Publications by authors named "Huseyin Mertsoylu"

45 Publications

A Phase II Study of the Combination of Oxaliplatin, Capecitabine, and Trastuzumab and Chemoradiotherapy in the Adjuvant Setting in Operated Patients With HER2-positive Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer (TOXAG Study): A Turkish Oncology Group Study.

Am J Clin Oncol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, Acibadem Adana Hospital Departments of Radiation Medical Oncology, Baskent University, Adana Department of Medical Oncology, Hacettepe University Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. A.Y. Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital Department of Medical Oncology, Gazi University Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Park Ankara Hospital Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara Department of Medical Oncology, Marmara University Department of Medical Oncology, Ethica Incirli Hospital Roche Pharmaceuticals Department of Medical Pharmacology, Bahcesehir University School of Medicine Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Koc University/MedStats Consulting, Istanbul Department of Medical Oncology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram School of Medicine, Konya Department of Medical Oncology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Trastuzumab prolonged the overall survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression in combination with chemotherapy. In this phase II open-label prospective study, the tolerability and safety of trastuzumab with chemotherapy, and chemoradiotherapy for curatively resected patients with HER2-positive gastric carcinoma was investigated.

Methods: The patients with HER2-positive gastric, or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, after gastrectomy plus D2 dissection, were included. They received 3 cycles of oxaliplatin (100 mg/m2 intravenously day 1) plus capecitabine (850 mg/m2 orally days 1 to 14), trastuzumab (8 mg/kg intravenously day 1 in cycle 1, 6 mg/kg thereafter) every 21 days, followed by chemoradiotherapy. Trastuzumab was given for 1 year.

Results: Of the 212 patients screened, 35 were eligible, and 34 were treated. The median age was 56 years (minimum to maximum: 35 to 75 y), male patients constituted 73.5% (n=25), and 33 (97.1%) had gastric adenocarcinoma. R0 resection was performed in 30 (88.2%). The majority (26, 61.7%) were in stage III disease. Most of the adverse events were grade I/II, the most frequent grade III side effects were nausea (3, 8.8%), vomiting (3, 8.8%), diarrhea (2, 5.9%), and weight loss (n=2, 5.9%). Two patients died during the first 3 cycles of chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy; 1 secondary to pulmonary thromboembolism, and the other due to cerebral ischemia. After excluding 2 with early progression and 1 consent withdrawal, of the remaining 31 patients, 28 (90.3%) were able to complete the chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy part of the trial. After the 25 months follow-up period, 21 patients (61.8%) were alive. Overall survival at 12 and 24 months was 75.0% and 58.0%, while disease-free survival at 12 and 24 months was 65.7% and 55.0%, respectively.

Conclusions: Trastuzumab in combination with capecitabine, oxaliplatin following chemoradiotherapy as the adjuvant therapy for gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma was considered as safe and tolerable. The frequency of HER2 overexpression in curatively resected patients is comparable to that in patients with metastatic disease (trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov the identifier: NCT01748773, December 13, 2012, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01748773).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000825DOI Listing
May 2021

Prechemoradiotherapy Systemic Inflammation Response Index Stratifies Stage IIIB/C Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients into Three Prognostic Groups: A Propensity Score-Matching Analysis.

J Oncol 2021 23;2021:6688138. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: We explored the prognostic influence of the systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) on the survival outcomes of stage IIIB/C non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

Methods: Present propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis comprised 876 stage IIIB/C NSCLC patients who received 1-3 cycles of platinum-based doublets concurrent with thoracic radiotherapy from 2007 to 2017. The primary and secondary objectives were the relationships between the SIRI values and overall (OS) and progression-free survival, respectively. Propensity scores were calculated for SIRI groups to adjust for confounders and to facilitate well-balanced comparability between the SIRI groups by creating 1 : 1 matched study groups.

Results: The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified an optimal SIRI cutoff at 1.9 for OS (AUC: 78.8%; sensitivity: 73.7%; specificity: 70.7%) and PFS (AUC: 80.5%; sensitivity: 75.8%; specificity: 72.9%) and we grouped the patients into two PSM cohorts: SIRI < 1.9 ( = 304) and SIRI ≥ 1.9 ( = 304), respectively. The SIRI ≥ 1.9 cohort had significantly worse median OS ( < 0.001) and PFS ( < 0.001) than their SIRI < 1.9 companions. The further combination of SIRI with disease stage exhibited that the SIRI-1 (IIIB and SIRI < 1.9) and SIRI-3 (IIIC and SIRI ≥ 1.9) cohorts had the best and worst outcomes, respectively, with SIRI-2 cohort (IIIB and SIRI ≥ 1.9 or IIIC and SIRI < 1.9) being remained in between ( < 0.001 for OS and PFS, separately). In multivariate analysis, the two- and three-laddered stratifications per the 1.9 cutoffs and SIRI groups retained their independent significance, individually.

Conclusions: The SIRI ≥ 1.9 independently prognosticated significantly worse OS and PFS results and plated the stage IIIB/C patients into three fundamentally distinct prognostic groups.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/6688138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7847338PMC
January 2021

The Influence of Systemic Inflammation Response Index on Survival Outcomes of Limited-Stage Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy.

J Oncol 2020 16;2020:8832145. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiation Oncology, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Recent studies have indicated that the systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) can efficiently predict survival outcomes in various tumor types. Thusly, in absence of comparable investigations in limited-stage small-cell lung cancers (LS-SCLCs), we aimed to retrospectively evaluate the prognostic utility of SIRI in LS-SCLC patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). . Present multi-institutional retrospective analysis incorporated LS-SCLC patients treated with CRT at three academic radiation oncology centers between January 2007 and December 2018. The SIRI was calculated by using the peripheral blood neutrophil (N), monocyte (M), and lymphocyte (L) counts acquired in the last ≤7 days before the commencement of the CRT: SIRI = N × M/L. Accessibility of pretreatment SIRI cutoff that may stratify the study population into two gatherings with distinctive overall survival (OS) results was evaluated by utilizing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Primary objective was the association between the SIRI values and the OS results.

Results: Search for the availability of an ideal SIRI cutoff that may stratify the entire patients' population into two particular groups with distinctive OS outcomes identified the 1.93 value (area under the curve (AUC): 72.9%; sensitivity: 74.6%; specificity: 70.1%): Group 1: SIRI <1.93 ( = 71) and Group 2: SIRI ≥1.93 ( = 110), respectively. At a median follow-up of 17.9 (95% CI: 13.2-22.6) months, 47 (26.0%) patients were still alive (47.9% for SIRI <1.93 versus 18.3% for SIRI ≥1.93; < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier comparisons between the two SIRI groups showed that the SIRI <1.93 cohort had significantly longer median OS (40.5 versus 14.2 months; < 0.001) than the SIRI ≥1.93 cohort. Similarly, the 3- (54% versus 12.6%) and 5-year (33% versus 9.9%) OS rates were also numerically superior in the SIRI <1.93 cohort. Results of the multivariate analyses uncovered that the prognostic significance of the SIRI on OS outcomes was independent of the other confounding variables.

