Publications by authors named "Ivan Tomic"

30 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Hybrid repair of aortic arch with zone zero endografting-Case series with review of the literature.

J Card Surg 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: We present single-institution results of types I and II hybrid procedures for aortic arch disease with 30-day and long-term results and review of the literature.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study of all patients that underwent zone 0 endografting and open bypass from ascending aorta to the arch vessels at our institution between January 2013 and 2020. The following data for the systematic review were extracted from eligible studies: 30-day/in-hospital mortality, stroke rate, spinal cord ischemia (SCI) rate, renal failure requiring dialysis, development of retrograde dissection, early (<30 days) types I and III endoleak, follow-up length, late (>30 days) endoleak, and late (>30 days) mortality.

Results: Twelve patients underwent hybrid aortic arch treatment in our institution. The most common aortic arch pathology was degenerative aortic aneurysm. The rate of retrograde dissection and SCI was 8.33%. Regarding the literature data, a total of 768 patients undergoing types I and II hybrid aortic arch debranching procedure. The pooled rate of 30-day/in-hospital mortality was 10.96% (95% confidence interval [CI], 8.21-14.06), SCI pooled rate was 2.91% (95% CI, 1.76%-4.33%), and retrograde dissection pooled rate was 3.22% (95% CI, 1.99-4.72).

Conclusion: Hybrid arch techniques provide safe alternative to open repair with acceptable short- and midterm results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.15811DOI Listing
July 2021

Impact of Bypass Flow Assessment on Long-Term Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia.

World J Surg 2021 07 17;45(7):2280-2289. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Dr Koste Todorovica 8, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Transit time flow meter (TTFM) allows quick and accurate intraoperative graft assessment. The main study goal is to evaluate the influence of graft flow measurements on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) undergoing bellow the knee (BTK) vein bypass surgery.

Methods: Between January 1st, 1999 and January 1st, 2006, 976 CLTI consecutive patients underwent lower extremity bypass surgery. When applying the exclusion criteria, 249 patients were included in the final analysis. Control measurements were performed at the end of the procedure. Patients were divided according to the mean (more/less than 100 ml/min) and diastolic graft flow (more/less than 40 ml/min) values in four groups. The primary endpoints were a major adverse limb event (male) and primary graft patency.

Results: After the median follow-up of 68 months, a group with the mean graft flow below 100 ml/min and the diastolic graft flow below 40 ml/min had the highest rates of male (χ = 36.60, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test) and the worst primary graft patency (χ = 53.05, DF = 1, P < 0.01, log-rank test).

Conclusion: In patients with CLTI undergoing BTK vein bypass surgery, TTFM parameters, especially combined impact of mean graft flow less than 100 ml/min and diastolic graft flow less than 40 ml/min, were associated with an increased risk of poor long-term male and primary graft patency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06046-yDOI Listing
July 2021

SIMON: Open-Source Knowledge Discovery Platform.

Patterns (N Y) 2021 Jan 8;2(1):100178. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Institute of Immunity, Transplantation, and Infection, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Data analysis and knowledge discovery has become more and more important in biology and medicine with the increasing complexity of biological datasets, but the necessarily sophisticated programming skills and in-depth understanding of algorithms needed pose barriers to most biologists and clinicians to perform such research. We have developed a modular open-source software, SIMON, to facilitate the application of 180+ state-of-the-art machine-learning algorithms to high-dimensional biomedical data. With an easy-to-use graphical user interface, standardized pipelines, and automated approach for machine learning and other statistical analysis methods, SIMON helps to identify optimal algorithms and provides a resource that empowers non-technical and technical researchers to identify crucial patterns in biomedical data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.patter.2020.100178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7815964PMC
January 2021

Report of Two Psychodermatological Cases: Neurotic Excoriation and Dermatitis Artefacta.

Psychiatr Danub 2020 09;32(Suppl 2):298-301

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Clinical Hospital Mostar, School of Medicine, University of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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September 2020

Predictors of in-hospital mortality and complications in acute aortic occlusion: a comparative analysis of patients with embolism and in-situ thrombosis.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Apr 4;62(2):146-152. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Acute aortic occlusion (AAO) represents potentially fatal acute vascular emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and intervention. Clinical condition of patients with AAO is frequently severely devastated when surgical intervention is questionable. Our objective was to retrospectively review our institutional experience with AAO and assess predictors of intrahospital mortality and morbidity.

Methods: This is a retrospective single-center cohort study with prospectively collected data between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2018. The total number of 28 consecutive patients with AAO were included in our analysis. Patients with acute aortic thrombosis manifested by bilateral acute limb ischemia were divided in two groups based on potential caues of AAO (embolism or in-situ thrombosis) differentiated according to condition of aortoilical segment.

Results: We identified 28 patients with AAO. All of them underwent either aortobifemoral bypass (N.=20, 71%) or bilateral trans-femoral thrombectomy (N.=8, 29%). The overall in-hospital mortality was 36%. Factors that influenced in-hospital mortality were: paralysis (OR=4.41, 95% CI: 1.88-21.78) and higher lactate values on admission (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.09-1.83), postoperative development of severe acute kidney injury (OR=3.08, 95% CI: 1.42-14.66), hemodialysis (OR=10.74, 95% CI: 1.64-109.78) and bowel ischemia (OR=5.19, 95% CI: 1.58-55.63).

