Publications by authors named "Hossein M Elbadawy"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Design of molecular hybrids of phthalimide-triazole agents with potent selective MCF-7/HepG2 cytotoxicity: Synthesis, EGFR inhibitory effect, and metabolic stability.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Mar 22;111:104835. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia; Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University, 11884 Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.

This study reports an efficient and convenient click chemistry synthesis of a novel series of phthalimide scaffold linked to 1,2,3 triazole ring and terminal lipophilic fragments. Structures of newly synthesized compounds were well characterized by different spectroscopic tools. In vitro MTT cytotoxicity assay was performed comparing the cytotoxic effects of newly synthesized compounds to staurosporine using three different types: human liver cancer cell line (HepG2), Michigan cancer foundation-7 (MCF-7) and human colorectal carcinoma cell line (HCT116). The initial screening showed excellent to moderate anticancer activity for these newly synthesized compounds with high degree of cell line selectivity with micromolar (µM) half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC) values against tumor cells. The SAR analysis of these derivatives confirmed the role of molecular fragments including phthalimide, linker, triazole, and terminal tails in correlation to activity. In addition, enzymatic inhibitory assay against wild type EGFR was performed for the most active compounds to get more details about their mechanism of action. In order to further explore their binding affinities, molecular docking simulation was studied against EGFR site. The results obtained from molecular docking study and those obtained from cytotoxic screening were correlated. One of the most prominent analogs is (6f) with terminal disubstituted ring and amide linker showed selective MCF-7 cytotoxicity profile with IC 0.22 µM and 79 nM to EGFR target. Extensive structure activity relationship (SAR) analyses were also carried out. The pharmacokinetic profile of (6f) was studied showing good metabolic stability and long duration behavior. This design offered a potent selective anticancer phthalimide-triazole leads for further optimization in cancer drug discovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2021.104835DOI Listing
March 2021

Prevalence of dry eye syndrome in association with the use of contact lenses in Saudi Arabia.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 23;21(1):147. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Taibah university, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Dry eye disease is a tear film disorder which can cause discomfort to patients and negatively affect vision acuity. A number of risk factors has been reported to affect the incidence and severity of dry eye syndrome (DES). The aim is to study the prevalence of DES in Saudi Arabia and the factors affecting the severity of DES in relation to the use of contact lenses.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted on 310 participants using the ocular surface disease index (OSDI) questionnaire and the eye dryness part from contact lens questionnaire-8 (CLDEQ-8). Dry eye OSDI scores were compared across different epidemiological and risk factors with focus on the use of contact lenses. Pearson and Spearman's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the frequency of contact lenses usage in relation to OSDI scores. Student's t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests were used to compare means of two or more than two groups, respectively.

Results: Forty eight (15.5%) of participants did not have any degree of DES, achieving an OSDI score between 0 and 12. Forty participants (12.9%) scored from 13 to 22, (mild DES), 44 (14.2%) were moderate, scoring 23-32 on the OSDI, while those who scored above 33 were 178 (57.4%) had severe DES. The mean score for all participants was 37.8. A high percentage of participants (84.5%) had some degree of DES. There was a strong positive correlation between OSDI score and the frequency of the feeling of dry eye and a moderate positive correlation between OSDI score and the intensity of dryness feeling. Out of 310 participants, 136 (43.9%) indicated using contact lenses. There was no significant association between the use of contact lenses per se and DES, however, those who used contact lenses more frequently had significantly higher OSDI scores.

Conclusions: Dry eye syndrome is a widespread, underdiagnosed condition in Saudi Arabia. The frequency of contact lenses use may contribute to the incidence of DES.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-021-01912-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7986502PMC
March 2021

