Publications by authors named "Hossein Bavi Behbahani"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Consumption of melatonin supplement improves cardiovascular disease risk factors and anthropometric indices in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Mar 25;22(1):231. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease. Dyslipidemia and hypertension are two complications that may develop in diabetic patients if hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and weight gain are not controlled. This study investigated the effects of melatonin supplementation on some cardiovascular disease risk factors and anthropometric indices in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Materials And Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 50 T2DM patients were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups which received two tablets of either melatonin or placebo (250 mg) once a day for 8 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), weight, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumference (WC, HC), a body shape index (ABSI), abdominal volume index (AVI), body adiposity index (BAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), conicity index, and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were evaluated in all the patients pre- and post-intervention.

Results: Melatonin supplementation for 8 weeks significantly decreased the mean levels of SBP, MAP, PP, weight, BMI, WC, HC, BAI, AVI, conicity index, and WHtR post-intervention (p <  0.05). Also, the median changes of SBP, MAP, PP, weight, BMI, WC, HC BAI, AVI, and conicity index were significantly lower in the intervention group compared with the control group (p <  0.05). A significant increase (p <  0.001) was observed in the mean levels of ABSI in the intervention group. The median changes of ABSI were significantly greater in the intervention group compared with the control group (p <  0.001).

Conclusions: Consumption of melatonin supplement may be effective in controlling arterial pressure including SBP, MAP, and PP and anthropometric indices (as predictors of obesity) in T2DM patients.

Trial Registration: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials IRCT20190303042905N1 . Registered on 17 May 2019.
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March 2021

The association between dietary inflammatory index with sleep quality and obesity amongst iranian female students: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 10;75(5):e14061. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Nutrition, Khalkhal University of Medical Science, Khalkhal, Iran.

Background: Overweight, obesity and lack of sleep quality as inflammatory states are the common problems amongst college students and the Association of Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) with these problems amongst this population is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the relationship of the DII with obesity and sleep quality amongst Iranian female students.

Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 249 female college students. The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was calculated using a valid and reliable 147-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). To assess sleep quality, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used. Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) were estimated for anthropometric indices and sleep quality according to the DII score. Linear regression was used to estimate the relationship between DII score with sleep and anthropometric indices.

Results: There was a significant association evident between DII and sleep quality (>5 is considered as poor quality of sleep); ie, the odds ratios between DII quartile 2 vs 1 (unadjusted model: OR = 0.33 (CI: 0.14-0.74), P for trend = .002; model 1: the fully adjusted OR = 0.31(CI: 0.12-0.78), P for trend = .005; model 2:OR = 0.30 (CI: 0.12-0.78), P for trend = .005) to quartile 4(unadjusted model: OR = 1.13(CI: 0.45-2.80); model 1: OR = 1.11(CI: 0.44-2.79); model 2:OR = 1.13(CI: 0.44-2.87), P for trend = .005). Also, odds ratios increased significantly from quartile 2 to quartile 4 in all models for DII and sleep quality. According to the continuous score of DII, there was a significant positive association between DII and sleep quality in all three models: unadjusted, model 1, and model 2 (OR = 1.21 (CI: 1.05-1.40), OR = 1.21 (CI: 1.03-1.43), and OR = 1.22 (CI: 1.03-1.44), respectively.

Conclusions: In this study, after removing the effect of confounding factors, participants in the highest quartile of DII score had significantly higher PSQI global score.
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May 2021