Conclusions: The results of this retrospective multi-institutional cohort analysis suggested that a pre-CRT SIRI was a strong and independent prognostic biomarker that reliably stratified LS-SCLC patients into two cohorts with significantly different OS outcomes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8832145DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7759417PMC
December 2020

Systemic Inflammation Response Index Predicts Survival Outcomes in Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients Treated with Standard Stupp Protocol.

J Immunol Res 2020 14;2020:8628540. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: We endeavored to retrospectively assess the prognostic merit of pretreatment systemic immune response index (SIRI) in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients who underwent postoperative partial brain radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ), namely, the Stupp protocol.

Methods: The records of 181 newly diagnosed GBM patients who received the postoperative Stupp protocol were retrospectively analyzed. The SIRI value for each eligible patient was calculated by utilizing the platelet, neutrophil, and lymphocyte measures obtained on the first day of treatment: SIRI = Neutrophils × Monocytes/Lymphocytes. The ideal cutoff values for SIRI connected with the progression-free- (PFS) and overall survival (OS) results were methodically searched through using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Primary and secondary end-points constituted the potential OS and PFS distinctions among the SIRI groups, respectively.

Results: The ROC curve analysis labeled the ideal SIRI cutoffs at 1.74 (Area under the curve (AUC): 74.9%; sensitivity: 74.2%; specificity: 71.4%) and 1.78 (AUC: 73.6%; sensitivity: 73.1%; specificity: 70.8%) for PFS and OS status, individually. The SIRI cutoff of 1.78 of the OS status was chosen as the common cutoff for the stratification of the study population (Group 1: SIRI ≤ 1.78 ( = 96) and SIRI > 1.78 ( = 85)) and further comparative PFS and OS analyses. Comparisons between the two SIRI cohorts manifested that the SIRI ≤ 1.78 cohort had altogether significantly superior median PFS (16.2 versus 6.6 months; < 0.001) and OS (22.9 versus 12.2 months; < 0.001) than its SIRI > 1.78 counterparts. The results of multivariate Cox regression analyses ratified the independent and significant alliance between a low SIRI and longer PFS ( < 0.001) and OS ( < 0.001) durations, respectively.

Conclusions: Present results firmly counseled the pretreatment SIRI as a novel, sound, and independent predictor of survival outcomes in newly diagnosed GBM patients intended to undergo postoperative Stupp protocol.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8628540DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7683150PMC
November 2020

Half-dose bevacizumab experience in relapsed ovarian cancer patients in Turkey due to formal regulations: similar effectiveness with lower rate of hypertension.

J BUON 2020 Jul-Aug;25(4):1928-1934

Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer related death in women. Platin-based doublet regimens plus bevacizumab is standard treatment in relapse. Due to formal regulation of Turkish Ministry of Health, adjuvant bevacizumab has not been reimbursed and clinicians can use bevacizumab at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg/3wk in platin-resistant and sensitive relapse settings. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate 7.5 mg/kg/3wk bevacizumab dosing in platin-resistant and sensitive relapse ovarian cancer and compare these findings with the current literature.

Methods: A total of 106 patients with relapsed ovarian cancer and treated with bevacizumab (bevacizumab is not reimbursed as a part of adjuvant treatment in Turkey) on their first relapse were included.

Results: At a median follow-up of 32.1 months (5.3-110.8), 56 (52.8%) patients died. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated at 18.8 months (14.4-23.3) vs 29.7 months (24.3-35.1) of the whole group overall survival. We observed that 78.4% of patients treated with primary surgery without neoadjuvant treatment and 59 (57.8%) out of the 102 patients with debulking surgery relapsed. A significant number of patients (81%) treated with primary surgery without neoadjuvant treatment and 59 (76.6 %) had secondary debulking surgery at relapse. In relapse, 38 patients were treated with single agent liposomal doxorubicin (LPD) plus bevacizumab. On the other hand, 68 patients were treated with carboplatin and LPD plus bevacizumab. Multivariate analysis failed to show any clinicopathological characteristics with significant effect on PFS. However, cytoreductive surgery at relapse showed significant effect on OS. Bevacizumab-related toxicities were detected in 23 (21.7%) patients; hypertension, pulmonary embolism, perforation, and other toxicities (nephrotic syndrome in 2, osteonecrosis in 2, cerebrovascular and cardiac ischemia in 3 patients) were seen in 12 (11.3%), 3 (2.8%), 1 (0.9%) and 7 (6.6%) patients, respectively.

Conclusions: In conclusion, our findings showed that 7.5 mg/kg/3week dosing of bevacizumab in relapsed ovarian cancer could have similar effectiveness compared to standard 15 mg/kg/3week dosing. Increase of OS and PFS in patients treated with primary and secondary debulking surgery with no-visible disease was more pronounced. No new safety information was observed but lower rate of grade 3 or above hypertension with similar rate of severe vascular and intestinal complications were detected.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2020

Low Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index Predicts Poor Prognosis in Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients Treated with Definitive Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy.

J Oncol 2020 7;2020:3127275. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Bahcesehir University, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: We aimed to retrospectively investigate the prognostic worth of pretreatment advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT). . A total of 164 LA-NPC patients treated with cisplatinum-based definitive C-CRT were included in this retrospective cohort analysis. The convenience of ideal pre-C-CRT ALI cut-offs affecting survival results was searched by employing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. The primary endpoint was the link between the ALI groups and overall survival (OS), while cancer-specific survival (CSS), locoregional progression-free survival [LR(PFS)], distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and PFS comprised the secondary endpoints.

Results: The ROC curve analyses distinguished a rounded ALI cut-off score of 24.2 that arranged the patients into two cohorts [ALI ≥ 24.2 ( = 94) versus < 24.2 ( = 70)] with significantly distinct CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS outcomes, except for the LRPFS. At a median follow-up time of 79.2 months (range: 6-141), the comparative analyses showed that ALI < 24.2 cohort had significantly shorter median CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS time than the ALI ≥ 24.2 cohort ( < 0.001for each), which retained significance at 5- ( < 0.001) and 10-year ( < 0.001) time points. In multivariate analyses, ALI < 24.2 was asserted to be an independent predictor of the worse prognosis for each endpoint ( < 0.001for each) in addition to the tumor stage (T-stage) ( < 0.05 for all endpoints) and nodal stage (N-stage) ( < 0.05 for all endpoints).

Conclusion: As a novel prognostic index, the pretreatment ALI < 24.2 appeared to be strongly associated with significantly diminished survival outcomes in LA-NPC patients treated with C-CRT independent of the universally recognized T- and N-stages.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3127275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7563083PMC
October 2020

Comparison of Involved Field Radiotherapy versus Elective Nodal Irradiation in Stage IIIB/C Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma Patients Treated with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy: A Propensity Score Matching Study.