The detection of SARS-CoV-2 in outpatient clinics and public facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Med Virol 2021 05 10;93(5):2955-2961. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can occur through an airborne route, in addition to contaminated surfaces and objects. In hospitals, it has been confirmed by several studies that SARS-CoV-2 can contaminate surfaces and medical equipment especially in hospitals dedicated to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of this study was to detect the contamination of hands, objects, and surfaces in isolation rooms and also in outpatients' clinics in hospitals and polyclinics. Environmental contamination of public high-touch surfaces in public facilities was also investigated during an active COVID-19 pandemic. Random swabs were also taken from public shops, pharmacies, bakeries, groceries, banknotes, and automated teller machines (ATMs). Samples were analyzed for SARS-CoV-2 positivity using real-time polymerase chain reaction. In the COVID-19 regional reference hospital, only 3 out of 20 samples were positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Hand swabs from SARS-CoV-2-positive patients in isolation rooms were occasionally positive for viral RNA. In outpatients' clinics, door handles were the most contaminated surfaces. Dental chairs, sinks, keyboards, ophthalmoscopes, and laboratory equipment were also contaminated. Although no positive swabs were found in shops and public facilities, random ATM swabs returned a positive result for SARS-CoV-2. Although there is no longer a focus on COVID-19 wards and isolation hospitals, more attention is required to decontaminate frequently touched surfaces in health-care facilities used by patients not diagnosed with COVID-19. Additionally, high-touch public surfaces such as ATMs require further disinfection procedures to limit the transmission of the infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26819DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8014553PMC
May 2021

Enhancement of atorvastatin oral bioavailability via encapsulation in polymeric nanoparticles.

Int J Pharm 2021 Jan 24;592:120077. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Despite the fact that atrovastatin (At) is being one of the bestselling statins used to prevent complicated cardiovascular diseases, its low oral bioavailability decreases its clinical relevance. Herein, incorporation of At into ethylcellulose nanoparticles (At-NPs) was executed to test if it would enhance its oral bioavailability. The emulsification-evaporation method was used to prepare the At-NPs. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized by measuring the particle size, zeta potential as well as using FTIR, DSC, and XRD examination. The entrapment efficiency, drug content, and the in vitro release behavior of At-NPs were also examined. The in vivo oral bioavailability of the selected At-NPs formula was tested after being given orally to New Zealand rabbits. The nanoparticles obtained had a high drug content and a distinct spherical shape but with varying sizes. No physical or chemical interactions were detected between At and the nanoparticles as confirmed by FTIR, DSC, and XRD. The in vitro release study of At from the prepared At-NPs has shown nanoparticles size-dependent release behavior. The in vivo oral absorption testing confirmed the bioavailability of the prepared At-NPs to be as follows: (C = 940 ng/ml and AUC = 8759 ng.h/ml) > Lipitor® (C = 635 ng/ml and AUC = 4367 ng.h/ml) > At (C = 515 ng/ml and AUC = 2517 ng.h/ml). These results revealed that the oral formula of At-NPs increases the bioavailability of At 3.87 times. This makes ethylcellulose nanoparticles an esteemed candidate nano-vehicle for At, increasing its bioavailability and thus improving its clinical relevance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.120077DOI Listing
January 2021

Generation of Combinatorial Lentiviral Vectors Expressing Multiple Anti-Hepatitis C Virus shRNAs and Their Validation on a Novel HCV Replicon Double Reporter Cell Line.

Viruses 2020 09 18;12(9). Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padua, 35121 Padua, Italy.

Despite the introduction of directly acting antivirals (DAAs), for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, their cost, patient compliance, and viral resistance are still important issues to be considered. Here, we describe the generation of a novel JFH1-based HCV subgenomic replicon double reporter cell line suitable for testing different antiviral drugs and therapeutic interventions. This cells line allowed a rapid and accurate quantification of cell growth/viability and HCV RNA replication, thus discriminating specific from unspecific antiviral effects caused by DAAs or cytotoxic compounds, respectively. By correlating cell number and virus replication, we could confirm the inhibitory effect on the latter of cell over confluency and characterize an array of lentiviral vectors expressing single, double, or triple cassettes containing different combinations of short hairpin (sh)RNAs, targeting both highly conserved viral genome sequences and cellular factors crucial for HCV replication. While all vectors were effective in reducing HCV replication, the ones targeting viral sequences displayed a stronger antiviral effect, without significant cytopathic effects. Such combinatorial platforms as well as the developed double reporter cell line might find application both in setting-up anti-HCV gene therapy approaches and in studies aimed at further dissecting the viral biology/pathogenesis of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12091044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7551853PMC
September 2020

The metabolic disorders associated with chronic consumption of soft and energy drinks in rats.

Acta Biochim Pol 2020 Mar;67(1):79-84

1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology (subdivision of Biochemistry), College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Medina, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Background: Energy Drinks (EDs) and Soft Drinks (SDs) are widely consumed among adolescents and young adults. These drinks contain variable amounts of caffeine which is a central nervous system stimulator; in addition to sugar, taurine, vitamins and herbal extracts. Several adverse effects have been reported for the excessive consumption of caffeine and sugar.

