Publications by authors named "Irene K Nielsen"

2 Publications

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Delineation of musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome caused by dermatan sulfate epimerase deficiency.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 05 4;8(5):e1197. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Center for Medical Genetics, Shinshu University Hospital, Matsumoto, Japan.

Background: Musculocontractural Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (mcEDS) is a rare connective tissue disorder caused by biallelic loss-of-function variants in CHST14 (mcEDS-CHST14) or DSE (mcEDS-DSE), both of which result in defective dermatan sulfate biosynthesis. Forty-one patients with mcEDS-CHST14 and three patients with mcEDS-DSE have been described in the literature.

Methods: Clinical, molecular, and glycobiological findings in three additional patients with mcEDS-DSE were investigated.

Results: Three patients from two families shared craniofacial characteristics (hypertelorism, blue sclera, midfacial hypoplasia), skeletal features (pectus and spinal deformities, characteristic finger shapes, progressive talipes deformities), skin features (fine or acrogeria-like palmar creases), and ocular refractive errors. Homozygous pathogenic variants in DSE were found: c.960T>A/p.Tyr320* in patient 1 and c.996dupT/p.Val333Cysfs*4 in patients 2 and 3. No dermatan sulfate was detected in the urine sample from patient 1, suggesting a complete depletion of DS.

Conclusion: McEDS-DSE is a congenital multisystem disorder with progressive symptoms involving craniofacial, skeletal, cutaneous, and cardiovascular systems, similar to the symptoms of mcEDS-CHST14. However, the burden of symptoms seems lower in patients with mcEDS-DSE.
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May 2020

First reported adult patient with TARP syndrome: A case report.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 12 21;176(12):2915-2918. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Research and Knowledge Center in Sensory Genetics, Department of Clinical Genetics, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

TARP syndrome (talipes equinovarus, atrial septal defect, Robin sequence, and persistence of the left superior vena cava) is a rare X-linked syndrome often resulting in pre- or post-natal lethality in affected males. In 2010, RBM10 was identified as the disease-causing gene, and we describe the first adult patient with TARP syndrome at age 28 years, hereby expanding the phenotypic spectrum. Our patient had Robin sequence, atrial septal defect, intellectual disability, scoliosis, and other findings previously associated with TARP syndrome. In addition, he had a prominent nose and nasal bridge, esotropia, displacement of lacrimal points in the cranial direction, small teeth, and chin dimple, which are the findings that have not previously been associated with TARP syndrome. Our patient was found to carry a hemizygous c.273_283delinsA RBM10 mutation in exon 4, an exon skipped in three of five protein-coding transcripts, suggesting a possible explanation for our patient surviving to adulthood. Direct sequencing of maternal DNA indicated possible mosaicism, which was confirmed by massive parallel sequencing. One of two sisters were heterozygous for the mutation. Therefore, we recommend sisters of patients with TARP syndrome be carrier tested before family planning regardless of carrier testing results of the mother. Based on our patient and previously reported patients, we suggest TARP syndrome be considered as a possible diagnosis in males with severe or profound intellectual disability combined with septal heart defect, and Robin sequence, micrognathia, or cleft palate.
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December 2018