Publications by authors named "Ibrahim Sabouni"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Antiulcer Potential of L. cv. Arbequina Leaf Extract Supported by Metabolic Profiling and Molecular Docking.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Apr 22;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Deraya University, New Minia City, Minia 61111, Egypt.

Gastric ulceration is among the most serious humanpublic health problems. L. cv. Arbequina is one of the numerous olive varieties which have scarcely been studied. The reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of the olive plant make it a potential prophylactic natural product against gastric ulcers. Consequently, the main goal of this study is to investigate the gastroprotective effect of L. cv. Arbequina leaf extract. LC-HRMS-based metabolic profiling of the alcoholic extract of L. cv. Arbequina led to the dereplication of 18 putative compounds (-). In vivo indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in a rat model was established and the extract was tested at a dose of 300 mg kg compared to cimetidine (100 mg kg). The assessment of gastric mucosal lesions and histopathology of gastric tissue was done. It has been proved that significantly decreased the ulcer index and protected the mucosa from lesions. The antioxidant potential of the extract was evaluated using three in vitro assays, HO scavenging, xanthine oxidase inhibitory, and superoxide radical scavenging activities and showed promising activities. Moreover, an in silico based study was performed on the putatively dereplicated compounds, which highlighted that 3-hydroxy tyrosol () and oleacein () can target the 5-lipoxygenase enzyme (5-LOX) as a protective mechanism against the pathogenesis of ulceration. Upon experimental validation, both compounds 3-hydroxy tyrosol (HT) and oleacein (OC) ( and , respectively) exhibited a significant in vitro 5-LOX inhibitory activity with IC values of 8.6 and 5.8 µg/mL, respectively. The present study suggested a possible implication of leaves as a potential candidate having gastroprotective, antioxidant, and 5-LOX inhibitory activity for the management of gastric ulcers.
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April 2021

Crop losses due to olive moth mediated by ethylene.

Pest Manag Sci 2008 Jul;64(7):720-4

Department of Plant Physiology, University of Granada, Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.

Background: Studies for nine years in southern Spain on the olive moth, Prays oleae Bern., have tested the possibility of altering oviposition behaviour on newly formed olive fruits by means of a single ethylene application.

Results: A single spraying of ethylene on the olive trees at the beginning of fruiting significantly decreased the olive moth egg populations and consequent the olive fruit fall. At the same time, no negative effect was found in the activity of natural oophagous predators of the olive moth.

Conclusions: The ethylene treatments against P. oleae yielded substantial economical benefits each year (a mean of euro526 ha(-1)), benefits that fluctuated depending on the olive crop and on the annual fruit fall caused by this major pest.
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July 2008