Publications by authors named "Hossam Kamel Mahmoud"

2 Publications

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The Use of Post-transplantation Cyclophosphamide in Peripheral Blood HLA-matched Stem Cell Transplantation as Graft-versus-host Disease Prophylaxis in Patients With Malignant or Non-malignant Hematologic Disorders: A Single-center Experience of 52 Patients.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2020 10 7;20(10):677-684. Epub 2020 May 7.

Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Nasser Institute Hospital for Research and Treatment, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Introduction: Studies addressing the utilization of post-transplant cyclophosphamide (CY) as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation from matched sibling donors are limited and with controversial results. Chronic GVHD incidence necessitating systemic treatment is around 35% in peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) from human leukocyte antigen-matched sibling donors.

Patients And Methods: In this study, high-dose CY was added to PBSCT aiming to reduce the incidence of GVHD to reach a lower figure compared with standard GVHD prophylaxis. Fifty-two patients with either benign or malignant hematologic disorders who underwent stem cell transplantation at Nasser Institute Hospital in Egypt from November 2017 to October 2018 were enrolled in this study. Fifty patients had fully human leukocyte antigen-matched siblings, whereas the remaining 2 patients had 1 locus class I mismatched donors. Pre-transplant conditioning regimen was fludarabine and busulfan (FLU/BU) in malignant cases (73.1%) and FLU/CY in benign hematologic disorders (26.9%) and 1 patient with hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome. For GVHD prophylaxis, CY was given at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day on days 3 and 4 post-transplantation, and cyclosporine (CSA) starting day 5 in 96.1% of patients. For the 1-locus mismatched patients, both CSA and mycophenolate mofetil were administered starting day 5.

Results: The 1-year incidence of acute GVHD (aGVHD) was 15.3% and for chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 13.4%. Historical data of GVHD prophylaxis at our center using CSA and methotrexate showed an incidence of 37% for aGVHD and 33.9% for cGVHD.

Conclusions: Post-transplant CY GVHD prophylaxis led to significantly less aGVHD (P = .03) and cGVHD (P = .04).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2020.04.021DOI Listing
October 2020

Status of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO).

Transfus Apher Sci 2010 Apr 27;42(2):169-75. Epub 2010 Jan 27.

King Faisal Cancer Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Several centers are now performing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMRO) but the availability is still limited due to high cost and the need for multi-disciplinary team and an advanced laboratory support. Special issues including compatible donor availability, potential for alternate donor programs, differences in pattern of disease, pre-HSCT general status particularly for patients with BM failure, high sero-positivity for CMV, Hepatitis B and C infection and specific observations about GVHD with its relation to genetically homogeneous community are discussed. A total of 17 HSCT programs (performing five or more HSCTs annually) exist in nine countries of the EM region. Only six programs are currently reporting to EBMT or IBMTR. A total of 7617 HSCTs including 5701 allogeneic HSCTs have been performed. Due to low HSCT team density (1.5583 teams/10 million inhabitants versus 14.4333 in Europe) and very low HSCT team distribution (0.2729 teams/10,000 sq km area versus <1 to 6 teams in Europe) only 70.8% of total population has access to such a program in EM region. GNI/capita had no clear association with low HSCT activity; however improvement in infrastructure and establishment of EM regional HSCT registry need prioritization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2010.01.012DOI Listing
April 2010