Publications by authors named "Jérémy Coulot"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of Patient Skin Dose Evaluated Using Radiochromic Film and Dose Calculation Software.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 May 7;41(5):762-771. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Pôle d'Imagerie Diagnostique et de Radiologie Interventionnelle, CHU, 63003, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Purpose: To compare, in an interventional radiology setting, peak skin doses (PSDs) delivered as calculated using a dedicated software tool and as measured using radiochromic film. To assess the utility of this dose calculation software tool in routine clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: First, radiochromic films were positioned on the examination table in the back of an adult anthropomorphic phantom to measure PSD, and X-ray examinations were simulated. Then, films were again positioned in the patient's back for 59 thoracic or abdominopelvic endovascular interventions. The results obtained with the radiochromic films were taken as a reference and were statistically compared with those of the software.

Results: With measured PSDs ranging from 100 to 7000 mGy, the median software-film difference was 8.5%. Lin's concordance coefficient was 0.98 [0.97; 0.99] (p < 0.001), meaning that concordance was excellent between the two methods. For the films where PSD exceeded 1000 mGy, the median difference in the measured value was 8.7% [- 1.3; 21.1], with a maximum discrepancy of 34%. Lin's concordance coefficient was 0.98 [0.96; 1] (p < 0.001), meaning that concordance was excellent between the two methods.

Conclusion: Comparison between radiochromic films and the software tool showed that the software is a suitable tool for a simple and reliable estimation of PSD. The software seems to be a good alternative to films, whose use remains complex.
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May 2018

Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound parametric maps to evaluate intratumoral vascularization.

Invest Radiol 2015 Apr;50(4):212-7

From the *IR4M, UMR8081, CNRS, University of Paris-Sud; †Research Department, Gustave Roussy, ‡Department of Bio-pathology, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France; §Department of Experimental Molecular Imaging, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Objectives: The purposes of this study were to assess the reliability of parametric maps from dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) to reflect the heterogeneous distribution of intratumoral vascularization and to predict the tissue features linked to vasculature. This study was designed to compare DCE-US parametric maps with histologic vascularity measurements.

Materials And Methods: Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed on 17 melanoma-bearing nude mice after a 0.1-mL bolus injection of SonoVue (Bracco SPA, Milan, Italy). The parametric maps were developed from raw linear data to extract pixelwise 2 semiquantitative parameters related to perfusion and blood volume, namely, area under the curve (AUC) and peak intensity (PI). The mathematical method to fit the time-intensity curve for each pixel was a polynomial model used in clinical routine and patented by the team. Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn on DCE-US parametric maps for whole tumors and for several local areas of 15 mm within each tumor (iROI), the latter reflecting the heterogeneity of intratumoral blood volume. As the criterion standard correlation, microvessel densities (MVDs) were determined for both ROI categories. In detail, for all iROI of 15 mm, MVD and maturity were divided separately for vessels of 0 to 10 μm, 10 to 40 μm, and greater than 40 μm in diameter, and the results were correlated with the ultrasound findings.

Results: Among the 17 studied mice, a total of 64 iROIs were analyzed. For the whole-tumor ROI set, AUC and PI values significantly correlated with MVD (rAUC = 0.52 [P = 0.0408] and rPI = 0.70 [P = 0.0026]). In the case of multiple iROI, a strong linear correlation was observed between the DCE-US parameters and the density of vessels ranging in their diameter from 0 to 10 μm (rAUC = 0.68 [P < 0.0001]; rPI = 0.63 [P < 0.0001]), 10 to 40 μm (rAUC = 0.98 [P = 0.0003]; rPI = 0.98 [P = 0.0004]), and greater than 40 μm (rAUC = 0.86 [P = 0.0120]; rPI = 0.92 [P = 0.0034]), respectively. However, the DCE-US parameter values of perfusion and blood volume were not significantly different according to the diameters (AUC: P = 0.1731; PI: P = 0.2918) and maturity of blood vessels.

Conclusions: Parametric maps of DCE-US can be reliably established from raw linear data and reflect the heterogeneous histological measures of vascularization within tumors. In contrast, the values of DCE-US parametric maps (AUC, PI) do not allow deduction of heterogeneous tissue features such as the diameters and maturity of vascular networks.
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April 2015

Thyroid cancer patients treated with 131I: radiation dose to relatives after discharge from the hospital.

