Publications by authors named "Igor Kaidashev"

22 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Assessment of Google Trends terms reporting allergies and the grass pollen season in Ukraine.

World Allergy Organ J 2020 Oct 30;13(10):100465. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

University Hospital, Montpellier, France.

Background: Grass pollen allergy is an important trigger for the development of respiratory disorders. Defining the grass pollen season onset is critical for correct allergy diagnosis and personalized therapy. The development of a pan-European sentinel network for allergic diseases has raised the problem of translating the Google search terms into different European languages as well as defining specific pollen season characteristics in different regions. Grass pollen allergy was investigated due to high allergenicity and wide expansion of grass pollen in Europe.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine which translations of "hay fever", "grass", and "rhinitis" could be used in the native Cyrillic languages, especially in Ukrainian and Russian, and to compare the seasonality of allergic respiratory queries in Ukraine with the grass pollen counts.

Methods: Google Trends (GT) was used to search Google queries concerning grass pollen allergy: "allergy", "hay fever", "runny nose", "grass", "asthma", and "pollen". The Cyrillic terms in Ukrainian and Russian were used. The search was done for the period from 2013 to 2017. Pollen collection from 2013 to 2016 was conducted using volumetric methods. Average daily temperatures were obtained from http://gismeteo.ua. Correlations were assessed by Spearman (R) test.

Results: The Ukrainian Google users searched the Cyrillic equivalents for "runny nose", "grass", and "asthma". Due to the GT queries profile, Ukraine had a "D" pattern according to the classification, developed by Bousquet J et al (2017). In Ukraine, the pollen season generally occurred between the second ten-day period of May and the last ten-day period of July. The pollen season started with a concentration of pollen grains of 8.0 m. This concentration provoked the growth of GT "grass", "allergy", "hay fever", and "asthma" queries.

Conclusions: The terms "grass", "allergy", "hay fever", and "asthma" (in their Cyrillic equivalents) are required in Ukraine to account for the grass pollen exposure by GT. The study of GT may be a useful tool to make an assessment of the grass pollen season for the prevention and minimization of exposure to significant grass pollen concentrations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.waojou.2020.100465DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7529821PMC
October 2020

Beliefs and preferences regarding biological treatments for severe asthma.

World Allergy Organ J 2020 Jul 31;13(7):100441. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Università di Genova, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna (DiMI), Italy.

Background: Severe asthma is a serious condition with a significant burden on patients' morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Some biological therapies targeting the IgE and interleukin-5 (IL5) mediated pathways are now available. Due to the lack of direct comparison studies, the choice of which medication to use varies. We aimed to explore the beliefs and practices in the use of biological therapies in severe asthma, hypothesizing that differences will occur depending on the prescribers' specialty and experience.

Methods: We conducted an online survey composed of 35 questions in English. The survey was circulated via the INterasma Scientific Network (INESNET) platform as well as through social media. Responses from allergists and pulmonologists, both those with experience of prescribing omalizumab with (OMA/IL5) and without (OMA) experience with anti-IL5 drugs, were compared.

Results: Two hundred eighty-five (285) valid questionnaires from 37 countries were analyzed. Seventy-on percent (71%) of respondents prescribed biologics instead of oral glucocorticoids and believed that their side effects are inferior to those of Prednisone 5 mg daily. Agreement with ATS/ERS guidelines for identifying severe asthma patients was less than 50%. Specifically, significant differences were found comparing responses between allergists and pulmonologists (Chi-square test, p < 0.05) and between OMA/IL5 and OMA groups (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Uncertainties and inconsistencies regarding the use of biological medications have been shown. The accuracy of prescribers to correctly identify asthma severity, according to guidelines criteria, is quite poor. Although a substantial majority of prescribers believe that biological drugs are safer than low dose long-term treatment with oral steroids, and that they must be used instead of oral steroids, every effort should be made to further increase awareness. Efficacy as disease modifiers, biomarkers for selecting responsive patients, timing for outcomes evaluation, and checks need to be addressed by further research. Practices and beliefs regarding the use of asthma biologics differ between the prescriber's specialty and experience; however, the latter seems more significant in determining beliefs and behavior. Tailored educational measures are needed to ensure research results are better integrated in daily practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.waojou.2020.100441DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7396819PMC
July 2020

A rare case of pneumonia complicated by .

Clin Case Rep 2020 Jun 13;8(6):1039-1043. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Internal Medicine Department No. 3 with Phthisiology Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy Poltava Ukraine.

pneumonia immunocompromised the patient with subsequent complication by a rare opportunistic infection, which became a nosocomial pathogen in the healthcare setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303856PMC
June 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2021 01 23;76(1):168-190. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis. It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and management of airway disease. The MASK strategy is based on validated digital tools. Using the MASK digital tool and the CARAT online enhanced clinical framework, solutions for practical steps of digital enhancement of care are proposed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
January 2021

Quantitative assessment of CD68+ AND CD163+ macrophages in the primary focus and metastatic lesions of regional lymph nodes in non-luminal her2-positive invasive breast carcinoma

Wiad Lek 2019 Oct;72(10):1861-1865

Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine

Introduction: Introduction: Tumor-associated macrophages are an important prognostic factor and have been shown to be associated with invasion and migration of various types of cancer. Unlike M1-macrophages, which have pro-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity, M2-macrophages are immunosuppressive, promoting the restoration of the intracellular matrix, and therefore they contribute to the tumor growth. The aim: To study the quantitative characteristic and localization of CD68+ and CD163+ M2-like TAM that infiltrate non-luminal HER2-enriched carcinomas of BC in the primary focus without metastases and in paired specimens with metastases in the lymph nodes, as well as the pathomorphological characteristics of this type of BC.