Conclusions: Paralysis, higher lactate values, development of acute kidney injury, hemodialysis and bowel ischemia are predictors of worse outcome and may be used for risk stratification of patients with acute aortic occlusion and improve counseling patients and their families about expected postoperative outcomes. Patients with embolism and malignant disease have worse outcome; however, this should be tested in future studies on larger sample.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.20.11247-3DOI Listing
April 2021

Influence of preoperative statins and aspirin administration on biological and magnetic resonance imaging properties in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Vasa 2021 Feb 16;50(2):116-124. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

: Main objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of statins and/or acetylsalicylic acid on biochemical characteristics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall and intraluminal thrombus (ILT). : Fifty patients with asymptomatic infrarenal AAA were analyzed using magnetic resonance imaging on T1w sequence. Relative ILT signal intensity (SI) was determined as a ratio between ILT and psoas muscle SI. Samples containing the full ILT thickness and aneurysm wall were harvested from the anterior surface at the level of the maximal diameter. The concentration of enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9, MMP2 and neutrophil elastase (NE/ELA) were analyzed in ILT and AAA wall; while collagen type III, elastin and proteoglycan 4 were analyzed in harvested AAA wall. Oxidative stress in the AAA wall was assessed by catalase and malondialdehyde activity in tissue samples. : Relative ILT signal intensity (1.09 ± 0.41 vs 0.89 ± 0.21, p = 0.013) were higher in non-statin than in statin group. Patients who were taking aspirin had lower relative ILT area (0.89 ± 0.19 vs 1.13. ± 0.44, p = 0.016), and lower relative ILT signal intensity (0.85 [0.73-1.07] vs 1.01 [0.84-1.19], p = 0.021) compared to non-aspirin group. There were higher concentrations of elastin in AAA wall among patients taking both of aspirin and statins (1.21 [0.77-3.02] vs 0.78 (0.49-1.05) ng/ml, p = 0.044) than in patients who did not take both of these drugs. : Relative ILT SI was lower in patients taking statin and aspirin. Combination of antiplatelet therapy and statins was associated with higher elastin concentrations in AAA wall.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/0301-1526/a000895DOI Listing
February 2021

Eversion Carotid Endarterectomy : A Short Review.

J Korean Neurosurg Soc 2020 May 2;63(3):373-379. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the main procedure in carotid surgery, as well as the most frequent vascular procedure. Two techniques of CEA are available : eversion and conventional plus patch angioplasty. Eversion CEA is anatomic procedure that reduces ischemic and total operative time. Simultaneous correction of the joined carotid kinking and coiling is possible, easy and safe, while the usage of patch is excluded. Thanks to oblique shape of anastomosis, eversion CEA is associated with low risk of long-term restenosis. The false anastomotic aneurysms occurrence is very rare, almost impossible after eversion CEA. However, the usage of carotid shunt during eversion CEA is not always simple, while proximal or distal extension of the carotid plaque can make eversion CEA more difficult and risky. Eversion CEA should be the first choice in carotid surgery. Conventional CEA is indicated in cases when carotid plaque is extended more than usual, as well as, if the usage of carotid shunt is necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2019.0201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218199PMC
May 2020

The FluPRINT dataset, a multidimensional analysis of the influenza vaccine imprint on the immune system.

Sci Data 2019 10 21;6(1):214. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Institute of Immunity, Transplantation and Infection, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94304, USA.

Machine learning has the potential to identify novel biological factors underlying successful antibody responses to influenza vaccines. The first attempts have revealed a high level of complexity in establishing influenza immunity, and many different cellular and molecular components are involved. Of note is that the previously identified correlates of protection fail to account for the majority of individual responses across different age groups and influenza seasons. Challenges remain from the small sample sizes in most studies and from often limited data sets, such as transcriptomic data. Here we report the creation of a unified database, FluPRINT, to enable large-scale studies exploring the cellular and molecular underpinnings of successful antibody responses to influenza vaccines. Over 3,000 parameters were considered, including serological responses to influenza strains, serum cytokines, cell phenotypes, and cytokine stimulations. FluPRINT, facilitates the application of machine learning algorithms for data mining. The data are publicly available and represent a resource to uncover new markers and mechanisms that are important for influenza vaccine immunogenicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0213-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6803714PMC
October 2019

SIMON, an Automated Machine Learning System, Reveals Immune Signatures of Influenza Vaccine Responses.

J Immunol 2019 08 14;203(3):749-759. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Institute of Immunity, Transplantation and Infection, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94304.

Machine learning holds considerable promise for understanding complex biological processes such as vaccine responses. Capturing interindividual variability is essential to increase the statistical power necessary for building more accurate predictive models. However, available approaches have difficulty coping with incomplete datasets which is often the case when combining studies. Additionally, there are hundreds of algorithms available and no simple way to find the optimal one. In this study, we developed Sequential Iterative Modeling "OverNight" (SIMON), an automated machine learning system that compares results from 128 different algorithms and is particularly suitable for datasets containing many missing values. We applied SIMON to data from five clinical studies of seasonal influenza vaccination. The results reveal previously unrecognized CD4 and CD8 T cell subsets strongly associated with a robust Ab response to influenza Ags. These results demonstrate that SIMON can greatly speed up the choice of analysis modalities. Hence, it is a highly useful approach for data-driven hypothesis generation from disparate clinical datasets. Our strategy could be used to gain biological insight from ever-expanding heterogeneous datasets that are publicly available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1900033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6643048PMC
August 2019

