Publications by authors named "J Zhang"

110,079 Publications

Human Neutrophil Elastase Mediates MUC5AC Hypersecretion via the Tumour Necrosis Factor-α Converting Enzyme-Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signalling Pathway in vivo.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the role of the tumour necrosis factor-α converting enzyme-epidermal growth factor receptor (TACE-EGFR) pathway in human neutrophil elastase (HNE)-induced MUC5AC mucin expression in mice.

Method: Four groups of mice, treated with HNE alone (HNE group), HNE plus TACE inhibitor (HNE + TAPI-2 group), HNE plus EGFR inhibitor (HNE + AG1478 group), and untreated (control group), were used in the experiment. Histopathological changes were monitored by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. TACE, EGFR, and MUC5AC expression in the nasal mucosa were determined using immunohistochemistry. The expression of p-EGFR, EGFR, and TACE protein was analysed on Western blots, and MUC5AC protein levels were assessed via ELISA. TACE, EGFR, and MUC5AC expression in the nasal mucosa were determined using real-time quantitative PCR.

Results: Compared to the control group, HE-stained tissues from the HNE group showed an irregular epithelium as well as goblet cell and submucosal glandular hyperplasia. In the nasal mucosa, strongly positive fuchsia granules were seen in PAS staining and significant increases in TACE, EGFR, MUC5AC mRNA, and protein expression were detected (p < 0.01). The HNE + TAPI-2 and HNE + AG1478 groups had significantly less goblet cell and submucosal gland hyperplasia as well as weaker PAS staining. Compared to mice treated with HNE alone, in HNE + TAPI-2-treated mice, the levels of TACE, EGFR, and MUC5AC mRNA and protein as well as p-EGFR protein were significantly reduced (p < 0.01). In HNE + AG1478-treated mice, EGFR and MUC5AC mRNA and protein levels and p-EGFR protein expression were reduced significantly (p < 0.01), but the difference in TACE mRNA and protein expression between the HNE + AG1478 and HNE groups was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Using a newly developed, stable experimental model of nasal hypersecretion in mice, we showed that TAPI-2 or AG1478 inhibited HNE-induced MUC5AC production. This suggests that MUC5AC mucin expression in vivo is mediated by a cascade involving the HNE-TACE-EGFR signalling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000509982DOI Listing
June 2021

Hierarchical CoFe LDH/MOF nanorods array with strong coupling effect grown on carbon cloth enables efficient oxidation of water and urea.

Nanotechnology 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shangda Road 99, Shanghai, 200444, CHINA.

The construction of bifunctional non-noble electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and urea oxidation reaction (UOR) is urgent for overall water and urea splitting. Herein, a facile one-step chemical etching- reconstruction strategy is presented for fabricating one-dimensional hierarchical nanorods array composed of CoFe layered double hydroxide (LDH)/MOF supported on carbon cloth as OER and UOR catalysts. By precisely controlling the etching rate, the ligands from Co-MOFs are partially removed, and corresponding metal centers coordinates with hydroxyl ions to generate ultrathin amorphous CoFe LDH nanosheets. The CoFe LDH nanosheets possesses large active surface area, enhanced conductivity and extended electron/mass transfer channels, which are beneficial for catalytic reactions. Additionally, the formed heterojunctions between CoFe LDH and MOFs modulates the local electronic structure of the catalytic active site, leading to enhanced adsorption of oxygen-containing intermediates to facilitate fast electrocatalytic reaction. Therefore, the optimized catalyst of CoFe LDH/MOF-0.06 exhibited superior OER activity with a low overpotential of 276 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 and satisfactory long-term durability. Additionally, it merely required a voltage of 1.45 V to realize 10 mA cm-2 in 1 M KOH electrolyte with 0.33 urea, which 56 mV lower than the voltage under pure KOH. This work here may provide a perspective for the rational design of multi-functional electrocatalysts for water splitting, CO2 reduction, nitrogen reduction reactions and so on.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/ac0b65DOI Listing
June 2021

Modification of ordered mesoporous carbon for removal of environmental contaminants from aqueous phase: A review.

