Publications by authors named "Hossein Ettehad"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Does Adding Lidocaine to Intrathecal Bupivacaine Affect Hemodynamic Parameters during Hip Fracture Surgery?

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2018 Sep;6(5):390-396

Research performed at Anesthesiology Research Center, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS), Rasht, Iran.

Background: Hip fracture is one of the most common problems in elderly that needs surgical repair. As, the majority of these patients have chronic diseases, they are at increased risk of peri-operative mortality and morbidity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate spinal anesthesia with bupivacaine vs bupivacaine in combination with lidocaine in terms of hemodynamic changes in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery.

Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 292 patients undergoing surgery for hip fracture under spinal anesthesia. Patients were allocated into two groups of B (10 mg of hyperbaric 0.5% Bupivacaine) and BL (5 mg hyperbaric Bupivacaine 0.5% plus 50 mg Lidocaine 5%). Sensory and motor block and hemodynamic changes were consecutively measured before spinal anesthesia (T0), immediately after spinal injection (T1), every 5 minutes for half an hour (T2- T7), and at 45 minutes (T8) and 60 minutes (T9) after injection.

Results: Patients in the two groups were homogeneous in demographic characteristics including age, sex, BMI, ASA Class, baseline blood pressure and heart rate. The onsets of sensory and motor blocks in group BL were faster than group B (). Also, the durations of sensory and motor blocks in group B were significantly longer than group BL ). The BL group had a significantly lower systolic blood pressure in all periods (). Although the heart rate in the BL group was lower than group B at all time points, this difference was only significant during T2-T3 ( and , respectively). Group BL had significantly more episodes of hypotension, bradycardia, nausea and vomiting (, , , and , respectively).

Conclusion: According to our findings, using Lidocaine 50 mg in combination with Bupivacaine 5 mg, compared with Bupivacaine 10 mg alone for spinal anesthesia in hip fracture fixation surgeries was associated with more hypotension and bradycardia. As a result, combination of Bupivacaine with Lidocaine at this dose is not recommended for induction of anesthesia in these patients.
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September 2018

Does Tranexamic Acid Reduce Bleeding during Femoral Fracture Operation?

Arch Bone Jt Surg 2017 Mar;5(2):103-108

Anesthesiology Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS), Poursina hospital, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Proximal Femoral shaft fractures are commonly associated with marked blood loss which can lead to postoperative acute anemia and some other complications. Tranexamic acid (TA) is an antifibrinolytic medication that reduces intra-and postoperative blood loss and transfusion requirements during some elective surgeries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of intravenous Tranexamic acid (TA) on intraoperative blood loss and a subsequent need for transfusion in patients who were undergoing surgery for femoral shaft fractures in trauma setting.

Methods: Thirty-eight ASA grade I-II patients undergoing proximal femoral shaft fracture surgery with intra medullary nailing were included in this double blind randomized controlled clinical trial. They were allocated into two groups. Group I, the intervention group with eighteen patients received 15 mg/kg (TA) via intravenous infusion before surgical incision. Patients in the placebo group received an identical volume of normal saline. Hemoglobin level was measured four hours before and after the surgeries. Postoperative blood loss and hemoglobin change as well as transfusion rates and volumes were compared between the two groups.

Results: Mean Percentage fall in hemoglobin after surgery were 1.75±0.84 and 2.04±1.9 in the study and placebo groups, respectively (P=0.570). Hemoglobin loss was higher in the placebo group. Transfusion rates was lower in TA group (5.6%) compared to the placebo group (30%) (P=0.06). No significant difference in The Allowable Blood Loss during the surgery was found between the two groups (P=0.894).

Conclusion: Preoperative treatment with TA reduces postoperative blood loss and the need for blood transfusion during traumatic femoral fracture operation.
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March 2017

Treatment Outcomes of Corticosteroid Injection and Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy as Two Primary Therapeutic Methods for Acute Plantar Fasciitis: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2015 Nov-Dec;54(6):1047-52. Epub 2015 Jul 26.

General Practitioner and Researcher, Orthopedic Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

The outcome of corticosteroid injection (CSI) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) as primary treatment of acute plantar fasciitis has been debated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the therapeutic effects of CSI and ESWT in patients with acute (<6-week duration) symptomatic plantar fasciitis. Of the 116 eligible patients, 68 were randomized to 2 equal groups of 34 patients, each undergoing either ESWT or CSI. The ESWT method included 2000 impulses with energy of 0.15 mJ/mm(2) and a total energy flux density of 900 mJ/mm(2) for 3 consecutive sessions at 1-week intervals. In the CSI group, 40 mg of methyl prednisolone acetate plus 1 mL of lidocaine 2% was injected into the maximal tenderness point at the inframedial calcaneal tuberosity. The success and recurrence rates and pain intensity measured using the visual analog scale, were recorded and compared at the 3-month follow-up visit. The pain intensity had reduced significantly in all patients undergoing either technique. However, the value and trend of pain reduction in the CSI group was significantly greater than those in the ESWT group (p < .0001). In the ESWT and CSI groups, 19 (55.9%) and 5 (14.7%) patients experienced treatment failure, respectively. Age, gender, body mass index, and recurrence rate were similar between the 2 groups (p > .05). Both ESWT and CSI can be used as the primary and/or initial treatment option for treating patients with acute plantar fasciitis; however, the CSI technique had better therapeutic outcomes.
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August 2016

Changes in the serum level of vitamin d during healing of tibial and femoral shaft fractures.

Trauma Mon 2014 Feb 25;19(1):e10946. Epub 2014 Jan 25.

Orthopedic Research Center, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, IR Iran.

Background: Several systemic factors and hormones are thought to regulate the fracture healing process. Vitamin D has emerged as a compound or hormone that actively participates in the regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the serum changes in the level of vitamin D during the acute healing period of tibial and femoral shaft fractures.

Patients And Methods: This cross-sectional study included of 73 patients with tibial and femoral shaft fractures referred to the Poursina Hospital between February 2011 and February 2012. Changes in the serum levels of vitamin D were assessed three times in a period of three weeks (at the first visit, end of first week, and end of the third week). Variables such as age, gender, fractured bone, concomitant fracture of tibia and fibula, type of fracture, time of measurement and serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were assessed. All statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS software.

Results: Forty tibial fractures and 33 femoral fractures were recorded. Mean vitamin D levels at the time of admission, after one week and at the end of the third week for the 73 participants included in the study were 39.23, 31.49, and 28.57 ng/mL, respectively. The overall reduction of vitamin D level was significantly more evident in the first week versus the following (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: Serum levels of vitamin D in patients with tibial or femoral fractures were reduced during the curative period of the fracture. This can be related the role of vitamin D in the formation and mineralization of the callus. Patients with tibial or femoral shaft fractures may benefit from the administration of vitamin D supplements during the fracture healing process.
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February 2014