Publications by authors named "Hossein Faraji"

12 Publications

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Dietary Intake of Antioxidants in the Elderly People under Nursing Care: A Case-Control Study.

Int J Prev Med 2019 17;10:191. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Nutrient deficiency such as antioxidants is a common problem in the elderly; it can result in different diseases such as cancer. Accordingly, assessment of the dietary intake of antioxidants is necessary to design a specific plan for solving this problem.

Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 152 old people (≥60 years) with and without nursing care in nursing care centers in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017. Nutritional assessment was performed by an expert nutritionist using semi-quantitative validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. Nutrition IV software was used as food analyzer. Analysis of covariance and independent -test were used for data analysis.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 68.6 ± 4.9 and 68.9 ± 6.1 years in case and control groups, respectively, and the percentage of male/females in these groups was 46.3%/53.7% and 51.4%/48.6%, respectively. Dietary intake of energy, vitamin E, and selenium was significantly higher ( = 0.041; 0.007; 0.017) while beta-carotene intake was significantly lower in the elderly under nursing care than in the control ( = 0.002).

Conclusions: The findings indicated that nursing care leads to improved intake of energy, vitamin E, and selenium, while diminished beta-carotene intake in the elderly. Intake of vitamin E, A, C, zinc, and selenium was high among elderly people with and without care, compared with the dietary reference intake. It seems that further studies are required to confirm these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_559_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6852197PMC
October 2019

Dietary Intake of Vitamin D and Its Relation with Blood Pressure in the Elderly Population.

Int J Prev Med 2019 3;10:40. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Population studies have demonstrated that there is an inverse association between dietary intake of vitamin D and the mean blood pressure in elderly in particular. So, we investigated the correlation between vitamin D intake and the mean blood pressure in the elderly with and without nursing care.

Methods: Based on a cross-sectional design, this study was conducted on 152 old people with and without nursing care. Assessment of the dietary intake of nutrients was done by an expert dietitian using food frequency questionnaire and nutritionist IV software analyzer. Also, the mean blood pressure was extracted from participants' files. The independent samplet-test, Chi-square test, and partial correlation test were used for data analysis.

Results: Mean ± SD age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI) of participants, and the percentage of male/females were 68.7 ± 5.5 years, 63.5 ± 7.9 kg, 162.5 ± 7.1 cm, 24.1 ± 3.4 kg/m and 48.7/51.3, respectively. Also, a significant negative relationship was observed between vitamin D intake and systolic blood pressure in all participants ( value = 0.028, = -0.179). There was no significant correlation between vitamin D intake and diastolic blood pressure ( value = 0.558, = -0.048).

Conclusions: The findings revealed that the nursing care can improve dietary intake of vitamin D in the elderly population. Also, a negative correlation was found between vitamin D intake and systolic blood pressure among all the elderly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_18_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6484509PMC
April 2019

The efficiency of UV/SO photo-oxidation process in the presence of AlO for the removal of dexamethasone from aqueous solution: kinetic studies.

Water Sci Technol 2019 Mar;79(5):938-946

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran E-mail:

This study aimed to investigate the efficiency of the UV/SO photocatalytic process in the presence of AlO nanoparticles for the removal of dexamethasone from aqueous solution. In this experimental study, the variables pH, persulfate concentration, initial concentration of dexamethasone, the catalyst dose were studied in order to investigate the process efficiency. Furthermore, the efficiency of UV/SO in the presence and absence of catalyst was investigated. The AlO nanoparticle catalyst was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image. The results showed that a decrease in pH and the initial concentration of dexamethasone increased the process efficiency. Given the increased concentrations of the persulfate and AlO, the removal efficiency was partially increased. In UV/SO/AlO under optimum conditions (pH = 3, t = 30 minutes, dexamethasone concentration = 20 mg/L, 0.5 mM of persulfate, and UV radiation = 55 watts), 94% of the dexamethasone was removed. The kinetic response showed that the reaction data corresponded to the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The results showed that the UV/SO photochemical process can efficiently remove dexamethasone from aqueous solution in the presence of AlO catalyst and the mineralization efficiency reached about 98%. Therefore, this process is recommended due to its high efficiency and availability for the removal of pharmaceutical compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2019.109DOI Listing
March 2019

Effect of Decaffeinated Coffee-enriched Chlorogenic Acid on Blood Glucose Levels in Healthy Controls: A Systematic Review.

