Publications by authors named "J Zhang"

130,034 Publications

Different responses of representative denitrifying bacterial strains to gatifloxacin exposure in simulated groundwater denitrification environment.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157929. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, PR China; Key Laboratory of Groundwater Conservation of MWR, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, PR China.

The impact of antibiotics on denitrification in the ecological environment has attracted widespread attention. However, the concentration threshold and inhibitory effect of the same antibiotic on denitrification mediated by mixed denitrifying microbes were conflicting in some studies. In this study, Paracoccus denitrificans, Acidovorax sp., and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were selected as representative denitrifying bacterial strains to explore the response of a single strain to gatifloxacin (GAT) exposure in groundwater denitrification. The results showed that the nitrate and nitrite removal efficiencies of Pseudomonas aeruginosa decreased by 34.87-36.25 % and 18.27-23.31 %, respectively, with exposure to 10 μg/L GAT, accompanied by a significant decline in denitrifying enzyme activity and gene expression. In contrast, the elevated denitrifying enzyme activity and gene expression of Paracoccus denitrificans promoted its nitrate and nitrite reduction by 2.09-10.00 % and 0-8.44 %, respectively. Additionally, there were no obvious effects on the removal of nitrate and nitrite by Acidovorax sp. in the presence of 10 μg/L GAT, which was consistent with the variation in denitrifying enzyme activity and total gene expression levels. The fit results of the Monod equation and its modification further elucidated the nitrate degradation characteristics from the perspective of denitrification kinetics. Furthermore, antibiotic resistance gene (ARG) analysis showed that the addition of 10 μg/L GAT (approximately 30 days) did not observably increase the relative abundance of ARGs. This study provides some preliminary understanding of the response differences of representative denitrifying bacterial strains to antibiotic exposure in groundwater denitrification.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157929DOI Listing
August 2022

How do controlled-release fertilizer coated microplastics dynamically affect Cd availability by regulating Fe species and DOC content in soil?

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157886. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Institute of Plan Nutrition, Resources and Environment, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China; Beijing Engineering Technology Research Center for Slow / Controlled-Release Fertilizer, Beijing 100097, China. Electronic address:

Microplastics (MPs) affect the accumulation of heavy metals by regulating the soil environment. However, studies on the dynamic effects of microplastics on the available states of heavy metals in soil are lacking. In particular, how controlled-release fertilizer coated microplastics can synergistically change the avsilable states of heavy metals in soil by affecting soil physical and chemical properties and microbial community structure is still lacking. The dynamic effect of polyurethane (PU) MPs on the effective state of soil cadmium (Cd; DGTCd), at different particle sizes and concentrations, was studied in situ by diffusive gradient in thin-films (DGT) for the first time. The bioavailability, soil chemical properties, and microbial effects of PU MPs on Cd depend on PU particle size and concentration; high-concentration (1 %) PU MPs cause a significant increase in DGT-Cd concentration. The addition of PU MPs decreased soil pH and dissolved oxygen content (DOC), while increasing the absolute zeta value, Fe(II) and Mn(II), in a manner dependent on particle size, concentration, and culture time. Correlation analysis combined with path analysis showed that PU MPs affected the effective state of Cd by changing soil properties, among which Fe(II) content and DOC were important factors controlling the activation of Cd. Meanwhile, changes in soil properties and heavy metal availability correlated significantly with microbial community composition, suggesting that PU MPs may indirectly impact heavy metal activity by affecting microorganisms and functional genes associated with C and Fe cycling. Therefore, when the concentration of PU MPs is higher than 1 %, we should strengthen ecological risk prevention and control of the compound pollution of controlled-release fertilizer coated microplastics and heavy metals in farmland soil.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157886DOI Listing
August 2022

Toxicity of dibutyl phthalate to pakchoi (Brassica campestris L.): Evaluation through different levels of biological organization.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157943. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong 271018, PR China. Electronic address:

