Publications by authors named "Ilknur Alsan Cetin"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Lymph node ratio as an independent prognostic factor for breast cancer-related mortality in patients with node-positive breast cancer.

J Cancer Res Ther 2020 Oct-Dec;16(6):1387-1392

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: This study assessed whether prognostic information could be obtained in patients with lymph node (LN)-positive breast cancer based on their LN ratios (LNRs) and explored the relationships between other potential prognostic factors and survival.

Setting And Design: This was a retrospective clinical study.

Materials And Methods: This study included 608 women with node-positive nonmetastatic breast cancer. Clinical and pathologic data were retrospectively evaluated. The median age was 51 years (range: 23-84 years). All patients received adjuvant radiotherapy after radical surgery. A total dose of 50 Gy was administered to the chest wall or breast and LN regions with 2 Gy daily fractions. A 10-Gy boost was administered to the breast tumor bed. The cutoff value of LNR was defined as low risk (<0.21) in 278 patients, intermediate risk (0.21-0.65) in 217 patients, and high risk (>0.65) in 113 patients. Prognostic variables included patient characteristics, disease characteristics, and interventional factors. The primary endpoint was overall survival and the secondary endpoint was breast cancer-related mortality.

Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox regression analysis. P value was required to be <0.05.

Results: Within a median follow-up period of 95.4 months (range: 5-232.4 months), overall survival rates for 10 and 15 years were 66% and 53%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that LNR (P = 0.026), estrogen receptor status (ERS) (P = 0.021), age (P = 0.04), and smoking (P = 0.024) were independent significant prognostic factors for overall survival. Breast cancer-related mortality rates at 10 and 15 years were 70.7% and 60%, respectively. LNR (P = 0.03) and ERS (P = 0.002) were independent significant prognostic factors for breast cancer-related mortality.

Conclusions: LNR and ERS were significant prognostic factors for survival at all endpoints.
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December 2020

Role of vaginal brachytherapy boost following adjuvant external beam radiotherapy in cervical cancer: Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology Gynecologic Group Study (TROD 04-002).

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Feb 30;31(2):185-193. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Radiation Oncology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: There are a limited number of studies supporting vaginal brachytherapy boost to external beam radiotherapy in the adjuvant treatment of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the addition of vaginal brachytherapy boost to adjuvant external beam radiotherapy on oncological outcomes and toxicity in patients with cervical cancer.

Methods: Patients treated with post-operative external beam radiotherapy ± chemotherapy ± vaginal brachytherapy between January 2001 and January 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. The treatment outcomes and prognostic factors were analyzed in patients treated with external beam radiotherapy with or without vaginal brachytherapy.

Results: A total of 480 patients were included in the analysis. The median age was 51 years (range 42-60). At least two intermediate risk factors were observed in 51% of patients, while 49% had at least one high-risk factor. The patients in the external beam radiotherapy + vaginal brachytherapy group had worse prognostic factors than the external beam radiotherapy alone group. With a median follow-up time of 56 months (range 33-90), the 5-year overall survival rate was 82%. There was no difference in 5-year overall survival (87% vs 79%, p=0.11), recurrence-free survival (74% vs 71%, p=0.49), local recurrence-free survival (78% vs 76%, p=0.16), and distant metastasis-free survival (85% vs 76%, p=0.09) rates between treatment groups. There was no benefit of addition of vaginal brachytherapy to external beam radiotherapy in patients with positive surgical margins. In multivariate analysis, stage (overall survival and local recurrence-free survival), tumor histology (recurrence-free survival, local recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival), parametrial invasion (recurrence-free survival and distant metastasis-free survival), lymphovascular space invasion (recurrence-free survival), and lymph node metastasis (distant metastasis-free survival) were found as negative prognostic factors.

Conclusion: Adding vaginal brachytherapy boost to external beam radiotherapy did not provide any benefit in local control or survival in patients with cervical cancer.
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February 2021

Impact of the Charlson Comorbidity Index on dose-limiting toxicity and survival in locally advanced and metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients treated with first-line sunitinib or pazopanib.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2020 Jul 2;26(5):1147-1155. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Anti-angiogenic tyrosine kinase inhibitors, sunitinib and pazopanib, have proven efficacy in advanced renal cell carcinoma, with specific adverse events occurring during treatment process. Comorbidities can reflect functional status and have prognostic value in oncology patients. We aimed to assess the association of the Charlson Comorbidity Index with severe toxicities and mortality in renal cell carcinoma cases treated with front-line sunitinib or pazopanib.

Methods: Files of locally advanced and metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients who received first-line sunitinib or pazopanib were retrospectively examined. Charlson Comorbidity Index of each patient was calculated. Patients were also stratified into Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center risk groups. Predictors of dose-limiting toxicity were evaluated with binomial logistic regression analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were utilized to determine prognostic factors for survival.

Results: The study included 102 patients, 64 were treated with first-line sunitinib and 38 with pazopanib. In 42 patients (41.9%), Charlson Comorbidity Index was 9 or more. Dose-limiting toxicities were significantly more frequent in Charlson Comorbidity Index ≥9 group (69% vs. 40%, p = 0.004), and Charlson Comorbidity Index independently predicted dose-limiting toxicity (Hazard ratio (HR) = 4.30, p = 0.002). After adjusting for other variables, a Charlson Comorbidity Index of ≥9 is also a significant prognostic factor for progression-free (HR = 1.76, p = 0.02) and overall survival (HR = 1.75, p = 0.03).