J Oncol 2020 4;2020:7083149. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Radiation Oncology Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: We retrospectively compared the incidence of isolated elective nodal failure (IENF) and toxicity rates and survival outcomes after elective nodal irradiation (ENI) versus involved-field RT (IFRT) by employing the propensity score matching (PSM) methodology in stage IIIB/C inoperable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT).

Methods: Our PSM examination included 1048 stage IIIB/C NSCLC patients treated with C-CRT from January 2007 to December 2016: a total dose of 66 Gy (2 Gy/fraction) radiotherapy and 1-3 cycles of platinum-based doublet chemotherapy concurrently. The primary and secondary endpoints were the IENF and toxicity rates and survival outcomes after ENI versus IFRT, respectively. Propensity scores were calculated for each group to adjust for confounding variables and facilitate well-balanced comparability by creating 1 : 1 matched study groups.

Results: The median follow-up was 26.4 months for the whole study accomplice. The PSM analysis unveiled 1 : 1 matched 646 patients for the ENI ( = 323) and IFRT ( = 323) cohorts. Intergroup comparisons discovered that the 5-year isolated ENF incidence rates (3.4% versus 4.3%; =0.52) and median overall survival (25.2 versus 24.6 months; =0.69), locoregional progression-free survival (15.3 versus 15.1 months; =0.52), and progression-free survival (11.7 versus 11.2 months; =0.57) durations were similar between the ENI and IFRT cohorts, separately. However, acute grade 3-4 leukopenia (=0.0012), grade 3 nausea-vomiting (=0.006), esophagitis (=0.003), pneumonitis (=0.002), late grade 3-4 esophageal toxicity (=0.038), and the need for hospitalization ( < 0.001) were all significantly higher in the ENI than in the IFRT group, respectively.

Conclusion: Results of the present large-scale PSM cohort established the absence of meaningful IENF or survival differences between the IFRT and ENI cohorts and, consequently, counseled the IFRT as the elected RT technique for such patients since ENI increased the toxicity rates.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7083149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7487114PMC
September 2020

Low Systemic Inflammation Response Index Predicts Good Prognosis in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Carcinoma Patients Treated with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2020 30;2020:5701949. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul/, Turkey.

Background: We investigated the prognostic significance of pretreatment systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) in locally advanced pancreatic carcinoma (LAPC) patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT).

Methods: Present retrospective cohort analysis investigated consecutive 154 LAPC patients who received radical CRT. The SIRI was defined as: SIRI = neutrophil × monocyte/lymphocyte counts. Ideal SIRI cutoff(s) influencing overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) results were sought by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The primary endpoint was the interaction between the SIRI and OS results.

Results: The median follow-up, PFS, and OS durations were 14.3 (range: 2.9-74.6), 7.9 [%95 confidence interval (CI): 5.7-10.1), and 14.7 months (%95 CI: 11.4-18.0) for the entire cohort, respectively. ROC curve analyses determined the ideal SIRI cutoff that exhibiting a significant link with OS and PFS outcomes at the rounded 1.6 point (AUC: 74.3%; sensitivity: 73.8%; specificity: 70.1%).The SIRI <1.6 patients ( = 58) had significantly superior median PFS (13.8 versus 6.7 months; < 0.001) and OS (28.6 versus 12.6 months; < 0.001) lengths than SIRI ≥1.6 patients ( = 96), respectively. Although the N0 (versus N1; < 0.05) and CA 19-9 ≤90 U/mL (versus >90 U/mL) appeared as the other significant associates of better OS and PFS in univariate analyses, yet the results of multivariate analyses confirmed the SIRI <1.6 as the independent indicator of superior OS and PFS ( < 0.001 for each).

Conclusion: Pretreatment SIRI is a novel independent prognosticator that may further enhance the conventional tumor-node-metastases staging system in a more precise prediction of the OS and PFS outcomes of LAPC patients after radical CRT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5701949DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7414371PMC
July 2020

Prognostic Value of C-Reactive Protein to Albumin Ratio in Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients Treated with Concurrent Radiotherapy and Temozolomide.

Int J Inflam 2020 8;2020:6947382. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: We investigated the prognostic impact of C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CRP/Alb) on the survival outcomes of newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ).

Methods: The pretreatment CRP and Alb records of GBM patients who underwent RT and concurrent plus adjuvant TMZ were retrospectively analyzed. The CRP/Alb was calculated by dividing serum CRP level by serum Alb level obtained prior to RT. The availability of significant cutoff value for CRP/Alb that interacts with survival was assessed with the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The primary endpoint was the association between the CRP/Alb and the overall survival (OS).

Results: A total of 153 patients were analyzed. At a median follow-up of 14.7 months, median and 5-year OS rates were 16.2 months (95% CI: 12.5-19.7) and 9.5%, respectively, for the entire cohort. The ROC curve analysis identified a significant cutoff value at 0.75 point (area under the curve: 74.9%; sensitivity: 70.9%; specificity: 67.7%; < 0.001) for CRP/Alb that interacts with OS and grouped the patients into two: CRP/Alb <0.75 ( = 61) and ≥0.75 ( = 92), respectively. Survival comparisons revealed that the CRP/Alb <0.75 was associated with a significantly superior median (22.5 versus 15.7 months; < 0.001) and 5-year (20% versus 0%) rates than the CRP/Alb ≥0.75, which retained its independent significance in multivariate analysis ( < 0.001).

Conclusion: Present results suggested the pretreatment CRP/Alb as a significant and independent inflammation-based index which can be utilized for further prognostic lamination of GBM patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6947382DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298277PMC
June 2020

Prognostic Value of Pretreatment Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index in Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients Undergoing Postneurosurgical Radiotherapy Plus Concurrent and Adjuvant Temozolomide.

Mediators Inflamm 2020 23;2020:4392189. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Koc University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the potential prognostic utility of pretreatment systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients who underwent postneurosurgical radiotherapy and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide.

Methods: The retrospective data of GBM patients who underwent postneurosurgical radiotherapy and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide were analyzed. For each patient, SII was calculated using the platelet, neutrophil, and lymphocyte measures obtained on the first day of treatment: SII = platelets × neutrophils/lymphocytes. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized for the evaluation of optimal cut-off values for SII those linked with the outcomes. Primary and secondary endpoints constituted the overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) per conveyance SII group.

Results: A total of 167 patients were included. The ROC curve analysis identified the optimum SII cut-off at a rounded 565 value that significantly interacted with the PFS and OS and stratified patients into two groups: low-SII (SII < 565; = 71) and high-SII (SII ≥ 565; = 96), respectively. Comparative survival analyses exhibited that the high-SII cohort had significantly shorter median PFS (6.0 versus 16.6 months; < 0.001) and OS (11.1 versus 22.9 months; < 0.001) than the low-SII cohort. The relationship between the high-SII and poorer PFS ( < 0.001) and OS ( < 0.001) further retained its independent significance in multivariate analysis, as well.

