2), and American society of anesthesiologists (ASA) of 3. The median estimated blood loss (EBL) was 125 [25-800] and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) 6 [1-34]. Mean operative time for RW decreased after 15 cases (578 457 minutes, P<0.004). Conversions to open occurred in 5 (4.2%) patients. In total of 117 (98.3%) patients underwent R0 resections and the median lymph node (LN) harvest was 16 [0-37]. The 30 and 90 days mortality was 1 (0.8%). Major complications (Clavien-Dindo grade 3-5) were seen in 16 (13.4%) cases (20.3%) but decreased steadily as volume increased (case 30). Pancreatic leaks occurred in 14 (11.8%): A, 8 (6.7%); B, 4 (3.4%); and C, 2 (1.7%). Robotic assisted approaches to pancreatic resections is feasible. However, it takes approximately 15 cases before a decrease in operative time and 30 cases before major complications are decreased. These trends in complications are associated with surgeon experience and volume are critical to consider in robotic pancreatic surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.08.04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219977PMC
October 2018

Correlation of tumor size and survival in pancreatic cancer.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):910-921

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Neoadjuvant therapy (NT) for resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) continues to be debated. We sought to establish the relationship between pancreatic tumor size, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT), neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCRT), and definitive surgery (DS) on survival.

Methods: Utilizing the National Cancer Database we identified patients with PAC who underwent NT and DS. Patient characteristics and survival were compared with Mann-Whitney U, Pearson's Chi-square, and the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable analysis (MVA) was developed to identify predictors of survival. All tests were two-sided and α <0.05 was significant.

Results: We identified 11,707 patients: 9,722 patients with tumors >2 cm and 1,985 with tumors ≤2 cm. There were 523 patients treated with NCT, 559 treated with NCRT, and 10,625 DS. Patients with tumors >2 cm were more likely to have higher T-stage, P<0.001, positive lymph nodes, P<0.001, poor histologic grade, P<0.001, and R1 resections, P<0.001. The median survival for patients with tumors ≤2 cm was 30.6 months compared to 20.5 months for those whose tumors were >2 cm, P<0.001. In the >2 cm groups the median survival for NCT, NCRT, and DS was 22.9, 25.8 and 21.3 months, P=0.01. MVA revealed that age, Charlson/Deyo score, N-stage, grade, tumor size >2 cm, R0 resection, and NT were predictors of survival. Ninety-day mortality was worse in both the NCT and NCRT compared to DS, P<0.001.

Conclusions: The size of pancreatic cancer correlates to pathologic stage and overall survival. Tumors >2 and <2 cm benefited from a NT. However, the 90-operative mortality was significantly worse in those patients receiving NT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.08.06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219973PMC
October 2018

Esophagectomy from then to now.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):903-909

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System, Sarasota, FL, USA.

We have come a long way from the onset of surgery for esophageal cancer. Surgical resection is pivotal for the long-term survival in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer. Moreover, advancements in post-operative care and surgical techniques have contributed to reductions in morbidity. More recently minimally invasive esophagectomy has been increasingly used in patients undergoing esophageal cancer resection. Potential advantages of MIE include: the decreased pulmonary complications, lower post-operative wound infection, decreased post-operative pain, and decreased length of hospitalization. The application of robotics to esophageal surgery is becoming more widespread. Robotic esophageal surgery has potential advantages over the known limitations of laparoscopic and thoracoscopic approaches to esophagectomy while adhering to the benefits of the minimally invasive approach. This paper is a review of the evolution from open esophagectomy to the most recent robotic approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.08.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219976PMC
October 2018

Anastomotic leak and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in esophageal cancer.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):894-902

Division of Surgical Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Anastomotic leaks (AL) cause significant morbidity after esophagectomy. Most patients receive neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCR) prior to esophagectomy which has been associated with increase perioperative complications and mortality. We report on a comparison of AL rates in upfront surgical (UFS) and NCR patients.

Methods: An esophagectomy database was queried for UFS and NCR patients treated between 1996 and 2015. Predictors of AL rate were identified using univariate and multivariate (MVA) analysis and propensity score matching (PSM).

Results: We identified 820 patients (UFS, 288; NCR, 532). Overall AL rate was 5.4%. Decreased AL rate was observed in NCR patients on MVA (8.0% 4.1%; P=0.02) but no difference was seen after PSM (7.7% 4.2%; P=0.14). MVA of factors associated with decreased AL in UFS patients included distal esophageal tumors and body mass index (BMI) >25. Age, gender, year of surgery, histology, anastomotic location, and diabetes were not prognostic. Before PSM, MVA of NCR patients of factors associated with decreased AL revealed that only thoracic anastomosis was prognostic. However, this was not observed after PSM. MVA of factors associated with decreased AL in all patients revealed thoracic anastomosis, NCR, and BMI 25-30. After PSM, only distal esophageal tumors and thoracic anastomosis were prognostic for decreased AL.

