Publications by authors named "Hye Won Seo"

7 Publications

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Genetic Polymorphisms in Activating Transcription Factor 3 Binding Site and the Prognosis of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Oncology 2021 Feb 24:1-9. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) plays a significant role in cancer development and progression. We investigated the association between variants in expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) within ATF3 binding regions and the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgery.

Methods: A total of 772 patients with NSCLC who underwent curative surgery were enrolled. Using a public database (http://galaxyproject.org), we selected 104 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eQTLs in the ATF3 binding regions. The association of those SNPs with disease-free survival (DFS) was evaluated.

Results: Among those SNPs, HAX1 rs11265425T>G was associated with significantly worse DFS (aHR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.00-1.69, p = 0.05), and ME3 rs10400291C>A was associated with significantly better DFS (aHR = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.46-0.95, p = 0.03). Regarding HAX1 rs11265425T>G, the significant association remained only in adenocarcinoma, and the association was significant only in squamous cell carcinoma regarding ME3 rs10400291C>A. ChIP-qPCR assays showed that the two variants reside in active enhancers where H3K27Ac and ATF3 binding occurs. Promoter assays showed that rs11265425 G allele had significantly higher HAX1 promoter activity than T allele. HAX1 RNA expression was significantly higher in tumor than in normal lung, and higher in rs11265425 TG+GG genotypes than in TT genotype. Conversely, ME3 expression was significantly lower in tumor than in normal lung, and higher in rs10400291 AA genotype than in CC+CA genotypes.

Conclusions: In conclusion, this study shows that the functional polymorphisms in ATF3 binding sites, HAX1 rs11265425T>G and ME3 rs10400291C>A are associated with the clinical outcomes of patients in surgically resected NSCLC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000514131DOI Listing
February 2021

Expression of key regulatory genes in necroptosis and its effect on the prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer.

J Cancer 2020 11;11(18):5503-5510. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Accumulating evidence suggests that necroptosis, or programmed necrotic cell death, may play a significant role in cancer. We evaluated the expression of key molecules in necroptosis and their association with clinical features and prognosis in NSCLC. A total of 253 NSCLC patients (96 squamous cell carcinoma [SCC] cases and 157 adenocarcinoma [AC] cases) who underwent curative resection were included. Tumor tissues and corresponding normal tissues were investigated for relative mRNA expression levels of , , and . Difference in disease free survival (DFS) was analyzed according to the expression levels of these molecules in tumor tissues. NSCLC tissues had significantly lower expression of , , and than normal tissues ( = 1 x 10, = 8 x 10, and = 4 x 10, respectively). In subgroup analysis, SCCs had significantly lower , , and expression ( = 5 x 10, = 3 x 10, = 1 x 10, respectively), and ACs had significantly lower and expression ( = 0.01 and = 6 x 10, respectively) than normal tissues. Low expression of , , and in tumors was associated with a worse DFS (HR = 1.71, = 0.01; HR = 1.53, = 0.04; and HR = 1.53, = 0.04, respectively) in a multivariate analysis. In SCC, none of the , , and expression was significantly associated with DFS. However, in AC, low expression of , , and was significantly associated with worse DFS (HR = 1.67, = 0.03; HR = 1.70, = 0.03; and HR = 1.81, = 0.02, respectively). Key regulatory genes in necroptosis, , , and , were downregulated in NSCLC, and their lower expression in NSCLC may be used to predict early recurrence after curative resection, especially in AC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.46172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7391199PMC
July 2020

Idiopathic Pleural Effusions: Characteristics and Discrimination From Cytology-Negative Malignant Pleural Effusions.

Am J Med Sci 2020 09 25;360(3):236-242. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The etiology of pleural effusions often remained unknown notwithstanding surgical pleural biopsy and further clinical observation. A better understanding of clinical characteristics of patients with idiopathic pleural effusion (IPE) may improve the ability to differentiate between IPEs and cytology-negative malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) and facilitate the identification of patients requiring invasive investigation. However, little is known about the clinical factors that can help distinguish patients with IPE from those with cytology-negative MPE.

Materials And Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with IPE or cytology-negative MPE between 2010 and 2017 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Clinical, laboratory and radiologic characteristics were compared between patients with IPE and cytology-negative MPE. Diagnostic performances of predictors for IPE were assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves.

Results: Of 146 patients undergoing pleural biopsy owing to cytology-negative pleural effusion of uncertain cause, MPE was confirmed in 54 patients. IPE was ultimately diagnosed in 22 patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that a minimal amount of pleural effusion (odds ratio [OR] = 12.41, P = 0.039), presence of pleural nodularity (OR = 0.01, P < 0.001) and pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen levels less than 14 ng/mL (OR = 87.59, P = 0.002) were independent factors for distinguishing IPEs from cytology-negative MPEs. A combination of the absence of pleural nodularity with pleural fluid carcinoembryonic antigen levels less than 14 ng/mL yielded an area under the curve of 0.94 (sensitivity = 91% and specificity = 96%).

