Publications by authors named "Italo Beria"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

NMS-P937, an orally available, specific small-molecule polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor with antitumor activity in solid and hematologic malignancies.

Mol Cancer Ther 2012 Apr 7;11(4):1006-16. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is a serine/threonine protein kinase considered to be the master player of cell-cycle regulation during mitosis. It is indeed involved in centrosome maturation, bipolar spindle formation, chromosome separation, and cytokinesis. PLK1 is overexpressed in a variety of human tumors and its overexpression often correlates with poor prognosis. Although five different PLKs are described in humans, depletion or inhibition of kinase activity of PLK1 is sufficient to induce cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in cancer cell lines and in xenograft tumor models. NMS-P937 is a novel, orally available PLK1-specific inhibitor. The compound shows high potency in proliferation assays having low nanomolar activity on a large number of cell lines, both from solid and hematologic tumors. NMS-P937 potently causes a mitotic cell-cycle arrest followed by apoptosis in cancer cell lines and inhibits xenograft tumor growth with clear PLK1-related mechanism of action at well-tolerated doses in mice after oral administration. In addition, NMS-P937 shows potential for combination in clinical settings with approved cytotoxic drugs, causing tumor regression in HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma xenografts upon combination with irinotecan and prolonged survival of animals in a disseminated model of acute myelogenous leukemia in combination with cytarabine. NMS-P937, with its favorable pharmacologic parameters, good oral bioavailability in rodent and nonrodent species, and proven antitumor activity in different preclinical models using a variety of dosing regimens, potentially provides a high degree of flexibility in dosing schedules and warrants investigation in clinical settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0765DOI Listing
April 2012

5-(2-amino-pyrimidin-4-yl)-1H-pyrrole and 2-(2-amino-pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,5,6,7-tetrahydro-pyrrolo[3,2-c]pyridin-4-one derivatives as new classes of selective and orally available Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2012 Jan 23;22(1):96-101. Epub 2011 Nov 23.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, (MI), Italy.

The discovery and characterization of two new chemical classes of potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitors is reported. For the most interesting compounds, we discuss the biological activities, crystal structures and preliminary pharmacokinetic parameters. The more advanced compounds inhibit PLK1 in the enzymatic assay at the nM level and exhibit good activity in cell proliferation on A2780 cells. Furthermore, these compounds showed high levels of selectivity on a panel of unrelated kinases, as well as against PLK2 and PLK3 isoforms. Additionally, the compounds show acceptable oral bioavailability in mice making these inhibitors suitable candidates for further in vivo activity studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.11.065DOI Listing
January 2012

NMS-P937, a 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivative as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 May 21;21(10):2969-74. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, MI, Italy.

As part of our drug discovery effort, we identified and developed 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as PLK1 inhibitors. We now report the optimization of this class that led to the identification of NMS-P937, a potent, selective and orally available PLK1 inhibitor. Also, in order to understand the source of PLK1 selectivity, we determined the crystal structure of PLK1 with NMS-P937. The compound was active in vivo in HCT116 xenograft model after oral administration and is presently in Phase I clinical trials evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.03.054DOI Listing
May 2011

Phosphorylation of TCTP as a marker for polo-like kinase-1 activity in vivo.

Anticancer Res 2010 Dec;30(12):4973-85

BU Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, 20014 Nerviano, Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is the master regulator of mitosis and a target for anticancer therapy. To develop a marker of PLK1 activity in cells and tumour tissues, this study focused on translational controlled tumour protein (TCTP) and identified serine 46 as a site phosphorylated by PLK1 in vitro. Using an antibody raised against phospho-TCTP-Ser46, it was demonstrated that phosphorylation at this site correlates with PLK1 level and kinase activity in cells. Moreover, PLK1 depletion by siRNA or inactivation by specific inhibitors caused a correspondent decrease in phospho-TCTP-Ser46 signal validating this site as a direct marker of PLK1. Using this marker, the study characterized PLK1 inhibitors in cells by setting up a high-content assay and finally immunohistochemical assay suitable for following inhibitor activity in preclinical tumour models and possibly in clinical studies was developed.
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December 2010

4,5-Dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazolines as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Nov 17;20(22):6489-94. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

A series of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives was optimized as Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors. Extensive SAR afforded a highly potent and selective PLK1 compound. The compound showed good antiproliferative activity when tested in a panel of tumor cell lines with PLK1 related mechanism of action and with good in vivo antitumor efficacy in two xenograft models after i.v. administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.060DOI Listing
November 2010

Identification of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as a new class of orally and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors.