Authors:
Hossein Faraji

Int J Prev Med 2018 24;9:112. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

As an important group of health problems, glucose metabolism disorders are associated with a number of diseases as well as mortality rate. Recently, studies have demonstrated that the consumption of decaffeinated coffee-enriched chlorogenic acid (CGA) can reduce the risk of diabetes and blood glucose rise, while the results of some previous studies have shown an opposite effect. Hence, a systematic search was conducted based on literature search and appropriate keywords through PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Knowledge, Science direct, Medline, Cochrane, and Scopus databases from 2003 to 2018. After searching, 1593 articles were found. Then, we excluded papers based on the duplication and relevant for title and abstract, whereas 25 relevant articles remained for checking eligibility criteria. Since only randomized clinical trials studies (RCTs) could be included in the current study, six RCTs remained in end-stage for qualitative synthesis. The results of reviewed studies showed no significant effect of decaffeinated coffee-enriched CGA on blood glucose concentration. Although recent studies have suggested the effectiveness of decaffeinated coffee-enriched CGA on blood glucose in animals, and there are various mechanisms for this effect, and the result of our review showed that there is not sufficient evidence for this claim in healthy humans. Hence, further research in this area seems necessary.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_343_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326109PMC
December 2018

Dataset on assessment of physical and chemical quality of groundwater in rural drinking water, west Azerbaijan Province in Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 9;21:556-561. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Analyzing the quality of drinking water and comparing it with standards, provides useful information regarding in the state of water supply and health protection to consumers. In the current research, the quality of drinking water in the cities of West Azerbaijan province has been investigated. In the current study, the results of drinking water analysis in 17 counties of West Azerbaijan province (except Urmia city), including 355 analyzes were conducted in 2016. The results were analyzed by SPSS software and compared with the national standard. Based on the analysis, the hardness of drinking water in the West Azerbaijan province ranged from 22 to 912 mg/L as calcium carbonate, and the average of the experiment was measured to be 136 ± 327 mg/L as calcium carbonate. The TDS values in this study were 39-1710 mg/L, and on average 397.7 ± 265.8 mg/L. Also, based on the analyzes performed in this study, the Fluoride concentration was from 0 to 3.45 mg/L, and on average 323.376 ± 0.05 mg/L and the Nitrate concentration was 0-218 mg/L and on average 3.58 ± 1.1 mg/L.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.09.078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6199777PMC
December 2018

Data on aluminum concentration in drinking water distribution network of rural water supply in Sistan and Baluchistan province, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Oct 5;20:1804-1809. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The aim of this study is to determine the Aluminum concentration in groundwater resources of Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran. See the data in this article. For the purpose of this study, a total of 871 water samples were collected and values of quality parameters including pH, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS) and Aluminum concentration were measured (with two-time repetitions) according to Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, during the year 2016. The mean, maximum, minimum of Aluminum concentrations in all groundwater resources of Sistan and Baluchistan province, were: 0.015, 0.059, 0.0004 mg/l, respectively and also, the standard deviation was 0.012. Moreover, employing GIS software, the geo-statistical distribution of Aluminum concentration in groundwater aquifer in Sistan and Baluchestan was mapped.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.08.180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6169373PMC
October 2018

Data on quality indices of groundwater resource for agricultural use in the Jolfa, East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Aug 19;19:1482-1489. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Students Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the groundwater quality Indices of Groundwater resource for Agricultural Use in jolfa city (Iran) during one decade (2003-2013). Data showed in the first and end year of the study period, the Mean±SD of Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) and Sodium Percentage (Na%) indices 5455.77±3878.02, 3638.69±3565.19 and 51.49±15.65, 41.58±17.69, respectively. The data indicate that the, in terms of sodium percentage and sodium adsorption ratio, the water quality in this area is not suitable for irrigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141864PMC
August 2018

Microbiological dataset of rural drinking water supplies in Zahedan, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Oct 23;20:609-613. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Health Research Center, Lifestyle Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The residual chlorine and microbial quality of drinking water in the Zahedan villages by a number of1221 samples from all 168 villages were collected between 2014-2015. Then the samples were evaluated using 9-tube fermentation methods and portable chlorine method test. Based on the microbial coliform and fecal coliform indices, the data indicated that the maximum and minimum controlling of the bacteria in the distribution network were in the winter (90.62%) and autumn (85.56%), respectively. Also in the reservoirs, the maximum and minimum controlling of the bacteria were in winter (93.49%) and autumn (87.35%), respectively. The residual chlorine was prepared in almost all of seasons.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.08.049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127982PMC
October 2018

Groundwater quality assessment for drinking and agriculture purposes in Abhar city, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Aug 23;19:1033-1039. Epub 2018 May 23.