An Isolated Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta in a Patient with Marfan Syndrome-A Case Report.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Feb 11;63:454.e1-454.e4. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

We present a case of successfully treated abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 24-year-old patient with Marfan syndrome. After initial physical and ultrasound examination, the multislice computed tomography (MSCT) scan revealed infrarenal aortic aneurysm of 6 cm in diameter, 10 cm long, along with slightly dilated iliac arteries. However, dimensions of aortic root, aortic arch, and descending suprarenal aorta were within normal limits. Further on, because the patient presented with signs of impending rupture, an urgent surgical intervention was performed. The patient was discharged in good general medical condition 7 days after surgery. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient's condition was satisfying and no MSCT signs of further aortic dissection/aneurysm were identified. To the best of our knowledge, a case of successful management of a patient with Marfans syndrome and truly isolated infrarenal and symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm has not been described in the literature before.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.11.019DOI Listing
February 2020

Internal but not external noise frees working memory resources.

PLoS Comput Biol 2018 10 15;14(10):e1006488. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

The precision with which visual information can be recalled from working memory declines as the number of items in memory increases. This finding has been explained in terms of the distribution of a limited representational resource between items. Here we investigated how the sensory strength of memoranda affects resource allocation. We manipulated signal strength of an orientation stimulus in two ways: we varied the internal (sensory) noise by adjusting stimulus contrast, and varied the external (stimulus) noise by altering the within-stimulus variability. Both manipulations had similar effects on the precision with which the orientation could be recalled, but differed in their impact on memory for other stimuli. These results indicate that increasing internal noise released resources that could be used to store other stimuli more precisely; increasing external noise had no such effect. We show that these observations can be captured by a simple neural model of working memory encoding, in which spiking activity takes on the role of the limited resource.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006488DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201966PMC
October 2018

Seat-Belt Abdominal Aortic Injury-Treatment Modalities.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 4;53:270.e13-270.e16. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Blunt abdominal aortic injuries are extremely rare, diagnosed in less than 0.05% of all trauma admissions. Aortic injury caused by a seat belt during a car accident is often referred as "seat-belt aorta". We present a case of an 18-year-old woman, restrained back passenger involved in a vehicular collision, sustaining vertebral column and multiple rib fractures, mesenterium and colonic injury, and infrarenal aortic contusion with localized dissection and partial thrombosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.05.047DOI Listing
November 2018

Does the in-situ technique provide better long-term patency of femoro-distal bypass reconstruction?

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2019 Feb 26;60(1):146-147. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10622-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Activity of fosfomycin against nosocomial multiresistant bacterial pathogens from Croatia: a multicentric study.

Croat Med J 2018 Apr;59(2):56-64

Robert Likić, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Department of Internal Medicine, Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia,

Aim: To determine in vitro susceptibility of multiresistant bacterial isolates to fosfomycin.

Methods: In this prospective in vitro study (local non-random sample, level of evidence 3), 288 consecutively collected multiresistant bacterial isolates from seven medical centers in Croatia were tested from February 2014 until October 2016 for susceptibility to fosfomycin and other antibiotics according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methodology. Susceptibility to fosfomycin was determined by agar dilution method, while disc diffusion was performed for in vitro testing of other antibiotics. Polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were performed for the majority of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) and carbapenem-resistant isolates.

Results: The majority of 288 multiresistant bacterial isolates (82.6%) were susceptible to fosfomycin. The 236 multiresistant Gram-negative isolates showed excellent susceptibility to fosfomycin. Susceptibility rates were as follows: Escherichia coli ESBL 97%, K. pneumoniae ESBL 80%, Enterobacter species 85.7%, Citrobacter freundii 100%, Proteus mirabilis 93%, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 60%. Of the 52 multiresistant Gram-positive isolates, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus showed excellent susceptibility to fosfomycin (94.4%) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus showed low susceptibility to fosfomycin (31%). Polymerase chain reaction analysis of 36/50 ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates showed that majority of isolates had CTX-M-15 beta lactamase (27/36) preceded by ISEcp insertion sequence. All carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter and Citrobacter isolates had blaVIM-1 metallo-beta-lactamase gene.

Conclusion: With the best in vitro activity among the tested antibiotics, fosfomycin could be an effective treatment option for infections caused by multiresistant Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains in the hospital setting.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5941293PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.3325/cmj.2018.59.56DOI Listing
April 2018

Combined Impact of Chronic Kidney Disease and Contrast Induced Acute Kidney Injury on Long-term Outcomes in Patients with Acute Lower Limb Ischaemia.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018 07 7;56(1):78-86. Epub 2018 Apr 7.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: Acute lower limb ischaemia (ALI) is the sudden onset of decreased arterial perfusion with imminent threat to limb viability. Contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is one of the complications that increases mortality in patients who undergo contrast imaging in coronary procedures. The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and CI-AKI on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ALI undergoing lower limb revascularisation.

