Publications by authors named "Isabelle Roszko"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

DIAPH1 Variants in Non-East Asian Patients With Sporadic Moyamoya Disease.

JAMA Neurol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Yale Center for Genome Analysis, West Haven, Connecticut.

Importance: Moyamoya disease (MMD), a progressive vasculopathy leading to narrowing and ultimate occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid arteries, is a cause of childhood stroke. The cause of MMD is poorly understood, but genetic factors play a role. Several familial forms of MMD have been identified, but the cause of most cases remains elusive, especially among non-East Asian individuals.

Objective: To assess whether ultrarare de novo and rare, damaging transmitted variants with large effect sizes are associated with MMD risk.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A genetic association study was conducted using whole-exome sequencing case-parent MMD trios in a small discovery cohort collected over 3.5 years (2016-2019); data were analyzed in 2020. Medical records from US hospitals spanning a range of 1 month to 1.5 years were reviewed for phenotyping. Exomes from a larger validation cohort were analyzed to identify additional rare, large-effect variants in the top candidate gene. Participants included patients with MMD and, when available, their parents. All participants who met criteria and were presented with the option to join the study agreed to do so; none were excluded. Twenty-four probands (22 trios and 2 singletons) composed the discovery cohort, and 84 probands (29 trios and 55 singletons) composed the validation cohort.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Gene variants were identified and filtered using stringent criteria. Enrichment and case-control tests assessed gene-level variant burden. In silico modeling estimated the probability of variant association with protein structure. Integrative genomics assessed expression patterns of MMD risk genes derived from single-cell RNA sequencing data of human and mouse brain tissue.

Results: Of the 24 patients in the discovery cohort, 14 (58.3%) were men and 18 (75.0%) were of European ancestry. Three of 24 discovery cohort probands contained 2 do novo (1-tailed Poisson P = 1.1 × 10-6) and 1 rare, transmitted damaging variant (12.5% of cases) in DIAPH1 (mammalian diaphanous-1), a key regulator of actin remodeling in vascular cells and platelets. Four additional ultrarare damaging heterozygous DIAPH1 variants (3 unphased) were identified in 3 other patients in an 84-proband validation cohort (73.8% female, 77.4% European). All 6 patients were non-East Asian. Compound heterozygous variants were identified in ena/vasodilator-stimulated phosphoproteinlike protein EVL, a mammalian diaphanous-1 interactor that regulates actin polymerization. DIAPH1 and EVL mutant probands had severe, bilateral MMD associated with transfusion-dependent thrombocytopenia. DIAPH1 and other MMD risk genes are enriched in mural cells of midgestational human brain. The DIAPH1 coexpression network converges in vascular cell actin cytoskeleton regulatory pathways.

Conclusions And Relevance: These findings provide the largest collection to date of non-East Asian individuals with sporadic MMD harboring pathogenic variants in the same gene. The results suggest that DIAPH1 is a novel MMD risk gene and impaired vascular cell actin remodeling in MMD pathogenesis, with diagnostic and therapeutic ramifications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2021.1681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8204259PMC
June 2021

A dynamic intracellular distribution of Vangl2 accompanies cell polarization during zebrafish gastrulation.

Development 2015 Jul 10;142(14):2508-20. Epub 2015 Jun 10.

Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, USA

During vertebrate gastrulation, convergence and extension movements elongate embryonic tissues anteroposteriorly and narrow them mediolaterally. Planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling is essential for mediolateral cell elongation underlying these movements, but how this polarity arises is poorly understood. We analyzed the elongation, orientation and migration behaviors of lateral mesodermal cells undergoing convergence and extension movements in wild-type zebrafish embryos and mutants for the Wnt/PCP core component Vangl2 (Trilobite). We demonstrate that Vangl2 function is required at the time when cells transition to a highly elongated and mediolaterally aligned body. vangl2 mutant cells fail to undergo this transition and to migrate along a straight path with high net speed towards the dorsal midline. Instead, vangl2 mutant cells exhibit an anterior/animal pole bias in cell body alignment and movement direction, suggesting that PCP signaling promotes effective dorsal migration in part by suppressing anterior/animalward cell polarity and movement. Endogenous Vangl2 protein accumulates at the plasma membrane of mesenchymal converging cells at the time its function is required for mediolaterally polarized cell behavior. Heterochronic cell transplantations demonstrated that Vangl2 cell membrane accumulation is stage dependent and regulated by both intrinsic factors and an extracellular signal, which is distinct from PCP signaling or other gastrulation regulators, including BMP and Nodals. Moreover, mosaic expression of fusion proteins revealed enrichment of Vangl2 at the anterior cell edges of highly mediolaterally elongated cells. These results demonstrate that the dynamic Vangl2 intracellular distribution is coordinated with and necessary for the changes in convergence and extension cell behaviors during gastrulation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dev.119032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4510859PMC
July 2015

Gpr125 modulates Dishevelled distribution and planar cell polarity signaling.