Aim: This work aimed at providing a comparison between the effect of chronic consumption of both drinks on metabolism biochemically as well as at the histopathological level.

Methods: Adult albino rats were randomly divided into three groups and treated for 4 weeks. Animals received water (control, group 1), 12.5 ml/kg/day of either Pepsi® (SD, group 2) or Power Horse® (ED, group 3). All animals had free access to water and standard animal chow.

Results: ED and SD groups showed a significant weight gain compared to control. ED animals showed a significant increase in serum urea, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia in comparison to control and SD groups. Serum uric acid significantly increased in ED and SD groups. ED group showed congestion and inflammation in their renal tissues in addition to splenomegaly and increased phagocyte infiltration.

Conclusion: The high caffeine-sugar content in ED exerts a more significant influence on the metabolic pathways than SDs. Both increase the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and tissue inflammation due to their effect on lipid profile and blood glucose. The other ingredients in EDs may play a role in the observed metabolic disturbances. Chronic use of EDs should be especially discouraged to avoid these negative effects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18388/abp.2020_2914DOI Listing
March 2020

Protective effects of Ajwa date extract against tissue damage induced by acute diclofenac toxicity.

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2019 Dec 27;14(6):553-559. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, KSA.

Objectives: To investigate the tissue-protective effects of Ajwa date fruits (a Prophetic medicinal remedy) against acute diclofenac toxicity.

Methods: Albino Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated to four experimental groups: a negative control group, an Ajwa-only group that received 2 g/kg of Ajwa date extract (ADE) orally, an acute diclofenac toxicity group that received 200 mg diclofenac once intraperitoneally, and a treatment group that received diclofenac and ADE after 4 h. Histological examinations of rat lung and liver tissues were performed.

Results: Acute diclofenac toxicity caused marked hepatic derangements, such as congested central veins, congested blood sinusoids, hyaline degeneration, and hepatocyte necrosis. Toxic diclofenac overdose resulted in markedly congested alveolar capillaries and alveolar haemorrhages, thick edematous alveolar walls, and edema fluid exudates in the alveoli. Upon treatment with ADE, significant reduction in diclofenac-induced hepatic and pulmonary derangements were observed.

Conclusion: ADE is a safe, tissue-protective nutritional agent that alleviates cellular and tissue-damaging effects due to acute diclofenac toxicity. ADE relieved hepatic and pulmonary changes induced by acute diclofenac toxicity. The use of ADE is recommended for the treatment of acute diclofenac toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2019.10.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940670PMC
December 2019

Improved solubility, dissolution, and oral bioavailability for atorvastatin-Pluronic® solid dispersions.

Int J Pharm 2020 Jan 28;574:118891. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Despite the status of atorvastatin (AT) as one of the top selling statins for prophylaxis against primary and secondary cardiovascular diseases, its limited oral absorption limits its full therapeutic benefits. Herein, formulations of AT with amphiphilic carriers (Pluronic F127® and Pluronic F68®) were developed in the form of hard capsules to improve in vitro solubility and dissolution, as well as in vivo oral bioavailability. Prepared formulas were characterized by assessing solubility improvements in the carrier solution and examining the FTIR, DSC, and X-RPD profiles for each formula. The dissolution rate and absorption were also examined after oral administration to New Zealand rabbits. The solubility of AT was improved by the incorporation of either Pluronic F127® or Pluronic F68®. No chemical changes or interactions were detected using X-RPD, DSC, and FTIR characterization. Dissolution profiles revealed an increase in the rate and maximum amount of dissolved AT and showed that up to 93% of the AT content was dissolved within 30 min. In vivo absorption of the tested formula (C = 1146 ng/ml and AUC0-12 to 9,993.4 ng.h/ml) was greater than Lipitor® (C = 642.3 ng/ml and AUC0-12 = 4427.4 ng.h/ml) and AT (C = 517.6 ng/ml and AUC0- 12 = 2,473.7 ng.h/ml). In conclusion, the formulation of AT with Pluronics® profoundly augments the dissolution behavior and absorption of AT and may serve as a useful approach for improving AT therapeutic and clinical efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.118891DOI Listing
January 2020