Publications by authors named "Jørgen Rosvold"

3 Publications

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Rapid localization of bone fragments on surfaces using back-projection and hyperspectral imaging.

J Forensic Sci 2014 Mar 18;59(2):474-80. Epub 2014 Feb 18.

Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), N-7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Manual localization of bone fragments on the ground or on complex surfaces in relation to accidents or criminal activity may be time-consuming and challenging. It is here investigated whether combining a near-infrared hyperspectral camera and chemometric modeling with false color back-projection can be used for rapid localization of bone fragments. The approach is noninvasive and highlights the spatial distribution of various compounds/properties to facilitate manual inspection of surfaces. Discriminant partial least squares regression is used to classify between bone and nonbone spectra from the hyperspectral camera. A predictive model (>95% prediction ability) is constructed from raw chicken bones mixed with stone, sand, leaves, moss, and wood. The model uses features in the near-infrared spectrum which may be selective for bones in general and is able to identify a wide variety of bones from different animals and contexts, including aged and weathered bone.
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March 2014

Reconstructing the history of a fragmented and heavily exploited red deer population using ancient and contemporary DNA.

BMC Evol Biol 2012 Sep 26;12:191. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

Section of Natural History, Museum of Natural History and Archaeology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Red deer (Cervus elaphus) have been an important human resource for millennia, experiencing intensive human influence through habitat alterations, hunting and translocation of animals. In this study we investigate a time series of ancient and contemporary DNA from Norwegian red deer spanning about 7,000 years. Our main aim was to investigate how increasing agricultural land use, hunting pressure and possibly human mediated translocation of animals have affected the genetic diversity on a long-term scale.

Results: We obtained mtDNA (D-loop) sequences from 73 ancient specimens. These show higher genetic diversity in ancient compared to extant samples, with the highest diversity preceding the onset of agricultural intensification in the Early Iron Age. Using standard diversity indices, Bayesian skyline plot and approximate Bayesian computation, we detected a population reduction which was more prolonged than, but not as severe as, historic documents indicate. There are signs of substantial changes in haplotype frequencies primarily due to loss of haplotypes through genetic drift. There is no indication of human mediated translocations into the Norwegian population. All the Norwegian sequences show a western European origin, from which the Norwegian lineage diverged approximately 15,000 years ago.

Conclusions: Our results provide direct insight into the effects of increasing habitat fragmentation and human hunting pressure on genetic diversity and structure of red deer populations. They also shed light on the northward post-glacial colonisation process of red deer in Europe and suggest increased precision in inferring past demographic events when including both ancient and contemporary DNA.
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September 2012