Publications by authors named "Iman M Elzahaby"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Vaginal Dinoprostone in Reducing Pain Perception During Diagnostic Office Hysteroscopy in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2020 May - Jun;27(4):847-853. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt (Drs. Samy, Rashwan, Metwally, Hammad, Ibrahim, Elzahaby, Zaki, and Sharkawy).

Study Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of vaginal dinoprostone in reducing pain perception during diagnostic office hysteroscopy (OH) in postmenopausal women.

Design: Randomized, double-blind controlled trial.

Setting: Tertiary university hospital.

Participants: Postmenopausal patients scheduled for OH.

Interventions: Eligible participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the dinoprostone and placebo groups. The severity of pain was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS) ranging from 0, no pain to 10, worst pain during OH and 30 minutes after OH.

Measurements And Main Results: The difference in the intensity of pain using the VAS score during the procedure. One hundred women (50 in each arm) were included in the study. The mean VAS score during OH was significantly lower in the dinoprostone group compared with the placebo group (3.9 ± 0.8 vs 5.6 ± 0.7; p <.001). The passage of the hysteroscope through the cervical canal was easier in the dinoprostone group (62.4 ± 9.5 vs 42.8 ± 10.8; p <.001). The 2 groups were comparable in terms of the duration of the procedure (p = .91) and the rate of adverse effects.

Conclusion: Vaginal dinoprostone is effective in relieving pain during diagnostic OH in postmenopausal women with few adverse effects.
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August 2019

The Effect of Zumba Exercise on Reducing Menstrual Pain in Young Women with Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2019 Oct 11;32(5):541-545. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Study Objective: To study the effectiveness of performing Zumba exercise on the severity and duration of pain in patients with primary dysmenorrhea.

Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Cairo University gynecology Hospital and Bahgat gym and fitness center.

Participants: Ninety-eight women diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea.

Interventions: Study participants were divided randomly into 2 equal groups: group I included women who engaged in Zumba exercise for 60 minutes twice weekly for 8 weeks, and group II was a control group with no intervention.

Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was the menstrual pain intensity measured using the visual analogue scale scores at 4 and 8 weeks after starting Zumba exercise. The secondary outcome was the difference in the duration of pain in both groups.

Results: Both groups were homogeneous regarding the baseline demographic characteristics. The severity of primary dysmenorrhea at the beginning of the study was not significantly different between the 2 groups. Menstrual pain intensity was significantly decreased in the Zumba group after 4 and 8 weeks of Zumba compared with the control group (mean difference, -2.94 [95% confidence interval, -3.39 to -2.48] and -3.79 [95% confidence interval, -4.16 to -3.43], respectively; P = .001). Also, the duration of pain was shorter in the Zumba group compared with the control group at 8 weeks (4.92 ± 1.90 vs 9.10 ± 2.92 hours, respectively; P = .001).

Conclusion: The Zumba intervention can reduce the severity and duration of menstrual pain thus suggesting that regularly performing Zumba might be a possible complementary treatment for primary dysmenorrhea.
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October 2019