Publications by authors named "Ismail Zahir"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Microsecretory Adenocarcinoma of Salivary Glands: An Expanded Series of 24 Cases.

Head Neck Pathol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pathology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Microsecretory adenocarcinoma (MSA) is a recently described salivary gland tumor with a characteristic histologic and immunophenotypic profile and recurrent MEF2C-SS18 fusions. Because only six cases of MSA have been published, its complete clinicopathologic spectrum is unclear, and its biologic behavior has not been documented. Here, we present an updated and expanded experience of 24 MSA cases. All cases of MSA were obtained from the authors' files. Immunohistochemistry for S100, SOX10, p63, p40, SMA, calponin, and mammaglobin was performed. Molecular analysis was performed by targeted RNA sequencing, SS18 break apart fluorescence in situ hybridization, and/or reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for MEF2C-SS18 fusion. Clinical follow-up was obtained from medical records. A total of 24 MSA cases were collected, from 13 women and 11 men, ranging from 17 to 83 years (mean 49.5 years). The vast majority (23 of 24) arose in the oral cavity, with the palate (nā€‰=ā€‰14) and buccal mucosa (nā€‰=ā€‰6) as the most frequent subsites. Tumors showed consistent histologic features including: (1) microcystic tubules, (2) flattened intercalated duct-like cells, (3) monotonous oval hyperchromatic nuclei, (4) abundant basophilic luminal secretions, (5) fibromyxoid stroma, and (6) circumscribed borders with subtle infiltration. The tumors were very consistently positive for S100 (24 of 24), p63 (24 of 24), and SOX10 (14 of 14) and negative for p40 (0 of 21), calponin (0 of 12) and mammaglobin (0 of 16), while SMA (4 of 20) was variable. MEF2C-SS18 fusion was demonstrated in 21 of 24 cases; in the remaining 3 cases with insufficient RNA, SS18 break apart FISH was positive. Treatment information was available in 17 cases, all of which were managed with surgery only. In 14 cases with follow-up (1-216 months, mean 30), no cases recurred or metastasized. MSA is a distinct salivary gland neoplasm with remarkably consistent clinical, histologic, immunophenotypic, and genetic features that generally behaves in an indolent manner following surgery alone. These observations solidify MSA as a unique, low-grade salivary gland carcinoma that warrants inclusion in the next version of the WHO classification of head and neck tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-021-01331-7DOI Listing
May 2021

Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma Presenting as a Manubrium Mass.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 06;145(6):581-583

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0327DOI Listing
June 2019

Can interval appendectomy be justified following conservative treatment of perforated acute appendicitis?

J Surg Res 2010 Nov 16;164(1):91-4. Epub 2009 Jun 16.

Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York 10003, USA.

Background: There continues to be controversy about the necessity of interval appendectomy for delayed presentation of acute appendicitis. While recent studies suggest that the risk of recurrent disease is small, the risk of interval appendectomy is also small and does provide histologic identification and usually definitive treatment of the right lower quadrant inflammatory process.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of medical records gathered from 2002 to 2007 at a major teaching hospital of 986 adult patients over the age of 13 with appendicitis were analyzed. Forty-six patients (5%) were found to have right lower quadrant abscess or phlegmon, and were managed with intravenous antibiotics. Some patients also underwent percutaneous drainage. These patients were then readmitted 6 to 26 wk later for an elective laparoscopic interval appendectomy.

Results: There were 19 males and 27 females with an average age of 43 y. Ninety-four percent of the appendectomies were completed laparoscopically; 16% of patients were found to have a normal or obliterated appendix on pathologic evaluation and likely did not benefit from interval appendectomy. On the other hand, 84% of patients had persistent acute appendicitis, chronic appendicitis, evidence of inflammatory bowel disease, or neoplasm identified, and likely benefited from surgical appendectomy.

Conclusions: Interval appendectomy provides diagnostic and therapeutic benefit to patients who present with a right lower quadrant abdominal inflammatory focus, and should be carefully considered in all adult patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2009.05.025DOI Listing
November 2010

Clinical services provided by interventional radiologists to Medicare beneficiaries in the United States, 2000-2003.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2005 Dec;16(12):1753-7

Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA.

To identify trends in Evaluation and Management (E&M) and non-E&M services of interventional radiologists (physician specialty type 94) from 2000 to 2003 for Medicare patients, Medicare Part B physician annual allowed services data from the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) were analyzed for all interventional radiologists from 2000 to 2003. Because the number of interventional radiologists in the United States according to the Society of Interventional Radiology is, on average, 4.2 times the number of interventional radiologists who use physician specialty type 94, we extrapolated the E&M services for each year. During the period examined, the total number of E&M services by interventional radiologists increased 309%, from 9,698 in 2000 to 29,914 in 2003. The most commonly performed services were Office or Other Outpatient Visit (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] codes 99211-99215) for established patients, followed by Subsequent Hospital Care (CPT 99231-99233) and Office or Other Outpatient Consultations (CPT 99241-99245). The extrapolated number of E&M services by interventional radiologists for Medicare patients in 2003 is approximately 107,853. The number of Office and Outpatient Visits for New Patients (CPT 99201-99205) increased 142%, whereas the number of Consultations for New Patients (CPT 99241-99245) increased 208%. The total number of codes reimbursed by CMS to interventional radiologists (type 94) increased from 2.8 million in 2000 to 3.8 million in 2003.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.RVI.0000184532.58717.F5DOI Listing
December 2005