Methods: A total 1017 consecutive patients with acute lower limb ischaemia who were admitted between July 1, 2006, and January 1, 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had end stage renal disease, those who had end stage heart and malignant disease and died within 7 days of limb revascularisation, and those who did not undergo angiography were excluded. Thus 546 patients were included in the final analysis. Patients were classified as with or without CKD and were then subdivided according to the presence or absence of the development of CI-AKI, defined as an increase in serum creatinine of ≥0.5 mg/dL or by ≥25% from the baseline value within the first 72 h after contrast exposure. The primary end point was all cause mortality and secondary major adverse limb event (MALE).

Results: Both CKD and CI-AKI were associated with the highest rate of all cause mortality (chi square = 55.77, d.f. = 1, p < .01, log rank test) and MALE (chi square = 79.07, d.f. = 1, p < .01, log rank test). The presence of CKD and CI-AKI were significant risk factors associated with long-term all cause mortality (HR = 2.61, p < .01) and MALE (HR = 2.87, p < .01).

Conclusion: In patients with ALI undergoing lower limb revascularisation, both CKD and CI-AKI were significantly associated with poor long-term outcomes compared with either CKD or CI-AKI alone. Further studies are required to assess this association and to confirm the combined effect of CKD and CI-AKI on long-term clinical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2018.03.008DOI Listing
July 2018

Correction to: Associations Between Croatian Adolescents' Use of Sexually Explicit Material and Sexual Behavior: Does Parental Monitoring Play a Role?

Arch Sex Behav 2018 08;47(6):1895-1897

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

The versions of Figures 2-4 presented in the original version of this article were incomplete. In all three figures, structural paths were omitted. The article has been updated to provide the correct figures, which are also presented here.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-018-1159-xDOI Listing
August 2018

Influence of the Type of Plateletpheresis on the Value of Corpuscular Elements in the Blood Donors.

Psychiatr Danub 2017 Dec;29 Suppl 4(Suppl 4):835-840

Institute of Transfusion Medicine F BiH (ZZTMFBiH), Čekaluša 86, Sarajevo, Bosnia & Hercegovina,

Introduction: During the plateletpheresis procedure the number of trombocites in the donor's blood significantly decreases, and the levels of the other components of blood as hematocrit, hemoglobin, and leukocyte diminish as well. Influence of the type of procedure DN-CFCS and SN-ICFS it is one of the factors that affects the decrease of the levels of HCT, Hgb and WBC. In this study, our goal was to see the difference in the value of HCT, Hgb, WBC, and platelets after the plateletfphresis process between DN-CFCS and SN-IFCS on the same cell separator - Fenval AMICUS.

Donors And Methods: The criteria for participation: men between age of 25-45. Two groups were formed. Group I 112 separation done with the method SN-ICFS and Group II 180 separation done with the method DN-CFCS.

Statistical Analysis: To confirm the statistical difference we used Student t-test for independent or dependent samples, as well as Mann-Whitney U test as non parametric alternative. The possibility of errors were accepted for α<0.05, and the difference between groups were accepted as statistical relevant for p<0.05.

Results: Statistically significant lower values were observed of all researched parameters after separation for the donors on the equipement Amicus DN, and for donors on Amicus SN. A significant higher value of HCT before procedure was found in the AM DN group, in the researches of the other variables there were no significant differences. The resultst for the comparison of variables after procedure procedure for DN and SN procedure. A significant higher value of HCT and a significant higher level of Hgb, as well as a significant lower level of WBV after procedure in the AM DN group, while for the levels of PLT there were no significant differences.

Conclusion: On the decrease of the value of the observed parameters the type of procedure has an influence that means DN-CFCS or SN-IFCS, continuous or discontinuous flow.
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December 2017

Associations Between Croatian Adolescents' Use of Sexually Explicit Material and Sexual Behavior: Does Parental Monitoring Play a Role?

Arch Sex Behav 2018 08 25;47(6):1881-1893. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

The use of sexually explicit material (SEM) has become a part of adolescent sexual socialization, at least in the Western world. Adolescent and young people's SEM use has been associated with risky sexual behaviors, which has recently resulted in policy debates about restricting access to SEM. Such development seems to suggest a crisis of the preventive role of parental oversight. Based on the Differential Susceptibility to Media Effects Model, this study assessed the role of parental monitoring in the context of adolescent vulnerability to SEM-associated risky or potentially adverse outcomes (sexual activity, sexual aggressiveness, and sexting). Using an online sample of Croatian 16-year-olds (N = 1265) and structural equation modeling approach, parental monitoring was found consistently and negatively related to the problematic behavioral outcomes, regardless of participants' gender. While SEM use was related to sexual experience and sexting, higher levels of parental monitoring were associated with less frequent SEM use and lower acceptance of sexual permissiveness. Despite parents' fears about losing the ability to monitor their adolescent children's lives in the Internet era, there is evidence that parental engagement remains an important protective factor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-017-1097-zDOI Listing
August 2018

Body Composition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients.