Material And Methods: The material of the study were intraoperative tissues of tumors and ipsilateral lymph nodes at radical removal of mammary glands. Immunohistochemical characteristics of the removed tumors (ER, PR, HER2, Ki67) were used to organize two groups of patients with primary BC according to the N1 / 0 status.

Results: The statistical processing of the entire set of digital data confirmed a significant increase in CD68+TAM, but not CD163+M2 under metastatic conditions (p <0.0001), which may suggest an increase in M1-type TAM and their promotion of metastases in non-luminal HER2-enriched BC. Analysis of peculiarities of TAM localization showed that CD68+TAM was localized by clusters within the tumor nests and adjacent stroma, necrotized nests, whereas the typical localization of CD163+TAM M2-like macrophages predominated in the stroma and near the necrotic sites (where their quantitative characteristics coincide with those of CD68+TAM). This may indicate a relative predominance of M1 macrophages precisely in tumor nests. Along with the results on increased CD68+TAM (but not CD163+TAM) in metastases, it is possible to assume the contribution of M1 macrophages to the development / metastasis of BC, as prognosticated for other tumors.

Conclusions: A significant decrease in the number of CD68+TAM in metastases of the lymph node as compared with the primary clusters of BC, along with the absence of correlations, may reflect other functions of TAM in the affected lymph nodes or change of the tumor type in the metastasis.
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October 2019

Next-generation Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines for allergic rhinitis based on Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) and real-world evidence.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Akdis Togias Claus Bachert Martina Erhola Peter W Hellings Ludger Klimek Oliver Pfaar Dana Wallace Ignacio Ansotegui Ioana Agache Anna Bedbrook Karl-Christian Bergmann Mike Bewick Philippe Bonniaud Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bossé Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Moises A Calderon Walter G Canonica Luis Caraballo Vicky Cardona Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Derek K Chu Elisio M Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Gennaro D'Amato Philippe Devillier Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Jean-Louis Fauquert Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Bilun Gemicioglu Roy Gerth van Wijk Tari Haahtela Susanne Halken Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Jorg Kleine Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Stefania La Grutta Désirée Larenas-Linnemann Susanne Lau Daniel Laune Lan Le Philipp Lieberman Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Gert Marien Pedro Carreiro-Martins Erik Melén Enrica Menditto Hugo Neffen Gregoire Mercier Ralph Mosgues Joaquim Mullol Antonella Muraro Leyla Namazova Ettore Novellino Robyn O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Ken Ohta Hae Sim Park Petr Panzner Giovanni Passalacqua Nhan Pham-Thi David Price Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Christine Rolland Nelson Rosario Dermot Ryan Boleslaw Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Glenis K Scadding Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Ana-Maria Todo Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioana Tsiligianni Marylin Valentin-Rostan Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Torsten Zuberbier

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 01 15;145(1):70-80.e3. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy-Centre, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, member of GA(2)LEN, Berlin, Germany.

The selection of pharmacotherapy for patients with allergic rhinitis aims to control the disease and depends on many factors. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines have considerably improved the treatment of allergic rhinitis. However, there is an increasing trend toward use of real-world evidence to inform clinical practice, especially because randomized controlled trials are often limited with regard to the applicability of results. The Contre les Maladies Chroniques pour un Vieillissement Actif (MACVIA) algorithm has proposed an allergic rhinitis treatment by a consensus group. This simple algorithm can be used to step up or step down allergic rhinitis treatment. Next-generation guidelines for the pharmacologic treatment of allergic rhinitis were developed by using existing GRADE-based guidelines for the disease, real-world evidence provided by mobile technology, and additive studies (allergen chamber studies) to refine the MACVIA algorithm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2019.06.049DOI Listing
January 2020

Next-generation ARIA care pathways for rhinitis and asthma: a model for multimorbid chronic diseases.

Authors:
J Jean Bousquet Holger J Schünemann Alkis Togias Marina Erhola Peter W Hellings Torsten Zuberbier Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Sven Becker Martin Bedolla-Barajas Michael Bewick Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Louis P Boulet Jean Marc Bourrez Guy Brusselle Niels Chavannes Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Mina Gaga Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene L T T Le Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Enrica Menditto Joaquin Mullol Yashitaka Okamoto Nikos Papadopoulos Nhân Pham-Thi Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Nicolas Roche Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Tuula Vasankari Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Cezmi A Akdis Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagana Eric Bateman Anna Bedbrook K S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Slawomir Bialek Nils Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Mateo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Jacques Bouchard Vitalis Briedis Christofer E Brightling Jan Brozek Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Giorgo W Canonica Victoria Cardona Ana M Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Eka Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Elaine Colgan Jaime Correia de Sousa Anne Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejand Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Antoni Dedeu Giulia De Feo Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Marc Dykewickz Ruta Dubakiene Motohiro Ebisawa Yaya El-Gamal Esben Eller Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Antjie Fink-Wagner Alessandro Fiocchi Jean F Fontaine Bilun Gemicioğlu Peter Schmid-Grendelmeir Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam John O'B Hourihane Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Maddalena Illario Juan C Ivancevich Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Mussa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Lisa Leonardini Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Gert Marien Bassam Mahboub Joao Malva Patrick Manning Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Eve Mathieu-Dupas Poalo M Matricardi Eric Melén Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralf Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leila Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Enrico Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robin O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle Onorato Solange Ouedraogo Isabella Pali-Schöll Susanna Palkonen Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Jean-Louis Pépin Ana-Maria Pereira Oliver Pfaar Ema Paulino Jim Phillips Robert Picard Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Benoit Pugin Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Sietze Reitsma Xavier Rodo Antonino Romano Nelson Rosario Menahenm Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Juan-Carlos Sisul Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova Otto Spranger Cristina Stellato Rafael Stelmach Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Ana Todo-Bom Peter V Tomazic Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Rianne van der Kleij Olivier Vandenplas Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Y Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heahter J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan S Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Clin Transl Allergy 2019 9;9:44. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