Development 2013 Jul;140(14):3028-39

Neuroscience Graduate Program, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.

During vertebrate gastrulation, Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling orchestrates polarized cell behaviors underlying convergence and extension (C&E) movements to narrow embryonic tissues mediolaterally and lengthen them anteroposteriorly. Here, we have identified Gpr125, an adhesion G protein-coupled receptor, as a novel modulator of the Wnt/PCP signaling system. Excess Gpr125 impaired C&E movements and the underlying cell and molecular polarities. Reduced Gpr125 function exacerbated the C&E and facial branchiomotor neuron (FBMN) migration defects of embryos with reduced Wnt/PCP signaling. At the molecular level, Gpr125 recruited Dishevelled to the cell membrane, a prerequisite for Wnt/PCP activation. Moreover, Gpr125 and Dvl mutually clustered one another to form discrete membrane subdomains, and the Gpr125 intracellular domain directly interacted with Dvl in pull-down assays. Intriguingly, Dvl and Gpr125 were able to recruit a subset of PCP components into membrane subdomains, suggesting that Gpr125 may modulate the composition of Wnt/PCP membrane complexes. Our study reveals a role for Gpr125 in PCP-mediated processes and provides mechanistic insight into Wnt/PCP signaling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dev.094839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3699285PMC
July 2013

Planar cell polarity: coordinating morphogenetic cell behaviors with embryonic polarity.

Dev Cell 2011 Jul;21(1):120-33

Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Planar cell polarization entails establishment of cellular asymmetries within the tissue plane. An evolutionarily conserved planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling system employs intra- and intercellular feedback interactions between its core components, including Frizzled, Van Gogh, Flamingo, Prickle, and Dishevelled, to establish their characteristic asymmetric intracellular distributions and coordinate planar polarity of cell populations. By translating global patterning information into asymmetries of cell membranes and intracellular organelles, PCP signaling coordinates morphogenetic behaviors of individual cells and cell populations with the embryonic polarity. In vertebrates, by polarizing cilia in the node/Kupffer's vesicle, PCP signaling links the anteroposterior to left-right embryonic polarity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2011.06.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3166557PMC
July 2011

Regulation of convergence and extension movements during vertebrate gastrulation by the Wnt/PCP pathway.

Semin Cell Dev Biol 2009 Oct 15;20(8):986-97. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Vanderbilt University, Department of Biological Sciences, VU Station B #351634, Nashville, TN 37235-1634, USA.

Vertebrate gastrulation entails massive cell movements that establish and shape the germ layers. During gastrulation, the individual cell behaviors are strictly coordinated in time and space by various signaling pathways. These pathways instruct the cells about proliferation, shape, fate and migration into proper location. Convergence and extension (C&E) movements during vertebrate gastrulation play a major role in the shaping of the embryonic body. In vertebrates, the Wnt/Planar Cell Polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway is a key regulator of C&E movements, essential for several polarized cell behaviors, including directed cell migration, and mediolateral and radial cell intercalation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the acquisition of Planar Cell Polarity by highly dynamic mesenchymal cells engaged in C&E are still not well understood. Here we review new evidence implicating the Wnt/PCP pathway in specific cell behaviors required for C&E during zebrafish gastrulation, in comparison to other vertebrates. We also discuss findings on the molecular regulation and the interaction of the Wnt/PCP pathway with other signaling pathways during gastrulation movements.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2009.09.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2796982PMC
October 2009

Stem cell growth becomes predominant while neural plate progenitor pool decreases during spinal cord elongation.

Dev Biol 2007 Apr 29;304(1):232-45. Epub 2006 Dec 29.

Unité de Biologie Moléculaire du Développement, CNRS URA 2578, France.

The antero-posterior dispersion of clonally related cells is a prominent feature of axis elongation in vertebrate embryos. Two major models have been proposed: (i) the intercalation of cells by convergent-extension and (ii) the sequential production of the forming axis by stem cells. The relative importance of both of these cell behaviors during the long period of elongation is poorly understood. Here, we use a combination of single cell lineage tracing in the mouse embryo, computer modeling and confocal video-microscopy of GFP labeled cells in the chick embryo to address the mechanisms involved in the antero-posterior dispersion of clones. In the mouse embryo, clones appear as clusters of labeled cells separated by intervals of non-labeled cells. The distribution of intervals between clonally related clusters correlates with a statistical model of a stem cell mode of growth only in the posterior spinal cord. A direct comparison with published data in zebrafish suggests that elongation of the anterior spinal cord involves similar intercalation processes in different vertebrate species. Time-lapse analyses of GFP labeled cells in cultured chick embryos suggest a decrease in the size of the neural progenitor pool and indicate that the dispersion of clones involves ordered changes of neighborhood relationships. We propose that a pre-existing stem zone of growth becomes predominant to form the posterior half of the axis. This temporal change in tissue-level motion is discussed in terms of the clonal and genetic continuities during axis elongation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.12.050DOI Listing
April 2007
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