Conclusions: Using these readily available parameters to identify IPE in patients with cytology-negative exudative effusion of unknown cause can help guide decision-making when choosing to perform an invasive pleural biopsy or to take a conservative approach.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjms.2020.04.020DOI Listing
September 2020

Successful kidney transplantation from an expanded criteria donor with long-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Feb;8(3):540-545

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Eunpyeong St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul 03312, South Korea.

Background: Due to a shortage of donor kidneys, many centers have utilized graft kidneys from brain-dead donors with expanded criteria. Kidney transplantation (KT) from donors on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been identified as a successful way of expanding donor pools. However, there are currently no guidelines or recommendations that guarantee successful KT from donors undergoing ECMO treatment. Therefore, acceptance of appropriate allografts from those donors is solely based on clinician decision.

Case Summary: We report a case of successful KT from a brain-dead donor supported by ECMO for the longest duration to date. A 69-year-old male received a KT from a 63-year-old brain-dead donor who had been on therapeutic ECMO treatment for the previous three weeks. The recipient experienced slow recovery of graft function after surgery but was discharged home on post-operative day 17 free from hemodialysis. Allograft function gradually improved thereafter and was comparatively acceptable up to the 12 mo follow-up, with serum creatinine level of 1.67 mg/dL.

Conclusion: This case suggests that donation even after long-term ECMO treatment could provide successful KT to suitable candidates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i3.540DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7031827PMC
February 2020

Sensitive and non-invasive cholesterol determination in saliva via optimization of enzyme loading and platinum nano-cluster composition.

Analyst 2020 Feb;145(3):908-916

Center for BioMicroSystems, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, 02792, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

An excessive cholesterol level can lead to cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, hypertension, and myocardial infarction. A non-invasive, painless method of determining the cholesterol level in blood would improve the user's convenience. To provide rapid and accurate determination of cholesterol, we have developed a simple, disposable, enzyme-based electrochemical biosensor that can detect salivary cholesterol. It is possible to detect low concentrations of cholesterol in saliva using the optimized vertical structure of the platinum nano-cluster (Pt-NC) and the immobilization of a proper volume of an enzyme. The biosensor exhibited a linear range from 2 to 486 μM, the limit of detection was about 2 μM, and the sensitivity of the sensor was calculated to be 132 μA mM-1 cm-2. It also showed good specificity for ascorbic acid, uric acid, dopamine, glucose, and lactate. In a test with an actual sample, the performance of the biosensor was confirmed by measuring total cholesterol in the saliva of a patient with hyperlipidemia. The cholesterol levels measured in the saliva of three patients with hyperlipidemia were 520, 460, and 290 μM. Therefore, the Pt-NC based enzyme sensor is a promising candidate for the detection of cholesterol in human saliva.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9an01679aDOI Listing
February 2020

Persistent low-level elevation of serum human chorionic gonadotropin after termination of pregnancy: a rare case of peritoneal trophoblastic implant.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2017 Nov 24;60(6):616-620. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Paul's Hospital, College of medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Peritoneal trophoblastic implant can occur after treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Similarly, after termination of intrauterine pregnancy, trophoblastic implants are rare but can be a complication of perforation during dilatation and curettage. We report an extremely rare case of trophoblastic implant on the myometrium, ovarian surface, and peritoneal wall 4 months after uncomplicated dilatation and curettage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of peritoneal trophoblastic implant following dilatation and curettage without uterine perforation. Knowledge of this case is useful for the management of patients with persistent low-level elevation of serum human chorionic gonadotropin after termination of pregnancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2017.60.6.616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5694740PMC
November 2017

High optical absorption of indium sulfide nanorod arrays formed by glancing angle deposition.

ACS Nano 2010 Feb;4(2):733-40

Department of Applied Science, University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR 72204, USA.

Indium(III) sulfide has recently attracted much attention due to its potential in optical sensors as a photoconducting material and in photovoltaic applications as a wide band gap material. On the other hand, optical absorption properties are key parameters in developing photosensitive photodetectors and efficient solar cells. In this work, we show that indium sulfide nanorod arrays produced by the glancing angle deposition technique have superior absorption and low reflectance properties compared to conventional flat thin film counterparts. We observed an optical absorption value of approximately 96% for nanorods at wavelengths <500 nm in contrast to 79% for conventional thin films of indium sulfide. A superior photoconductivity (PC) response as high as about 40% (change in resistance upon illumination) was also observed in nanorod samples. This is mainly believed to be due to their high optical absorption, whereas only less than 1% PC change was detected in conventional thin films. We give a preliminary description of the enhanced light absorption properties of the nanorods by using the Shirley-George model, which predicts diffusion of light as a function of the roughness of the surface.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn901180xDOI Listing
February 2010