260University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: In all societies, the burden and cost of allergic and chronic respiratory diseases are increasing rapidly. Most economies are struggling to deliver modern health care effectively. There is a need to support the transformation of the health care system into integrated care with organizational health literacy.

Main Body: As an example for chronic disease care, MASK (Mobile Airways Sentinel NetworK), a new project of the ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) initiative, and POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis, EIT Health), in collaboration with professional and patient organizations in the field of allergy and airway diseases, are proposing real-life ICPs centred around the patient with rhinitis, and using mHealth to monitor environmental exposure. Three aspects of care pathways are being developed: (i) Patient participation, health literacy and self-care through technology-assisted "patient activation", (ii) Implementation of care pathways by pharmacists and (iii) Next-generation guidelines assessing the recommendations of GRADE guidelines in rhinitis and asthma using real-world evidence (RWE) obtained through mobile technology. The EU and global political agendas are of great importance in supporting the digital transformation of health and care, and MASK has been recognized by DG Santé as a Good Practice in the field of digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care.

Conclusion: In 20 years, ARIA has considerably evolved from the first multimorbidity guideline in respiratory diseases to the digital transformation of health and care with a strong political involvement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-019-0279-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734297PMC
September 2019

2019 ARIA Care pathways for allergen immunotherapy.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Oliver Pfaar Alkis Togias Holger J Schünemann Ignacio Ansotegui Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Ioanna Tsiligianni Ioana Agache Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Anna Bedbrook Karl-Christian Bergmann Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Jan Brozek Moises A Calderon Giorgio W Canonica Luigi Caraballo Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Derek Chu Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Stephen R Durham George Du Toit Mark Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Jean Luc Fauquert Montserrat Fernandez-Rivas Wytske J Fokkens João Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Roy Gerth van Wijk Tari Haahtela Susanne Halken Peter W Hellings Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Juan Carlos Ivancevich Lars Jacobsen Marek Jutel Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Jörg Kleine Tebbe Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Stefania La Grutta Désirée Larenas-Linemann Susanne Lau Daniel Laune Lan Le Karin Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Hans-Jørgen Malling Gert Marien Enrica Menditto Gregoire Mercier Joaquim Mullol Antonella Muraro Robyn O'Hehir Yoshitaka Okamoto Giovanni B Pajno Hae-Sim Park Petr Panzner Giovanni Passalacqua Nhan Pham-Thi Graham Roberts Ruby Pawankar Christine Rolland Nelson Rosario Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Glenis Scadding Mohamed H Shamji Aziz Sheikh Gunter J Sturm Ana Todo Bom Sanna Toppila-Salmi Maryline Valentin-Rostan Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Ulrich Wahn Samantha Walker Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Arzu Yorgancioglu Torsten Zuberbier

Allergy 2019 11 15;74(11):2087-2102. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin Institute of Health, Comprehensive Allergy Centre, Member of GA2LEN, Humboldt-Uniersität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a proven therapeutic option for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and/or asthma. Many guidelines or national practice guidelines have been produced but the evidence-based method varies, many are complex and none propose care pathways. This paper reviews care pathways for AIT using strict criteria and provides simple recommendations that can be used by all stakeholders including healthcare professionals. The decision to prescribe AIT for the patient should be individualized and based on the relevance of the allergens, the persistence of symptoms despite appropriate medications according to guidelines as well as the availability of good-quality and efficacious extracts. Allergen extracts cannot be regarded as generics. Immunotherapy is selected by specialists for stratified patients. There are no currently available validated biomarkers that can predict AIT success. In adolescents and adults, AIT should be reserved for patients with moderate/severe rhinitis or for those with moderate asthma who, despite appropriate pharmacotherapy and adherence, continue to exhibit exacerbations that appear to be related to allergen exposure, except in some specific cases. Immunotherapy may be even more advantageous in patients with multimorbidity. In children, AIT may prevent asthma onset in patients with rhinitis. mHealth tools are promising for the stratification and follow-up of patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13805DOI Listing
November 2019

Liraglutide exerts an anti-inflammatory action in obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Rom J Intern Med 2019 Sep;57(3):233-240

Department of Internal Medicine No.3 with Phthisiology, Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, 23 Shevchenko Str.,Poltava, Ukraine.

