Publications by authors named "Insa Damman"

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Spongiform encephalopathy in siblings with no evidence of protease-resistant prion protein or a mutation in the prion protein gene.

J Neurol 2013 Jul 2;260(7):1871-9. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

National Reference Center for TSE Surveillance, Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Göttingen, Robert-Koch Str. 40, 37075 Göttingen, Germany.

We discuss relevant aspects in two siblings with a neurodegenerative process of unclear aetiology who developed progressive dementia with global aphasia and hyperoral behaviour at the ages of 39 and 46 years and who died 6 and 5 years after disease onset. The cases were reported to the National Reference Center for TSE Surveillance in Göttingen, Germany. Detailed clinical examinations, CSF, blood samples, and copies of the important diagnostic tests (magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalogram, laboratory tests) were obtained. Further neuropathological and genetic analyses were performed. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging of both siblings showed prominent changes in signal intensity, especially in the left medial temporal cortex, but also the hippocampal formation. Neuropathological examination revealed spongiform changes, neuronal loss, and astrocytic gliosis, which are typical in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. However, no prion protein deposits were detectable by immunohistochemical analysis, Western blot, or PET blot, though abundant tau protein deposits were observed. A mutation in the coding region of the prion protein genes of both siblings was excluded. A detailed search of the literature revealed no other cases with a similar clinical and neuropathological appearance. While the disease aetiology remains unclear, the findings point to a neurodegenerative process and most likely a genetic disease.
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July 2013