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a typical persistent organic pollutant with a high load in the agricultural soils of vegetable crops. Currently, studies on the toxicity of DBP in vegetable crops are limited. Therefore, in this study, pakchoi (Brassica campestris L.), a typical vegetable crop, was used to evaluate the toxic effects of DBP. Pakchoi was exposed to DBP for 24 d at three doses (2, 20, and 200 mg/kg), and the phenotypic, biochemical, and molecular indicators were determined. The results revealed that DBP could reduce the emergence of pakchoi and inhibit plant height, root length, fresh weight, and leaf area. At the biochemical level, DBP exposure could reduce the content of three typical photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a and b and carotenoids). The effects of DBP exposure on the quality of pakchoi were primarily through reduced soluble sugar and increased proline contents. In addition, O· and HO levels increased after DBP stress, and the corresponding antioxidant enzymes (SOD, POD, and CAT) were activated to resist oxidative damage. The dose- and time-dependent toxicities of DBP to pakchoi were demonstrated using an integrated biological response index. Finally, the molecular-level results on Day 24 showed that the three antioxidant enzyme genes (sod, pod, and cat) were significantly downregulated, and the antioxidant enzyme genes were more sensitive biomarkers than the enzyme activities. However, the expression level of enzyme genes was opposite to that of enzyme activity (SOD and POD); thus, DBP might directly interact with these enzymes. Molecular docking showed that DBP could stably bind near the SOD/POD active center through intermolecular interaction forces. This study provides essential information on the risk of DBP toxicity to vegetable crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157943DOI Listing
August 2022

Litter-derived nitrogen reduces methane uptake in tropical rainforest soils.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157891. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China; Center for Plant Ecology, Core Botanical Gardens, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xishuangbanna, China; Xishuangbanna Station for Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystem Studies, Chinese Ecosystem Research Net, Mengla, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China. Electronic address:

Litter comprises a major nutrient source when decomposed via soil microbes and functions as subtract that limits gas exchange between soil and atmosphere, thereby restricting methane (CH4) uptake in soils. However, the impact and inherent mechanism of litter and its decomposition on CH4 uptake in soils remains unknown in forest. Therefore, to declare the mechanisms of litter input and decomposition effect on the soil CH4 flux in forest, this study performed a litter-removal experiment in a tropical rainforest, and investigated the effects of litter input and decomposition on the CH4 flux among forest ecosystems through a literature review. Cumulative annual CH4 flux was -3.30 kg CH4-C ha y. The litter layer decreased annual accumulated CH4 uptake by 8% which greater in the rainy season than the dry season in the tropical rainforest. Litter decomposition and the input of carbon and nitrogen in litter biomass reduced CH4 uptake significantly and the difference in CH4 flux between treatment with litter and without litter was negatively associated with N derived from litter input. Based on the literature review about litter effect on soil CH4 around world forests, the effect of litter dynamics on CH4 uptake was regulated by litter-derived nitrogen input and the amount soil inorganic nitrogen content. Our results suggest that nitrogen input via litter decomposition, which increased with temperature, caused a decline in CH4 uptake by forest soils, which could weaken the contribution of the forest in mitigating global warming.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157891DOI Listing
August 2022

Landscape pattern change and its correlation with influencing factors in semiarid areas, northwestern China.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 8:135837. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Yan'an University, Yan'an, 716000, China.

The West Liaohe Plain (WLP) is a typical crop-pastoral ecotone of the semiarid area in Northwestern, China. Land use/cover change (LUCC) of the WLP might endanger this ecosystem, triggering long-lasting environmental concerns. LUCC data for China (1980-2020) and hydrometeorological data were analyzed to reveal factors contributing to change and explore sustainable development opportunities. The results show that characteristics of the main land-use types in the WLP have changed significantly, especially cultivated land area, which increased by 15.2% and 6.79% during the periods 1980-1995 and 2000-2020, respectively. Response relationships were observed due to natural (precipitation, temperature, and runoff) and anthropogenic (economy) factors and LUCC. Between 2000 and 2020, the impact of anthropogenic factors on cultivated land was stronger than on grassland at the class and landscape level, using the landscape indices which were selected, including percent of landscape (PLAND), number of patches (NP), largest patch index (LPI), and Shannon's evenness index (SHEI). Expansion of cultivated land from 1990 to 1995 was not only related to anthropogenic factors but also to hydrological & climatic factors. The results of this study have the potential to influence sustainable land resource development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135837DOI Listing
August 2022
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