Introduction: Liraglutide (L) is the analogue of human glucagon-like peptide 1 which stimulates glucose-dependent insulin secretion and can modify the level of inflammatory biomarkers. L can influence NF-kB inflammatory cascade, but the mechanisms of anti-inflammatory activities of L remain to be determined. In animal models L influenced an activity of Sirtuin 1(SIRT1). Moreover, recent evidences strongly suggest that SIRT1 up-regulation may serve as a potent therapeutic approach against development and progression of diabetic complications. The aim of this study was to investigate L effects directed on the pro-inflammatory NF-kB pathway and expression of SIRT1 in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

Materials And Methods: 15 obese patients with type 2 diabetes were studied, all using metformin (1-2 g/day) and sulfonylurea (glimiperide). All patients received L 1.2 mg daily add-on to stable therapy for 6 weeks. Blood samples were collected before, 6 weeks after start of treatment and after an overnight fast 6 weeks after stopping L, mononuclear cells (MNC) were isolated. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, TLR2, TLR4, NOD1, IL-2 and SIRT1 were measured in MNC by RT-PCR. Ceruloplasmin concentration was measured in plasma by photometric method.

Results: In this add-on pilot clinical investigation we received new data that L can inhibit proinflammatory NF-kB pathway by increased SIRT1 expression in obese patients with type 2 DM improving metabolic profile. The mRNA expression in MNC of TNF-α, IkB, TLR2, TLR4, and plasma ceruloplasmin fell after 6 weeks of L. Expressions of IL-2 and NOD-1 were stable. There was a significant increase of SIRT1 mRNA expression. The mRNA expression in MNC of TNF-α, IkB, TLR2, TLR4, NOD1, SIRT1 and ceruloplasmin concentrations did not reverse to baseline levels after 6 weeks stopping of L treatment. IL-2 expression decreased in comparison with basic level.

Conclusions: L has a potent anti-inflammatory effect as do GLP-1 agonists due to inhibition of NF-kB pathways and up-regulate SIRT1 expression, down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors including cytokines (TNF-α), extra- and intracellular receptors (TLR2, TLR4), and inflammation markers such as ceruloplasmin. Long lasting effects of L can be mediated by epigenetic regulation of NF-kB pathway by SIRT-1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/rjim-2019-0003DOI Listing
September 2019

Patterns in Google Trends Terms Reporting Rhinitis and Ragweed Pollen Season in Ukraine.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019;178(4):363-369. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University Hospital, Montpellier, France.

Background: Google Trends (GT) may represent a new approach to assessing pollen allergy. However, the development of a pan-European sentinel network has raised a problem of translating terms in different languages. A precise definition of the pollen season onset is crucial for the confirmation of a pollen allergy diagnosis and personalized treatment. Ragweed pollen allergy was investigated due to its high allergenicity and wide expansion in Europe.

Objectives: The study aimed to examine translations of "ragweed" and "hay fever" in native Cyrillic languages, especially in Ukrainian and Russian, and to compare the seasonality of queries in Ukraine with ragweed and mugwort pollen counts.

Methods: We used GT to search Google queries concerning ragweed allergy: "allergy," "hay fever," "running nose," "ragweed," "asthma," and "pollen." The Cyrillic terms in Ukrainian and Russian were used. Pollen collection for 2013-2015 was conducted using volumetric methods. Average daily temperatures were obtained from the website http://gismeteo.ua. Correlations were studied by using Pearson and Spearman tests.

Results: GT queries profile had the "B" pattern according to the classification developed by Bousquet et al. [Allergy. 2017 Aug; 72(8): 1261-6]. A peak of "ragweed" queries was observed after the maximum of average daily temperature. The terms "allergy," "hay fever," and "ragweed" in Cyrillic are required in Ukraine to calculate the ragweed pollen exposure by GT. The ragweed pollen season started with a concentration of pollen grains of 12.95 m-3. The Artemisia pollen season started between 19 and 25 days before the beginning of the Ambrosia pollen season.

Conclusions: GT may be a useful tool in the differentiation of the pollen seasons, especially when they overlap as in the case of Arte misia/Ambrosia. Three terms, "allergy," "hay fever," and "ragweed" (in Cyrillic equivalents), are required in Ukraine to account for ragweed pollen exposure. The combination of GT tools with pollen counts may be used in large-scale epidemiological studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495306DOI Listing
May 2019

Genetic polymorphism ARG753GLN of TLR-2, LEU412PHE of TLR-3, ASP299GLY of TLR-4 in patients with influenza and influenza-associated pneumonia.

Wiad Lek 2019 ;72(12 cz 1):2324-2328

Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: The aim of the research is to study the prevalence and to determine the prognostic significance of polymorphism ARG753GLN of the TLR-2 gene, Leu412Phe of TLR-3, Asp299Gly of TLR-4 in influenza.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: 112 patients with influenza were examined (63 patients with uncomplicated course and 49 with influenza-associated pneumonia). The genotyping of the polymorphic site of ARG753GLN of the TLR-2 gene, Asp299Gly of the TLR-4 gene, and Leu412Phe of the TLR-3 gene was carried out by polymerase chain reaction using oligonucleotide primers.

Results: Results: It has found that the prevalence of the mutant allele 299Gly of TLR-4 in patients with uncomplicated influenza is 6.4 %, with influenza- associated pneumonia - 7.1 %, which exceeds the population control indicators by 3.8-4.3 times (1.7 %, p<0.05). Mutant allele 412Phe of TLR-3 is significantly more common in patients with influenzaassociated pneumonia (42.9%), as compared with uncomplicated influenza (24.6%, p<0.01) and healthy people (30.0%, p<0.05). The increased risk of influenza development is associated with the Asp/Gly genotype of TLR-4 (OR=4.22) and combination of mutant genotypes Leu/Phe and Phe/Phe of TLR-3 with Asp/Gly of TLR-4 and Arg/Gln of TLR-2 (OR=15.0); influenza-associated pneumonia - with genotype Phe/Phe of TLR-3 (OR=4.5).

