Publications by authors named "Jéssica Silvino Valente"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Degree of piRNA sharing and Piwi gene expression in the skeletal muscle of Piaractus mesopotamicus (pacu), Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui), and the hybrid tambacu.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Nov 23;264:111120. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, Sao Paulo State University - UNESP, Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

PiRNAs are a class of small noncoding RNAs that, in their mature form, bind to Piwi proteins to repress transposable element activity. Besides their role in gametogenesis and genome integrity, recent evidence indicates their action in non-germinative tissues. We performed a global analysis of piRNA and Piwi gene expression in the skeletal muscle of juveniles pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus), tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum), and the hybrid tambacu to evaluate the degree of piRNA sharing among these three genotypes. Total RNA was sequenced and analyzed using specific parameters of piRNAs by bioinformatics tools. piRNA and Piwi gene expression was analyzed by RT-qPCR. We detected 24 piRNA clusters common to the three genotypes, with eight shared between pacu and tambacu, three between pacu and tambaqui, and five between tambaqui and tambacu; seven, five, and four clusters were unique to pacu, tambacu, and tambaqui, respectively. Genomic localization and fold change values showed two clusters and 100 piRNAs shared among the three genotypes. The gene expression of four piRNAs was evaluated to validate our bioinformatics results. piRNAs from cluster 17 were higher in tambacu than pacu and piRNAs from cluster 18 were more highly expressed in tambacu than tambaqui and pacu. In addition, the expression of Piwis 1 and 2 was higher in tambacu and tambaqui than pacu. Our results open an important window to investigate whether these small noncoding RNAs benefit the hybrid in terms of faster growth and offer a new perspective on the function of piRNAs and Piwis in fish skeletal muscle.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.111120DOI Listing
November 2021

Maternal protein restriction changes structural and metabolic gene expression in the skeletal muscle of aging offspring rats.

Histol Histopathol 2021 Apr 12:18337. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Maternal protein restriction affects postnatal skeletal muscle physiology with impacts that last through senility. To investigate the morphological and molecular characteristics of skeletal muscle in aging rats subjected to maternal protein restriction, we used aged male rats (540 days old) born of dams fed a protein restricted diet (6% protein) during pregnancy and lactation. Using morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses, we evaluated the soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles, muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) (n=8), muscle fiber frequency (n=5) and the gene expression (n=8) of the oxidative markers (succinate dehydrogenase-Sdha and citrate synthase-CS) and the glycolytic marker (lactate dehydrogenase-Ldha). Global transcriptome analysis (n=3) was also performed to identify differentially regulated genes, followed by gene expression validation (n=8). The oxidative SOL muscle displayed a decrease in muscle fiber CSA (*p<0.05) and in the expression of oxidative metabolism marker Sdha (***p<0.001), upregulation of the anabolic Igf-1 (**p<0.01), structural Chad (**p<0.01), and Fmod (*p<0.05) genes, and downregulation of the Hspb7 (**p<0.01) gene. The glycolytic EDL muscle exhibited decreased IIA (*p<0.05) and increased IIB (*p<0.05) fiber frequency, and no changes in muscle fiber CSA or in the expression of oxidative metabolism genes. In contrast, the gene expression of Chad (**p<0.01) was upregulated and the Myog (**p<0.01) gene was downregulated. Collectively, our morphological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses showed that maternal protein restriction induced changes in the expression of metabolic, anabolic, myogenic, and structural genes, mainly in the oxidative SOL muscle, in aged offspring rats.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14670/HH-18-337DOI Listing
April 2021

The combination of resveratrol and exercise enhances muscle growth characteristics in pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus).

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2019 09 8;235:46-55. Epub 2019 May 8.

Department of Morphology, Institute of Bioscience, Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil; Aquaculture Center, CAUNESP, Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Pacu is a tropical fish with important value to aquaculture. During cellular metabolism, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced, which can influence muscle growth. Resveratrol is an effective antioxidant that scavenges ROS and can modulate physical performance preventing oxidative stress. We investigated the effects of resveratrol and exercise on pacu muscle growth characteristics. Four groups were used: fish fed with control diet /without exercise (C); fish fed with control diet/subjected to exercise (CE); fish fed resveratrol-supplemented diet/without exercise (R); and fish fed resveratrol-supplemented diet/subjected to exercise (RE). At 30 days, the RE group presented a significant increase in body weight, fewer muscle fibers in the 20-40 μm and more fibers in the >60 μm diameter class compared to the C group. At day 7, catalase activity decreased in CE and RE groups. Superoxide dismutase activity decreased only in the CE group. Myod and mtor gene expression was higher in R and RE and igf-1 was up-regulated in the RE group. Murf1a level decreased in CE, R, and RE, while sdha expression was higher in the RE group. We suggest that resveratrol in combination with exercise was beneficial for muscle growth and metabolism, increasing the expression levels of genes related to muscle anabolism and oxidative metabolism, besides the decrease of catabolic gene expression. Notably, all of these changes occurred together with muscle hypertrophy and increased body weight. Our results show a positive application for resveratrol in association with exercise as a strategy to improve the growth performance of juvenile pacus.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.05.002DOI Listing
September 2019

Ascorbic acid stimulates the in vitro myoblast proliferation and migration of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus).

Sci Rep 2019 02 18;9(1):2229. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Department of Morphology, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

The postembryonic growth of skeletal muscle in teleost fish involves myoblast proliferation, migration and differentiation, encompassing the main events of embryonic myogenesis. Ascorbic acid plays important cellular and biochemical roles as an antioxidant and contributes to the proper collagen biosynthesis necessary for the structure of connective and bone tissues. However, whether ascorbic acid can directly influence the mechanisms of fish myogenesis and skeletal muscle growth remains unclear. The aim of our work was to evaluate the effects of ascorbic acid supplementation on the in vitro myoblast proliferation and migration of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus). To provide insight into the potential antioxidant role of ascorbic acid, we also treated myoblasts in vitro with menadione, which is a powerful oxidant. Our results show that ascorbic acid-supplemented myoblasts exhibit increased proliferation and migration and are protected against the oxidative stress caused by menadione. In addition, ascorbic acid increased the activity of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase and the expression of myog and mtor, which are molecular markers related to skeletal muscle myogenesis and protein synthesis, respectively. This work reveals a direct influence of ascorbic acid on the mechanisms of pacu myogenesis and highlights the potential use of ascorbic acid for stimulating fish skeletal muscle growth.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38536-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379551PMC
February 2019
-->