Conclusions: The outcomes displayed here qualified the pretreatment SII as a novel independent prognostic index for predicting survival outcomes of newly diagnosed GBM patients undergoing postneurosurgical radiotherapy and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4392189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262659PMC
May 2020

Low Prognostic Nutritional Index Predicts Poor Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Stage IIIB Non-small-cell Lung Carcinoma Undergoing Chemoradiotherapy.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 16;12:1959-1967. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic utility of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in stage IIIB non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT).

Methods: A total of 358 stage IIIB NSCLC patients who received a total dose of 60-66 Gy (2 Gy/fraction) radiotherapy and ≥1 cycle(s) of platinum-based chemotherapy were analyzed. The receiver operating curve analysis was utilized to identify the optimal PNI cut-off value demonstrating a significant connection with the overall survival (OS), locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS), and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: At a median follow-up time of 22.5 months (range: 2.4-123.5), 30.2% and 14% of the patients were still alive and free of disease progression, respectively.The median OS, LRPFS, and PFS were 25.2 [95% confidence interval (CI): 36.3-46.6 months], 15.4 (95% CI: 26.6-35.3 months), and 10.7 (95% CI: 36.8-69.9 months), individually, for the whole study accomplice. The ROC analysis revealed an optimum rounded cut-off that associated meaningfully with each of the OS [area under the curve (AUC): 84.1%; sensitivity: 75.9%;72.4% specificity], LRPFS (AUC: 92.4%; sensitivity: 87.9%; 85.1% specificity), and PFS (AUC: 80.1%; sensitivity: 73.7%; 71.6% specificity) at a value of 40.5. Comparative analyses revealed that the patients presenting with PNI≤40.5 had significantly inferior OS (16.8 vs 36.7; P<0.001), LRPFS (11.5 vs 19.5; P<0.001), and PFS (8.6 vs 13.6; P<0.001) outcomes compared to patients with PNI>40.5. In univariate analyses, lower T-stage (1-2 vs 3-4; P< 0.001), lower N-stage (N2 vs N3; P< 0.001), anemia status (absent vs present; P< 0.001), weight loss status (<5% vs ≥5%; P< 0.001), and PNI group (≤40.5 vs >40.5; P<0.001) were the factors found to be associated with OS, LRPFS and PFS results. The results of multivariate analysis exhibited that the PNI was independently associated with each of the OS (P<0.001), LRPFS (P<0.001), and PFS (P<0.001) outcomes.

Conclusion: The pretreatment PNI appears to be a robust novel prognostic factor that stratifies patients with stage IIIB NSCLC into two significantly distinct survival groups after CRT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S248034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083637PMC
March 2020

Pretreatment Photopenia on 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography Scans Predicts Poor Prognosis in Nasopharyngeal Cancer Patients Undergoing Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Nov 21;13(4):407-414. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey.

Objectives: To investigate the influence of pretreatment primary tumor or nodal photopenia (PP) on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT), an indicator of tumor ischemia, on survival results of nasopharyngeal cancers (NPCs) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT).

Methods: The pre-C-CRT FDG PET-CT scans of 104 patients with NPC (cT1-4 N0-3 M0) were retrospectively examined to determine the presence of PP (PP+). Our primary endpoint was the influence of PP+ on overall survival (OS), while the progression-free survival (PFS) and locoregional PFS (LRPFS) constituted the secondary endpoints.

Results: The PP+ was detected in 29 (27.9%): nine (8.7%), seven (6.7%), and 13 (12.5%) in the primary tumor alone, primary tumor plus neck nodes, and neck nodes alone, respectively. Because the PP+ cases were small by count per location, all comparative analyses were performed according to overall PP+/ PP- status instead of per detected site. At a median follow-up of 67.8 months (range, 9 to 130 months), the median survival times were not reached (NR) for the entire population, while 5-year OS, LRPFS, and PFS rates were 73.3%, 68.2%, and 63.4%, respectively. Comparatively the PP+ patients exhibited significantly poorer median OS (49.8 months vs. NR, P<0.001), LRPFS (40.7 months vs. NR, P=0.001), and PFS (31.8 months vs. NR, P=0.002) durations than their PP- counterparts. Furthermore, the PP+ retained its independent prognostic significance in multivariate analysis (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Present results uncovered the pre-C-CRT PP as an independent predictor of poor prognosis for NPC patients, which underscore the requirement for the fortification of the local and systemic treatments in hypoxic NPCs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21053/ceo.2019.01298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7669310PMC
November 2020

Prognostic Usefulness Of Advanced Lung Cancer Inflammation Index In Locally-Advanced Pancreatic Carcinoma Patients Treated With Radical Chemoradiotherapy.

Cancer Manag Res 2019 7;11:8807-8815. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Koc University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background/aims: Previously advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) has been demonstrated to have prognostic utility in the stratification of patients into distinctive survival groups, but the prognostic value of ALI has never been explored in the setting of locally advanced pancreatic carcinomas (LAPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Hence, we aimed to investigate the prognostic value of pre-treatment ALI in LAPC patients who underwent radical CCRT.

Methods: Present retrospective cohort analysis incorporated 141 LAPC patients who received radical CCRT. Accessibility of baseline ALI cutoff(s) impacting survival outcomes was sought by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Interaction between the ALI and overall- (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) comprised our primary and secondary endpoints, respectively.

Results: At a median follow-up of 14.4 months (range: 3.2-74.2), the median PFS and OS were 7.5 (%95 CI: 5.9-9.1) and 14.6 months (%95 CI: 11.6-17.6), respectively. ROC curve analyses set the ideal ALI cutoff value at 25.3 (AUC: 75.6%; sensitivity: 72.7%; specificity: 70.3%) that exhibited significant associations with both the OS and PFS results. Patient stratification into two groups per ALI [≤25.3 (N=75) versus>25.3 (N=66)] showed that the ALI>25.3 group had significantly superior median OS (25.8 versus 11.4 months; P<0.001) and PFS (15.9 versus 6.0 months; P<0.001) durations than its ALI≤25.3 counterpart. Other factors exhibiting significantly better OS and PFS rates were N stage (versus N1; P<0.05 for each endpoint) and CA 19-9 ≤90 U/mL (versus >90 U/mL; P<0.05 for each endpoint), respectively. These three factors were additionally asserted to be independent indicators of longer OS (P<0.05 for each) and PFS (P<0.05 for each) in multivariate analyses.

Conclusion: Results of this hypothesis-generating research proposed the pre-CCRT ALI as a novel robust associate of OS and PFS outcomes for LAPC patients undergoing CCRT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S222297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6789411PMC
October 2019

Significance of overall concurrent chemoradiotherapy duration on survival outcomes of stage IIIB/C non-small-cell lung carcinoma patients: Analysis of 956 patients.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(7):e0218627. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: To investigate the detrimental effects of prolonged overall radiotherapy duration (ORTD) on survival outcomes of stage IIIB/C NSCLC patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT).