Conclusions: Charlson Comorbidity Index may be a valuable method to estimate prognosis and optimize therapy in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving first-line sunitinib or pazopanib.
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July 2020

Dosimetric comparison of anterior posterior-posterior anterior 2-field three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, 4-field three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and "forward" plan intensity modulated radiotherapy techniques in female lymphoma patients irradiated to neck and mediastinum.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Oct-Dec;14(6):1389-1396

Department of Radiation Oncology, Dokuz Eylül University Medical Faculty, Izmir, Turkey.

Aim: Dosimetric comparison of three different techniques in female lymphoma patients who had radiotherapy (RT) to the neck and mediastinum.

Setting And Design: Retrospective clinical study.

Materials And Methods: Computerized tomography-simulator images of eight patients were obtained retrospectively. Using 6 MV-X photon energy, RT plans were formed with three different techniques (anterior posterior-posterior anterior 2-field three-dimensional conformal RT [AP-PA 2-field 3D-CRT], 4-field 3D-CRT and "forward" plan intensity modulated RT [FPIMRT]). Comparisons were in terms of homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI), and inhomogeneity coefficient for planning target volume (PTV); mean lung dose, V, V, V, V for lung; D, V, V, V for heart; D, V, V, V for breast; D for spine; D, V, V, V, V for thyroid.

Statistical Analysis Used: Since nonparametric tests had to be used due to the study population being < 30, Friedman and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were implemented in trilateral and bilateral comparison of techniques, respectively. For statistical significance, P value was required to be <0.05.

Results: When FPIMRT was compared with AP-PA and 4-field techniques with respect to, HI (AP-PA/FPIMRT P: 0.017; 4-field/FPIMRT P: 0.03) and CI (AP-PA/FPIMRT P: 0.018; 4-field/FPIMRT P: 0.042), FPIMRT was more advantageous. In addition, FPIMRT was found more useful in terms of D (AP-PA/FPIMRT P: 0.012; 4-Field/FPIMRT P: 0.012) for spinal cord and D (AP-PA/FPIMRT P: 0.012; 4-field/FPIMRT P: 0.012) for thyroid.

Conclusion: FPIMRT was superior in terms of PTV homogeneity and conformity. However, it was observed that for normal tissues, FPIMRT was advantageous only for spinal cord and thyroid; but it was not the most advantageous technique for some of the dose-volume parameters of the breast, lung, and heart.
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February 2019

A Diet Containing Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate, L-Glutamine and L-Arginine Ameliorates Chemoradiation-Induced Gastrointestinal Injury in Rats.

Radiat Res 2015 Oct 2;184(4):411-21. Epub 2015 Oct 2.

e  Multidisciplinary Laboratories, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a specific diet, containing beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, L-glutamine and L-arginine (HMB/Glu/Arg), on chemoradiation-induced injuries of the rat gastrointestinal mucosa. Wistar albino rats were divided into 4 groups: control (n = 5); radiation (n = 14); 5-fluorouracil treatment (5-FU; n = 14); and radiation and 5-FU treatment (n = 14). Rats were fed either a standard diet or a specific diet (SpD) containing HMB/Glu/Arg supplementation for 7 days prior to radiation exposure and/or 5-FU treatment. The irradiated groups were exposed to an 1 Gy dose of 6 MV x rays delivered to the who-abdominal. The animals receiving 5-FU treatment were given a 100 mg/kg dose of the drug. In the radiation and 5-FU treatment group, the 5-FU was administered 30 min prior to irradiation. After irradiation and/or 5-FU treatment, feeding with either the standard rat diet or specific diet continued as before. All animals were sacrificed on day 4 after irradiation and 5-FU treatment. Data collected included microbiological, histological and immunohistochemical end points. We found that bacterial colony counts in the ceca and mesenteric lymph nodes of irradiated rats treated with 5-FU were significantly lower in the specific diet (SpD) group than in the standard diet group (P = 0.002-0.05). Morphometrically, gastric, duodenal and colonic mucosal injuries were less severe in the irradiated animals fed the specific diet, as well as the 5-FU-treated animals fed the specific diet, compared to the similarly treated standard diet groups. Apoptosis, measured by TUNEL, revealed significantly lower numbers of TUNEL positive cells in irradiated animals fed the specific diet, and irradiated animals treated with 5-FU and fed the specific diet compared to irradiated animals fed the standard diet, and irradiated animals treated with 5-FU and fed the standard diet. In the 5-Fu-treated and SpD group, the extent of apoptosis was significantly lower than that of the 5-Fu-treated and standard diet group in both the stomach and duodenum (P = 0.0001), but not in the colon. Apoptosis, measured by caspase 3 staining, was significantly less in all three organs of the SpD groups. In conclusion, these findings suggest that a diet supplemented with HMB/Glu/Arg may ameliorate the effect of radiation-induced gastrointestinal injury, coinciding with reduced bacterial growth.
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October 2015

Metastasis to paranasal sinuses and orbita of breast cancer with a rare metachronous tumor of the uterine cervix.

J Craniofac Surg 2013 Jan;24(1):e64-5

Department of Radiation Oncology, Division of Medical Oncology, School of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Breast cancer metastases are rarely seen in paranasal sinuses or orbit with a poor prognosis, and these cases were published as case reports. Moreover, metachronous tumors following breast cancer diagnosis are somewhat common, but uterine cervix is infrequent in them. In the present case, we report a 61-year-old female patient who had a biopsy-proven metastatic breast cancer to paranasal sinuses and orbita. She also had a cervical uterine cancer which is also unusually diagnosed following breast cancer. Palliative radiotherapy to paranasal sinuses (30 Gy) achieved a good response. However, she died due to leptomeningeal progression.
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January 2013