Thyroid 2012 Jan 2;22(1):59-63. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

Department of Pharmacy, Institute of Cancerology Gustave Roussy, University of Paris-Sud, Villejuif, France.

Background: Thyroid cancer patients treated with radioiodine are potential source of radiation exposure for other individuals. Thus, we evaluated the radiation dose received by family members of thyroid cancer patients treated with (131)I after hospital discharge.

Materials And Methods: Seventy-six family members of 56 thyroid cancer patients were included in the study. Thyroid cancer patients were given 3.7 GBq of (131)I and remained in a radiation protection ward for 3 days. Radiation protection recommendations were given to patients and relatives. Life conditions were recorded and radiation doses were monitored using a personal dosimeter.

Results And Discussion: At discharge, the mean residual activity was 188 MBq. The mean radiation dose delivered to relatives during the 7 days after discharge was low (51.5 μSv) and was similar with either recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH) (59 μSv) or withdrawal (50 μSv) (p = 0.37).

Conclusion: With our current practice, radiation doses to relatives are low and well below international recommendations.
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January 2012

Role of FDG PET/CT and chest CT in the follow-up of lung lesions treated with radiofrequency ablation.

Radiology 2011 Jan 2;258(1):270-6. Epub 2010 Nov 2.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Endocrine Oncology, Institute Gustave Roussy and University Paris-Sud XI, 39 rue Camille Desmoulins, 94805 Villejuif, France.

Purpose: To compare fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) and chest CT in the evaluation of the effectiveness of lung radiofrequency (RF) ablation.

Materials And Methods: Institutional review board approved the study, and all patients gave written informed consent. Thirty-four patients (22 men and 12 women; mean age, 64 years) planned to undergo lung RF ablation were prospectively included and underwent FDG PET/CT and chest CT before (pre-RF ablation PET) and 24 hours, 1 month, and 3 months after RF ablation. Persistent equivocal findings up to 3 months were followed up.

Results: Pre-RF ablation PET led to changes in the treatment strategy in nine patients (26%) by depicting unexpected metastases. Two patients without FDG uptake in lesions to be treated were excluded. Overall, 28 patients (46 lesions: five primary cancer, 41 metastases) were treated and followed up. Within 3 months after RF ablation, incomplete treatment was diagnosed in four of 28 patients (14%, three at 1 month and one at 3 months). Findings of FDG PET/CT were true-positive in four, false-positive in one, and true-negative in 23 patients. Findings of chest CT were true-positive in one, false-positive in one, false-negative in three, and true-negative in 23 patients. Inflammatory FDG uptake in mediastinal lymph nodes and at the needle path puncture site used for RF ablation was observed in 15%, 21%, and 15% of patients and in 19%, 11%, and 15% of patients at 24 hours, 1 month, and 3 months, respectively.

Conclusion: FDG PET/CT can be used for the evaluation of the effectiveness of lung RF ablation. Inflammatory FDG uptake in mediastinal lymph nodes or at the needle path site used for RF ablation may occur.
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January 2011

Imaging of the distribution of (90)y-ibritumomab tiuxetan in bone marrow and comparison with pathology.

Cancer Biother Radiopharm 2007 Oct;22(5):665-71

Department of Physics, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Purpose: Radioimmunotherapy with anti-CD20 antibodies (Abs) labeled with beta-emitters is now used in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Because (90)Y is a pure beta-emitter, no direct image of its distribution can be obtained in humans. In this paper, we present in this study imaging data of (90)Y-Ab distribution in human-mantle-cell lymphoma within a mouse model. Describing the actual distribution of the radionuclide at the level of particles range may have important impact on patient dosimetry and therapy treatment planning.

Experimental Design: NOD/SCID mice were grafted with a human NHL cell line that involves the bone marrow. The mice were treated with (90)Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin); Schering AG, Germany) and sacrificed 2 hours after Zevalin administration. Tissue sections were then prepared and viewed under conventional microscopy. The distribution of the radioactivity in mouse femur was determined by using digital autoradiography and subsequently correlated with immunohistochemical results.