J Med Chem 2010 May;53(9):3532-51

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, (Mi), Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a fundamental regulator of mitotic progression whose overexpression is often associated with oncogenesis and therefore is recognized as an attractive therapeutic target in the treatment of proliferative diseases. Here we discuss the structure-activity relationship of the 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline class of compounds that emerged from a high throughput screening (HTS) campaign as potent inhibitors of Plk1 kinase. Furthermore, we describe the discovery of 49, 8-{[2-methoxy-5-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)phenyl]amino}-1-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline-3-carboxamide, as a highly potent and specific ATP mimetic inhibitor of Plk1 (IC(50) = 0.007 microM) as well as its crystal structure in complex with the methylated Plk1(36-345) construct. Compound 49 was active in cell proliferation against different tumor cell lines with IC(50) values in the submicromolar range and active in vivo in the HCT116 xenograft model where it showed 82% tumor growth inhibition after repeated oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm901713nDOI Listing
May 2010

Role of glutathione transferases in the mechanism of brostallicin activation.

Biochemistry 2010 Jan;49(1):226-35

Department of Chemical Sciences and Technologies, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.

Brostallicin is a novel and unique glutathione transferase-activated pro-drug with promising anticancer activity, currently in phase I and II clinical evaluation. In this work, we show that, in comparison with the parental cell line showing low GST levels, the cytotoxic activity of brostallicin is significantly enhanced in the human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cell line, transfected with either human GST-pi or GST-mu. Moreover, we describe in detail the interaction of brostallicin with GSH in the presence of GSTP1-1 and GSTM2-2, the predominant GST isoenzymes found within tumor cells. The experiments reported here indicate that brostallicin binds reversibly to both isoenzymes with K(d) values in the micromolar range (the affinity being higher for GSTM2-2). Direct evidence that both GSTP1-1 and GSTM2-2 isoenzymes catalyze the Michael addition reaction of GSH to brostallicin has been obtained both by an HPLC-MS technique and by a new fluorometric assay. We also saw the rapid formation of an intermediate reactive species, which is slowly converted into the final products. This intermediate, identified as the alpha-chloroamido derivative of the GSH-brostallicin adduct, is able to alkylate DNA in a sequence-specific manner and appears to be the active form of the drug. The kinetic behavior of the reaction between brostallicin and GSH, catalyzed by GSTP1-1, has been studied in detail, and a minimum kinetic scheme that suitably describes the experimental data is provided. Overall, these data fully support and extend the findings that brostallicin could be indicated for the treatment of tumor overexpressing the pi or mu class GST.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi901689sDOI Listing
January 2010

Cinnamoyl nitrogen mustard derivatives of pyrazole analogues of tallimustine modified at the amidino moiety: design, synthesis, molecular modeling and antitumor activity studies.

Bioorg Med Chem 2004 Jul;12(14):3911-21

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy.

The design, synthesis and in vitro activities of a series of cinnamoyl nitrogen mustard pyrazole analogues of tallimustine 8-13, in which the amidino moiety has been replaced by moieties of different physico-chemical features are described, and the structure-activity relationships are discussed. In spite of the relevance of these modifications on the amidino moiety, these derivatives showed significant growth inhibitory activity against mouse leukemia L1210 cells. A selected series of compounds have been evaluated for their sequence selective alkylating properties and cytotoxicity against human K562 leukemia cells. Therefore, the presence of the amidino moiety, and in general of a basic moiety, is not an absolute requirement for biological activity. Our preliminary results indicated that the compounds of this series have a pattern of alkylation similar to that of tallimustine, but they seem to be less reactive overall in alkylating naked DNA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2004.04.045DOI Listing
July 2004

Cytotoxic alpha-halogenoacrylic derivatives of distamycin A and congeners.