Methods: The study cohort consisted of 956 patients who underwent C-CRT for stage IIIB/C NSCLC. Primary endpoint was the association between the ORTD and overall survival (OS) with locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS) and PFS comprising the secondary endpoints. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized for accessibility of the cut-off that interacts with survival outcomes. Multivariate Cox model was utilized to identify the independent associates of survival outcomes.

Results: The ROC curve analysis exhibited significance at 49 days of ORTD cut-off that dichotomized patients into ORTD<50 versus ORTD≥50 days groups for OS [area under the curve (AUC): 82.8%; sensitivity: 81.1%; specificity: 74.8%], LRPFS (AUC: 91.9%; sensitivity: 90.6%; specificity: 76.3%), and PFS (AUC: 76.1%; sensitivity: 72.4%; specificity: 68.2%), respectively. Accordingly, ORTD≥50 days group had significantly shorter median OS (P<0.001), LRPFS (P<0.001), and PFS (P<0.001); and 10-year actuarial locoregional control (P<0.001) and distant metastases-free (P<0.011) rates than the ORTD<50 days group. The ORTD retained its significant association with survival outcomes at multivariate analyses independent of the other favorable covariates (p<0.001, for OS, LRPFS, and PFS): Stage IIIB disease (versus IIIC), lymph node bulk <2 cm (versus ≥2 cm), and 2-3 chemotherapy cycles (versus 1). The higher sensitivity for LRPFS (90.6%) than PFS (72.4%) on ROC curve analysis suggested the prolonged ORTD-induced decrements in locoregional control rates as the major cause of the poor survival outcomes.

Conclusions: Longer ORTD beyond ≥50 days was associated with significantly poorer OS, LRPFS and PFS outcomes, where reduced locoregional control rates appeared to be the main causative.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0218627PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6645460PMC
February 2020

Baseline Low Prognostic Nutritional Index Predicts Poor Survival in Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinomas Treated With Radical Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Feb 10;100(2):NP69-NP76. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Department of Radiation Oncology, 52979Koc University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: To retrospectively assess the impact of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on survival outcomes of patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).

Methods: This study incorporated 154 patients with LA-NPC who received exclusive cisplatinum-based CCRT. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized for accessibility of pretreatment PNI cutoffs influencing survival results. The primary end point was the interaction between the overall survival (OS) and PNI values, while cancer-specific survival (CSS) locoregional progression-free survival (LR-PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and PFS were the secondary end points.

Results: A rounded PNI cutoff value of 51 was identified in ROC curve analyses to exhibit significant link with CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS outcomes, but not LR-PFS. Patients grouping per PNI value (≥51 [N = 95] vs <51 [N = 49]) revealed that PNI < 51 group had significantly shorter median CSS ( < .001), OS ( < .001), DMFS ( < .001), and PFS ( < .001) times than the PNI ≥ 51 group, and the multivariate results confirmed the PNI < 51 as an independent predictor of poor outcomes for each end point ( < .05 for each). The unfavorable impact of the low PNI was also continued at 10-year time point with survival rates of 77.9% versus 42.4%, 73.6% versus 33.9%, 57.9% versus 27.1%, and 52.6% versus 23.7% for CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS, respectively. Additionally, we found that PNI < 51 was significantly associated with higher rates of weight loss >5% over past 6 months (49.2% versus 11.6%; = .002) compared to PNI < 51 group.

Conclusion: Low pre-CCRT PNI levels were independently associated with significantly reduced CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS outcomes in patients with LA-NPC treated with definitive CCRT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319856327DOI Listing
February 2021

Prognostic value of pretreatment Glasgow prognostic score in stage IIIB geriatric non-small cell lung cancer patients undergoing radical chemoradiotherapy.

J Geriatr Oncol 2019 07 26;10(4):567-572. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey; The University Of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Houston, TX, USA.

Objectives: To investigate the prognostic significance of pre-treatment Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) in stage IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) older patients treated with radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT).

Materials And Methods: We included 83 stage IIIB NSCLC older patients (age > 70 years) treated with C-CRT consisting of 60-66 Gy (2 Gy/fx) thoracic radiotherapy and at least 1 cycle of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were grouped into three: GPS-0: c-reactive protein (CRP) ≤ 10 mg/L and albumin >35 g/L, GPS-1: CRP ≤ 10 mg/L and albumin ≤35 g/L or CRP > 10 mg/L and albumin >35 g/L, GPS-2: CRP > 10 mg/L and albumin ≤35 g/L according to the definition. The relationship between GPS groups and overall survival (OS) was the primary objective, while locoregional- (LRPFS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were secondary objectives.

Results: For the whole cohort, the median OS, LRPFS, and OS were 19.7 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 16.8-22.6), 13.2 (95% CI: 8.7-17.7), and 8.3 months (95% CI: 6.6-10.0), respectively. Comparisons between the GPS-0, GPS-1, and GPS -2 groups revealed that the lower GPS was associated with significantly superior median OS (25.8 versus 16.3 versus 9.4 months; p < .001) which retained its independent significance in multivariate analysis (p < .001), as well. Similarly, the respective median LRPFS (20.0 versus 10.4 versus 6.3 months; p < .001), and PFS (11.3 versus 7.3 versus 4.1 months; p < .001) durations were also significantly longer in the earlier GPS groups.

Discussion: The present results suggested that the GPS was useful in three layered stratification of older stage IIIB NSCLC patients undergoing C-CRT in terms of OS, LRPS, and PFS times.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2018.10.014DOI Listing
July 2019

The hematologic parameters in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Future Oncol 2019 May 12;15(13):1469-1479. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Currently, there are no predictive markers of response to abiraterone. We calculated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at baseline and at 4 and 12 weeks after initiation of abiraterone, and we evaluated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response every 4 weeks in 102 metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone either pre- or postchemotherapy. With a median follow-up was 24.0 months (range: 0.3-54.9), median overall survival (OS) was 20.8 months. High-NLR patients who remained high or who returned to low NLR after 4 and 12 weeks showed significantly worse OS than patients with low baseline NLR. NLR and prostate-specific antigen response to abiraterone was a significant predictor of OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone delivered either pre- or postchemotherapy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2018-0635DOI Listing
May 2019

Baseline hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL has stronger prognostic value than anemia status in nasopharynx cancers treated with chemoradiotherapy.

Int J Biol Markers 2019 Jun 13;34(2):139-147. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

5 Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: To retrospectively investigate the influence of pretreatment anemia and hemoglobin levels on the survival of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT).

Methods: A total of 149 nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who received C-CRT were included. All patients had received 70 Gy to the primary tumor plus the involved lymph nodes, and 59.4 Gy and 54 Gy to the intermediate- and low-risk neck regions concurrent with 1-3 cycles of cisplatin. Patients were dichotomized into non-anemic and anemic (hemoglobin <12 g/dL (women) or <13 g/dL (men)) groups according to their pre-treatment hemoglobin measures. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized for accessibility of a pre-treatment hemoglobin cut-off that impacts outcomes. Potential interactions between baseline anemia status and hemoglobin measures and overall survival, locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS), and progression-free survival were assessed.