Results: Various extent of bone marrow infiltration was investigated and found to be reproducible. Zevalin uptake was heterogeneous within the bone marrow. However, unspecific mouse monoclonal uptake by accessory myeloid cells gave nonspecific background radioactivity. Treating mice with an irrelevant mouse IgG1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) before Zevalin injection controlled this unspecific uptake, and images were strongly correlated with bone marrow infiltration on histologic analysis.

Conclusions: Our model was reproducible, and allows for the study of various bone marrow involvement with good sensitivity. We demonstrated that imaging of the beta-emitter was possible with good image quality and that (90)Y-Zevalin is distributed heterogeneously within bone marrow. These data suggest that detailed pharmacokinetics may be developed with this model.
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October 2007

Inverse planning approach for 3-D MRI-based pulse-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy in cervix cancer.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007 Nov;69(3):955-61

Department of Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy Unit, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the inverse planning simulated annealing (IPSA) software for the optimization of dose distribution in patients with cervix carcinoma treated with MRI-based pulsed-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy.

Methods And Materials: Thirty patients treated with a technique using a customized vaginal mold were selected. Dose-volume parameters obtained using the IPSA method were compared with the classic manual optimization method (MOM). Target volumes and organs at risk were delineated according to the Gynecological Brachytherapy Group/European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology recommendations. Because the pulsed dose rate program was based on clinical experience with low dose rate, dwell time values were required to be as homogeneous as possible. To achieve this goal, different modifications of the IPSA program were applied.

Results: The first dose distribution calculated by the IPSA algorithm proposed a heterogeneous distribution of dwell time positions. The mean D90, D100, and V100 calculated with both methods did not differ significantly when the constraints were applied. For the bladder, doses calculated at the ICRU reference point derived from the MOM differed significantly from the doses calculated by the IPSA method (mean, 58.4 vs. 55 Gy respectively; p = 0.0001). For the rectum, the doses calculated at the ICRU reference point were also significantly lower with the IPSA method.

Conclusions: The inverse planning method provided fast and automatic solutions for the optimization of dose distribution. However, the straightforward use of IPSA generated significant heterogeneity in dwell time values. Caution is therefore recommended in the use of inverse optimization tools with clinical relevance study of new dosimetric rules.
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November 2007

Age-dependent variation of follicular size and expression of iodine transporters in human thyroid tissue.

J Nucl Med 2004 Feb;45(2):232-7

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Institut Gustave Roussy, 39 rue C. Demoulins, 94805 Villejuif Cedex, France.

Unlabelled: The high sensitivity of the thyroid gland to the carcinogenic effects of radiation during childhood contrasts with the absence of demonstrable carcinogenic effects of radiation in adults. To better understand these age-related variations, we studied follicular morphometry, functional status, and proliferative activity in 31 thyroid glands removed from relatives of medullary thyroid carcinoma patients, with ages ranging from 3 to 39 y.

Methods: The mean follicular diameter (MFD) was estimated, and immunohistochemistry was performed with antibodies directed to molecules involved in iodide transport (Na(+)/I(-) symporter [NIS], pendrin, and apical iodide transporter), in organification (thyroperoxidase [TPO] and Duox), in cell cycle and growth (Ki-67, cyclin A and D1, and galectin-3), and in angiogenesis (vascular endothelial growth factor and nitric oxide synthase III [NOSIII]).

Results: Compared with older patients, patients who were < or =12 y old had a smaller MFD (P < 0.001) and more frequently positive NIS, pendrin, and Duox (P < 0.01). Proliferation rate as indicated by cyclin A expression was also higher in patients < 12 y (P < 0.01) but peaked at the time of puberty. Staining for NIS, pendrin, TPO, Duox, and NOSIII was stronger in thyroid glands with a smaller MFD (P < 0.001). On multiple tests adjusted for age and thyroid mass, TPO, Duox, and NOSIII remained significantly correlated to MFD (P < 0.001), whereas staining for NIS and pendrin did not. This finding suggests that NIS and pendrin expression is related mainly to the age of the patient.

Conclusion: Smaller follicles with a higher expression of proteins involved in iodide metabolism were found in younger children. In cases of radioiodine contamination in children, the result will be a higher radioactive concentration and, hence, higher radiation doses. This event may induce the development of thyroid cancer under conditions of accelerated proliferation, as evidenced at puberty.
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February 2004