Conclusion: Conclusions: It has been found out that among patients with influenza and influenza-associated pneumonia, the mutant allele 299Gly of TLR-4 and combinations of polymorphisms Arg753Gln of TLR-2, Leu412Phe of TLR-3, Asp299Gly of TLR-4 are detected reliably more often. The frequency of the mutant allele 412Phe of TLR-3 is higher among patients with influenza-associated pneumonia. Markers of increased risk of influenza are 299Gly allele and genotype Asp/Gly of TLR-4 and the combination of mutant genotypes Leu/Phe and Phe/Phe of TLR-3 with Asp/Gly of TLR-4 and Arg/Gln of TLR-2; for influenza-associated pneumonia - allele 412Phe and genotype Phe/Phe of TLR-3.
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March 2020

ARIA pharmacy 2018 "Allergic rhinitis care pathways for community pharmacy": AIRWAYS ICPs initiative (European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, DG CONNECT and DG Santé) POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis) GARD Demonstration project.

Authors:
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Elisio Costa Enrica Menditto Olga Lourenço Ettore Novellino Slawomir Bialek Vitalis Briedis Roland Buonaiuto Henry Chrystyn Biljana Cvetkovski Stefania Di Capua Vicky Kritikos Alpana Mair Valentina Orlando Ema Paulino Johanna Salimäki Rojin Söderlund Rachel Tan Dennis M Williams Piotr Wroczynski Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Anna Bedbrook Claus Bachert Mike Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Jan L Brozek Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Warner Carr Thomas B Casale Niels H Chavannes Jaime Correia de Sousa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal João Fonseca Wytske J Fokkens Maria Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Peter W Hellings Maddalena Illario Juan Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Bassam Mahboub Dieter Maier Joao Malva Patrick J Manning Mário Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Lars Münter Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Kristof Nekam Tshipukane Dieudonné Nyembue Kimi Okubo Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Jim Phillips Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Paul C Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan Carlos Sisul David Somekh Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana Maria Todo-Bom Peter Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Errka Valovirta Maria Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Jean Bousquet

Allergy 2019 07 30;74(7):1219-1236. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

MACVIA-France, Fondation Partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

Pharmacists are trusted health care professionals. Many patients use over-the-counter (OTC) medications and are seen by pharmacists who are the initial point of contact for allergic rhinitis management in most countries. The role of pharmacists in integrated care pathways (ICPs) for allergic diseases is important. This paper builds on existing studies and provides tools intended to help pharmacists provide optimal advice/interventions/strategies to patients with rhinitis. The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA)-pharmacy ICP includes a diagnostic questionnaire specifically focusing attention on key symptoms and markers of the disease, a systematic Diagnosis Guide (including differential diagnoses), and a simple flowchart with proposed treatment for rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity. Key prompts for referral within the ICP are included. The use of technology is critical to enhance the management of allergic rhinitis. However, the ARIA-pharmacy ICP should be adapted to local healthcare environments/situations as regional (national) differences exist in pharmacy care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13701DOI Listing
July 2019

Quercetin reduces the transcriptional activity of NF-kB in stable coronary artery disease.

Indian Heart J 2018 Sep - Oct;70(5):593-597. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Str. Shevchenka, 23, 36000, Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of quercetin on the indicators of chronic systemic inflammation (CSI) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: This study included 85 patients with CAD, stable angina pectoris, functional class (FC) II, and heart failure (НF) 0-І. Each patient was prescribed beta-blockers, statins, and aspirin. In addition, a total of 30 patients, forming the study group received quercetin at a daily dose of 120mg for two months, while the remaining 55 patients made up the control group. The levels of cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in serum and the expression of the inhibitor of kappa B α (IkBα) gene in blood mononuclear cells, were determined.

Results: The increased levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, as well as a moderate increase in IL-10 levels, were detected in the serum of patients with CAD. The expression of the IkBα gene (2) did not differ significantly between the groups. Under the influence of quercetin, levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were reduced and IL-10 levels tended to decrease. In contrast, the serum levels of these cytokines did not change significantly in the control group. The administration of quercetin decreased the expression of the IkBα gene (0.0092±0.0033 against 0.0261±0.0166, р=0.003; 2, 2.82±1.39 times) in contrast to the control group.

Conclusion: Quercetin showed anti-inflammatory properties in patients with CAD, indicating a decrease in transcriptional activity of the nuclear factor of transcription kappa B (NF-kB).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.04.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204471PMC
January 2019

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) Phase 4 (2018): Change management in allergic rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity using mobile technology.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Peter W Hellings Ioana Agache Flore Amat Isabella Annesi-Maesano Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Eric D Bateman Anna Bedbrook Kazi Bennoor Mickael Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Isabelle Bosse Jan Brozek Luisa Brussino Giorgio W Canonica Victoria Cardona Thomas Casale Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Lorenzo Cecchi Jaime Correia de Sousa Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Giulia De Feo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Yehia El-Gamal Esben E Eller Joao A Fonseca Jean-François Fontaine Wytske J Fokkens Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Omer Kalayci Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Desiree Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin Lodrup Carlsen Olga Lourenço Bassam Mahboub Alpana Mair Enrica Menditto Branislava Milenkovic Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Ettore Novellino Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Davor Plavec Ted A Popov Paul Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Boleslaw Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan-Carlos Sisul Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Talant Sooronbaev Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana-Maria Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Arzu Yorgancioglu Luo Zhang Nanshan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2019 03 29;143(3):864-879. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Comprehensive Allergy Center Charité, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, and Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN), Berlin, Germany.

Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) has evolved from a guideline by using the best approach to integrated care pathways using mobile technology in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma multimorbidity. The proposed next phase of ARIA is change management, with the aim of providing an active and healthy life to patients with rhinitis and to those with asthma multimorbidity across the lifecycle irrespective of their sex or socioeconomic status to reduce health and social inequities incurred by the disease. ARIA has followed the 8-step model of Kotter to assess and implement the effect of rhinitis on asthma multimorbidity and to propose multimorbid guidelines. A second change management strategy is proposed by ARIA Phase 4 to increase self-medication and shared decision making in rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity. An innovation of ARIA has been the development and validation of information technology evidence-based tools (Mobile Airways Sentinel Network [MASK]) that can inform patient decisions on the basis of a self-care plan proposed by the health care professional.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.08.049DOI Listing
March 2019

IL-26 in the induced sputum is associated with the level of systemic inflammation, lung functions and body weight in COPD patients.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018 24;13:2569-2575. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine,

Background: Chronic inflammatory process is the main link in COPD pathogenesis, which causes structural changes in the respiratory tract and lungs. In overweight patients, an adipose tissue could contribute to activation of the inflammatory process. Therefore, it is highly important to identify potential biomarkers of inflammation for patients with COPD and obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of interleukin-26 (IL-26) and evaluate the relationship between the level of systemic inflammation, lung function, and body mass index (BMI) in patients with COPD.

Patients And Methods: Eighty-three patients with COPD in the stable condition (stage 2 according to the 2016 Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease recommendations), aged 40-70 years, were included in the study. All patients were divided into 2 groups: obese (n=53) (BMI - 30.0-39.9 kg/m) and non-obese (n=30) (BMI - 18.5-24.9 kg/m). We conducted patients' examination, spirometry, induced the sputum, determined the level of C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin in serum and IL-26 in sputum.

Results: Obese and non-obese COPD patients had a significant increase in IL-26 compared with healthy subjects by 2.3 and 2.6 (=0.0003). We also observed a higher level of CRP by 1.38 times (=0.0008), compared with the rate in non-obese COPD patients, and by 1.8 times (=0.015) higher concentration level of leptin compared with healthy subjects. The sputum IL-26 level had positive correlation with BMI, CRP, and leptin, and a negative - with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV) and FEV/forced vital capacity. Leptin level had positive correlation with BMI and CRP, and negative with FEV, FEV/forced vital capacity.

Conclusion: Obese COPD patients had a higher level of persistent systemic inflammation than non-obese ones, which is confirmed by a significant increase of CRP and leptin in serum. The data confirm that IL-26 can be considered as a perspective marker to detect the inflammation level in lung tissue of COPD patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S164833DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113910PMC
January 2019

[Iron deficiency reduces systemic inflammation in obese women].

Wiad Lek 2018;71(2 pt 2):326-330

Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Iron plays an important role in the functioning of immunological monitoring due to its stimulating and differentiating effect on the immune system. Obesity is accompanied by chronic low grade inflammation and may be accompanied by a change in the concentration of iron in the blood serum. The aim of the study was to determine the level of systemic inflammation in iron deficiency anemia in patients with obesity.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: 40 women with iron deficiency anemia (30 with obesity and 10 without obesity) and 10 with obesity of a similar age (control group) participated in the study. We evaluated hemogram parameters, indicators of iron exchange (serum iron, ferritin, hepcidin, total iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation) and inflammatory markers: C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in the blood serum.

Results: Results: All patients were females with an average age of 40.3 ± 7.59 years. In the distribution of patients by the cause and the severity degree of iron deficiency anemia, there is no probable difference between the groups. C-reactive protein was significantly higher in women in the control group as compared with the groups of women with iron deficiency anemia (p <0.05). Meanwhile, the groups with iron deficiency anemia had insignificant differences (p> 0.05). Interleukin-6 also had a higher level in the control group as compared with the groups of women who had iron deficiency anemia (p <0.05) and, in contrast to the C-reactive protein of the group with iron deficiency anemia, had a significant divergence (p <0.05). Hepcidin of blood serum was higher in women with iron deficiency anemia without obesity (p<0.05) as compared to women with obesity and control group who did not have a significant difference (p> 0.05).

Conclusion: Conclusions: The level of systemic inflammation in iron deficiency anemia in patients with obesity is lower than in patients with iron deficiency anemia, which was determined by levels of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in the blood serum.
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August 2018

Individual approach to the treatment of obese copd patients can reduce anthropometric indicators, the level of systemic inflammation and improve the quality of life.

Wiad Lek 2018;71(3 pt 1):451-459

Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine «Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy», Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obesity are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and according to current estimates, the global burden of these conditions will be even greater. The basis for COPD treatment is bronchodilator therapy and non-pharmacotherapy approaches, such as respiratory rehabilitation and dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lifestyle modification on anthropometric indices, markers of systemic inflammation, quality of life in patients with COPD and obesity.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: 53 patients with COPD in stable condition with BMI - 30.0-39.9 kg/m2 were included in the study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the first group - obese COPD patients with lifestyle modification (n=26) and the second group (n=27) -without lifestyle modification. Lifestyle modification involved: nutritional correction and regular physical exercise. The duration of the study was 9 months. We evaluated body mass indices (BMI), waist circumference (WC), actual nutrition, dyspnea by the mMRC scale, quality of life (QL), 6-minute walking distance test (6MWD), spirometry, serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and sputum level of interleukin-26 (IL-26).