Ther Apher Dial 2017 Dec 22;21(6):556-564. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Mostar University Hospital, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The volume state of dialysis patients is important in guiding the dialysis process. Volume overload in these patients is associated with inflammation. The objectives of the present study were to assess the body composition of patients on hemodialysis; to determine the concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in plasma and evaluate the association of BNP concentrations with volume overload; to determine the concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities as indicators of inflammatory or antioxidant processes. The study included 79 maintenance hemodialysis patients. Assessment of body compartments was carried out using a body composition monitor (BCM). After BCM measurements, blood samples were taken from the patients for laboratory tests. There were 40 (50.6%) volume-overloaded patients (relative overhydration >15%). These patients had a higher prevalence of arterial hypertension (P < 0.05), significantly higher concentrations of BNP (P = 0.01), lower body mass index (P < 0.05) and lower fat tissue index (P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between plasma BNP and CRP concentrations (ρ = 0.231; P < 0.05), and a negative correlation between (log) BNP and albumin (r = -0.021; P < 0.05), as well as (log) CRP and albumin concentrations (r = -3; P < 0.01). SOD activity was positively correlated with albumin concentrations (r = 0.254; P < 0.05). The concentrations of BNP in this study were associated with volume overload and inflammatory markers. Patients with a higher albumin concentration had higher SOD activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.12575DOI Listing
December 2017

Opening pressures and atelectrauma in acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Intensive Care Med 2017 05 10;43(5):603-611. Epub 2017 Mar 10.

Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, University of Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Straße 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany.

Purpose: Open lung strategy during ARDS aims to decrease the ventilator-induced lung injury by minimizing the atelectrauma and stress/strain maldistribution. We aim to assess how much of the lung is opened and kept open within the limits of mechanical ventilation considered safe (i.e., plateau pressure 30 cmHO, PEEP 15 cmHO).

Methods: Prospective study from two university hospitals. Thirty-three ARDS patients (5 mild, 10 moderate, 9 severe without extracorporeal support, ECMO, and 9 severe with it) underwent two low-dose end-expiratory CT scans at PEEP 5 and 15 cmHO and four end-inspiratory CT scans (from 19 to 40 cmHO). Recruitment was defined as the fraction of lung tissue which regained inflation. The atelectrauma was estimated as the difference between the intratidal tissue collapse at 5 and 15 cmHO PEEP. Lung ventilation inhomogeneities were estimated as the ratio of inflation between neighboring lung units.

Results: The lung tissue which is opened between 30 and 45 cmHO (i.e., always closed at plateau 30 cmHO) was 10 ± 29, 54 ± 86, 162 ± 92, and 185 ± 134 g in mild, moderate, and severe ARDS without and with ECMO, respectively (p < 0.05 mild versus severe without or with ECMO). The intratidal collapses were similar at PEEP 5 and 15 cmHO (63 ± 26 vs 39 ± 32 g in mild ARDS, p = 0.23; 92 ± 53 vs 78 ± 142 g in moderate ARDS, p = 0.76; 110 ± 91 vs 89 ± 93, p = 0.57 in severe ARDS without ECMO; 135 ± 100 vs 104 ± 80, p = 0.32 in severe ARDS with ECMO). Increasing the applied airway pressure up to 45 cmHO decreased the lung inhomogeneity slightly (but significantly) in mild and moderate ARDS, but not in severe ARDS.

Conclusions: Data show that the prerequisites of the open lung strategy are not satisfied using PEEP up to 15 cmHO and plateau pressure up to 30 cmHO. For an effective open lung strategy, higher pressures are required. Therefore, risks of atelectrauma must be weighted versus risks of volutrauma.

Trial Registration: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01670747 ( www.clinicaltrials.gov ).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-017-4754-8DOI Listing
May 2017

Effects of Psychological Distance and Need for Cognitive Closure on Impression Formation.

J Gen Psychol 2017 Jan-Mar;144(1):1-15

a University of Zagreb.

Based on theoretical and empirical similarities between Construal level theory of psychological distance and the Need for cognitive closure (NFC) theory, it could be hypothesized that psychological distance and NFC represent constructs that overlap to some degree. Since both theories describe judgmental behavior in terms of schematic processing, we hypothesized that primacy effect, a schema-driven phenomenon, is strengthened under the heightened NFC and psychological distance. We tested this hypothesis in an impression formation experiment while manipulating psychological distance and measuring NFC. Low NFC and psychological closeness reflect preference for situationally specific, contextually rich information, and therefore their joint effect resulted in reliance on all available information regardless of their position in a sequence. High NFC and psychological distance produced a preference for clear, schematic, stable knowledge, and therefore weighed first information more, which resulted in the primacy effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2016.1258385DOI Listing
May 2017

Carotid replacement with Dacron graft in 292 patients.

Vascular 2016 Dec 19;24(6):580-589. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

Faculty of Medical, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Introduction: In case of highly atherosclerotic carotid process, carotid graft replacement might be a potential solution for successful procedure. Many studies evaluated the results of vein and polytetrafluorethilen (PTFE) graft usage at the carotid bifurcation, while the experience on the Dacron graft due to extensive atherosclerotic process is missing. The aim of our study was to evaluate 30-day and long-term results of the Dacron graft on carotid artery used in patients with extensive atherosclerotic disease.

Material And Methods: This retrospective study analysed early and long-term neurological outcome as well as Dacron graft patency in patients operated with carotid reconstruction. Early results were confirmed by follow-up clinical examination, whereas late results were assessed by follow-up clinical examination as well as duplex sonographic examination at least 1 year after the surgery. As for statistical methods we used descriptive analysis tests, Chi-square test, and logistic regression.

