Publications by authors named "Iveta Lisa"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

HMGB1 as a potential new marker of disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Neurol Sci 2020 Mar 14;41(3):599-604. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Spitalska 24, 813 72, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Objectives: Neuroinflammation represents one of the two major pathological components of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of our study was to find the role of the late pro-inflammatory cytokine HMGB1 (high mobility group box) in MS pathogenesis.

Subjects And Methods: A total of 165 patients from three MS centers in Slovakia were enrolled in the study. Patients underwent a complex clinical investigation and their plasma levels of HMGB1 were analyzed by a sandwich ELISA test.

Results: MS patients had 4.5 times higher plasma level of HMGB1 (median, 13.529 ng/mL; IQR = 2.330-113.45) than healthy controls (median, 2.999 ng/mL; IQR = 1.686-9.844; P < 0.0001). The concentrations of HMGB1 were significantly associated with increased number of affected areas diagnosed by MRI (P < 0.0001) (the median for one affected area, 4.205 ng/mL; median for five affected areas, 17.843 ng/mL; P < 0.05). Patients with at least one active lesion in any of the affected areas in the brain had significantly higher plasma levels of HMGB1 (median, 20.118 ng/mL; IQR, 3.693-100.12) than those without any active lesion (median, 16.695 ng/mL; IQR, 3.255-113.45; P < 0.0235). We found also a very highly significant association of HMGB1 plasma levels with clinical condition expressed as EDSS (expanded disability status scale) (P < 0.0001); patients with higher EDSS had higher levels of HMGB1 (EDSS ≤ 2.5, 11.648 ng/mL vs. EDSS ≥ 3, 17.549 ng/mL; P = 0.0115).

Conclusion: Our results suggest chronic low-grade inflammation in MS patients that correlates with clinical conditions of MS patients, and for HMGB1 as a possible target molecule in future therapy.
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March 2020

Long-term effect of rituximab in a case with late-onset Rasmussen´s encephalitis with anti-ganglioside IgGQ1b and anti-GAD antibodies positivity. Case Report.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2016 Jul;37(3):179-183

2nd Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare autoimmune encephalitis usually involving one brain hemisphere, presenting with refractory epileptic seizures, and neurological and cognitive decline. Only 10% of cases start later in adolescence/adulthood. The only effective treatment for refractory seizures in childhood is hemispherectomy. For late-onset cases with mild neurological deficit the hemispherectomy is usually postponed because of its severe consequences. Immunotherapy shows some temporal effect for seizure control and slowing the brain atrophy, mainly in late onset Rasmussen's encephalitis. We report a patient with late onset Rasmussen´s encephalitis with anti-ganglioside IgGQ1b and anti-GAD antibodies positivity, who failed immunotherapy with cytostatics, immunoglobulins and steroids. Anti-ganglioside IgGQ1b antibodies are typically associated with a Miller-Fisher variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome and Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis. The association with Rasmussen´s encephalitis was not described before. Patient´s neurological deficit was mild and hemispherectomy was refused. The treatment with rituximab, an anti-CD20+ monoclonal antibody, led to 36-month control of seizures without any signs of progression of neurological deficit and MRI brain atrophy. Although the treatment is associated with long term B-cells depletion, patient doesn´t suffer from any clinically relevant infection. The biological treatment with monoclonal antibodies might be the way to stabilize patients with Rasmussen´s encephalitis, mainly late-onset, to prevent them from harmful and devastating hemispherectomy.
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July 2016