J Hazard Mater 2021 May 30;418:126266. Epub 2021 May 30.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China; Joint International Research Laboratory of Agriculture and Agri-Product Safety of Ministry of Education of China, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, China. Electronic address:

Contamination of water bodies by potentially toxic elements and organic pollutants has aroused extensive concerns worldwide. Thus it is significant to develop effective adsorbents for removing these contaminants. As a new member of carbonaceous material families (activated carbon, biochar, and graphene), ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) with larger specific surface area, ordered pore structure, and higher pore volume are being evaluated for their use in contaminant removal. In this paper, modification techniques of OMC were systematically reviewed for the first time. These include nonmetallic doping modification (nitrogen, sulfur, and boron) and the impregnation of nano-metals and metal oxides (iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, magnesium, and rare earth element). Reaction conditions (solution pH, reaction temperature, sorbent dosage, and contact time) are of critical importance for the removal performance of contaminants onto OMC. In addition, the pristine and modified OMC have been investigated for the removal of a range of contaminants, including cationic/anionic toxic elements and organic contaminants (synthetic dye, phenol, and others), and involving different and specific mechanisms of interaction with contaminants. The future research directions of the application of pristine and modified OMC were proposed. Overall, this review can provide sights into the modification techniques of OMC for removal of environmental contaminants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126266DOI Listing
May 2021

Chemical constituents from Tinospora sagittata and their biological activities.

Fitoterapia 2021 Jun 12:104963. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Biological Science and Technology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China. Electronic address:

Six undescribed low-polarity compounds including three rare 14-methylergostane steroids (1-3), one euphane triterpenoid (4) and two octadecanoic acid ethyl esters (5 and 6), along with ten previously reported terpenyl cometabolites (7-16), were isolated from the stems of Tinospora sagittata. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses and comparison with structurally related known compounds, and all of them have been reported from T. sagittata for the first time. Compounds 4-6 and 16 showed potent in vitro inhibitory activity against the diabetes target α-glucosidase, while compounds 10 and 14 displayed promising antibacterial effect toward Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fitote.2021.104963DOI Listing
June 2021

Cytokinins initiate secondary growth in the Arabidopsis root through a set of LBD genes.

Curr Biol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institute of Biotechnology, HiLIFE, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland; Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, and Viikki Plant Science Centre, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland. Electronic address:

During primary growth, plant tissues increase their length, and as these tissues mature, they initiate secondary growth to increase thickness. It is not known what activates this transition to secondary growth. Cytokinins are key plant hormones regulating vascular development during both primary and secondary growth. During primary growth of Arabidopsis roots, cytokinins promote procambial cell proliferation and vascular patterning together with the hormone auxin. In the absence of cytokinins, secondary growth fails to initiate. Enhanced cytokinin levels, in turn, promote secondary growth. Despite the importance of cytokinins, little is known about the downstream signaling events in this process. Here, we show that cytokinins and a few downstream LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARIES DOMAIN (LBD) family of transcription factors are rate-limiting components in activating and further promoting secondary growth in Arabidopsis roots. Cytokinins directly activate transcription of two homologous LBD genes, LBD3 and LBD4. Two other homologous LBDs, LBD1 and LBD11, are induced only after prolonged cytokinin treatment. Our genetic studies revealed a two-stage mechanism downstream of cytokinin signaling: while LBD3 and LBD4 regulate activation of secondary growth, LBD1, LBD3, LBD4, and LBD11 together promote further radial growth and maintenance of cambial stem cells. LBD overexpression promoted rapid cell growth followed by accelerated cell divisions, thus leading to enhanced secondary growth. Finally, we show that LBDs rapidly inhibit cytokinin signaling. Together, our data suggest that the cambium-promoting LBDs negatively feed back into cytokinin signaling to keep root secondary growth in balance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2021.05.036DOI Listing
June 2021