Results: Carotid graft replacement was performed in 292 patients, before endarterectomy in 155 (53.09%), or after already attempted unsuccessful eversion endarterectomy in 137 (46.91%). Nineteen (6.5%) patients had a stroke due to ipsilateral and contralateral ischaemia or haemorrhagic in 17 (5.8%), 1 (0.3%) and 1 (0.3%) patients, respectively. Significantly higher rate of strokes occurred when the graft reconstruction was used after the failure of endarterectomy (8.5% vs. 3.5%, p = 0.029). Stroke and death rate was 7.19%. Factors that increased risk of early stroke were the length of plaque in the internal carotid artery measured intraoperatively (p = 0.025) and the surgical tactic to perform graft reconstruction after attempted extensive endarterectomy (p = 0.029).

Conclusion: Low number of patients with carotid stenosis has extensive atherosclerotic process longer than 4 cm that might jeopardise eversion endarterectomy. Carotid graft replacement with Dacron graft provide early results that are comparable with other conduits; however, in such patients reconstruction should be selected individually based on surgical experience and anatomical distribution of stenotic disease. Due to high risk of stroke, only symptomatic patients with such extensive atherosclerotic disease should be operated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1708538115627576DOI Listing
December 2016

12th WINFOCUS world congress on ultrasound in emergency and critical care.

Crit Ultrasound J 2016 Sep;8(Suppl 1):12

Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Table Of Contents: A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization. A novel approach in emergency departmentMargarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA5 Clinical ultrasound in a septic and jaundice patient in the emergency departmentMargarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA6 Characterization of the eyes in preoperative cataract Saudi patients by using medical diagnostic ultrasoundMustafa Z. Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim SuliemanA7 High-frequency ultrasound in determining the causes of acute shoulder joint painMustafa Z. MahmoudA8 Teaching WINFOCUS Ultrasound Life Support Basic Level 1 for Providers in resource-limited countriesAbbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H. Lester Kirchner, Gregor ProsenA9 Changes of arterial stiffness and endothelial function during uncomplicated pregnancyAjda Anzic, Paul LeesonA10 Cardiovascular haemodynamic properties before, during and after pregnancyAjda Anzic, Paul LeesonA11 An old man with generalized weaknessMaryam Bahreini, Fatemeh RasooliA12 Ultrasonography for non-specific presentations of abdominal painMaryam Bahreini, Houman HosseinnejadA13 Introduction of a new imaging guideline for suspected renal colic in the emergency department: effect on CT Urogram utilisationGabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-WarburtonA14 Transabdominal ultrasound screening for pancreatic cancer in Croatian military veterans: a retrospective analysis from the first Croatian veteran's hospitalEdina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz KovačevićA15 The challenge of AAA: unusual case of obstructive jaundiceEdina Ćatić Ćuti, Nadan RustemovićA16 Educational effectiveness of easy-made new simulator model for ultrasound-guided procedures in pediatric patients: vascular access and foreign body managementIkwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun KimA17 Detection of uterine rupture by point-of-care ultrasound at emergency department: a case reportChi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te KungA18 Abdominal probe in the hands of interns as a relevant diagnostic tool in revealing the cause of heart failureEla Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan RadonićA19 Needs assessment of the potential utility of point-of-care ultrasound within the Zanzibar health systemAbiola Fasina, Anthony J. Dean, Nova L. Panebianco, Patricia S. HenwoodA20 Ultrasonographic diagnosis of tracheal compressionOliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio BonanomiA21 The role of ultrasound in the detection of lung infiltrates in critically ill patients: a pilot studyMarijana Grgić Medić, Ivan Tomić, Radovan RadonićA22 The SAFER Lasso; a novel approach using point-of-care ultrasound to evaluate patients with abdominal complaints in the emergency departmentYoungrock Ha, Hongchuen TohA23 Awareness and use of clinician-performed ultrasound among clinical clerkship facultyElizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Nova Panebianco, Anthony J. DeanA24 Clinical outcomes in the use of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pediatric pneumoniasAngela Hua, Sharon Kim, James TsungA25 Effectiveness of ultrasound in hypotensive patientsIsa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan AyA26 Moderate-to-severe left ventricular ejection fraction related to short-term mortality of patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrestJinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon ShimA27 Usefulness of abdominal ultrasound for acute pyelonephritis diagnosis after kidney transplantationJi-Han LeeA28 Lung ultrasound for assessing fluid tolerance in severe preeclampsiaJana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha LucovnikA29 Optic nerve sheath ultrasound in severe preeclampsiaGabrijela Brzan Simenc, Jana Ambrozic, Miha LucovnikA30 Focused echocardiography monitoring in the postoperative period for non-cardiac patientsAsta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius MacasA31 POCUS-guided paediatric upper limb fracture reduction: algorithm, tricks, and tipsSharad MohiteA32 Point-of-care lung ultrasound: a good diagnostic tool for pneumonia in a septic patientZoltan Narancsik, Hugon MožinaA33 A case of undergraduate POCUS (r)evolutionSara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Gregor ProsenA34 The Graz Summer School for ultrasound: from first contact to bedside application: three-and-a-half-day undergraduate ultrasound training: résumé after two years of continuous developmentSimon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard KaufmannA35 Usefulness of point-of-care ultrasound in the emergency room in a patient with acute abdominal painAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA36 Use of bedside ultrasound in a critically ill patient. A case reportAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA37 Diagnostic yield of clinical echocardiography for the emergency physicianAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA38 Focused cardiac ultrasound in early diagnosis of type A aortic dissection with atypical presentationChun-I Pan, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chien-Hung WuA39 Detection of imperforated hymen by point-of-care ultrasoundHsiu-yung Pan, Chia-Te KungA40 Developing a point-of-care ultrasound curriculum for pediatric nurse practitioners practicing in the pediatric emergency departmentSarah Pasquale, Stephanie J. Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo ChiricoloA41 Use of transthoracic echocardiography in emergency setting: patient with mitral valve abscessMaja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan LeskovarA42 A young man with syncopeFatemeh Rasooli, Maryam BahreiniA43 Work-related repetitive use injuries in ultrasound fellowsKristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph MinardiA44 Lung ultrasonography in the evaluation of pneumonia in childrenIrmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar ZubovicA45 Central venous catheter placement with the ultrasound aid: two years' experience of the Interventional unit, Division of Intensive Care Medicine, KBC ZagrebAna Godan Hauptman, Marijana Grgic Medic, Ivan Tomic, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Radovan RadonicA46 Duplicitas casui: two patients admitted due to acute liver failureVedran Radonic, Ivan Tomic, Luka Bielen, Marijana Grgic MedicA47 A pilot survey on an understanding of Bedside Point-of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS) among medical doctors in internal medicine: exposure, perceptions, interest, and barriers to trainingPeh Wee MingA48 Unusual case of defecation syncopeNur hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham MohammedA49 A case report of massive pulmonary embolism; a multidisciplinary approachZainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W.Yus Haniff W.Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13089-016-0046-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5014769PMC
September 2016

