Publications by authors named "Isabel Furquim"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comprehensive genetic analysis of 57 families with clinically suspected Cornelia de Lange syndrome.

J Hum Genet 2019 Oct 23;64(10):967-978. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare multisystem disorder with specific dysmorphic features. Pathogenic genetic variants encoding cohesion complex subunits and interacting proteins (e.g., NIPBL, SMC1A, SMC3, HDAC8, and RAD21) are the major causes of CdLS. However, there are many clinically diagnosed cases of CdLS without pathogenic variants in these genes. To identify further genetic causes of CdLS, we performed whole-exome sequencing in 57 CdLS families, systematically evaluating both single nucleotides variants (SNVs) and copy number variations (CNVs). We identified pathogenic genetic changes in 36 out of 57 (63.2 %) families, including 32 SNVs and four CNVs. Two known CdLS genes, NIPBL and SMC1A, were mutated in 23 and two cases, respectively. Among the remaining 32 individuals, four genes (ANKRD11, EP300, KMT2A, and SETD5) each harbored a pathogenic variant in a single individual. These variants are known to be involved in CdLS-like. Furthermore, pathogenic CNVs were detected in NIPBL, MED13L, and EHMT1, along with pathogenic SNVs in ZMYND11, MED13L, and PHIP. These three latter genes were involved in diseases other than CdLS and CdLS-like. Systematic clinical evaluation of all patients using a recently proposed clinical scoring system showed that ZMYND11, MED13L, and PHIP abnormality may cause CdLS or CdLS-like.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-019-0643-zDOI Listing
October 2019

Microduplication of the ICR2 domain at chromosome 11p15 and familial Silver-Russell syndrome.

Am J Med Genet A 2011 Oct 9;155A(10):2479-83. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

Departamento de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation in association with a typical small triangular face and other variable features. Genetic and epigenetic disturbances are detected in about 50% of the patients. Most frequently, SRS is caused by altered gene expression on chromosome 11p15 due to hypomethylation of the telomeric imprinting center (ICR1) that is present in at least 40% of the patients. Maternally inherited duplications encompassing ICR1 and ICR2 domains at 11p15 were found in a few patients, and a microduplication restricted to ICR2 was described in a single SRS child. We report on a microduplication of the ICR2 domain encompassing the KCNQ1, KCNQ1OT1, and CDKN1C genes in a three-generation family: there were four instances of paternal transmissions of the microduplication from a single male uniformly resulting in normal offspring, and five maternal transmissions, via two clinically normal sisters, with all the children exhibiting SRS. This report provides confirmatory evidence that a microduplication restricted to the ICR2 domain results in SRS when maternally transmitted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.34023DOI Listing
October 2011

Ocular manifestations of Noonan syndrome.

Ophthalmic Genet 2012 Mar 4;33(1):1-5. Epub 2011 Aug 4.

Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe the ophthalmological characteristics in a group of Noonan syndrome patients with proven mutations in the PTPN11 gene.

Methods: Thirty-five Noonan syndrome patients with PTPN11 gene mutations underwent ophthalmological exams, which consisted of external inspection, slit-lamp biomicroscopy examination and an ophthalmoscopic examination after instillation of 1.0% tropicamide or 1.0% cyclopentolate.

Results: All 35 patients had at least one abnormality upon ophthalmological examination. The eyelid and external eye abnormalities were the prevailing features, followed by prominent corneal nerves on slit-lamp exam. Fundus changes were detected in 8% of the subjects, mainly associated with high myopia. No statistically significant differences were observed among the patients presenting specific mutations in the PTPN11 gene.

Conclusions: The current study further supports the finding that ocular symptoms account for a large fraction of the clinical manifestations of NS. Additional characteristics are described here. The roles for the various mutations of PTPN11 in ocular development are yet to be established.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13816810.2011.593606DOI Listing
March 2012

Proteus syndrome: report of a case with recurrent abdominal lipomatosis.

J Pediatr Surg 2009 Apr;44(4):E1-3

Unidade de Genética-Instituto da Criança-HCFMUSP.

Proteus syndrome (PS) is an extremely rare congenital hamartomatous syndrome that was first delineated by Cohen and Hayden (1). The estimated prevalence is less than 1 per 1,000,000 live births (2). It is a sporadic disorder that causes overgrowth of multiple tissues, especially bone, fat, and other connective tissues in a patchy or mosaic pattern. Subcutaneous as well as internal lipomas that may grow to an enormous size are frequently observed. Nevertheless, among the internal lipomas, abdominal lipomatosis is rare (3), with less than 15 cases reported. Herein, we report the first patient described with this distinctive syndrome associated with lipomatosis involving the epiploon.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.12.016DOI Listing
April 2009