Publications by authors named "Ilka Huber"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Further delineation of Malan syndrome.

Hum Mutat 2018 09 25;39(9):1226-1237. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Belfast HSC Trust, Northern Ireland Regional Genetics Service, Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Malan syndrome is an overgrowth disorder described in a limited number of individuals. We aim to delineate the entity by studying a large group of affected individuals. We gathered data on 45 affected individuals with a molecularly confirmed diagnosis through an international collaboration and compared data to the 35 previously reported individuals. Results indicate that height is > 2 SDS in infancy and childhood but in only half of affected adults. Cardinal facial characteristics include long, triangular face, macrocephaly, prominent forehead, everted lower lip, and prominent chin. Intellectual disability is universally present, behaviorally anxiety is characteristic. Malan syndrome is caused by deletions or point mutations of NFIX clustered mostly in exon 2. There is no genotype-phenotype correlation except for an increased risk for epilepsy with 19p13.2 microdeletions. Variants arose de novo, except in one family in which mother was mosaic. Variants causing Malan and Marshall-Smith syndrome can be discerned by differences in the site of stop codon formation. We conclude that Malan syndrome has a well recognizable phenotype that usually can be discerned easily from Marshall-Smith syndrome but rarely there is some overlap. Differentiation from Sotos and Weaver syndrome can be made by clinical evaluation only.
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September 2018

Direct Molecular Detection and Genotyping of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Children with Lyme Neuroborreliosis.

J Clin Microbiol 2018 05 25;56(5). Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.

The current diagnostic marker of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), the antibody index (AI) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), has insufficient sensitivity in the early phase of LNB. We aimed to elucidate the diagnostic value of PCR for in CSF from children with symptoms suggestive of LNB and to explore genotypes associated with LNB in children. Children were prospectively included in predefined groups with a high or low likelihood of LNB based on diagnostic guidelines (LNB symptoms, CSF pleocytosis, and antibodies) or the detection of other causative agents. CSF samples were analyzed by two -specific real-time PCR assays and, if DNA was detected, were further analyzed by five singleplex real-time PCR assays for genotype determination. For children diagnosed as LNB patients (58 confirmed and 18 probable) ( = 76) or non-LNB controls ( = 28), the sensitivity and specificity of PCR for in CSF were 46% and 100%, respectively. DNA was detected in 26/58 (45%) children with AI-positive LNB and in 7/12 (58%) children with AI-negative LNB and symptoms of short duration. Among 36 children with detectable DNA, genotyping indicated ( = 27) and non- ( = 1) genotypes, while 8 samples remained untyped. Children with LNB caused by did not have a distinct clinical picture. The rate of detection of DNA in the CSF of children with LNB was higher than that reported previously. PCR for could be a useful supplemental diagnostic tool in unconfirmed LNB cases with symptoms of short duration. was the predominant genotype in children with LNB.
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May 2018

Cerebrospinal Fluid B-lymphocyte Chemoattractant CXCL13 in the Diagnosis of Acute Lyme Neuroborreliosis in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Dec;36(12):e286-e292

From the *Department of Pediatrics, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway; †Department of Medical Microbiology and ‡Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Southern Norway Trust, Kristiansand, Norway; §Department of Pediatrics, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway; ¶Department of Pediatrics, Haugesund Hospital, Haugesund, Norway; ‖Department of Pediatrics, Hospital of Southern Norway Trust, Arendal, Norway; and ††Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Current markers of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in children have insufficient sensitivity in the early stage of disease. The B-lymphocyte chemoattractant CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be useful in diagnosing LNB, but its specificity has not been evaluated in studies including children with clinically relevant differential diagnoses. The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnostic value of CSF CXCL13 in children with symptoms suggestive of LNB.

Methods: Children with symptoms suggestive of LNB were included prospectively into predefined groups with a high or low likelihood of LNB based on CSF pleocytosis and the detection of Borrelia antibodies or other causative agents. CSF CXCL13 levels were compared between the groups, and receiver-operating characteristic analyses were performed to indicate optimal cutoff levels to discriminate LNB from non-LNB conditions.

Results: Two hundred and ten children were included. Children with confirmed LNB (n=59) and probable LNB (n=18) had higher CSF CXCL13 levels than children with possible LNB (n=7), possible peripheral LNB (n=7), non-Lyme aseptic meningitis (n=12), non-meningitis (n=91) and negative controls (n=16). Using 18 pg/mL as a cutoff level, both the sensitivity and specificity of CSF CXCL13 for LNB (confirmed and probable) were 97%. Comparing only children with LNB and non-Lyme aseptic meningitis, the sensitivity and specificity with the same cutoff level were 97% and 83%, respectively.

Conclusion: CSF CXCL13 is a sensitive marker of LNB in children. The specificity to discriminate LNB from non-Lyme aseptic meningitis may be more moderate, suggesting that CSF CXCL13 should be used together with other variables in diagnosing LNB in children.
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December 2017

A suggestive association of fuchs heterochromic cyclitis with cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 gene polymorphism.

Ophthalmic Res 2007 8;39(2):116-20. Epub 2007 Feb 8.

Institute for Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine 3, University Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Fuchs heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) is a chronic inflammatory eye disease, usually presenting as unilateral anterior uveitis. Up to date no disease susceptibility genes have been described for FHC.

Methods: The allele frequency of HLA DRB1 and DQB1, polymorphisms of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha promoter region (-376, -308, -238), the promoter (-318), first exon (+49) and (AT)n repeat polymorphism of the cytotoxic T cell antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene were analysed in 44 FHC patients and 139 healthy controls.

Results: The CTLA4 -318 C/T genotype was increased in FHC patients [odds ratio (OR) 3.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-6.5], as well as long CTLA4 (AT)n microsatellite alleles with more than 16 AT repeats (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3-5.3). A trend towards the -308 G/A TNF-alpha genotype was found in the patient cohort, whereas no difference in HLA class II allele distribution was observed.

Conclusion: CTLA4 but not TNF-alpha or HLA class II DRB1 and DQB1 may represent a candidate gene for disease susceptibility in FHC.
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May 2007