Irving F Hoffman

Irving F Hoffman

UNVERIFIED PROFILE

Are you Irving F Hoffman?   Register this Author

Register author
Irving F Hoffman

Irving F Hoffman

Publications by authors named "Irving F Hoffman"

Are you Irving F Hoffman?   Register this Author

92Publications

2581Reads

27Profile Views

Preferences for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Service Delivery Among Female Sex Workers in Malawi: A Discrete Choice Experiment.

AIDS Behav 2019 Nov 13. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, 334 Cunz Hall, 1841 Neil Ave, Columbus, OH, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02705-3DOI Listing
November 2019

Socioecological Factors Related to Hazardous Alcohol use among Female Sex Workers in Lilongwe, Malawi: A Mixed Methods Study.

Subst Use Misuse 2018 04 11;53(5):782-791. Epub 2017 Oct 11.

c Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health , The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , North Carolina , USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1365088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884720PMC
April 2018

Assessing Option B+ retention and infant follow-up in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Int J STD AIDS 2018 02 27;29(2):185-194. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

2 Department of Medicine, 2331 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956462417721658DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5920769PMC
February 2018

Infant and Young Child Feeding Decision Making and Practices: Malawian Mothers' and Fathers' Roles in the Context of HIV.

J Hum Lact 2018 Feb 25;34(1):68-76. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

1 Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0890334417719245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6667220PMC
February 2018

HIV-positive Malawian women with young children prefer overweight body sizes and link underweight body size with inability to exclusively breastfeed.

Matern Child Nutr 2018 01 10;14(1). Epub 2017 Mar 10.

Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12446DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6643992PMC
January 2018

The Impact of Couple HIV Testing and Counseling on Consistent Condom Use Among Pregnant Women and Their Male Partners: An Observational Study.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2017 08;75(4):417-425

*UNC Project, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Lilongwe, Malawi; †School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; ‡Departments of Epidemiology and Health Behavior, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; §Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Social, Human, and Mathematical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; and ‖Department of Epidemiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5493523PMC
August 2017

PMTCT Option B+ Does Not Increase Preterm Birth Risk and May Prevent Extreme Prematurity: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Malawi.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2017 04;74(4):367-374

*Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; †Department of Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; ‡Currently, Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; §UNC Project-Malawi, Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi; ‖University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO; ¶Lighthouse Trust, Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi; #Baobab Health Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi; and **Department of HIV, Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5321863PMC
April 2017

Factors influencing postnatal Option B+ participation and breastfeeding duration among HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi: A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2017 14;12(4):e0175590. Epub 2017 Apr 14.

Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0175590PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5391929PMC
April 2017

Molecular characterisation of rifampicin-resistant strains from Malawi.

Afr J Lab Med 2017 31;6(2):463. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajlm.v6i2.463DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5523914PMC
March 2017

Performance of Xpert MTB/RIF among tuberculosis outpatients in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Afr J Lab Med 2017 31;6(2):464. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Haematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ajlm.v6i2.464DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5516918PMC
March 2017

The association between substance use and sub-optimal HIV treatment engagement among HIV-infected female sex workers in Lilongwe, Malawi.

AIDS Care 2017 02 21;29(2):197-203. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

a Department of Epidemiology , Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , NC , USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1211244DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5138102PMC
February 2017

Antiretroviral Therapy for the Prevention of HIV-1 Transmission.

N Engl J Med 2016 09 18;375(9):830-9. Epub 2016 Jul 18.

