Publications by authors named "Hongji Pu"

3 Publications

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A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on therapeutic efficacy and safety of autologous cell therapy for atherosclerosis obliterans.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Nov 14. Epub 2021 Nov 14.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Atherosclerosis obliterans (ASO) is a chronic occlusive arterial disease and the most common type of peripheral arterial disease. Current treatment options like medication and vascularization have limited effects for "no-option" patients, and stem cell therapy is considered a viable option, although its application and efficacy have not been standardized. The objective of this review was to assess the safety and efficacy of autologous stem cell therapy in patients with ASO.

Methods: We performed a literature search of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for patients with ASO receiving stem cell therapy without a revascularization option. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched. This study was conducted by a pair of authors independently and audited by a third author. Data were synthesized with a random-effects model.

Results: A total of 630 patients in 12 RCTs were included. The results showed that cell therapy significantly improved total amputation (relative risk [RR], 0.64; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47-0.87; P = .004), major amputation (RR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.50-0.94; P = .02), ankle-brachial index (mean difference [MD], 0.08; 95% CI, 0.02-0.13; P = .004), transcutaneous oxygen tension (MD, 11.52; 95% CI, 3.60-19.43; P = .004), and rest pain score (MD, -0.64; 95% CI, -1.10 to -0.17; P = .007) compared with placebo or standard care. However, current studies showed cell therapy was not superior to placebo or standard care in all-cause death (RR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.41-1.36; P = .34) and ulcer size (MD, -8.85; 95% CI, -29.05 to 11.36; P = .39). The number of trials included was limited. Moreover, most trials were designed for "no-option" patients, and thus the results should be applied with caution to other patients with peripheral arterial disease.

Conclusion: Patients with ASO can benefit from autologous cell therapy in limb salvage, limb blood perfusion, and rest pain alleviation.
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November 2021

Exosomes derived from adipose-derived stem cells overexpressing glyoxalase-1 protect endothelial cells and enhance angiogenesis in type 2 diabetic mice with limb ischemia.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 07 15;12(1):403. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200011, China.

Background: Diabetic limb ischemia is a clinical syndrome and refractory to therapy. Our previous study demonstrated that adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) overexpressing glyoxalase-1 (GLO-1) promoted the regeneration of ischemic lower limbs in diabetic mice, but low survival rate, difficulty in differentiation, and tumorigenicity of the transplanted cells restricted its application. Recent studies have found that exosomes secreted by the ADSCs have the advantages of containing parental beneficial factors and exhibiting non-immunogenic, non-tumorigenic, and strong stable characteristics.

Methods: ADSCs overexpressing GLO-1 (G-ADSCs) were established using lentivirus transfection, and exosomes secreted from ADSCs (G-ADSC-Exos) were isolated and characterized to coculture with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and tube formation of the HUVECs were detected under high-glucose conditions. The G-ADSC-Exos were injected into ischemic hindlimb muscles of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice, and the laser Doppler perfusion index, Masson's staining, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry assays were adopted to assess the treatment efficiency. Moreover, the underlying regulatory mechanisms of the G-ADSC-Exos on the proliferation, migration, angiogenesis, and apoptosis of the HUVECs were explored.

Results: The G-ADSC-Exos enhanced the proliferation, migration, tube formation, and anti-apoptosis of the HUVECs in vitro under high-glucose conditions. After in vivo transplantation, the G-ADSC-Exo group showed significantly higher laser Doppler perfusion index, better muscle structural integrity, and higher microvessel's density than the ADSC-Exo and control groups by Masson's staining and immunofluorescence assays. The underlying mechanisms by which the G-ADSC-Exos protected endothelial cells both in vitro and in vivo might be via the activation of eNOS/AKT/ERK/P-38 signaling pathways, inhibition of AP-1/ROS/NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1/IL-1β, as well as the increased secretion of VEGF, IGF-1, and FGF.

Conclusion: Exosomes derived from adipose-derived stem cells overexpressing GLO-1 protected the endothelial cells and promoted the angiogenesis in type 2 diabetic mice with limb ischemia, which will be a promising clinical treatment in diabetic lower limb ischemia.
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July 2021

Atherectomy Combined with Balloon Angioplasty versus Balloon Angioplasty Alone for de Novo Femoropopliteal Arterial Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 Jul 8;62(1):65-73. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Vascular Centre of Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The efficacy and cost effectiveness of atherectomy for femoropopliteal (FP) arterial diseases have not been determined yet. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare the efficacy and safety between atherectomy combined with balloon angioplasty (BA) and BA alone for patients with de novo FP steno-occlusive lesions.

Methods: The Cochrane Library, Medline, and Embase were used to search for studies evaluating outcomes of atherectomy combined with BA compared with BA alone in FP arterial diseases from inception to July 2020. The methodological quality of the included studies was evaluated with the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework was used to assess the level of evidence for each outcome. The fixed effects model was chosen to combine the data when I < 50%; otherwise, the random effects model was used. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to further analyse the results.

Results: Four RCTs were included. The meta-analysis showed that atherectomy combined with BA was associated with improved technical success rate (risk ratio [RR] 0.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.13-0.38, p < .001; I = 0; high quality), reduced bailout stenting (RR 0.15, 95% CI 0.07-0.32, p < .001; I = 16%; high quality), and flow limiting dissection (RR 0.24, 95% CI 0.13-0.47, p < .001; I = 0; high quality). No statistically significant difference was found in target lesion revascularisation (TLR), primary patency, mortality, major adverse event (MAE), or ankle brachial index (ABI) after one year follow up.

Conclusion: Compared with BA alone, atherectomy combined with BA may not improve primary patency, TLR, mortality rate, or ABI, but may reduce the need for bailout stenting and the incidence of flow limiting dissection and increase the technical success rate in FP arterial diseases. More studies are warranted to further confirm the conclusion.
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July 2021