Publications by authors named "Houkun Wang"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Preparation of a novel monoclonal antibody against Avian leukosis virus subgroup J Gp85 protein and identification of its epitope.

Poult Sci 2021 Jul 12;100(7):101108. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

School of Animal Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434025, China. Electronic address:

Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) is an avian oncogenic retrovirus that has caused huge economic losses in the poultry industry due to its great pathogenicity and transmission ability. However, the continuous emergence of new strains would bring challenges to diagnosis and control of ALV-J. .This study focuses on preparing the monoclonal antibody (MAb) against ALV-J Gp85 and identifying its epitope. The truncated ALV-J gp85 gene fragment was amplified and then cloned into expression vectors. Purified GST-Gp85 was used to immune mice and His-Gp85 was used to screen MAb. Finally, a hybridoma cell line named J16 that produced specific MAb against the ALV-J. Immunofluorescence assay showed that MAb J16 specifically recognized ALV-J rather than ALV-A or ALV-K infected DF-1 cells. To identify the epitope recognized by MAb J16, fourteen partially overlapping ALV-J Gp85 fragments were prepared and tested by Western blot. The results indicated that peptide 150-LIRPYVNQ-157 was the minimal epitope of ALV-J Gp85 recognized by MAb J16. Alignment analysis of Gp85 from different ALV subgroups showed that the epitope keep high conservation among 36 ALV-J strains, but significant different from that of ALV subgroup A, B, C, D, E and K. Overall, we prepared a MAb specific against ALV-J and identified peptide 150-LIRPYVNQ-157 as a novel specific epitope of ALV-J Gp85, which may assist in laying the foundation for specific ALV-J detection methods.
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July 2021

Identification of a novel epitope specific for Gp85 protein of avian leukosis virus subgroup K.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2020 Dec 20;230:110143. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

College of Animal Science, Yangtze University, No.88, Jingmi Road, Jingzhou 434025, China. Electronic address:

During the past two decades, avian leukosis virus (ALV) caused tremendous economic losses to poultry industry in China. ALV-K as a newly found subgroup in recent years, which made the control and eradication of ALV more difficult as they were originated from the recombination of different subgroups. To date, specific rapid detection methods refer to ALV-K are still missing. Gp85 is the main structural protein of the virus, which mediates the invasion of host cells by the virus and determinates the classification of subgroups. In this study, we prepared a monoclonal antibody (Mab) named Km3 against Gp85 of ALV-K. Immunofluorescence assay showed that Km3 specifically recognized the strains of ALV-K rather than the strains of ALV-A or ALV-J. To explain the subgroups specificity of Km3, the epitope cognized by the Mab was identified by Western blotting using 15 overlapping fragments spanning the Gp85. Finally, the peptide AFGPRSIDTLSDWSRPQ was identified as the minimal linear epitope recognized by Km3. Alignment of Gp85 from different subgroups showed that the epitope was highly conserved among ALV-K strains, which was quite different from that of the strains from ALV -A, -B and -J. In conclusion, the Mab Km3 may serve as a useful reagent for ALV-K detection and diagnosis in the future.
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December 2020