Results: Results: After 9 months in obese COPD patients with lifestyle modification we found a decrease in body weight and BMI by 1.16 times (p <0.0001), WC by 1.07 times (p<0.0001), the basal metabolic rate by 1.07 times (p=0.02), the actual energy value of consumed food per work day and weekend by 1.19 times and 1.23 times, respectively (p<0.0001), the level of dyspnea by 1.42 times (p <0.0001), systemic inflammation markers decreased - serum CRP by 2.06 times (p < 0.0001), IL-26 level in the induced sputum by 1.65 times (p <0.0001); increased the walked distance by 9.38% (p = 0.0004) and QL (p <0.0001).

Conclusion: Conclusions: Application of individually developed therapeutic measures incorporating the nutrition correction, taking into account the indicators of the basic metabolism in patients and regular physical activity against the background of inhaled basic therapy, allows us to the reduction of WC, BMI, activity of the inflammatory process, increase tolerance to physical activity and improvement of life quality.
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August 2018

Differences in Reporting the Ragweed Pollen Season Using Google Trends across 15 Countries.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018 9;176(3-4):181-188. Epub 2018 May 9.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

Background: Google Trends (GT) searches trends of specific queries in Google, which potentially reflect the real-life epidemiology of allergic rhinitis. We compared GT terms related to ragweed pollen allergy in American and European Union countries with a known ragweed pollen season. Our aim was to assess seasonality and the terms needed to perform the GT searches and to compare these during the spring and summer pollen seasons.

Methods: We examined GT queries from January 1, 2011, to January 4, 2017. We included 15 countries with a known ragweed pollen season and used the standard 5-year GT graphs. We used the GT translation for all countries and the untranslated native terms for each country.

Results: The results of "pollen," "ragweed," and "allergy" searches differed between countries, but "ragweed" was clearly identified in 12 of the 15 countries. There was considerable heterogeneity of findings when the GT translation was used. For Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia, the GT translation was inappropriate. The country patterns of "pollen," "hay fever," and "allergy" differed in 8 of the 11 countries with identified "ragweed" queries during the spring and the summer, indicating that the perception of tree and grass pollen allergy differs from that of ragweed pollen.

Conclusions: To investigate ragweed pollen allergy using GT, the term "ragweed" as a plant is required and the translation of "ragweed" in the native language needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488391DOI Listing
July 2018

Effect of pioglitazone on insulin resistance, progression of atherosclerosis and clinical course of coronary heart disease.

Wiad Lek 2017;70(5):881-890

Department Of Internal Medicine No 3 With Phthisiology, Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Introduction: Pioglitazone, a medication of thiazolidinedione group, is capable of triggering the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR-γ). Activation of receptor PPAR-γ regulates carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, immune and inflammatory responses in heart tissues.

The Aim: Our aim was to study the effect of pioglitazone on insulin resistance, the clinical course of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD).

Materials And Methods: The study included 43 patients with coronary artery disease. Patients were divided into the main group - 20 patients, in whom pioglitazone (Pioglar, Ranbaxy, India) was included in the combined therapy at a dose of 15 mg 1 time per day in the morning, and the comparison group - 23 patients receiving standard complex drug therapy over 6 months. Patients underwent clinical examination, ultrasound of neck vessels, study of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Results: Joining pioglitazone to standard therapy resulted in the reduction of systolic (p<0.05) and diastolic (p<0.05) blood pressure; decrease in the duration of pain attacks (p<0.05); reduction in the frequency of angina attacks (p<0.05); regression of atherosclerosis of the carotid vessels (p<0.05), decrease in the thickness of the intima-media complex (p<0.05). The decline in oral glucose tolerance test (p<0.05), hyperglycemic factor (p<0.05), total cholesterol (p<0.05), and low density lipoproteins (p<0.05) were observed, as well as increased high-density lipoprotein (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Long-term treatment with pioglitazone at low doses against the background of standard therapy contributes to functional and clinical condition of patients, promotes the prevention of atherosclerosis and reduction of insulin resistance, thereby improving the clinical manifestations of coronary heart disease.
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March 2018

Anti-inflammatory and endothelium protective effect of long-term pioglitazone intake in patients suffering from bronchial asthma concurrent with ischemic heart disease.

Wiad Lek 2017;70(4):712-720

Department Of Internal Medicine No.3 With Phthisiology, Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine.

Introduction: Treatment of co-morbidities, including bronchial asthma (BA) and coronary heart disease (CHD), is a relevant issue of modern therapy. The aim of the research is to study the impact of long-term intake of pioglitazone on the development of inflammation and ED in patients with BA concurrent with CHD.

Material And Methods: The clinical study involved 50 people aged 40-75 who suffered from asthma concurrent with CHD. On the first day of the study, blood samples were collected and clinical examinations were performed, after which patients were randomized and divided into the control group who continued to receive only the standard therapy, and the study group, who received pioglitazone (Pioglar, Ranbaxy, India) 15 mg once a day along with comprehensive therapy. Re-examination was carried out in 6 months.