From the Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill (M.S.C., M.C.H., I.F.H., J.E.); the Divisions of Vaccine and Infectious Disease (Y.Q.C., X.C.Z.) and Public Health Science (Y.Q.C.) and the Statistical Center for HIV/AIDS Research and Prevention (L.C.), Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and the Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington (T.R.F.) - both in Seattle; FHI 360, Washington, DC (M.M.), and Durham, NC (T.G.); Y.R. Gaitonde Center for AIDS Research and Education, Chennai (N.K.), and National AIDS Research Institute, Pune (S.V.G.) - both in India; University of Zimbabwe, Harare (J.G.H.); College of Medicine-Johns Hopkins Project, Blantyre, Malawi (J.K.); Instituto de Pesquisa Clinica Evandro Chagas (B.G.) and Hospital Geral de Nova Iguacu and Laboratorio de AIDS e Imunologia Molecular-IOC/Fiocruz (J.H.S.P.), Rio de Janeiro, and Servico de Infectologia, Hospital Nossa Senhora da Conceicao/GHC, Porto Alegre (B.R.S.) - both in Brazil; Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand (S.C.); Fenway Institute (K.H.M.) and Harvard School of Public Health (M.E.) - both in Boston; the Departments of Pathology (S.H.E., E.P.-M., S.E.H.) and Medicine (A.D.R.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health (T.E.T.), and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (D.D.C.), Baltimore, and the Division of AIDS (V.E., D.B.) and Laboratory of Immunoregulation (A.D.R.), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda - both in Maryland; Botswana Harvard AIDS Institute, Gaborone (J.M.); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention/KEMRI-CDC Research and Public Health Collaboration HIV Research Branch, Kisumu, Kenya (L.A.M.); Perinatal HIV Research Unit (R.P.) and Clinical HIV Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Scien

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5049503PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1600693DOI Listing
September 2016

Estimation of Plasmodium falciparum Transmission Intensity in Lilongwe, Malawi, by Microscopy, Rapid Diagnostic Testing, and Nucleic Acid Detection.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 08 20;95(2):373-7. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Curriculum in Genetics and Molecular Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4973184PMC
August 2016

The HIV Care Continuum among Female Sex Workers: A Key Population in Lilongwe, Malawi.

PLoS One 2016 25;11(1):e0147662. Epub 2016 Jan 25.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0147662PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4726447PMC
July 2016

Substance use and HIV infection awareness among HIV-infected female sex workers in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Int J Drug Policy 2016 Apr 26;30:124-31. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.02.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4829472PMC
April 2016

Incorporating Acute HIV Screening into Routine HIV Testing at Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinics, and HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Lilongwe, Malawi.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2016 Mar;71(3):272-80

*Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; †Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; ‡Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; §Lighthouse Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi; ‖UNC Project, Lilongwe, Malawi; and ¶Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4752378PMC
March 2016

Prevalence of drug resistant TB among outpatients at an HIV/TB clinic in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2015 Dec;109(12):763-8

University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/trv092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4665323PMC
December 2015

R5 Macrophage-Tropic HIV-1 in the Male Genital Tract.

J Virol 2015 Oct 29;89(20):10688-92. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://jvi.asm.org/lookup/doi/10.1128/JVI.01842-15
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01842-15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4580182PMC
October 2015

Implementation and Operational Research: Implementation of Routine Counselor-Initiated Opt-Out HIV Testing on the Adult Medical Ward at Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2015 May;69(1):e31-5

*Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; †UNC Project, Lilongwe, Malawi; ‡Department of Medicine, Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi; §Lighthouse Trust Clinic, Lilongwe, Malawi; ‖Department of Surgery, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD; and ¶Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4424115PMC
May 2015

STI patients are effective recruiters of undiagnosed cases of HIV: results of a social contact recruitment study in Malawi.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2014 Apr;65(5):e162-9

*Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; †UNC Project, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Lilongwe, Malawi; ‡Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; and §Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999477PMC
April 2014

Bacterial vaginosis and the risk of trichomonas vaginalis acquisition among HIV-1-negative women.

Sex Transm Dis 2014 Feb;41(2):123-8

From the *Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington;Departments of †Global Health and ‡Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; §Magee-Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; ∥Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; ¶Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology College of Health Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe;**Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia; ††HIV Prevention Research Unit, South Africa Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa; ‡‡Division of Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; §§Centre for the AIDS Program of Research in South Africa, Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Congella, South Africa; and ∥∥Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128240PMC
February 2014

Cost-effectiveness of provider-based HIV partner notification in urban Malawi.