The Rationale for Continuing Open Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Oct 6;36:64-73. Epub 2016 Jul 6.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) remains high. The purpose of this study is to present the results of open RAAA treatment observing 2 different 10-year periods in a single high-volume center and to consider the possibilities of result improvement in the future.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 729 RAAA patients who were treated through 1991-2001 (229 patients, Group A) and 2002-2011 (500 patients, Group B) was performed. Variables significantly associated with mortality were defined and analyzed.

Results: Overall 30-day mortality in Group A was 53.7% (123/229 patients) with intraoperative mortality of 13.5% (31/229 patients), while in Group B it was 37.4% (187/500 patients) with intraoperative mortality of 12.4% (62/500 patients). Overall 30-day mortality was significantly lower in Group B (P = 0.012). There was no difference regarding intraoperative mortality (P = 0.797). Preoperative severe hemodynamic instability (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), cardiac arrest (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), consciousness deterioration (P < 0.05, P < 0.001), renal malfunction (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), and significant anemia (P < 0.01, P < 0.001) were associated with increased mortality in both A and B groups, respectively. Aortic cross-clamping level in Group A was predominantly infrarenal (68%) while in Group B it was mostly supraceliac (53%) (P < 0.001). Cross-clamping time, duration of surgery, and type of aortic reconstruction had no influence on survival in Group B (P > 0.05). Intraoperative hemodynamic instability (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), significant bleeding (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and low urine output (P < 0.05, P < 0.001) remained parameters that favored lethal outcome in both A and B groups, respectively. Cell saving was used only in Group B. The multivariate logistic regression applied on the complete sample of patients presented several significant predictors of lethal outcome: congestive heart failure on admission (odds ratio [OR] 1.954, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.103-3.460), intraperitoneal rupture (OR 3.009, 95% CI 1.771-5.423), aortofemoral reconstruction (OR 1.928, 95% CI 1.044-3.563), and total operative time (OR 1.005, 95% CI 1.001-1.010). Postoperative multisystem organ failure (P < 0.01, P < 0.001), respiratory (P < 0.01, P < 0.001) and renal (P < 0.05, P < 0.001) failure, postoperative bleeding (P < 0.05), and cerebrovascular incidents (P < 0.05, P < 0.01) significantly increased mortality in both A and B groups.

Conclusions: Although unselective, aggressive surgical approach in RAAA performed by teams experienced in open repair can improve patient's survival. Short admission/surgery time, supraceliac aortic cross-clamping, and the use of intraoperative cell saving are recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2016.02.037DOI Listing
October 2016

Open Treatment of Blunt Injuries of Supra-Aortic Branches: Case Series.

Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Feb 2;31:205.e5-205.e10. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Blunt injuries of the supra-aortic branches are rare entity, and majority of patients die before arrival at the hospital. Those who arrive alive require complex and fast procedure that requires sternotomy. We report 3 successfully managed cases.

Case Reports: We report 3 patients with injury of supra-aortic branches. One was treated urgently due to longitudinal rupture on the posterior wall of innominate artery after car accident, and another 2 had chronic false aneurysm located at the very orifice of the right subclavian and left common carotid artery. In first and second patient bypass grafting with a hand-made, Y-shaped, 8-mm Dacron graft from the ascending aorta to the right common carotid and proximal right subclavian artery were performed, whereas in last 1 bypass grafting from the ascending aorta to the cervical part of the left common carotid artery was performed. In our facility, there were no possibilities for any endovascular treatment.

Conclusions: When endovascular technology is not available, open surgical repair of blunt injuries of supra-aortic vessels can be performed without complications. No matter to that, endovascular and hybrid procedures should be considered whenever possible.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2015.07.049DOI Listing
February 2016

Reborn of Internal-External Carotid Artery Transposition as a Repair Method for Shotgun Injury of Neck Zone 2.

Ann Vasc Surg 2015 Nov 24;29(8):1663.e9-12. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Clinical Centre of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegoro.

