Publications by authors named "J Winter Beatty"

630 Publications

Dysbiosis of the Urinary Bladder Microbiome in Cats with Chronic Kidney Disease.

mSystems 2021 Jul 27:e0051021. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Centre for Companion Animal Health, Jockey Club College of Veterinary Medicine and Life Sciences, City University of Hong Konggrid.35030.35, Hong Kong SAR.

Although feline urinary tract diseases cause high morbidity and mortality rates, and subclinical bacteriuria is not uncommon, the feline urinary microbiome has not been characterized. We conducted a case-control study to identify the feline urinary bladder microbiome and assess its association with chronic kidney disease (CKD), feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC), and positive urine cultures (PUCs). Of 108 feline urine samples subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing, 48 (44.4%) samples reached the 500-sequence rarefaction threshold and were selected for further analysis, suggesting that the feline bladder microbiome is typically sparse. Selected samples included 17 CKD, 9 FIC, 8 PUC cases and 14 controls. Among these, 19 phyla, 145 families, and 218 genera were identified. were the most abundant, followed by . Notably, four major urotypes were identified, including two urotypes predominated by Escherichia or and two others characterized by relatively high alpha diversity, Diverse 1 and Diverse 2. Urotype was associated with disease status ( value of 0.040), with the Escherichia-predominant urotype being present in 53% of CKD cases and in all of the Escherichia coli PUC cases. Reflecting these patterns, the overall microbial composition of CKD cases was more similar to that of E. coli PUC cases than to that of controls ( value of <0.001). Finally, PUC cases had microbial compositions distinct from those of controls as well as CKD and FIC cases, with significantly lower Shannon diversity and Faith's phylogenetic diversity values. Despite the clinical importance of urinary diseases in cats, the presence of resident urine microbes has not been demonstrated in cats, and the role of these microbes as a community in urinary health remains unknown. Here, we have shown that cats with and without urinary tract disease harbor unique microbial communities in their urine. We found no evidence to suggest that the bladder microbiome is implicated in the pathogenesis of feline idiopathic cystitis, a disease similar to bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis in humans. However, cats with chronic kidney disease had dysbiosis of their bladder microbiome, which was predominated by Escherichia and had a community structure similar to that of cats with Escherichia coli cystitis. These findings suggest that chronic kidney disease alters the bladder environment to favor Escherichia colonization, potentially increasing the risk of overt clinical infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00510-21DOI Listing
July 2021

Correlating structural assemblies of photosynthetic reaction centers on a gold electrode and the photocurrent - potential response.

iScience 2021 May 4;24(5):102500. Epub 2021 May 4.

Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

The use of biomacromolecules is a nascent development in clean alternative energies. In applications of biosensors and biophotovoltaic devices, the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center (RC) is a protein-pigment complex that has been commonly interfaced with electrodes, in large part to take advantage of the long-lived and high efficiency of charge separation. We investigated assemblies of RCs on an electrode that range from monolayer to multilayers by measuring the photocurrent produced when illuminated by an intensity-modulated excitation light source. In addition, atomic force microscopy and modeling of the photocurrent with the Marcus-Hush-Chidsey theory detailed the reorganization energy for the electron transfer process, which also revealed changes in the RC local environment due to the adsorbed conformations. The local environment in which the RCs are embedded significantly influenced photocurrent generation, which has implications for electron transfer of other biomacromolecules deposited on a surface in sensor and photovoltaic applications employing a redox electrolyte.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2021.102500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8170006PMC
May 2021

Advances in Feline Viruses and Viral Diseases.

Viruses 2021 05 17;13(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Medizinische Kleintierklinik, Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, LMU Munich, 80539 Munich, Germany.

Viral diseases play a very important role in feline medicine, and research on feline viruses and viral diseases is a well-established field that helps to safeguard the health of domestic cats and non-domestic felids, many of which are endangered [...].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13050923DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8156448PMC
May 2021

Cross-species transmission of retroviruses among domestic and wild felids in human-occupied landscapes in Chile.

Evol Appl 2021 Apr 27;14(4):1070-1082. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB) Santiago Chile.

Human transformation of natural habitats facilitates pathogen transmission between domestic and wild species. The guigna (), a small felid found in Chile, has experienced habitat loss and an increased probability of contact with domestic cats. Here, we describe the interspecific transmission of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) between domestic cats and guignas and assess its correlation with human landscape perturbation. Blood and tissue samples from 102 free-ranging guignas and 262 domestic cats were collected and analyzed by PCR and sequencing. Guigna and domestic cat FeLV and FIV prevalence were very similar. Phylogenetic analysis showed guigna FeLV and FIV sequences are positioned within worldwide domestic cat virus clades with high nucleotide similarity. Guigna FeLV infection was significantly associated with fragmented landscapes with resident domestic cats. There was little evidence of clinical signs of disease in guignas. Our results contribute to the understanding of the implications of landscape perturbation and emerging diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.13181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8061269PMC
April 2021

Identifying breast cancer recurrence histories via patient-reported outcomes.

J Cancer Surviv 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Public Health Sciences, Biostatistics Program, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, M2-B500, Seattle, WA, 98109, USA.

Purpose: To test accuracy of patient self-report of breast cancer recurrence for enhancing standard population-based cancer registries that do not routinely collect cancer recurrence data despite the importance of this outcome.

Methods: Potential research subjects were identified in the Breast Cancer Research Database (BCRD) of the Swedish Cancer Institute (SCI). The BCRD has collected data within 45 days of each medical encounter on new primary breast cancer patients receiving all or part of their initial care at SCI. Females diagnosed with a new primary breast cancer 2004-2016, Stages I-III, and alive at the time of study initiation (2018) were identified. Recurrent breast cancer patients were matched 1:1 to surviving non-recurrent patients by patient age, date of diagnosis, and single or multiple primary tumors. Consented research subjects were surveyed about their initial and subsequent diagnostic, therapeutic, and recurrent events. PRO survey responses were compared with BCRD information for each individual participant. Discrepancies were reviewed in medical records.

Results: A matched sample of 88 recurrent and 88 non-recurrent patients were used in analyses. Respondents correctly identified the date of diagnosis of first primary breast cancer within 1 year 94% (165/176). Recurrence was reported by 97% (85/88) of recurrent patients. No recurrence was reported by 100% (88/88) of non-recurrent patients. Recurrence date within 1 year was correctly identified in 79% (67/85). Recurrence site was correctly identified in 82% (70/85). Medical record review of survey-registry discrepancies led to BCRD corrections in 4.5% (8/176) of cases.

Implications For Cancer Survivors: Breast cancer patients can accurately report their disease characteristics, treatments, and recurrence history. Patient-reported information would enhance cancer registry data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-021-01033-7DOI Listing
April 2021
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