Health Policy Plan 2014 Jan 15;29(1):115-26. Epub 2013 Jan 15.

Department of Health Policy and Management CB #7411, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7411, USA. E-mail:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czs140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3872371PMC
January 2014

Etiology of genital ulcer disease and association with HIV infection in Malawi.

Sex Transm Dis 2013 Dec;40(12):923-8

From the *Lighthouse Centre, Lilongwe, Malawi; †University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC; ‡Infectious Disease Epidemiology Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK; §University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi; §Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA; and ¶Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000051DOI Listing
December 2013

Safety and effectiveness of BufferGel and 0.5% PRO2000 gel for the prevention of HIV infection in women.

AIDS 2011 Apr;25(7):957-66

Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), Doris Duke Medical Research Institute, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Congella, South Africa.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834541d9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083640PMC
April 2011

Injecting equipment sharing in Russian drug injecting dyads.

AIDS Behav 2010 Feb 13;14(1):141-51. Epub 2009 Feb 13.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-008-9518-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2818991PMC
February 2010

Drug choice, spatial distribution, HIV risk, and HIV prevalence among injection drug users in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Harm Reduct J 2009 Jul 31;6:22. Epub 2009 Jul 31.

Department of Epidemiology & Public Health and the Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale School of Public Health, CT, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1477-7517-6-22DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2731096PMC
July 2009

Placental malaria and mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus-1.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009 Apr;80(4):508-15

Department of Community Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3775571PMC
April 2009

Spatial distribution of HIV prevalence and incidence among injection drugs users in St Petersburg: implications for HIV transmission.

AIDS 2008 Jan;22(1):123-30

Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e3282f244efDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2778790PMC
January 2008

Rapid, real-time detection of acute HIV infection in patients in Africa.

J Infect Dis 2007 Feb 22;195(3):416-24. Epub 2006 Dec 22.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7290, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/510755DOI Listing
February 2007

Syphilis management in St. Petersburg, Russia: 1995-2001.

Sex Transm Dis 2006 Apr;33(4):244-9

Department of Dermatology and Venereal Diseases, Pavlov State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.olq.0000204916.91780.d9DOI Listing
April 2006

HIV prevalence, sociodemographic, and behavioral correlates and recruitment methods among injection drug users in St. Petersburg, Russia.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2006 Apr;41(5):657-63

The Biomedical Center and St. Petersburg State University, 7 Pudozhskaya Street, St. Petersburg, 197110 Russia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.0000220166.56866.22DOI Listing
April 2006

HIV-1 populations in blood and breast milk are similar.

Virology 2004 Dec;330(1):295-303

UNC Center for AIDS Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7295, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2004.09.004DOI Listing
December 2004

Trichomoniasis in men and HIV infection: data from 2 outpatient clinics at Lilongwe Central Hospital, Malawi.

J Infect Dis 2004 Oct 13;190(8):1448-55. Epub 2004 Sep 13.

School of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7030, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/424470DOI Listing
October 2004

Frequent detection of acute primary HIV infection in men in Malawi.

AIDS 2004 Feb;18(3):517-24

Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200402200-00019DOI Listing
February 2004

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA in breast-milk components.

J Infect Dis 2003 Oct 1;188(8):1209-12. Epub 2003 Oct 1.

Center for Infectious Diseases, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7030, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/378414DOI Listing
October 2003

Distribution of the CCR5 gene 32-base pair deletion and CCR5 expression in Chinese minorities.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2003 Feb;32(2):131-4

Department of Clinical Immunology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00126334-200302010-00003DOI Listing
February 2003

Immune activation and induction of HIV-1 replication within CD14 macrophages during acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria coinfection.

AIDS 2002 Jul;16(11):1503-9

HIV and Retrovirology Branch, Division of AIDS, STD, and TB Laboratory Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Public Health Service, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia, USA..

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-200207260-00007DOI Listing
July 2002

Genital ulcer disease.

Postgrad Med 1995 Sep;98(3):67-82

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00325481.1995.11946043DOI Listing
September 1995