Publications by authors named "Hugo Deleon de Lima"

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Sensitivity and specificity of Interleukin 29 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic diseases.

Immunol Lett 2020 04 16;220:38-43. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Laboratório de Imunomodulação e Novas Abordagens Terapêuticas, Núcleo de Pesquisa em Inovação Terapêutica, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife-PE, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic and progressive inflammation that can cause a high degree of disability in affected individuals. Proinflammatory cytokines play central roles in the development of degradative and inflammatory responses in RA. IL-29 has been identified in RA and reported as a biomarker of the disease.

Objective: To analyze serum levels and accuracy of IL-29 in RA patients compared to healthy subjects and patients with other rheumatic diseases.

Methods: IL-29 serum levels were measured in 121 patients with RA, 53 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 60 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), 29 patients with fibromyalgia (FM), 50 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 68 healthy individuals as controls. IL-29 levels in serum were investigated by ELISA. Sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios (LR) for having RA were calculated.

Results: Serum levels of IL-29 were increased in RA patients 113.6 (IQR = 31.25-308.5) pg/ml compared to non-RA patients (SLE, SSc, OA, and FM) (31.25 pg/ml) and healthy controls (31.25 pg/ml, p < 0.001). The IL-29 cut-off values to distinguish patients with RA from non-RA patients were 61.11 pg/ml (sensitivity 57.02, specificity 92.71, LR: 7.82) and for all subjects 32.96 pg/ml (sensitivity 64.46, specificity 87.31, LR: 5.08). Additionally, IL-29 correlated negatively with age (r=-0189, p = 0.038) and disease duration (-0.192, p = 0.037). Interestingly, IL-29 correlated positively with neutrophil count in RA patients positive for rheumatoid factor (r = 0.259, p = 0.022).

Conclusion: IL-29 is higher in the serum of patients with RA compared to non-RA subjects and may have potential for use as a biological marker.
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April 2020