Results: It has been found that inclusion of pioglitazone in the course of standard therapy in patients with asthma concurrent with coronary heart within 6 months is a more efficient scheme than the course of standard therapies. According to the data obtained from the patients, there was a significant decrease in respiratory rate (p<0.01), levels of systolic blood pressure (p<0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.001). Administering pioglitazone contributed to the improvement of respiratory function and airflow obstruction, increased FEV1 performance (p<0.01) and Tiffeneau index (p<0.05). In patients of the study group, intake of pioglitazone helped to reduce angina. Intake of pioglitazone showed a significant decrease in the frequency of angina pectoris FC II (p<0.05) and a significant increase in the frequency of angina FC I (p<0.05), increase in the rate of threshold load power (p<0.05). In assessing endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery, it has been noted that intake of pioglitazone by patients with asthma concurrent with coronary heart disease resulted in a statistically significant increase in the diameter of the brachial artery by an average of 4% (p<0.0001), the maximum blood flow velocity (TAMX) by an average of 40 % (p<0.0001), Δ% diameter increase in the brachial artery (p<0.0001), and achieved positive indicators of RI (p<0.0001). In assessing endothelium-dependent vasodilation of brachial artery in patients treated with pioglitazone, there was a significant increase in the diameter of brachial artery on average by 5% (p<0.0001) after taking nitroglycerin, an increase in ?% diameter of brachial artery (p<0.0001) and RI (p<0.0001). Inclusion of pioglitazone in the complex therapy for 6 months resulted in a significant decrease in the index of systemic inflammation hs-CRP (p<0.0001) and adhesion marker sVCAM-1 (p<0.0001), total cholesterol (p<0.001), triglycerides (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Thus, these data demonstrate the anti-inflammatory and endothelium protective effects of pioglitazone against the background of standard therapy in patients with BA concurrent with CHD within 6 months, which may enhance the clinical efficacy in the treatment of these diseases.
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March 2018

Resveratrol more effectively than quercetin reduces endothelium degeneration and level of necrosis factor α in patients with coronary artery disease.

Wiad Lek 2016;69(3 pt 2):475-479

Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine, "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Introduction: endothelial dysfunction (ED) is one of the most important links in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (ASVD) - morphological basis of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Objective: to study the effect of polyphenolic antioxidants, resveratrol and quercetin, on endothelial degeneration factors in CAD patients.

Materials And Methods: the study involved 93 patients with coronary artery disease: stable angina pectoris, FC II. The cytofluorometric technique was applied to define the level of circulating endothelial microparticles (EMP) CD32+CD40+ in peripheral blood in order to identify ED. The content of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), fibrinogen, hemocoagulation and lipid profile parameters were being determined in the blood, as well. Patients were divided into 3 groups. Basic therapy (β-blockers, statins, aspirin) was prescribed to 33 persons of the comparison group, patients of the study group 1 (30 persons) additionally received resveratrol at a dose of 100 mg daily, patients of the study group 2 (30 persons) got quercetin at a dose of 3 g per day. In 2 months, the second examination of the patients was performed in the amount indicated.

Results: under the influence of resveratrol a significant reduction of the level of TNF-α and the number of EMP in peripheral blood was shown, in contrast to the results of other study groups. All groups showed a decrease in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, statistical differences between data of groups were not found. Indicators of coagulogramma in all study groups did not change significantly, however, there was a statistically significant reduction of fibrinogen in the blood.

Conclusions: resveratrol, unlike quercetin, has a positive effect on the endothelial function and systemic inflammation, which may be the result of its influence on intracellular molecular cascades associated with the nuclear transcription factor of NF-kB.
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February 2017

Resveratrol more effectively than quercetin reduces endothelium degeneration and level of necrosis factor α in patients with coronary artery disease.

Wiad Lek 2016;69(3 pt 2):475-479

Higher State Educational Establishment of Ukraine, "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Introduction: endothelial dysfunction (ED) is one of the most important links in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (ASVD) - morphological basis of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Objective: to study the effect of polyphenolic antioxidants, resveratrol and quercetin, on endothelial degeneration factors in CAD patients.

Materials And Methods: the study involved 93 patients with coronary artery disease: stable angina pectoris, FC II. The cytofluorometric technique was applied to define the level of circulating endothelial microparticles (EMP) CD32+CD40+ in peripheral blood in order to identify ED. The content of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), fibrinogen, hemocoagulation and lipid profile parameters were being determined in the blood, as well. Patients were divided into 3 groups. Basic therapy (β-blockers, statins, aspirin) was prescribed to 33 persons of the comparison group, patients of the study group 1 (30 persons) additionally received resveratrol at a dose of 100 mg daily, patients of the study group 2 (30 persons) got quercetin at a dose of 3 g per day. In 2 months, the second examination of the patients was performed in the amount indicated.

Results: under the influence of resveratrol a significant reduction of the level of TNF-α and the number of EMP in peripheral blood was shown, in contrast to the results of other study groups. All groups showed a decrease in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, statistical differences between data of groups were not found. Indicators of coagulogramma in all study groups did not change significantly, however, there was a statistically significant reduction of fibrinogen in the blood.

Conclusions: resveratrol, unlike quercetin, has a positive effect on the endothelial function and systemic inflammation, which may be the result of its influence on intracellular molecular cascades associated with the nuclear transcription factor of NF-kB.
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September 2018