J Med Chem 2004 May;47(10):2611-23

Pharmacia Italia S.p.A., Discovery Research Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

The mechanism of action of many antitumor agents involves DNA damage, either by direct binding of the drug to DNA or to DNA-binding proteins. However, most of the DNA-interacting agents have only a limited degree of sequence specificity, which implies that they may hit all the cellular genes. DNA minor groove binders, among which the derivatives of distamycin A play an important role, could provide significant improvement in cancer management, increasing gene specificity, due to high selectivity of interaction with thymine-adenine (TA) rich sequences. We now report and discuss the synthesis, the in vitro and in vivo activities, and some mechanistic features of alpha-halogenoacrylamido derivatives of distamycin A. The final result of this work was the selection of brostallicin 17 (PNU-166196). Brostallicin, presently in phase II clinical trials, shows a broad spectrum of antitumor activity and an apoptotic effect higher than distamycin derivative tallimustine. An important in vitro toxicological feature of brostallicin is the very good ratio between myelotoxicity on human haematopoietic progenitor cells and cytotoxicity on tumor cells, in comparison with clinically tested DNA minor groove binders. A peculiarity of brostallicin is its in vitro reactivity in the DNA alkylation assays only in the presence of glutathione. Moreover brostallicin's antitumor activity, both in in vitro and in vivo tumor models, is higher in the presence of increased levels of glutathione/glutathione-S-tranferases. These findings contribute to the definition of brostallicin as a novel anticancer agent that differs from other minor groove binders and alkylating agents for both the profile of activity and the mechanism of action and to classify the alpha-bromoacrylamido derivatives of distamycin as a new class of cytotoxics. Moreover, due to its interaction with glutathione, brostallicin may have a role for the tailored treatment of tumors characterized by constitutive or therapy-induced overexpression of glutathione/glutathione-S-tranferase levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm031051kDOI Listing
May 2004

Synthesis and growth inhibition activity of alpha-bromoacrylic heterocyclic and benzoheterocyclic derivatives of distamycin A modified on the amidino moiety.

Bioorg Med Chem 2003 Mar;11(6):965-75

Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy.

The design, synthesis and in vitro activities of novel alpha-bromoacryloyl pyrazole, imidazole and benzoheterocyclic derivatives of distamycin A, in which the amidino moiety has been replaced by moieties of different physico-chemical features are described, and the structure-activity relationships are discussed. In spite of the relevance of these modifications on the distamycin frame, these derivatives showed significant growth inhibitory activity against mouse leukemia L1210 cells. Therefore, the presence of the amidino moiety, and in general of a basic moiety, is not an absolute requirement for biological activity of alpha-bromoacrylic derivatives of distamycin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0968-0896(02)00533-3DOI Listing
March 2003

Cytotoxic alpha-bromoacrylic derivatives of low molecular weight.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2002 Jun;12(11):1467-71

Chemistry Department, Pharmacia Discovery Research Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

In vitro and in vivo activities of a small series of alpha-bromoacrylic derivatives of low molecular weight (MW) are described and compared with those of alpha-bromoacrylic derivatives of distamycin-like frames. Low MW compounds, when lacking of a strong basic moiety, are potent cytotoxics, while analogues bearing a strong basic moiety are not. This suggests the existence of an active transport mechanism for distamycin-derived cytotoxics characterized by strong basic amidino or guanidino moieties. Low MW compounds are inactive in vivo, possibly because of the metabolic lability of alpha-bromoacrylic moiety. The same moiety is however present in a series of potent anticancer distamycin-like minor groove binders, for example, PNU-166196 (brostallicin), a fact that underlines the features of the latter.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-894x(02)00177-4DOI Listing
June 2002