A 26-year-old male presented to the emergency center having been shot in the neck. Multislice computed tomography angiography revealed injury of the right internal carotid artery at level of the carotid bifurcation with hematoma and injury of right internal jugular vein. Under general anesthesia, transposition of internal carotid artery to external carotid artery, with ligation of internal jugular vein, was successfully performed. This case emphasizes the value of "old fashion" surgical treatment in modern endovascular age.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2015.05.039DOI Listing
November 2015

Splenic Artery Aneurysms: Two Cases of Varied Etiology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment Outcome.

Srp Arh Celok Lek 2015 May-Jun;143(5-6):326-31

Introduction: Splenic artery aneurysms are potentially lethal lesions. We report two illustrative cases and discuss etiology, diagnosis and treatment of these aneurysms.

Outline Of Cases: Both patients, age 31 and 80 years, were biparous women.The younger woman, otherwise healthy, was referred from a local hospital 3 weeks after she underwent a left subcostal laparotomy and exploration for symptomatic abdominal mass diagnosed by CT. Angiography established the diagnosis of a large, non-ruptured splenic artery aneurysm. Elective aneurysmectomy with splenectomy was performed using the approach through the upper median laparotomy and bursa omentalis. Postoperative course was uneventful. Histopathology demonstrated cystic medial necrosis with chronic dissection. The other patient, elderly woman, presented urgently with acute abdominal pain and syncope and was diagnosed by computed tomography with a huge, ruptured splenic artery aneurysm. She underwent immediate aneurysmectomy with splenectomy using the same, above-mentioned approach. External pancreatic fistula and pancreatic pseudocyst complicated the postoperative course, requiring open pseudocyst drainage and cystojejunostomy. After a protracted hospitalization patient eventually recovered. The pathological diagnosis was atherosclerotic aneurysm.

Conclusion: Splenic artery aneurysms are infrequent lesions, with varied etiology and clinical presentation. Timely diagnosis and adequate treatment prevent life-threatening rupture and lessen the risk of operative morbidity and mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/sarh1506326pDOI Listing
October 2015

Homage to Professor Soubbotich and His Relavance in the Treatment of War Wounds.

Ann Vasc Surg 2015 Oct 5;29(7):1486-7. Epub 2015 Aug 5.

Department for Vascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2015.07.002DOI Listing
October 2015

A deceitful case of spinal cord malperfusion presented as an acute limb ischemia.

Ann Vasc Surg 2014 Jul 16;28(5):1318.e11-2. Epub 2014 Jan 16.

Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular surgery, Serbian Clinical Centre, Belgrade, Serbia; Medical Faculty, Clinical Centre of Serbia, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

We present an interesting case of a patient with spinal cord ischemia presented with physical and angiographic findings of acute right leg ischemia 6 days after abdominal aortic aneurysm open repair. After unsuccessful transpopliteal thrombectomy, patient was treated with spinal cord drainage. Cause of this complication might be ischemic lumbal plexopathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2013.11.010DOI Listing
July 2014

Appearance of femoropopliteal segment aneurysms in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Vojnosanit Pregl 2012 Sep;69(9):783-6

Clinic for Special and Surgical Skills, Clinical Center of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Bosna and Herzegovina.

Background/aim: To promote better treatment outcome, as well as economic benefit it is very important to find out patients with simultaneous occurrence of both aortic and arterial aneurysms. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the frequency and factors affecting femoropopliteal (F-P) segment aneurysms appearance in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).

Methods: This study included 70 patients who had underwent elective or urgent surgery of AAA from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2007. After ultrasonographic examination of F-P segment, all the patients were divided into two groups--those with adjunctive F-P segment aneurysm (n = 20) and the group of 50 patients witho no adjunctive F-P segment aneurysm. In both groups demographic characteristics (gender, age), risk factors (diabetes mellitus, elevated serum levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, arterial hypertension, smoking, obesity) and cardiovascular comorbidity (cerebrovascular desease, ischemic heart desease) were investigated.

Results: Twenty (28.57%) patients who had been operated on because of AAA, had adjunctive aneurysmal desease of F-P segment. Diabetes was no statistically significantly more present among the patients who, beside AAA, had adjunctive aneurismal desease of F-P segment (chi2 = 0.04; DF = 1; p > 0.05). Also, in both groups there was no statistically significant difference in gender structure (chi2 = 2.05; DF = 2; p > 0.05), age (chi2 = 5.46; DF = 1; p > 0.05), total cholesterol level (chi2 = 0.89; DF = 1; p > 0.05) and triglyceride (chi2 = 0.89; DF = 1; p > 0.05) levels, the presence of arterial hypertension (chi2 = 1.38; DF = 2; p > 0.05), smoking (chi2 = 1.74; DF = 1; p > 0.05), obesity (chi2 = 1.76; DF = 1; p > 0.05) and presence of cerebrovascular desease (chi2 = 2.34; DF = 1; p > 0.05). Conversly, ischemic heart desease was statistically significantly more present among the patients who, beside AAA, had adjunctive aneurismal desease of F-P segment (chi2 = 5.45; DF = 1; p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Twenty patients, beside AAA, had adjunctive F-P segment aneurysm. The results of this study suggest the necessity of preforming ultrasonographic examination of F-P segment in all patients with proven AAA.
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September 2012
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