Conclusions: There is no difference in the AL rate between UFS and NCR patients. Decreased AL rate was observed in patients with distal esophageal tumors and thoracic anastomosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.04.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219963PMC
October 2018

Accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound staging for T2N0 esophageal cancer: a National Cancer Database analysis.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):887-893

Division of Surgical Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: To determine accuracy of clinical staging of T2N0 esophageal cancer from the National Cancer Database (NCDB).

Methods: The NCDB was accessed to identify patients with T2N0M0 esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma) treated between 2004-2013 that underwent esophagectomy. Pathologic staging was compared to clinical stage. Univariate (UVA) and multivariate analysis (MVA) was performed to identify factors related to pathologic upstaging using Cox proportional hazard ratio.

Results: We identified 1,840 patients with T2N0 esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy as first line therapy. The median age was 67 years. The vast majority of patients were male and had distal adenocarcinomas. Clinical staging in was accurate pathologically in 30.7% of patients. While there was a trend for worse accuracy with increasing year of diagnosis, there rate of pT0-2N0 was stable. Tumor length >3 cm was significantly associated with tumor upstaging, while poor differentiation was significantly associated with nodal upstaging. UVA and MVA identified younger age, tumor length >3 cm, and poor differentiation were significantly associated with overall upstaging. Gender, tumor location, and tumor histology were not prognostic.

Conclusions: Clinical staging for T2N0M0 esophageal cancer continues to remain highly inaccurate, however, rates of pT0-2N0 have steadily remained over 50%. Tumor length >3 cm and poor differentiation are strongly associated with pathologic upstaging.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.01.16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219972PMC
October 2018

Clinical fate of T0N1 esophageal cancer: results from the National Cancer Database.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):880-886

Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Florida State University College of Medicine, Sarasota, FL, USA.

The long-term survival for patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) remains poor despite improvements in multi-modality care. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCR) followed by surgical resection remains pivotal in the management of patients with EC. However, the outcome of patients whose primary tumor exhibits a complete response with residual regional nodal disease (T0N1) remains unclear as well as the role for adjuvant therapy.Utilizing the National Cancer Database we identified patients with EC who underwent NCR followed by esophagectomy who had subsequent pathology of T0N1. Baseline univariate comparisons of patient characteristics were made for continuous variables using both the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests as appropriate. Pearson's Chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables. Unadjusted survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method comparing survival curves with the log-rank test. All statistical tests were two-sided and α (type I) error <0.05 was considered statistically significant.We identified 7,116 patients diagnosed with EC; 6,235 (87.6%) adenocarcinoma (AC), 881 (12.4%) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with a median age of 62 [21-88] years. There were 6,031 (84.8%) males and 1,085 (15.2%) females. R0 resections were achieved in 6,668 (93.7%) patients and this correlated to improved median survival 39.5 (R0) and 20.1 (R1) months respectively, P<0.001. The median nodes harvested were 13 [0-83] with a mean positive LN's of 1.4±2.9. Pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved in 1,334 (18.7%), partial response (pPR) 2,812 (39.5%) and non-response (pNR) 2,970 (41.7%). There were 230 (3.2%) patients deemed as pathologic T0N1. The median survival of patients with pCR was 61.7 months compared to 32.1 months in the T0N1 patients P<0.001. T0N1 patients did not demonstrate an improved survival over T1/2 patients who had a median survival of 30.5 months, P=0.79. However, T0N1 did reveal an improved survival over T3/4 patients who had a median survival of 24.6 months, P=0.02. Adjuvant chemotherapy in T0N1 did not provide a benefit in survival, median survival adjuvant versus no adjuvant 30.8 32.1 months respectively, P=0.08. Multivariate analysis in T0N1 patients demonstrated only number of LN's positive, and histology SCC ACC as predictive of survival, HR, 1.22, 95% CI: 1.10-1.36, P<0.001; HR, 0.43, 95% CI: 0.24-0.75, P=0.003, respectively.Patients with EC who exhibit a pathologic T0N1 after NCR have oncologic fates similar to node positive patients. Patients with pCR of the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes continue to demonstrate significant survival benefits over all remaining pathologic cohorts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jgo.2018.08.08DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219970PMC
October 2018
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