Results: Anemia was evident in 36 patients (24.1%), which was related to significantly shorter overall survival (=0.007), LRPFS (<0.021), and progression-free survival (=0.003) times; all three endpoints retained significance in multivariate analyses (<0.05, for each). A baseline hemoglobin value of 11.0 g/dL exhibited significant association with outcomes in ROC curve analysis: hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL (N=26) was linked with shorter median overall survival (<0.001), LRPFS (=0.004), and progression-free survival (<0.001) times, which also retained significance for all three endpoints in multivariate analyses and suggested a stronger prognostic worth for the hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL cut-off value than the anemia status.

Conclusion: Pre-C-CRT hemoglobin <11.0 g/dL has a stronger prognostic worth than the anemia status with regard to LRPFS, progression-free survival, and overall survival for nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1724600818821688DOI Listing
June 2019

Outcome of loco-regional radiotherapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone acetate.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Oct 30;195(10):872-881. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate the potential benefit of curative radiotherapy (RT) to the primary tumor in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients treated with abiraterone.

Materials And Methods: The clinical parameters of 106 mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were either oligometastatic (≤5 metastases) at diagnosis or became oligometastatic after the systemic treatment was analyzed. Local RT to the primary tumor and pelvic lymphatics was delivered in 44 patients (41%), and 62 patients (59%) did not have RT to the primary tumor. After propensity match analysis, a total of 92 patients were analyzed.

Resultsn: Median follow-up time was 14.2 months (range: 2.3-54.9 months). Median overall survival (OS) was higher in patients treated with local RT to the primary tumor than in those treated without local RT with borderline significance (24.1 vs. 21.4 months; p = 0.08). Local RT to the prostate and pelvic lymphatics significantly diminished the local recurrence rate (16 patients, 31% vs. 2 patients, 5%; p = 0.003). In multivariate analysis, the prostate specific antigen (PSA) response ≥50% of the baseline obtained 3 weeks after abiraterone therapy was the only significant prognostic factor for better OS and progression-free survival (PFS). Patients treated with primary RT to the prostate had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.

Conclusions: Local prostate RT significantly improved OS and local control in mCRPC patients treated with abiraterone. The patients treated with primary RT had significantly less progression under abiraterone and a longer abiraterone period than those treated without local prostate RT.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-019-01429-6DOI Listing
October 2019

Risk Factors for Fatal Pulmonary Hemorrhage following Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Stage 3B/C Squamous-Cell Lung Carcinoma Patients.

J Oncol 2018 1;2018:4518935. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Bahcesehir University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul, Turkey.

We aimed to identify the fatal pulmonary hemorrhage- (FPH-) related risk factors in stage 3B/C squamous-cell lung carcinoma (SqCLC) patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT). Medical records of 505 stage 3B/C SqCLC patients who underwent 66 Gy radiotherapy plus 1-3 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy with available pretreatment thoracic computerized tomography scans were retrospectively analyzed. Primary end-point was the identification of FPH-related risk factors. Examined factors included the basal patient and tumor characteristics with specific emphasis on the tumor cavitation (TC) status, tumor size (TS) and cavitation size (CS), tumor volume and cavitation volume (TV and CV), relative cavitation size (RCS = CS/TS), and relative cavitation volume (RCV=CV/TV). FPH emerged in 13 (2.6%) patients, with 12 (92.3%) of them being diagnosed ≤12 months of C-CRT. All FPHs were diagnosed in patients with TC (N=60): group-specific FPH incidence: 21.6%. TC (P<0.001) was the unique independent factor associated with higher FPH risk in multivariate analysis. Further analysis limited to TC patients exhibited the RCV>0.14 (37.5% versus 11.1% for RCV≤0.14; P<0.001), major RCS group [31.0% versus 19.0% for minor versus 0% for minimum RCS; P=0.008), and baseline hemoptysis (26.3% versus 13.6% for no hemoptysis; P=0.009) as the independent risk factors for higher FPH incidence. FPH was an infrequent (2.6%) complication of C-CRT in stage 3B/C SqCLC patients, but its incidence increased to 37.5% in patients presenting with TC and RCV>0.14. Diagnosis of >90% FPHs ≤12 months of C-CRT stresses the importance of close and careful follow-up of high-risk patients after C-CRT for multidisciplinary discussion of possible invasive preventive measures.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4518935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236701PMC
November 2018

The Utility of Pretreatment and Posttreatment Lymphopenia in Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients Treated With Definitive Chemoradiotherapy.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2018 10;28(8):1553-1559

Medical Oncology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of pretreatment and posttreatment lymphopenia in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cervical cancer patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy (ChRT).

Methods: Data from 95 patients with SCC were retrospectively analyzed. Relationships between pretreatment or posttreatment lymphopenia and patient or tumor characteristics, and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were evaluated.

Results: Median follow-ups for the entire cohort and survivors were 68 months (range, 3-133 months) and 88 months (range, 22-133 months), respectively. Ten patients (11%) exhibited pretreatment lymphopenia, whereas 58 patients (61%) exhibited posttreatment lymphopenia. Median pretreatment total lymphocyte counts decreased from 2029 cells/μL to 506 cells/μL 2 months after ChRT (P < 0.001). The 5-year OS and DFS rates were significantly higher in patients without pretreatment lymphopenia compared with patients with pre-retreatment lymphopenia (61% vs 20% [P < 0.001], 55% vs 20% [P < 0.001]). Patients without posttreatment lymphopenia had significantly higher 5-year OS and DFS rates than their counterparts (70% vs 46% [P = 0.02], 70% vs 39% [P = 0.004]). Complete response (CR) was observed in significantly fewer patients with pretreatment lymphopenia than in those without, after ChRT. Patients with posttreatment lymphopenia had higher rates of lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001) and lower posttreatment CR rates (P = 0.01) versus patients without posttreatment lymphopenia. In univariate analysis, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and treatment response were prognostic for OS and DFS. In multivariate analysis, pretreatment lymphopenia, lymph node metastasis, and treatment response were independent predictors of OS and DFS. Age was predictive of OS. Tumor size was prognostic for DFS.