Students Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

The main objective of this study is to assess the quality of groundwater for drinking consume and agriculture purposes in abhar city. The analytical results shows higher concentration of electrical conductivity (100%), total hardness (66.7%), total dissolved solids (40%), magnesium (23%), Sulfate (13.3%) which indicates signs of deterioration as per WHO and Iranian standards for drinking consume. Agricultural index, in terms of the hardness index, 73.3% of the samples in hard water category and 73.3% in sodium content were classified as good. Therefore, the main problem in the agricultural sector was the total hardness Water was estimated. For the RSC index, all 100% of the samples were desirable. In the physicochemical parameters of drinking water, 100% of the samples were undesirable in terms of electrical conductivity and 100% of the samples were desirable for sodium and chlorine parameters. Therefore, the main water problem in Abhar is related to electrical conductivity and water total hardness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.05.096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997924PMC
August 2018

Data on the acid black 1 dye adsorbtion from aqueous solutions by low-cost adsorbent- Cerastoderma lamarcki shell collected from the northern coast of Caspian Sea.

Data Brief 2018 Apr 7;17:774-780. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Department of Environmental Health, Neyshabour University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabour, Iran.

The data presented in this article was related to the research article entitled, "The use of Cerastoderma Lamarcki shell for Acid Black 1 adsorption from aqueous solutions." The characterization data of Cerastoderma Lamarcki shell was analyzed using various instrumental techniques (X-ray diffraction and SEM). The kinetic and isotherm data of pH, initial AB1 concentration, contact time, and CLS dosage were investigated. The optimum conditions for AB1 adsorption using CLS adsorbent were found to be 2 g of adsorbent, pH 2, and a contact time of 60 min. The adsorption data of CLS fit well with the Langmuir model and pseudo-second order model. Finally, the experimental data showed that CLS is a suitable and low-cost adsorbent for the removal of AB1 from aqueous solutions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.01.107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5988499PMC
April 2018

Dietary Intake of Thiamine in Migraine Patients and Healthy Subjects: a Case-Control Study.

Clin Nutr Res 2018 Jan 31;7(1):40-47. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Neurology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 81746-73461, Iran.

The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%-20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current study was undertaken to assess dietary intake of the thiamine in migraine patients and to evaluate its association with the frequency of migraine attacks. In a case-control design, the current study was performed on 50 migraine patients and 50 healthy people, 20-60 years old in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017. Information about dietary intake was collected by Food frequency questionnaire and analyzed using the Nutritionist version 4 (N4) software (Tinuviel Software). Information about the history of disease was collected by demographic questionnaire. Analysis of covariance and independent t-test were used for data analysis and p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Mean age, weight, height, and body mass index of participants were 35.1 ± 9.8 years, 65.3 ± 10.4 kg, 162.5 ± 8.4 cm, and 24.7 ± 4.0 kg/m, respectively. Dietary intake of thiamine among the migraine patients was lower than that in the healthy participants (p < 0.001). Migraine patients with the high frequency attacks had significantly lower intake of thiamine compared with moderate frequency attacks group (p = 0.010), however, it was not significant after adjusting for energy intake (p = 0.410, p = 0.240). Dietary intake of thiamine in migraine patients was not significantly different in comparing with healthy subjects. In addition, no significant correlation between thiamine intake and the frequency of migraine attacks was observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7762/cnr.2018.7.1.40DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5796922PMC
January 2018

Correlation between Fluoride in Drinking Water and Its Levels in Breast Milk in Golestan Province, Northern Iran.

Iran J Public Health 2014 Dec;43(12):1664-8

School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Center for Solid Waste Research, Institute for Environmental Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Fluoride is an essential element for human health. However, excess fluoride in drinking water may cause dental and/or skeletal fluorosis. Drinking water is the main route of fluoride intake. The aim of the present study was to measure fluoride levels in human breast milk collected from two regions of Golestan Province, northern Iran with different amount of fluoride concentration of drinking water in Bandar Gaz and Nokande cities and to correlate it with fluoride concentrations in drinking water used by mothers living in these two areas.

Methods: Twenty samples of water were collected from seven drinking water wells during 2012 from Bandar Gaz and Nokande in Iran during 2012. Fluoride concentration of water samples was measured using SPADNS method. Sixty breast milk samples were collected from lactating mothers of Bandar Gaz and Nokande cities. Content in breast milk was determined using standard F ion-selective electrode. Spearman's rho correlation analysis was used to assess any possible relationship between fluoride levels in breast milk and in drinking water.

Results: The means and standard deviation for F concentration in breast milk and drinking water were 0.002188±0.00026224 ppm and 0.5850±0.22542 ppm, respectively. Analysis of data showed that the variables were not normally distributed so the Spearman correlation coefficient between two variables calculated (ρ S = 0.65) and it was significant (P=0.002).

Conclusion: Fluoride concentration in water can directly act on its concentration in breast milk. We speculate that modifying F concentration in water can affect accessibility of fluoride for infants.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4499088PMC
December 2014