Conclusions: Pretreatment lymphopenia and posttreatment lymphopenia are associated with worse treatment response in patients given ChRT for cervical SCC. Pretreatment lymphopenia is predictive for OS and DFS. Therapeutic strategies including pretreatment or posttreatment immune preservation or modulation may improve response rates and survival in women with cervical SCC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IGC.0000000000001345DOI Listing
October 2018

Chemoradiotherapy-induced hemoglobin nadir values and survival in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Lung Cancer 2018 07 21;121:30-36. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Division of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: We investigated the influence of change in hemoglobin (Hgb) levels during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (C-CRT) on outcomes of non-anemic patients with stage IIIA/B non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: We identified 722 patients with stage IIIA/B NSCLC without anemia at baseline [hemoglobin (Hgb) <12 g/dL for women or <13 g/dL for men], either nonsmokers or ex-smokers, who received C-CRT between 2007 and 2012. All patients had received 1-3 cycles of platinum-based doublet chemotherapy during radiotherapy to 60-66 Gy and had documented Hgb measurements before treatment and at weekly intervals for 6 weeks during the C-CRT. Potential associations were assessed between baseline, nadir, extent of change in Hgb level, and anemia and overall survival (OS), locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS), and PFS.

Results: The median baseline Hgb level was 13.9 g/dL (range 12.0-16.8) and declined to a median 12.4 g/dL (range 7.9-16.1) during treatment. Anemia appeared in 237 patients (32.8%) and was more common among women (44.8% vs. 26.5%, P < 0.001). Neither baseline Hgb level nor change during treatment nor anemia emergence influenced any survival endpoint. Receiver operating curve analysis revealed an Hgb nadir of 11.1 g/dL to be associated with outcomes, in that a nadir Hgb <11.1 g/dL (in 156 patients) was linked with shorter median OS time (P < 0.001), LRPFS time (P < 0.001), and PFS time (P < 0.001); retained significance for all three endpoints in multivariate analyses; and was more strongly associated with OS in squamous cell carcinoma (P < 0.001) than in adenocarcinoma (P = 0.009).

Conclusion: Nadir Hgb <11.1 g/dL levels during C-CRT were associated with significantly poorer survival times in initially non-anemic patients presenting with locally advanced NSCLC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2018.04.016DOI Listing
July 2018

Prognostic value of the Glasgow Prognostic Score for glioblastoma multiforme patients treated with radiotherapy and temozolomide.

J Neurooncol 2018 Sep 25;139(2):411-419. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Baskent University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey.

Introduction: To evaluate the prognostic value of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), the combination of C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin, in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) and concurrent plus adjuvant temozolomide (GPS).

Methods: Data of newly diagnosed GBM patients treated with partial brain RT and concurrent and adjuvant TMZ were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped into three according to the GPS criteria: GPS-0: CRP < 10 mg/L and albumin > 35 g/L; GPS-1: CRP < 10 mg/L and albumin < 35 g/L or CRP > 10 mg/L and albumin > 35 g/L; and GPS-2: CRP > 10 mg/L and albumin < 35 g/L. Primary end-point was the association between the GPS groups and the overall survival (OS) outcomes.

Results: A total of 142 patients were analyzed (median age: 58 years, 66.2% male). There were 64 (45.1%), 40 (28.2%), and 38 (26.7%) patients in GPS-0, GPS-1, and GPS-2 groups, respectively. At median 15.7 months follow-up, the respective median and 5-year OS rates for the whole cohort were 16.2 months (95% CI 12.7-19.7) and 9.5%. In multivariate analyses GPS grouping emerged independently associated with the median OS (P < 0.001) in addition to the extent of surgery (P = 0.032), Karnofsky performance status (P = 0.009), and the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group recursive partitioning analysis (RTOG RPA) classification (P < 0.001). The GPS grouping and the RTOG RPA classification were found to be strongly correlated in prognostic stratification of GBM patients (correlation coefficient: 0.42; P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The GPS appeared to be useful in prognostic stratification of GBM patients into three groups with significantly different survival durations resembling the RTOG RPA classification.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-018-2879-4DOI Listing
September 2018

A study on basic demographic and disease characteristics of cancer-diagnosed Syrian refugees treated in the border city of Turkey, Sanliurfa; a hospital-based retrospective case series study.

J BUON 2017 Nov-Dec;22(6):1591-1594

Department of Medical Oncology, Sanliurfa Research and Training Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Purpose: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients.

Methods: This study was designed as a hospital-based retrospective observational case-series study of 134 Syrian refugees cancer patients between 2015 and 2017.

Results: The patient median age was 47.5 years (range 18- 80). Out of the 134, 102 (76.1%) were female. The most common cancer types were breast (n=57, 42.5%) and gynecological cancers (n=14, 10.4%). The majority of patients were diagnosed at advanced stage (n=60, 44.8%). There were 91 (67.9%) and 43 (32.1%) patients admitted to our center from refugee camps and staying in a house, respectively. The median follow-up was 14 months (range 1-111) and 11 (8.2%) patients died. One and two-year survival rate of the whole group were 93% and 86%, respectively. There were 12 (9%) patients with grade 3-4 hematological and non-hematological toxicities. Neutropenia was the most common grade 3-4 toxicity (n=8, 6%). The patients staying in refugee camp (n-91) or in a house (n=43) finished all planned cycles of chemotherapy with a rate of 71% (n=65) and 79% (n=34), respectively. Statistical analysis failed to show significant relationship between the staying site (either camp or house), chemotherapy compliance rate, grade 3-4 toxicities with p=0.347 and p=0.09, respectively.

Conclusion: Our results revealed that breast cancer and gynecological cancers were the most common cancer types which are good candidates for cancer screening. Unfortunately, the majority of patients had cancer diagnosed at advanced stage. However, after diagnosis they could reach all health facilities including surgical operation, radiotherapy, and systemic chemotherapy similar to Turkish cancer patients. Therefore, our results suggested that major problem for the Syrian refugees adapting them into national screening program which may resulted that cancer diagnosis at earlier stage with high cure rate.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2019

Prognostic value of procalcitonin in infection-related mortality of cancer patients.

J BUON 2016 May-Jun;21(3):740-4

Department of Medical Oncology, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Tumor-induced inflammatory responses may increase the value of classical inflammatory markers in blood, so these markers may not be as useful in cancer patients as in non-cancer patients. Serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a sensitive and specific biomarker for severe infection, and has been shown to be unaffected by tumor-induced inflammatory response. In this study we aimed to evaluate the possible role of PCT in mortality in cancer patients with infection.

Methods: In total, 104 consecutive adult cancer patients who presented with fever (body temperature ≥ 38.3° C or ≥ 38° C on two consecutive measurements) during follow-up and needing hospitalization for infection were enrolled in this study.

Results: The majority (72%) of the patients were male. The most common diagnosis and type of infection were lung cancer (40.4%) and pneumonia (56.7%), respectively. The overall mortality rate was 17%. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between PCT levels and mortality (p=0.001), but not between classical inflammatory markers and mortality (p>0.05). The mortality rate of patients with a PCT value > 2 ng/mL was 34.3%, compared with 9.6% in patients with a PCT below this value (p=0.005). Furthermore, PCT predicted in-ward cancer patient mortality with a sensitivity of 66% and a specificity of 76%.

Conclusion: PCT is a unique serum biomarker significantly related to infection-related mortality and predicts mortality with a relatively high sensitivity and specificity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2016

Procalcitonin as a biomarker for infection-related mortality in cancer patients.

Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2015 Jun;9(2):168-73

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose Of Review: Infectious diseases are the second leading cause of death following direct cancer-related complications in the field of oncology. Clinical studies using the classic inflammatory biomarkers, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, leukocytosis, and thrombocytosis fail to show a significant correlation between these biomarkers and infection-related mortality. It is therefore crucial to define new biomarkers that are not affected by the primary cancer and precisely show the severity of the infection to help in the decision-making process.

Recent Findings: A significant increase in the number of cancer patients in the past decades has created an exponential increase in the number of immunocompromised patients. Preemptive and typically unnecessary usage of broad-spectrum antibiotics is common during the treatment of these patients and may result in an increase in multidrug-resistant microbial strains. Recent clinical studies suggest that a significant reduction in antibiotic consumption may be achieved by procalcitonin-guided algorithms without sacrificing the outcome of patients with severe infection.

Summary: In this article, we focus on procalcitonin and its potential role in differentiating cancer and infection-induced inflammation. Using this strategy may significantly reduce the usage of empirical broad-spectrum antibiotics and result in earlier discharge of patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SPC.0000000000000142DOI Listing
June 2015

Targeted treatment with pazopanib in metastatic soft tissue sarcoma: Nearly complete response in two cases.

Mol Clin Oncol 2015 Mar 13;3(2):400-402. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Departments of Medical Oncology, Baskent University Adana Hospital, Yuregır, Adana, Turkey.

Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a group of rare mesenchymal cancers that include approximately 50 histological types and account for 1% of all adult cancers. The standard curative treatment option for localized disease is surgical resection and, if a surgically removed tumor exhibits high-risk characteristics, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be administered. Sarcoma presenting at an advanced stage has a dismal prognosis and survival has not markedly improved over the last 20 years. The standard first-line treatment for advanced STS, other than gastrointestinal stromal tumors, is cytotoxic chemotherapy. Therapies targeting pro-angiogenic factors have been a focus of drug development for STS over the last few years. Pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a novel treatment option for patients with metastatic STS in the second-line setting. This is a presentation of 2 case reports of patients with metastatic STS who responded well to treatment with pazopanib.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2014.456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4360755PMC
March 2015

Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with vinorelbine plus split-dose cisplatin may be an option in inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer: a single-center experience.

Med Sci Monit 2015 Mar 3;21:661-6. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, Başkent University Medical Faculty, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the current standard treatment for inoperable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study we aimed to investigate the efficacy and toxicity of CCRT with split dose of cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC followed in our oncology clinic.

Material And Methods: Medical records of 97 patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin-vinorelbine were retrospectively analyzed. Cisplatin (30 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (20 mg/m2) were administered on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 during radiotherapy. Two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy were given. All patient data, including pathological, clinical, radiological, biochemical, and hematological data, were assessed retrospectively using our database system.

Results: Our study included 97 unresectable stage III NSCLC patients who were treated with CCRT. Median age was 58 years old (range 39-75) and 87 (89.7%) of the patients were men. ECOG performance score was 0-1 in 93 patients (95.9%). Squamous histology, the most common histology, was diagnosed in 46 patients (47.4%). Median follow-up time was 23.8 months. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and median overall survival time (OS) were 10.3 months and 17.8 months, respectively. Objective response rate and clinical benefit rate were 75.3% and 83.5%, respectively. Distant and local relapse rate were 57.1% and 42.9%, respectively. Hematological and non-hematological grade 3-4 toxicities were seen in 13 (13.4%) and 16 (16.5%) patients, respectively. Six (6.1%) patients died due to toxicity.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that split-dose cisplatin may offer fewer grade III-IV toxicities without sacrificing efficacy and could be an option in patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC during CCRT. Similar to past studies, despite high response rate during CCRT, distant relapse is the major parameter that influences patient survival in long-term in NSCLC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.892730DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4356262PMC
March 2015

Gemcitabine + platinum combination chemotherapy in patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from severe and irreversible hepatic impairment: a single center experience.

Hepatogastroenterology 2014 Oct;61(135):1895-900

There is limited information on chemotherapeutic agent doses suitable for patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from and irreversible hepatic impairment and who could potentially benefit from chemotherapy and on their results. In this retrospective study, we aimed to share our center’s experience of Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination chemotherapy in these patients. Data of 13 patients matching the criteria were analyzed. In our study the patients were treated with a dose of Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination, 50% of the original dose and the dose was increased gradually on the following days. Thirteen of one patient was given Gemcitabine & Carboplatin protocol and the others were given Gemcitabine & Cisplatin . In 42 chemotherapy cycles in total grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia occurred after 7 cycles, grade 3-4 neutropenia was not observed. While liver functions in 8 patients improved slightly, no change was observed in 2 patients and in 3 patients they deteriorated. Total survival period was calculated as 3.78 (95CI% : 0,17-7.54) months. As a consequence, Gemcitabine + Platinum Combination chemotherapy in patients with metastatic cancer who suffer from severe and irreversible hepatic impairment can be implemented when clinical benefits are expected.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2014

Patients with distal intestinal gastric cancer have superior outcome with addition of taxanes to combination chemotherapy, while proximal intestinal and diffuse gastric cancers do not: does biology and location predict chemotherapy benefit?

Med Oncol 2015 Feb 9;32(2):476. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Faculty, Baskent University, Adana, Turkey.

Gastric cancer, with one million new cases observed annually, and its dismal prognosis, is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortalities. Systemic chemotherapy is the main treatment modality in advanced gastric cancer patients. We aim to evaluate the predictive role of tumor localization and histopathology on choosing three or two-drug combination regimens. Consecutive 110 metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma patients who were admitted to the Baskent University Department of Medical Oncology and the Van Research and Training Hospital were included in the study. Data of patients were analyzed retrospectively. Median age of patients was 58 years (range 30-80). Proximal intestinal, distal intestinal, and diffuse gastric cancers were found in 35 (32 %), 64 (58 %), and 11 (10 %) patients, respectively. 5-fluoracil and platinum (PF) and PFtax were administered to 47 (43 %) and 63 (57 %) patients, respectively. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.0 (95 % CI 2.5-5.6) and 7.4 months (95 % CI 6.0-8.7) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.034). When we used tumor localization as strata in the PFS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher PFS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer, compared with PF (p = 0.03). Median overall survival (OS) was 9.0 (95 % CI 5.2-12.3) and 17.3 months (95 % CI 7.8-27) for PF and PFtax groups, (p = 0.010). When we used tumor localization as strata in the OS survival curve, PFtax produced significantly higher OS rates only in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer compared with PF (p = 0.015). Pathology and tumor location in gastric cancers may affect the outcome, the addition of taxanes as a third drug may significantly increase PFS and OS rate purely in distal intestinal-type gastric cancer but not in patients with proximal and diffuse-type gastric cancers.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-014-0476-8DOI Listing
February 2015